EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes


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CAS Number: 9002-13-5
ECHA EC Number:232-656-0
FDA UNII: Search
Category:viscosity controlling agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: viscosity controlling agents
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Urease from Canavalia ensiformis (Jack bean)
Pangaea Sciences
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intraperitoneal-guinea pig LD50 35 mg/kg
American Journal of Physiology. Vol. 206, Pg. 731, 1964.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 50 mg/kg
American Journal of Physiology. Vol. 206, Pg. 731, 1964.

intraperitoneal-rabbit LD50 25 mg/kg
American Journal of Physiology. Vol. 206, Pg. 731, 1964.

intravenous-rabbit LD50 6 mg/kg
American Journal of Physiology. Vol. 206, Pg. 731, 1964.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 48 mg/kg
American Journal of Physiology. Vol. 206, Pg. 731, 1964.

intravenous-rat LD50 20 mg/kg
American Journal of Physiology. Vol. 206, Pg. 731, 1964.

Dermal Toxicity:
subcutaneous-mouse LD50 58 mg/kg
American Journal of Physiology. Vol. 206, Pg. 731, 1964.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
viscosity controlling agents
Recommendation for urease usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for urease flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):9002-13-5
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
Pubchem (sid):135300341
Other Information:
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
 viscosity controlling agents
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
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PubMed:Antibiotic Sensitivity of Clostridium perfringens Isolated From Faeces in Tabriz, Iran.
PubMed:Effect of a mixture of GOS/FOS(®) on calcium absorption and retention during recovery from protein malnutrition: experimental model in growing rats.
PubMed:Synthesis and characterization of a stable humic-urease complex: application to barley seed encapsulation for improving N uptake.
PubMed:Contributions of long-term tillage systems on crop production and soil properties in the semi-arid Loess Plateau of China.
PubMed:Effects of poultry manure on soil biochemical properties in phthalic acid esters contaminated soil.
PubMed:Effect of citrulline, urea, ethanol, and urease on the formation of ethyl carbamate in soybean paste model system.
PubMed:A sensitive impedance biosensor based on immunomagnetic separation and urease catalysis for rapid detection of Listeria monocytogenes using an immobilization-free interdigitated array microelectrode.
PubMed:First isolation and characterization of Brucella microti from wild boar.
PubMed:Therapeutic intervention and molecular characterizations of bacteriocin producing Lysinibacillus sp., nov., isolated from food sample.
PubMed:Dynamics of microbiological parameters, enzymatic activities and worm biomass production during vermicomposting of effluent treatment plant sludge of bakery industry.
PubMed:Arcobacter lanthieri sp. nov., isolated from pig and dairy cattle manure.
PubMed:Diversity of CRISPR loci and virulence genes in pathogenic Escherichia coli isolates from various sources.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of anti-Helicobacter pylori activities of FEMY-R7 composed of Laminaria japonica and Oenothera biennis extracts in mice and humans.
PubMed:The pathogenesis, detection, and prevention of Vibrio parahaemolyticus.
PubMed:Helicobacter apodemus sp. nov., a new Helicobacter species identified from the gastrointestinal tract of striped field mice in Korea.
PubMed:The synthetic antimicrobial peptide pexiganan and its nanoparticles (PNPs) exhibit the anti-helicobacter pylori activity in vitro and in vivo.
PubMed:Aptamer-based sensing of β-casomorphin-7.
PubMed:An overview on the potential of natural products as ureases inhibitors: A review.
PubMed:Application of Serratia marcescens RZ-21 significantly enhances peanut yield and remediates continuously cropped peanut soil.
PubMed:Effect of ohmic heating of soymilk on urease inactivation and kinetic analysis in holding time.
PubMed:Focal enhanced gastritis and macrophage microaggregates in the gastric mucosa: potential role in the differential diagnosis between Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.
PubMed:Effects of mine wastewater irrigation on activities of soil enzymes and physiological properties, heavy metal uptake and grain yield in winter wheat.
PubMed:Overexpression of host plant urease in transgenic silkworms.
PubMed:Microbial urease in health and disease.
PubMed:Silencing urease: a key evolutionary step that facilitated the adaptation of Yersinia pestis to the flea-borne transmission route.
PubMed:Gel-free proteomic analysis of soybean root proteins affected by calcium under flooding stress.
PubMed:[O3:K6 serogroup vibrio parahaemolyticus - the causative agent of food toxic infection outbreaks in Primorsky region of Russian federation].
PubMed:HPLC-DAD analysis, antioxidant potential and anti-urease activity of Asparagus gracilis collected from District Islamabad.
PubMed:Effects of infrared treatment on urease, trypsin inhibitor and lipoxygenase activities of soybean samples.
PubMed:The effects of woodchip- and straw-derived biochars on the persistence of the herbicide 4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid (MCPA) in soils.
PubMed:Medicinal plant activity on Helicobacter pylori related diseases.
PubMed:A large response range reflectometric urea biosensor made from silica-gel nanoparticles.
PubMed:Enhanced efficiency fertilisers: a review of formulation and nutrient release patterns.
PubMed:High-level expression and characterization of recombinant acid urease for enzymatic degradation of urea in rice wine.
PubMed:Selection of appropriate Schizosaccharomyces strains for winemaking.
PubMed:Impact of transgenic wheat with wheat yellow mosaic virus resistance on microbial community diversity and enzyme activity in rhizosphere soil.
PubMed:Comparative exoprotein profiling of different Staphylococcus epidermidis strains reveals potential link between nonclassical protein export and virulence.
PubMed:Vacuoles of Candida yeast as a specialized niche for Helicobacter pylori.
PubMed:Antimicrobial potential of bacteriocin producing Lysinibacillus jx416856 against foodborne bacterial and fungal pathogens, isolated from fruits and vegetable waste.
PubMed:Soybean ureases, but not that of Bradyrhizobium japonicum, are involved in the process of soybean root nodulation.
PubMed:Prevalence of urease in Vibrio parahaemolyticus from the Mississippi Sound.
PubMed:Draft genome comparison of representatives of the three dominant genotype groups of dairy Bacillus licheniformis strains.
PubMed:Anti-Helicobacter pylori Properties of GutGard™.
PubMed:Halorubrum halophilum sp. nov., an extremely halophilic archaeon isolated from a salt-fermented seafood.
PubMed:Optimization of soybean heat-treating using a fluidized bed dryer.
PubMed:Genetic characterization of trh positive Vibrio spp. isolated from Norway.
PubMed:Technological characterization and probiotic traits of yeasts isolated from Altamura sourdough to select promising microorganisms as functional starter cultures for cereal-based products.
PubMed:Jack bean urease inhibition by crude juices of Allium and Brassica plants. Determination of thiosulfinates.
PubMed:Modified insulator semiconductor electrode with functionalized nanoparticles for Proteus mirabilis bacteria biosensor development.
PubMed:Bioactive proteins and energy value of okara as a byproduct in hydrothermal processing of soy milk.
PubMed:Complete genome of a new Firmicutes species belonging to the dominant human colonic microbiota ('Ruminococcus bicirculans') reveals two chromosomes and a selective capacity to utilize plant glucans.
PubMed:Biocalcification using B. pasteurii for strengthening brick masonry civil engineering structures.
PubMed:Gastroprotective and anti-Helicobacter pylori potential of herbal formula HZJW: safety and efficacy assessment.
PubMed:Chemical composition, nutritive value, and toxicological evaluation of Bauhinia cheilantha seeds: a legume from semiarid regions widely used in folk medicine.
PubMed:Hemolytic and urease activities in vibrios isolated from fresh and frozen oysters.
PubMed:Halotolerant, alkaliphilic urease-producing bacteria from different climate zones and their application for biocementation of sand.
PubMed:[Clinical epidemic interaction of reflux esophagitis and Helicobacter pylori infection in children and adolescents].
PubMed:Relationship between plasmid occurrence and antibiotic resistance in Myroides odoratimimus SKS05-GRD isolated from raw chicken meat.
PubMed:Prevalence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in oyster and clam culturing environments in Taiwan.
PubMed:Helicobacter pylori stores nickel to aid its host colonization.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of an agarase-producing bacterial strain, Alteromonas sp. GNUM-1, from the West Sea, Korea.
PubMed:Molecular docking, kinetics study, and structure-activity relationship analysis of quercetin and its analogous as Helicobacter pylori urease inhibitors.
PubMed:Eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection by the probiotic strains Lactobacillus johnsonii MH-68 and L. salivarius ssp. salicinius AP-32.
PubMed:Streptococcus danieliae sp. nov., a novel bacterium isolated from the caecum of a mouse.
PubMed:Correlation between salivary urea level and dental caries.
PubMed:Helicobacter spp. other than H. pylori.
PubMed:The effect of plum juice on the prevention of struvite calculus formation in vitro.
PubMed:Growth-inhibiting, bactericidal, and urease inhibitory effects of Paeonia lactiflora root constituents and related compounds on antibiotic-susceptible and -resistant strains of Helicobacter pylori.
PubMed:Effects of copper fungicide residues on the microbial function of vineyard soils.
PubMed:Contribution of urease to colonization by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Scavenging of BHCs and DDTs from soil by thermal desorption and solvent washing.
PubMed:Intestinal health benefits of the water-soluble carbohydrate concentrate of wild grape ( Vitis thunbergii ) in hamsters.
PubMed:Auraptene attenuates gastritis via reduction of Helicobacter pylori colonization and pro-inflammatory mediator production in C57BL/6 mice.
PubMed:Isolation and lipid degradation profile of Raoultella planticola strain 232-2 capable of efficiently catabolizing edible oils under acidic conditions.
PubMed:Antagonistic activities of lactobacilli against Helicobacter pylori growth and infection in human gastric epithelial cells.
PubMed:A biosensor for urea from succinimide-modified acrylic microspheres based on reflectance transduction.
PubMed:Genotyping of Streptococcus thermophilus strains isolated from traditional Egyptian dairy products by sequence analysis of the phosphoserine phosphatase (serB) gene with phenotypic characterizations of the strains.
PubMed:Effects of orange juice pH on survival, urease activity and DNA profiles of Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis stored at 4 degree C.
PubMed:Optimization production of acid urease by Enterobacter sp. in an approach to reduce urea in Chinese rice wine.
PubMed:Essential roles and hazardous effects of nickel in plants.
PubMed:Effect of particle size distribution and dietary crude fibre content on growth performance and gastric mucosa integrity of growing-finishing pigs.
PubMed:Dual-signal analysis eliminates requirement for milk sample pretreatment.
PubMed:Antiobesity and lipid-lowering effects of Bifidobacterium spp. in high fat diet-induced obese rats.
PubMed:Efficiency of urease and nitrification inhibitors in reducing ammonia volatilization from diverse nitrogen fertilizers applied to different soil types and wheat straw mulching.
PubMed:Kanagawa-negative, tdh- and trh-positive Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from fresh oysters marketed in Fortaleza, Brazil.
PubMed:Are pathogenic bacteria just looking for food? Metabolism and microbial pathogenesis.
PubMed:Fermented soybean liquid alleviated peptic ulcer through the destruction of acidic proton pump rather than suppression of urease of Helicobacter pylori: a kinetic analysis.
PubMed:Anti-Helicobacter pylori activity of fermented milk with lactic acid bacteria.
PubMed:Food-grade expression of Helicobacter pylori ureB subunit in Lactococcus lactis and its immunoreactivity.
PubMed:Functional and phylogenetic analysis of ureD in Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Bacteriocyte dynamics during development of a holometabolous insect, the carpenter ant Camponotus floridanus.
PubMed:In vitro screening of lactobacilli with antagonistic activity against Helicobacter pylori from traditionally fermented foods.
PubMed:The enigma of Yersinia enterocolitica biovar 1A.
PubMed:Flow injection analysis biosensor for urea analysis in adulterated milk using enzyme thermistor.
PubMed:Helicobacter pylori in autoimmune pancreatitis and pancreatic carcinoma.
PubMed:Effect of ompR gene mutation in expression of ompC and ompF of Salmonella typhi.
PubMed:In vitro inhibition of Helicobacter pylori growth and of adherence of cagA-positive strains to gastric epithelial cells by Lactobacillus paraplantarum KNUC25 isolated from kimchi.
PubMed:Inoculation of food waste with the thermo-tolerant lipolytic actinomycete Thermoactinomyces vulgaris A31 and maturity evaluation of the compost.
PubMed:Suppression of CD74 expression and Helicobacter pylori adhesion by auraptene targeting serum starvation-activated ERK1/2 in NCI-N87 gastric carcinoma cells.
PubMed:Urea degradation in some white wines by immobilized acid urease in a stirred bioreactor.
PubMed:Nitrate modifies the assimilation pattern of ammonium and urea in wheat seedlings.
PubMed:Arcobacter trophiarum sp. nov., isolated from fattening pigs.
PubMed:Characterization of multiple Helicobacter bizzozeronii isolates from a Finnish patient with severe dyspeptic symptoms and chronic active gastritis.
PubMed:Bioconversion of wastes from olive oil industries by vermicomposting process using the epigeic earthworm Eisenia andrei.
PubMed:Molecular and biochemical characterization of urease and survival of Yersinia enterocolitica biovar 1A in acidic pH in vitro.
PubMed:Temperature-dependency urease activity in Vibrio parahaemolyticus is related to transcriptional activator UreR.
PubMed:Delineation of two Helicobacter bilis genomospecies: implications for systematics and evolution.
PubMed:Development of a recombinant ureolytic Lactococcus lactis for urea removal.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of aminoreductone against Helicobacter pylori.
PubMed:Simple and rapid capillary zone electrophoresis method for the detection of coronamic acid, a precursor to the Pseudomonas syringae phytotoxin coronatine.
PubMed:Antagonistic activity of spent culture supernatants of lactic acid bacteria against Helicobacter pylori growth and infection in human gastric epithelial AGS cells.
PubMed:Establishment of systemic Brucella melitensis infection through the digestive tract requires urease, the type IV secretion system, and lipopolysaccharide O antigen.
PubMed:Arcobacter thereius sp. nov., isolated from pigs and ducks.
PubMed:Mutagenic screening of some commonly used medicinal plants in Nigeria.
PubMed:The kinetics of nicotine degradation, enzyme activities and genotoxic potential in the characterization of tobacco waste composting.
PubMed:Banding of urea increased ammonia volatilization in a dry acidic soil.
PubMed:Oral vaccination of mice against Helicobacter pylori with recombinant Lactococcus lactis expressing urease subunit B.
PubMed:[Construction and expression of the fusion gene CCK39/UreB in recombinant Escherichia coli BL-21(DE3)].
PubMed:Biocalcification by Bacillus pasteurii urease: a novel application.
PubMed:Ureic nitrogen transformation in multi-layer soil columns treated with urease and nitrification inhibitors.
PubMed:Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae, an emerging pathogen in Danish rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), mariculture.
PubMed:Urea degradation in model wine solutions by free or immobilized acid urease in a stirred bioreactor.
PubMed:Optimized expression of Helicobacter pylori ureB gene in the Lactococcus lactis nisin-controlled gene expression (NICE) system and experimental study of its immunoreactivity.
PubMed:Evaluation of a latex agglutination test (PYLOGEN) for the detection of Helicobacter pylori in stool specimens.
PubMed:[H. pylori in development of allergic diseases in patients with gastroduodenal diseases].
PubMed:Radio-iodine therapy and Helicobacter pylori infection.
PubMed:Association between polymerization degree of apple peel polyphenols and inhibition of Helicobacter pylori urease.
PubMed:The influence of Lactobacillus rhamnosus LC705 together with Propionibacterium freudenreichii ssp. shermanii JS on potentially carcinogenic bacterial activity in human colon.
PubMed:Effects of slow-release urea on ruminal digesta characteristics and growth performance in beef steers.
PubMed:Suppressive Effects of Selected Food Phytochemicals on CD74 Expression in NCI-N87 Gastric Carcinoma Cells.
PubMed:Structural characteristics of phosphoramide derivatives as urease inhibitors. Requirements for activity.
PubMed:Effect of specific colostral antibodies and selected lactobacilli on the adhesion of Helicobacter pylori on AGS cells and the Helicobacter-induced IL-8 production.
PubMed:Identification of two major ammonia-releasing reactions involved in secondary natto fermentation.
PubMed:Genomics can advance the potential for probiotic cultures to improve liver and overall health.
PubMed:Urease from cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) seeds: isolation, physicochemical characterization, and antifungal properties of the protein.
PubMed:Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of phosphoramide derivatives as urease inhibitors.
PubMed:Occurrence of pandemic clones of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates from seafood and clinical samples in a Chinese coastal province.
PubMed:Role of ureolytic activity in Bacillus cereus nitrogen metabolism and acid survival.
PubMed:Effects of oyster shell on soil chemical and biological properties and cabbage productivity as a liming materials.
PubMed:[Relevance of examination and treatment of the most common gastrointestinal disorders in children in Lithuania during the last decade].
PubMed:Effects of water-soluble carbohydrate concentrate from Chinese jujube on different intestinal and fecal indices.
PubMed:Antagonistic activity of potential probiotic Lactobacilli against the ureolytic pathogen Yersinia enterocolitica.
PubMed:Urease production by Streptococcus thermophilus.
PubMed:Global transcriptional response of Escherichia coli O157:H7 to growth transitions in glucose minimal medium.
PubMed:Growth characteristics of Brevibacterium, Corynebacterium, Microbacterium, and Staphylococcus spp. isolated from surface-ripened cheese.
PubMed:Start-up performances of dry anaerobic mesophilic and thermophilic digestions of organic solid wastes.
PubMed:Aspartate biosynthesis is essential for the growth of Streptococcus thermophilus in milk, and aspartate availability modulates the level of urease activity.
PubMed:Cloning, sequencing and molecular characterisation of a cryptic plasmid from a urease-positive thermophilic Campylobacter (UPTC) isolate.
PubMed:The effect of drinking milk containing conjugated linoleic acid on fecal microbiological profile, enzymatic activity, and fecal characteristics in humans.
PubMed:Hyperoxaluria, hypocitraturia, hypomagnesiuria, and lack of intestinal colonization by Oxalobacter formigenes in a cervical spinal cord injury patient with suprapubic cystostomy, short bowel, and nephrolithiasis.
PubMed:Acid-shock responses in Staphylococcus aureus investigated by global gene expression analysis.
PubMed:EDTA and urease effects on Hg accumulation by Lepidium sativum.
PubMed:Impact of fullerene (C60) on a soil microbial community.
PubMed:[Characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from mussels (Perna perna) commercialized at Niterói, Rio de Janeiro].
PubMed:Characteristics of virulent vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from Oregon and Washington.
PubMed:Dose effects of the food spice cardamom on aspects of hamster gut physiology.
PubMed:[Frequency of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with chronic urticaria of Puebla University Hospital].
PubMed:Modeling of urea degradation in white and rosé wines by acid urease.
PubMed:[Isolation of helicobacter pylori in dental plaque in patients with gastritis at "Angamos" clinic].
PubMed:Supplementary biochemical tests useful for the differentiation of oxidase positive staphylococci.
PubMed:Responses of soil microorganisms and enzymes to repeated applications of chlorothalonil.
PubMed:Enzymatic activities of lactic acid bacteria isolated from Cornetto di Matera sourdoughs.
PubMed:Chemical composition and nutritional quality of soybean meals prepared by extruder/expeller processing for use in poultry diets.
PubMed:[Isolation and identification of a bacterial strain JS018 capable of degrading several kinds of organophosphate pesticides].
PubMed:Assessment of urea degradation rate in model wine solutions by acid urease from Lactobacillus fermentum.
PubMed:Prevalence, structure and expression of urease genes in Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli from humans and the environment.
PubMed:Identification of Staphylococcus piscifermentans from dog feces.
PubMed:Detection and diversity of various Arcobacter species in Danish poultry.
PubMed:Environmental friendly nitrogen fertilization.
PubMed:Concentrations of gastric mucosal cytokines in children with food allergy and Helicobacter pylori infection.
PubMed:Safety assessment of potential lactic acid bacteria Bifidobacterium longum SPM1205 isolated from healthy Koreans.
PubMed:Helicobacter pylori in the oral cavity and its implications for gastric infection, periodontal health, immunology and dyspepsia.
PubMed:Inhibition of Helicobacter pylori and associated urease by oregano and cranberry phytochemical synergies.
PubMed:Environmental friendly nitrogen fertilization.
PubMed:A newly constructed primer pair for the PCR amplification, cloning and sequencing of the flagellin (flaA) gene from isolatesof urease-negative Campylobacter lari.
PubMed:Effects of slow-release urea fertilizers on urease activity, microbial biomass, and nematode communities in an aquic brown soil.
PubMed:Pet dogs and chicken meat as reservoirs of Campylobacter spp. in Barbados.
PubMed:Extension of the species Helicobacter bilis to include the reference strains of Helicobacter sp. flexispira taxa 2, 3 and 8 and Finnish canine and feline flexispira strains.
PubMed:Arcobacter cibarius sp. nov., isolated from broiler carcasses.
PubMed:Suppressive effect of functional drinking yogurt containing specific egg yolk immunoglobulin on Helicobacter pylori in humans.
PubMed:Enzymatic determination of urea in milk by sequential injection with spectrophotometric and conductometric detection.
PubMed:Effect of antibiotics, prebiotics and probiotics in treatment for hepatic encephalopathy.
PubMed:Selection and properties of Streptococcus thermophilus mutants deficient in urease.
PubMed:Sutterella stercoricanis sp. nov., isolated from canine faeces.
PubMed:Nutritional value and acceptability of homemade maize/sorghum-based weaning mixtures supplemented with rojo bean flour, ground sardines and peanut paste.
PubMed:Melanoidin, a food protein-derived advanced maillard reaction product, suppresses Helicobacter pylori in vitro and in vivo.
PubMed:Antagonistic activity against Helicobacter pylori infection in vitro by a strain of Enterococcus faecium TM39.
PubMed:Influence of animal origin and lineage on survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains in strong and weak acid challenges.
PubMed:Effects of ingesting Lactobacillus- and Bifidobacterium-containing yogurt in subjects with colonized Helicobacter pylori.
PubMed:[Characteristics of virulence gene in Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains isolated from clinical patients and environment in Hangzhou, China].
PubMed:Helicobacter pylori and food products: a public health problem.
PubMed:Tylosin detection in animal feed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with enzymatic hydrolysis of the tylosin urea adduct.
PubMed:Characterization of urease genes cluster of Streptococcus thermophilus.
PubMed:Expression analysis of putative arcA, arcB and arcC genes partially cloned from Lactobacillus plantarum isolated from wine.
PubMed:Methicillin (Oxacillin)-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from major food animals and their potential transmission to humans.
PubMed:Experimental modelling of thermal inactivation of urease.
PubMed:Essential oils as components of a diet-based approach to management of Helicobacter infection.
PubMed:Biosensors based on enzyme field-effect transistors for determination of some substrates and inhibitors.
PubMed:Vector potential of cockroaches for Helicobacter pylori infection.
PubMed:Molecular, serological, and virulence characteristics of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from environmental, food, and clinical sources in North America and Asia.
PubMed:A disposable microbial based biosensor for quality control in milk.
PubMed:13C urea breath test (UBT) in the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori: why does it work better with acid test meals?
PubMed:Rapid urease screening of Yersinia on CIN agar plates.
PubMed:Isolation and molecular characterization of Escherichia coli O157 isolated from cattle, pigs and chickens at slaughter.
PubMed:Investigating the possibility of monitoring lectin levels in commercial soybean meals intended for poultry feeding using steam-heated soybean meal as a model.
PubMed:[Evaluation of usefulness for selected virulence markers for identifying pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica strains. IV. Genes myfA and ureC].
PubMed:Seasonal abundance of total and pathogenic Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Alabama oysters.
PubMed:[Identification of Listeria species in 167 kinds of foods].
PubMed:Frequency of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in Turkish cattle.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:1H7 from cattle in Belgium and Poland.
PubMed:Use of egg yolk-derived immunoglobulin as an alternative to antibiotic treatment for control of Helicobacter pylori infection.
PubMed:Amperometric urea biosensor based on urease and electropolymerized toluidine blue dye as a pH-sensitive redox probe.
PubMed:Advantages of using non-isothermal bioreactors in agricultural waste water treatment by means of immobilized urease. Study on the influence of spacer length and immobilization method.
PubMed:Microbial status and rumen enzyme profile of crossbred calves fed on different microbial feed additives.
PubMed:Vitamin C concentration in gastric juice in patients with precancerous lesions of the stomach and gastric cancer.
PubMed:Metabolism of 20(S)- and 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg3 by human intestinal bacteria and its relation to in vitro biological activities.
PubMed:Childhood peptic ulcer in the Ural area of Russia: clinical status and Helicobacter pylori-associated immune response.
PubMed:In vitro anti-Helicobacter pylori activity of panaxytriol isolated from ginseng.
PubMed:Simplified 13C-urea breath test for the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection--the availability of without fasting and without test meal.
PubMed:Quantitative determination of L-arginine by enzymatic end-point analysis.
PubMed:Protein dispersibility index as an indicator of adequately processed soybean meal.
PubMed:Transmission of Helicobacter pylori from challenged to nonchallenged nude mice kept in a single cage.
PubMed:Characterization of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolates obtained from foodborne illness outbreaks during 1992 through 1995 in Taiwan.
PubMed:Characterisation of Micrococcaceae isolated from different varieties of chorizo.
PubMed:Occurrence and expression of virulence-related properties of Vibrio species isolated from widely consumed seafood products.
PubMed:Arginine, citrulline and ornithine metabolism by lactic acid bacteria from wine.
PubMed:CagA-positive Helicobacter pylori infection may increase the risk of food allergy development.
PubMed:Antral gastric permeability to antigens in mice is altered by infection with Helicobacter felis.
PubMed:Cinnamon extracts' inhibitory effect on Helicobacter pylori.
PubMed:Xanthine degradation and related enzyme activities in leaves and fruits of two coffea species differing in caffeine catabolism.
PubMed:[Measurement of levels of specific IgE by the Efficient New Enzymatic Allergy (ENEA) System II (CIS bio)].
PubMed:Anti-Helicobacter pylori agents from the cashew apple.
PubMed:The outcome of a 2-week treatment of Helicobacter pylori-positive duodenal ulcer with omeprazole-based antibiotic regimen in a region with high metronidazole resistance rate.
PubMed:Membrane locus and pH sensitivity of paraben inhibition of alkali production by oral streptococci.
PubMed:Detection of salmonella in poultry using a silicon chip-based biosensor.
PubMed:Genetic diversity of canine gastric helicobacters, Helicobacter bizzozeronii and H. salomonis studied by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.
PubMed:Development of intestinal bacterial enzymes in infants--relationship to mode of delivery and type of feeding.
PubMed:Corynebacterium sundsvallense sp. nov., from human clinical specimens.
PubMed:Purification, characterization, and application of an acid urease from Arthrobacter mobilis.
PubMed:Helicobacter bilis/Helicobacter rodentium co-infection associated with diarrhea in a colony of scid mice.
PubMed:Effect of nondigestible oligosaccharides on large-bowel functions, blood lipid concentrations and glucose absorption in young healthy male subjects.
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of Bifidobacterium spp. isolated from a healthy Korean on harmful enzymes of human intestinal microflora.
PubMed:Usefulness of the [13C]-urea breath test for detection of Helicobacter pylori infection in fasting patients.
PubMed:Detection of Helicobacter-like bacteria in porcine gastric biopsy samples by amplification of 16S rRNA, ureB, vacA and cagA genes by PCR.
PubMed:Transmission of canine gastric Helicobacter salomonis infection from dam to offspring and between puppies.
PubMed:Comparison of the productivity of cefoperazone amphotericin teicoplanin (CAT) agar and modified charcoal cefoperazone deoxycholate (mCCD) agar for various strains of Campylobacter, Arcobacter and Helicobacter pullorum.
PubMed:Accurate detection of Helicobacter pylori infection with a simplified 13C urea breath test.
PubMed:Helicobacter pylori eradication and antral intestinal metaplasia--two years follow-up study.
PubMed:Epidemiology of dyspepsia: discriminant value of smoking and Helicobacter pylori status as predictors of peptic lesions in primary care.
PubMed:Effect of temperature of wet extrusion on the nutritional value of full-fat soyabeans for broiler chickens.
PubMed:Fecal bacterial enzyme activities in infants increase with age and adoption of adult-type diet.
PubMed:Effects of temperature, moisture and residence time in the properties of full fat soybean flour produced in a twin extruder.
PubMed:Nutritional value for swine of soybean meal produced by isopropyl alcohol extraction.
PubMed:Effect of feeding diets containing an antibiotic, a probiotic, or yucca extract on growth and intestinal urease activity in broiler chicks.
PubMed:Protein degradability, amino acid composition, trypsin inhibitor and urease activity of raw and heat-treated fullfat soybean.
PubMed:Genotypic diversity of Campylobacter lari isolated from mussels and oysters in The Netherlands.
PubMed:Use of urease-bromothymol blue-agar method for large-scale testing of urine on grain and seeds.
PubMed:In vitro inhibition of Helicobacter pylori by extracts of thyme.
PubMed:The composition of glyphosate-tolerant soybean seeds is equivalent to that of conventional soybeans.
PubMed:Occurrence of urease-positive Vibrio parahaemolyticus in Kanagawa, Japan, with specific reference to presence of thermostable direct hemolysin (TDH) and the TDH-related-hemolysin genes.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of a beta-D-glucuronidase-producing strain of Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7 in the United States.
PubMed:Bacteriology of Helicobacter pylori.
PubMed:Tolerance of turkeys to diets high in trypsin inhibitor activity from undertoasted soybean meals.
PubMed:Effect of a test meal on the intragastric distribution of urea in the 13C-urea breath test for Helicobacter pylori.
PubMed:Helicobacter pullorum sp. nov.-genotype and phenotype of a new species isolated from poultry and from human patients with gastroenteritis.
PubMed:Urea hydrolysis can predict the potential pathogenicity of Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains isolated in the Pacific Northwest.
PubMed:Effect of a urease inhibitor and ceiling fans on ascites in broilers. 2. Blood variables, ascites scores, and body and organ weights.
PubMed:Effect of a urease inhibitor and ceiling fans on ascites in broilers. 1. Environmental variability and incidence of ascites.
PubMed:[Investigation of gastric function and prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in non-ulcer dyspepsia].
PubMed:Effect of ranitidine bismuth citrate on postprandial plasma gastrin and pepsinogens.
PubMed:Comparison of three different methods for evaluation of Helicobacter pylori (H.P.) in human dental plaque.
PubMed:A survey of urease-positive Vibrio parahaemolyticus strains isolated from traveller's diarrhea, sea water and imported frozen sea foods.
PubMed:Urease production in Vibrio parahaemolyticus: a potential marker for virulence.
PubMed:Evaluation of the Organon-Teknika MICRO-ID LISTERIA system.
PubMed:Effect of overcooked soybean meal on chicken performance and amino acid availability.
PubMed:Effect of overcooked soybean meal on turkey performance.
PubMed:Effects of heating time and sodium metabisulfite on the nutritional value of full-fat soybeans for chicks.
PubMed:Helicobacter pylori: aggressor or innocent bystander?
PubMed:On the false positive urease activity of Yarrowia lipolytica.
PubMed:Escherichia coli O 157.
PubMed:Foodborne yeasts.
PubMed:[The isolation of Yersinia intermedia strains with a plasmid of 82-megadalton molecular weight in natural populations of Yersinia].
PubMed:Effects of ethanol extraction and duration of heat treatment of soybean flakes on the utilization of soybean protein by growing rats and pigs.
PubMed:Differentiation of Staphylococcus aureus from freshly slaughtered poultry and strains 'endemic' to processing plants by biochemical and physiological tests.
PubMed:Evaluation of simplified and commercial systems for identification of foodborne yeasts.
PubMed:Escherichia coli Spheroplast-Mediated Transfer of pBR322 Carrying the Cloned Ruminococcus albus Cellulase Gene into Anaerobic Mutant Strain FEM29 by Protoplast Fusion.
PubMed:Characteristics of Ureaplasma urealyticum urease.
PubMed:Effects of different heat treatments during processing on nutrient digestibility of soybean meal in growing swine.
PubMed:Behavioral and neurotransmitter changes in the urease-infused rat: a model of congenital hyperammonemia.
PubMed:Orotic acid, arginine, and hepatotoxicity.
PubMed:Effects of cone opening, initial moisture content and multiple extrusion on the protein quality of extruded soybean using the Brady Crop Cooker.
PubMed:[Selection of parameters for thermal treatment of soybeans by enzyme inactivation].
PubMed:Pharmacokinetics of acetohydroxamic acid in patients with staghorn renal calculi.
PubMed:Nickel as a "newer trace element" in the nutrition of domestic animals.
PubMed:Halophilic Vibrio species from seafish in Senegal.
PubMed:Hydrocolloid food additives and rat caecal microbial enzyme activities.
PubMed:Dietary lactose and the metabolic activity of the caecal microfloras of weanling and adult rats.
PubMed:Urease activity of adherent bacteria in the sheep rumen.
PubMed:Nickel--an essential element.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of small plasmids in strains of Vibrio parahaemolyticus.
PubMed:Distribution and changes in urease (EC activity in Rumen Simulation Technique (Rusitec).
PubMed:An abbreviated scheme for identification of Yersinia enterocolitica isolated from food enrichments on CIN (cefsulodin-irgasan-novobiocin) agar.
PubMed:Effect of monensin on the fermentation of basal rations in the Rumen Simulation Technique (Rusitec).
PubMed:Spectrophotometric determination of urea in urine stains on foods and containers.
PubMed:The effect of sodium saccharin in the diet on caecal microflora.
PubMed:Inhibitory action of the mycotoxins patulin and penicillic acid on urease.
PubMed:Roux-Y intestinal bypass for administration of sorbents in uremia.
PubMed:Processing effects on the nutritive value of soybean seeds and products.
PubMed:The role of the gut microflora in the utilization of dietary urea by the chick.
PubMed:In vitro studies on the dissolution rate of industrial retarted urea feedingstuffs by use of a selective electrode. Applications of the potentiometric urea enzyme electrode in measurements of dissolution rate.
PubMed:[Coliform microflora of commercial Caucasian cheese].
PubMed:Effect of processing temperature on some indices of nutritional significance for micronized soya beans.
PubMed:Soybean protein flavor components: a review.
PubMed:Microfermentation series for identification of single colonies of Enterobacteriaceae.
PubMed:[Inhibition of urease activity by hydroxamic acid and its practical application].
PubMed:An improved urease-bromothymol blue agar medium for detection of wheat grains contaminated with urine.
PubMed:Detection of wheat grains contaminated with urine.
PubMed:Enterotoxigenicity of Staphylococcus aureus cultures isolated from acute cases of bovine mastitis.
PubMed:The physiological role of liver alcohol dehydrogenase.
PubMed:A comparison of methods for the determination of lipolytic properties of yeasts isolated from margarine; demonstration of lipase and urease.
PubMed:The distribution and functional changes of gastric urease activity.
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