EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes

vitamin A palmitate
retinol palmitate

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 79-81-2Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other(deleted CASRN):108066-99-5
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:201-228-5
Nikkaji Web:J3.849K
Beilstein Number:1917366
XlogP3:13.60 (est)
Molecular Weight:524.87260000
Formula:C36 H60 O2
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:nutrient supplements
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
184.1930 Vitamin A palmitate View - review
FDA Regulation:
Subpart B--Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1930 Vitamin A.
Physical Properties:
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 water, 2.838e-011 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: skin conditioning
American International Chemical, LLC.
American International Chemical, LLC.
American International Chemical, LLC.
Vitamin A Palmitate
Dry Vitamin A Palmitate
Vitamin A Palmitate
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Retinyl (Vitamin A) Palmitate >98%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Vitamin A palmitate is a more stable, synthetic version of the essential nutrient vitamin A joined to palmitic acid.
Charkit Chemical
Charkit Chemical
ECSA Chemicals
Farbest-Tallman Foods
ZMC Vitamin A Palmitate 1.7 w/Tocopherol
Flavor: bland
It is soluble in fats and oils. It is used in applications such as dietary supplements, margarines, spreads, and vegetable oils.
Farbest-Tallman Foods
ZMC Vitamin A Palmitate 250,000 IU/gm CWS Gelatin-Free
Flavor: bland
It is used for fortifying powdered products such as infant formulas, dietetic foods, and dairy products.
Farbest-Tallman Foods
ZMC Vitamin A Palmitate 500,000 IU/gm TAB
Flavor: bland
It is used for food and dietary supplement applications as a Vitamin A source.
Jiangyin Healthway
Vitamin A Palmitate
New functional food ingredients
Maypro Industries
Vitamin A Palmitate
Penta International
VITAMIN A PALMITATE LIQUID (Stabilized with Tocopherol)
Penta International
Qingdao Dacon Trading
Vitamin A Palmitate
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Retinyl palmitate ≥90%
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
Retinyl palmitate Type IV, ∼1,800,000 USP units/g, oil
Vitamin A 1.000.000 I.U./g Palmitate
Vitamin A 1.700.000 I.U. per g Palmitate
Vitamin A 250.000 I.U./g SD CWS-A Palmitate
Vitamin A 250.000 I.U./g SD CWS-S Palmitate
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 7910 mg/kg
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Vol. 6, Pg. 652, 1982.

oral-mouse LD50 6060 mg/kg
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. Vol. 6, Pg. 652, 1982.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 4760 mg/kg
Voprosy Onkologii. Problems of Oncology. For English translation, see PONCAU. Vol. 25(12), Pg. 84, 1979.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
nutrient supplements
Recommendation for vitamin A palmitate usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for vitamin A palmitate flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Daily Med:search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):79-81-2
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :5280531
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
[(2E,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexen-1-yl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraenyl] hexadecanoate
 [(2E,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexen-1-yl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraenyl] hexadecanoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:79-81-2
Pubchem (cid):5280531
Pubchem (sid):134971686
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
Metabolomics Database:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C02588
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB03648
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 celery seed
Search Trop Picture
[(2E,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexenyl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraenyl] hexadecanoate
(2E,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-en-1-yl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraen-1-yl hexadecanoate
[(2E,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexen-1-yl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraenyl] hexadecanoate
 hexadecanoic acid [(2E,4E,6E,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexenyl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraenyl] ester
(2E,4E,6E,8E)-hexadecanoic acid 3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-cyclohex-1-enyl)-nona-2, 4,6,8,tetraenyl ester
 retinol palmitate
all-trans-retinol palmitate
trans-retinol palmitate
 retinol, all-trans-, palmitate
 retinol, palmitate, all-trans-
 retinyl hexadecanoate
 retinyl palmitate
all-trans-retinyl palmitate
trans-retinyl palmitate
 vitamin A palmitate
all-trans-vitamin A palmitate


PubMed:Hypercarotenodermia in Zambia: which children turned orange during mango season?
PubMed:Neonatal vitamin A supplementation associated with increased atopy in girls.
PubMed:Influence of light exposure and oxidative status on the stability of vitamins A and D₃ during the storage of fortified soybean oil.
PubMed:Chronic retinyl palmitate supplementation to middle-aged Wistar rats disrupts the brain redox homeostasis and induces changes in emotional behavior.
PubMed:Assessment of a portable device to quantify vitamin A in fortified foods (flour, sugar, and milk) for quality control.
PubMed:Pectin Micro- and Nano-capsules of Retinyl Palmitate as Cosmeceutical Carriers for Stabilized Skin Transport.
PubMed:Vitamin A-fortified cooking oil reduces vitamin A deficiency in infants, young children and women: results from a programme evaluation in Indonesia.
PubMed:Vitamin A Palmitate-β-cyclodextrin inclusion complexes: characterization, protection and emulsification properties.
PubMed:Glucagon-like peptide-2 regulates release of chylomicrons from the intestine.
PubMed:β-Carotene during the suckling period is absorbed intact and induces retinoic acid dependent responses similar to preformed vitamin A in intestine and liver, but not adipose tissue of young rats.
PubMed:Supplemental β-carotene I: effect on plasma vitamin A, growth, performance, and carcass characteristics of feedlot cattle.
PubMed:Vitamin A is rapidly degraded in retinyl palmitate-fortified soybean oil stored under household conditions.
PubMed:Gestational and lactational exposure to the polychlorinated biphenyl mixture Aroclor 1254 modulates retinoid homeostasis in rat offspring.
PubMed:Determination of vitamins A and E in infant formula and adult/pediatric nutritional formula by HPLC with UV and fluorescence detection: First Action 2012.09.
PubMed:Estimated intake of vitamin D and its interaction with vitamin A on lung cancer risk among smokers.
PubMed:Enhanced In Vitro Skin Deposition Properties of Retinyl Palmitate through Its Stabilization by Pectin.
PubMed:Quantification of vitamin A in fortified rapeseed, groundnut and soya oils using a simple portable device: comparison to high performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of 13-cis and all-trans vitamin A palmitate (retinyl palmitate), vitamin A acetate (retinyl acetate), and total vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol and DL-alpha-tocopherol acetate) in infant formula and adult nutritionals by normal phase HPLC: first action 2012.10.
PubMed:A comparison of retinyl palmitate and red palm oil β-carotene as strategies to address Vitamin A deficiency.
PubMed:[Enrichment effect of vitamin-deficient diet of rats by polyunsaturated fatty acids omega-3 on vitamin biomarkers and antioxidant status].
PubMed:Double-blind cluster randomised controlled trial of wheat flour chapatti fortified with micronutrients on the status of vitamin A and iron in school-aged children in rural Bangladesh.
PubMed:Comparison of high-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography/photo-diode array detection for the quantitation of carotenoids, retinyl esters, α-tocopherol and phylloquinone in chylomicron-rich fractions of human plasma.
PubMed:Physicochemical analysis of wheat flour fortified with vitamin A and three types of iron source and sensory analysis of bread using these flours.
PubMed:Biofortified cassava increases β-carotene and vitamin A concentrations in the TAG-rich plasma layer of American women.
PubMed:Modelling potential β-carotene intake and cyanide exposure from consumption of biofortified cassava.
PubMed:Bioavailability of Oil-Based and β -Lactoglobulin-Complexed Vitamin A in a Rat Model.
PubMed:Binding of vitamin A by casein micelles in commercial skim milk.
PubMed:No dose-dependent increase in fracture risk after long-term exposure to high doses of retinol or beta-carotene.
PubMed:Antioxidant vitamins and mineral supplementation, life span expansion and cancer incidence: a critical commentary.
PubMed:Quantification of vitamin a in palm oil using a fast and simple portable device: method validation and comparison to high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed:ω-3 intake and visual acuity in patients with retinitis pigmentosa receiving vitamin A.
PubMed:A variant near the melanocortin-4 receptor gene regulates postprandial lipid metabolism in a healthy Caucasian population.
PubMed:Single oral dose of micellar β-carotene containing phospholipids improves β-carotene metabolism and plasma lipids in vitamin A-deficient rats.
PubMed:Vitamin A equivalence of the ß-carotene in ß-carotene-biofortified maize porridge consumed by women.
PubMed:Five decades of vitamin A studies in the region of Central America and Panama.
PubMed:Increased adiposity in the retinol saturase-knockout mouse.
PubMed:Determination of retinol, retinyl palmitate, and retinoic acid in consumer cosmetic products.
PubMed:Bioefficacy of beta-carotene is improved in rats after solubilized as equimolar dose of beta-carotene and lutein in phospholipid-mixed micelles.
PubMed:Vitamin A equivalency of beta-carotene in healthy adults: limitation of the extrinsic dual-isotope dilution technique to measure matrix effect.
PubMed:UVA photoirradiation of anhydroretinol--formation of singlet oxygen and superoxide.
PubMed:Levels of retinyl palmitate and retinol in the skin of SKH-1 mice topically treated with retinyl palmitate and concomitant exposure to simulated solar light for thirteen weeks.
PubMed:[Clinical and biochemical alterations in rats treated with high doses of vitamin A].
PubMed:Suitability of 3-point versus 7-point postprandial retinyl palmitate AUC in human bioavailability studies.
PubMed:Effect of consumption of the nutrient-dense, freshwater small fish Amblypharyngodon mola on biochemical indicators of vitamin A status in Bangladeshi children: a randomised, controlled study of efficacy.
PubMed:Role of vitamin A elimination or supplementation diets during postnatal development on the allergic sensitisation in mice.
PubMed:Photodecomposition of vitamin A and photobiological implications for the skin.
PubMed:Whole-food sources of vitamin A more effectively inhibit female rat sexual maturation, mammary gland development, and mammary carcinogenesis than retinyl palmitate.
PubMed:Associations between persistent organic pollutants and vitamin status in Brünnich's guillemot and common eider hatchlings.
PubMed:Physiological role of retinyl palmitate in the skin.
PubMed:Nutritional aspects regarding lung cancer chemoprevention.
PubMed:Photomutagenicity of anhydroretinol and 5,6-epoxyretinyl palmitate in mouse lymphoma cells.
PubMed:Bioavailability of vitamins A and E from whole and vitamin-fortified milks in control subjects.
PubMed:Post-prandial responses to cereal products enriched with barley beta-glucan.
PubMed:Micellar oleic and eicosapentaenoic acid but not linoleic acid influences the beta-carotene uptake and its cleavage into retinol in rats.
PubMed:Photoirradiation of retinyl palmitate in ethanol with ultraviolet light--formation of photodecomposition products, reactive oxygen species, and lipid peroxides.
PubMed:Levels of retinyl palmitate and retinol in the stratum corneum, epidermis, and dermis of female SKH-1 mice topically treated with retinyl palmitate.
PubMed:Levels of retinyl palmitate and retinol in stratum corneum, epidermis and dermis of SKH-1 mice.
PubMed:Photodecomposition and phototoxicity of natural retinoids.
PubMed:UVA photoirradiation of retinyl palmitate--formation of singlet oxygen and superoxide, and their role in induction of lipid peroxidation.
PubMed:Influence of phospholipids on beta-carotene absorption and conversion into vitamin A in rats.
PubMed:Photo-induced DNA damage and photocytotoxicity of retinyl palmitate and its photodecomposition products.
PubMed:Effects of retinoic acid administration and dietary vitamin A supplementation on leptin expression in mice: lack of correlation with changes of adipose tissue mass and food intake.
PubMed:Effects of dietary taurocholate, fat and protein on the storage and metabolism of dietary beta-carotene and alpha-tocopherol in ferrets.
PubMed:The talinolol double-peak phenomenon is likely caused by presystemic processing after uptake from gut lumen.
PubMed:Photoreaction, phototoxicity, and photocarcinogenicity of retinoids.
PubMed:Influence of binding of sodium dodecyl sulfate, all-trans-retinol, palmitate, and 8-anilino-1-naphthalenesulfonate on the heat-induced unfolding and aggregation of beta-lactoglobulin B.
PubMed:Photodecomposition of retinyl palmitate in ethanol by UVA light-formation of photodecomposition products, reactive oxygen species, and lipid peroxides.
PubMed:Recovery from impaired dark adaptation in nightblind pregnant Nepali women who receive small daily doses of vitamin A as amaranth leaves, carrots, goat liver, vitamin A-fortified rice, or retinyl palmitate.
PubMed:Interlaboratory verified liquid chromatographic method for analysis of vitamins A and E in soy-based infant formula powder.
PubMed:Triple fortification of salt with microcapsules of iodine, iron, and vitamin A.
PubMed:Meal ingestion provokes entry of lipoproteins containing fat from the previous meal: possible metabolic implications.
PubMed:An interlaboratory-verified method for the determination of vitamins A and E in milk- and soy-based infant formula by liquid chromatography with matrix solid-phase dispersion extraction.
PubMed:Sea tangle supplementation lowers blood glucose and supports antioxidant systems in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
PubMed:Identification and quantification of carotenoids including geometrical isomers in fruit and vegetable juices by liquid chromatography with ultraviolet-diode array detection.
PubMed:The effect of retinyl palmitate added to iron-fortified maize porridge on erythrocyte incorporation of iron in African children with vitamin A deficiency.
PubMed:Extraction of carotenoids from feces, enabling the bioavailability of beta-carotene to be studied in Indonesian children.
PubMed:Fruits and vegetables are associated with lower lung cancer risk only in the placebo arm of the beta-carotene and retinol efficacy trial (CARET).
PubMed:Effects of liver-supplemented food on the development of embryos in mice.
PubMed:Effect of weight loss on postprandial lipemia and low-density lipoprotein receptor binding in overweight men.
PubMed:The hepatic retinyl ester hydrolase activity is depressed at the onset of diabetes in BB rats.
PubMed:No enhancing effect of vitamin A on iron absorption in humans.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of vitamin A and beta-carotene in dietary supplements by liquid chromatography.
PubMed:Characterization of a new endogenous vitamin A metabolite.
PubMed:Activation and induction of glycine N-methyltransferase by retinoids are tissue- and gender-specific.
PubMed:Vitamin A and its derivatives induce hepatic glycine N-methyltransferase and hypomethylation of DNA in rats.
PubMed:Vitamin A and E content in dairy products: their contribution to the recommended dietary allowances (RDA) for elderly people.
PubMed:Use of water-miscible retinyl palmitate as markers of chylomicrons gives earlier peak response of plasma retinyl esters compared with oil-soluble retinyl palmitate.
PubMed:Feeding mode, intestinal permeability, and neopterin excretion: a longitudinal study in infants of HIV-infected South African women.
PubMed:Postprandial dyslipidemia in men with visceral obesity: an effect of reduced LDL receptor expression?
PubMed:Concomitant supplemental vitamin A enhances the response to weekly supplemental iron and folic acid in anemic teenagers in urban Bangladesh.
PubMed:Postprandial remnant-like lipoproteins in hypertriglyceridemia.
PubMed:Inhibition of purified pig and human liver retinyl ester hydrolase by pharmacologic agents.
PubMed:On-line supercritical fluid extraction/enzymatic hydrolysis of vitamin a esters: a new simplified approach for the determination of vitamins a and e in food.
PubMed:Predictors of postprandial triacylglycerol response in children: the Columbia University Biomarkers Study.
PubMed:Liquid chromatographic analysis of all-trans-retinyl palmitate, beta-carotene, and vitamin E in fortified foods and the extraction of encapsulated and nonencapsulated retinyl palmitate.
PubMed:Kinetic analysis shows that iron deficiency decreases liver vitamin A mobilization in rats.
PubMed:Intestinal absorption of beta-carotene ingested with a meal rich in sunflower oil or beef tallow: postprandial appearance in triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins in women.
PubMed:Postprandial chylomicrons and VLDLs in severe hypertriacylglycerolemia are lowered more effectively than are chylomicron remnants after treatment with n-3 fatty acids.
PubMed:Modulation of fat-soluble vitamin concentrations and blood mononuclear leukocyte populations in milk replacer-fed calves by dietary vitamin A and beta-carotene.
PubMed:Dietary vitamin E and beta-carotene sources influence vitamin A and E storage in young rats fed marginal and adequate vitamin E.
PubMed:Antimutagenic effects and possible mechanisms of action of vitamins and related compounds against genotoxic heterocyclic amines from cooked food.
PubMed:Coordinated distribution patterns of three enzyme activities involved in the absorption and metabolism of beta-carotene and vitamin A along the villus-crypt axis of chick duodenum.
PubMed:Optimal nutrition: vitamin A and the carotenoids.
PubMed:Thyroxine replacement therapy enhances clearance of chylomicron remnants in patients with hypothyroidism.
PubMed:Analysis of beta-carotene in medical food by liquid chromatography with matrix solid-phase dispersion.
PubMed:Lack of influence of test meal fatty acid composition on the contribution of intestinally-derived lipoproteins to postprandial lipaemia.
PubMed:Analysis of all-rac-alpha-tocopheryl acetate and retinyl palmitate in medical foods using a zero control reference material (ZRM) as a method development tool.
PubMed:Bile diversion in rats leads to a decreased plasma concentration of linoleic acid which is not due to decreased net intestinal absorption of dietary linoleic acid.
PubMed:Value assignment of retinol, retinyl palmitate, tocopherol, and carotenoid concentrations in Standard Reference Material 2383 (Baby Food Composite).
PubMed:Binding of lipophilic nutrients to beta-lactoglobulin prepared by bioselective adsorption.
PubMed:A liquid chromatographic method for analysis of all-rac-alpha-tocopheryl acetate and retinyl palmitate in medical food using matrix solid-phase dispersion in conjunction with a zero reference material as a method development tool.
PubMed:Effect of lutein on beta-carotene absorption and cleavage.
PubMed:Plant sources of vitamin A and human nutrition: red palm oil does the job.
PubMed:Low and high responders to pharmacological doses of beta-carotene: proportion in the population, mechanisms involved and consequences on beta-carotene metabolism.
PubMed:Apolipoprotein B-48 and retinyl palmitate are not equivalent markers of postprandial intestinal lipoproteins.
PubMed:Chylomicron beta-carotene and retinyl palmitate responses are dramatically diminished when men ingest beta-carotene with medium-chain rather than long-chain triglycerides.
PubMed:Effect of simultaneous, single oral doses of beta-carotene with lutein or lycopene on the beta-carotene and retinyl ester responses in the triacylglycerol-rich lipoprotein fraction of men.
PubMed:Fortified foods contribute one half of recommended vitamin A intake in poor urban Guatemalan toddlers.
PubMed:Microsomal enzyme activity, glutathione S-transferase-placental form expression, cell proliferation, and vitamin A stores in livers of rats consuming Great Lakes salmon.
PubMed:Liquid chromatographic method for analysis of all-rac-alpha-tocopheryl acetate and retinyl palmitate in milk-based infant formula using matrix solid-phase dispersion.
PubMed:Liquid chromatographic method for analysis of All-rac-alpha-tocopheryl acetate and retinyl palmitate in soy-based infant formula using a zero-control reference material (ZRM) as a method development tool.
PubMed:Zero control reference materials for infant formula methods development.
PubMed:Gastric ulceration and suspected vitamin A toxicosis in grower pigs fed fish silage.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of retinyl ester hydrolase as a member of the non-specific carboxylesterase supergene family.
PubMed:Olive oil increases the magnitude of postprandial chylomicron remnants compared to milk fat and safflower oil.
PubMed:Retinoids in eggs and embryos of birds fed fish from the Great Lakes.
PubMed:Measurement of retinoids and carotenoids in breast adipose tissue and a comparison of concentrations in breast cancer cases and control subjects.
PubMed:Inhibition of the mutagenicity of 2-nitrofluorene, 3-nitrofluoranthene and 1-nitropyrene by vitamins, porphyrins and related compounds, and vegetable and fruit juices and solvent extracts.
PubMed:The protective effect of beta-carotene and retinol on ventilatory function in an asbestos-exposed cohort.
PubMed:beta-carotene inhibits persistent and stimulates remodeling gamma GT-positive preneoplastic lesions during early promotion of hepatocarcinogenesis.
PubMed:The association between participant characteristics and serum concentrations of beta-carotene, retinol, retinyl palmitate, and alpha-tocopherol among participants in the Carotene and Retinol Efficacy Trial (CARET) for prevention of lung cancer.
PubMed:Plasma and hepatic antioxidant control and vitamin A nutritional status.
PubMed:Beta-carotene as antioxidant.
PubMed:Suppressive effects of retinoids, carotenoids and antioxidant vitamins on heterocyclic amine-induced umu C gene expression in Salmonella typhimurium (TA 1535/pSK 1002).
PubMed:Interactions in indices of vitamin A, zinc and copper status when these nutrients are fed to rats at adequate and increased levels.
PubMed:Carbon flow through the hepatic folate-dependent one-carbon pool is not altered in vitamin A-deficient rats.
PubMed:beta-Carotene absorption and cleavage in rats is affected by the vitamin A concentration of the diet.
PubMed:Association of postprandial triglyceride and retinyl palmitate responses with newly diagnosed exercise-induced myocardial ischemia in middle-aged men and women.
PubMed:Response to oral beta-carotene supplementation in patients with cystic fibrosis: a 16-month follow-up study.
PubMed:Consumption of excess vitamin A, but not excess beta-carotene, causes accumulation of retinol that exceeds the binding capacity of cellular retinol-binding protein, type II in rat intestine.
PubMed:Intestinal beta-carotene absorption and cleavage in men: response of beta-carotene and retinyl esters in the triglyceride-rich lipoprotein fraction after a single oral dose of beta-carotene.
PubMed:Fortification of sugar with iron sodium ethylenediaminotetraacetate (FeNaEDTA) improves iron status in semirural Guatemalan populations.
PubMed:Lack of association between vitamin A status and measures of conjunctival epithelial integrity in young children in northern Ghana.
PubMed:Nutritional situation in the Americas.
PubMed:Characterization of esterase and alcohol dehydrogenase activity in skin. Metabolism of retinyl palmitate to retinol (vitamin A) during percutaneous absorption.
PubMed:Hydrolysis of retinyl esters in rat liver. Description of a lysosomal activity.
PubMed:Effect of ethanol and vitamin A excess on vitamin A status in the liver, plasma and foetuses of pregnant rats.
PubMed:The teratogenic metabolites of vitamin A in women following supplements and liver.
PubMed:Effects of ethanol, lovastatin and coenzyme Q10 treatment on antioxidants and TBA reactive material in liver of rats.
PubMed:Postprandial lipemia in subjects with hypobetalipoproteinemia and a single intestinal allele for apoB-48.
PubMed:Liquid chromatographic method for the determination of carotenoids, retinoids and tocopherols in human serum and in food.
PubMed:Undernutrition and vitamin A deficiency in the Department of Linguère, Louga Region of Sénégal.
PubMed:High dose vitamin A supplementation of breast-feeding Indonesian mothers: effects on the vitamin A status of mother and infant.
PubMed:Effect of variations in dietary fat and carbohydrate intake on postprandial lipemia in patients with noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
PubMed:Gemfibrozil reduces postprandial lipemia in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
PubMed:Assessment of the oral administration of a high dose of retinol on vitamin E status of sheep.
PubMed:Sex differences in postabsorptive plasma vitamin A transport.
PubMed:Normal postprandial lipemia in men with low plasma HDL concentrations.
PubMed:Short-term interruption of training affects both fasting and post-prandial lipoproteins.
PubMed:Effect of prototypic polychlorinated biphenyls on hepatic and renal vitamin contents and on drug-metabolizing enzymes in rats fed diets containing low or high levels of retinyl palmitate.
PubMed:Modelling cortical cataractogenesis. XII: Supplemental vitamin A treatment reduces gamma-crystallin leakage from lenses in diabetic rats.
PubMed:Changes in vitamin A status following prolonged immobilization (simulated weightlessness).
PubMed:Effects of various dietary protein contents on vitamin A status of rats exposed to prolonged immobilization through suspension.
PubMed:Canthaxanthin and excess vitamin A alter alpha-tocopherol, carotenoid and iron status in adult rats.
PubMed:Postprandial lipoprotein metabolism in normolipidemic men with and without coronary artery disease.
PubMed:Suppression by beta-carotene-rich algae Dunaliella bardawil of the progression, but not the development, of spontaneous mammary tumours in SHN virgin mice.
PubMed:Effect of emulsifiers and fortification methods on light stability of vitamin A in milk.
PubMed:Upregulation of serum retinol in experimental acute renal failure.
PubMed:Developmental changes in vitamin A level and lack of retinyl palmitate in chick lungs.
PubMed:The effect of dietary retinyl palmitate on the retinyl ester content of human or rat liver tumours.
PubMed:Effects of lipids on cytochrome P-450 dependent B(a)P monooxygenase activity in a reconstituted system.
PubMed:Osteotoxicity after chronic dietary administration of 13-cis-retinoic acid, retinyl palmitate or selenium in mice exposed to tumor initiation and promotion.
PubMed:Studies on the testicular effects of vitamin A palmitate in the Sprague-Dawley rat.
PubMed:Increased retinoic acid metabolism following 3,3',4,4',5,5'-hexabromobiphenyl injection.
PubMed:Vitamin A in human nutrition.
PubMed:The effect of vitamin A supplementation on serum retinol and retinol binding protein levels.
PubMed:Co-carcinogenic effects of several Korean foods on gastric cancer induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine in rats.
PubMed:Effects of vitamin A on cyclophosphamide mutagenicity in vitro (Ames test) and in vivo (mouse micronucleus test).
PubMed:Isomerization of retinyl palmitate using conventional lipid extraction solvents.
PubMed:Application of gel permeation chromatography and nonaqueous reverse phase chromatography to high performance liquid chromatographic determination of retinyl palmitate and alpha-tocopheryl acetate in infant formulas.
PubMed:Tissue storage of vitamins A and E in rats drinking or infused with total parenteral nutrition solutions.
PubMed:The effect of vitamin A fortification of sugar on the serum vitamin A levels of preschool Guatemalan children: a longitudinal evaluation.
PubMed:Teratogenic effects of vitamin A palmitate in Fischer 344 rats.
PubMed:Application of gel permeation chromatography and nonaqueous reverse phase chromatography to high pressure liquid chromatographic determination of retinyl palmitate in fortified breakfast cereals.
PubMed:Vitamin A - application technology.
PubMed:Planning, implementation, and evaluation of a fortification program. Control of vitamin A deficiency in the Philippines.
PubMed:Vitamin A deficiency and the metabolism of glycosaminoglycans and ascorbic acid in the rat.
Nutrient, appearance control agent for colours and colour modifiers. Found in fish liver oils. Dietary supplement, permitted in infant formulas Palmitate is an antioxidant and a vitamin A compound added to low fat milk and other dairy products to replace the vitamin content lost through the removal of milk fat. Palmitate is attached to the alcohol form of vitamin A, retinol, in order to make vitamin A stable in milk.[citation needed]; Retinyl palmitate is a synthetic alternate for retinyl acetate in vitamin A supplements, and is available in oily or dry forms. It is a common vitamin supplement, available in both oral and injectable forms for treatment of vitamin A deficiency, under the brand names Aquasol A, Palmitate A and many others. It is a pre-formed version of vitamin A, and can thus be realistically over-dosed, unlike beta-carotene.; Retinyl palmitate, or vitamin A palmitate, is a common vitamin supplement, with formula C36H60O2. It is available in both oral and injectable forms for treatment of vitamin A deficiency, under the brand names Aquasol and Palmitate. ; Retinyl palmitate is an alternate for retinyl acetate in vitamin A supplements, and is available in oily or dry forms. It is a pre-formed version of vitamin A, and can thus be realistically over-dosed, unlike beta-carotene.
Please share your Comments.
Email Address:
Top of Page Home
Copyright © 1980-2021 The Good Scents Company (tgsc) ™ Disclaimer Privacy Policy