EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes


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CAS Number: 58-96-8Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other(deleted CASRN):12693-39-9
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:200-407-5
Nikkaji Web:J4.593D
Beilstein Number:754904
XlogP3:-2.00 (est)
Molecular Weight:244.20384000
Formula:C9 H12 N2 O6
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:cosmetic ingredient for skin conditioning
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
Physical Properties:
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 165.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Flash Point: 32.00 °F. TCC ( 0.00 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): -1.581 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 6.122e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: skin conditioning
skin protecting agents
Alfa Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Uridine 98%
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Uridine >98%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Uridine is a nucleoside, contains a uracil attached to a ribose ring via a ?-N1-glycosidic bond.
For experimental / research use only.
For experimental / research use only.
Uridine from Plants ≥95%
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
George Uhe Company
Glentham Life Sciences
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Uridine ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
Uridine ≥99%
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 4335 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 207, Pg. 504, 1978.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
cosmetic ingredient for skin conditioning
Recommendation for uridine usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for uridine flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Daily Med:search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):58-96-8
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :6029
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:3
RTECS:YR1450000 for cas# 58-96-8
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:58-96-8
Pubchem (cid):6029
Pubchem (sid):134972121
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
Golm Metabolome Database:Search
Metabolomics Database:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C00299
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB00296
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB00127
Export Tariff Code:2934.90.5000
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
EFSA Update of results on the monitoring of furan levels in food:Read Report
EFSA Previous report: Results on the monitoring of furan levels in food:Read Report
EFSA Report of the CONTAM Panel on provisional findings on furan in food:Read Report
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 butterbur rhizome
Search Trop Picture
 corn seed
Search Trop Picture
 ginger rhizome
Search Trop Picture
 wheat seed
Search Trop Picture


PubMed:Impact of high hydrostatic pressure on non-volatile and volatile compounds of squid muscles.
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PubMed:Chemometrics for comprehensive analysis of nucleobases, nucleosides, and nucleotides in Siraitiae Fructus by hydrophilic interaction ultra high performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple-quadrupole linear ion-trap tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Uridine Diphosphate-Glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) Xenobiotic Metabolizing Activity and Genetic Evolution in Pinniped Species.
PubMed:Metabolic faecal fingerprinting of trans-resveratrol and quercetin following a high-fat sucrose dietary model using liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry.
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PubMed:Creating a Water-Soluble Resveratrol-Based Antioxidant by Site-Selective Enzymatic Glucosylation.
PubMed:Metabolic profiling of antioxidants constituents in Artemisia selengensis leaves.
PubMed:In vivo protective effect of Uridine, a pyrimidine nucleoside, on genotoxicity induced by Levodopa/Carbidopa in mice.
PubMed:Reduced UDP-glucose Levels Are Associated with P-glycoprotein Over-expression in L1210 Cells and Limit Glucosylceramide Synthase Activity.
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PubMed:Fluorescent nucleoside derivatives as a tool for the detection of concentrative nucleoside transporter activity using confocal microscopy and flow cytometry.
PubMed:Dolutegravir Has No Effect on the Pharmacokinetics of Oral Contraceptives With Norgestimate and Ethinyl Estradiol.
PubMed:Role of the capsular polysaccharide as a virulence factor for Streptococcus suis serotype 14.
PubMed:Cross-species inhibition of dUTPase via the Staphylococcal Stl protein perturbs dNTP pool and colony formation in Mycobacterium.
PubMed:Quantitation of endogenous nucleoside triphosphates and nucleosides in human cells by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Nutritional Composition and Bioactive Constituents of Artificial Culture of Ophiocordyceps longissima (Ascomycetes).
PubMed:Apiaceous vegetable consumption decreases PhIP-induced DNA adducts and increases methylated PhIP metabolites in the urine metabolome in rats.
PubMed:Biotechnological advances in UDP-sugar based glycosylation of small molecules.
PubMed:Biotransformation of xenobiotics in the human colon and rectum and its association with colorectal cancer.
PubMed:Imazethapyr and imazapic, bispyribac-sodium and penoxsulam: zooplankton and dissipation in subtropical rice paddy water.
PubMed:Low toxicity of deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside in microbial cells.
PubMed:Functional Study of Haplotypes in UGT1A1 Promoter to Find a Novel Genetic Variant Leading to Reduced Gene Expression.
PubMed:Identification of the distribution of adenosine phosphates, nucleosides and nucleobases in royal jelly.
PubMed:Building bridges and providing transparency to the hepatitis C virus drug approval process.
PubMed:FDA perspective on sofosbuvir therapy for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection who did not respond to treatment with pegylated interferon and ribavirin.
PubMed:The same microbiota and a potentially discriminant metabolome in the saliva of omnivore, ovo-lacto-vegetarian and Vegan individuals.
PubMed:A combination of ledipasvir and sofosbuvir (Harvoni) for hepatitis C.
PubMed:Discovery of systematic responses and potential biomarkers induced by ochratoxin A using metabolomics.
PubMed:The solid-gold wonder drug. A long, difficult and costly research effort gives doctors a new cure for hepatitis C.
PubMed:Clinical evidence and bioinformatics characterization of potential hepatitis C virus resistance pathways for sofosbuvir.
PubMed:Activity-based profiling of a physiologic aglycone library reveals sugar acceptor promiscuity of family 1 UDP-glucosyltransferases from grape.
PubMed:Simultaneous quantification of purine and pyrimidine bases, nucleosides and their degradation products in bovine blood plasma by high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Evaluation of the in vitro/in vivo potential of five berries (bilberry, blueberry, cranberry, elderberry, and raspberry ketones) commonly used as herbal supplements to inhibit uridine diphospho-glucuronosyltransferase.
PubMed:Clinical pharmacology of deferasirox.
PubMed:Sofosbuvir for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus infection.
PubMed:In vitro glucuronidation kinetics of deoxynivalenol by human and animal microsomes and recombinant human UGT enzymes.
PubMed:Effect of temperature on symptom expression and sequence polymorphism of grapevine yellow speckle viroid 1 in grapevine.
PubMed:A nutrient combination that can affect synapse formation.
PubMed:The evolution of three decades of antiretroviral therapy: challenges, triumphs and the promise of the future.
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PubMed:Identification and functional characterization of a flax UDP-glycosyltransferase glucosylating secoisolariciresinol (SECO) into secoisolariciresinol monoglucoside (SMG) and diglucoside (SDG).
PubMed:Enzymatic and regulatory properties of the trehalose-6-phosphate synthase from the thermoacidophilic archaeon Thermoplasma acidophilum.
PubMed:Characterization of a novel resistance-related deoxycytidine deaminase from Brassica oleracea var. capitata.
PubMed:The effect of souvenaid on functional brain network organisation in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease: a randomised controlled study.
PubMed:First-in-human, phase I dose-escalation study of single and multiple doses of a first-in-class enhancer of fluoropyrimidines, a dUTPase inhibitor (TAS-114) in healthy male volunteers.
PubMed:FDA approvals usher in the post-interferon era in HCV.
PubMed:Sofosbuvir approved for chronic hepatitis C infection.
PubMed:Characterization of amylolysin, a novel lantibiotic from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens GA1.
PubMed:Discrimination of epimeric glycans and glycopeptides using IM-MS and its potential for carbohydrate sequencing.
PubMed:Pharmaceuticals. Advocates protest the cost of a hepatitis C cure.
PubMed:Effect of uracil on pullulan production by Aureobasidium pullulans CGMCC1234.
PubMed:Sofosbuvir for the treatment of hepatitis C virus.
PubMed:Neuroprotective and cognitive enhancing effects of a multi-targeted food intervention in an animal model of neurodegeneration and depression.
PubMed:The S-Connect study: results from a randomized, controlled trial of Souvenaid in mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease.
PubMed:RNA polyadenylation sites on the genomes of microorganisms, animals, and plants.
PubMed:Fermentation and proteome profiles of Lactobacillus plantarum strains during growth under food-like conditions.
PubMed:Pharmacogenetics: has the time come for pharmacists to embrace and implement the science?
PubMed:Identification and characterization of granule bound starch synthase I (GBSSI) gene of tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn.).
PubMed:Effect of uremic serum and uremic toxins on drug metabolism in human microsomes.
PubMed:Influence of casein hydrolysates on exopolysaccharide synthesis by Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus.
PubMed:Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dapagliflozin, a selective inhibitor of sodium-glucose co-transporter type 2.
PubMed:Effects of specific multi-nutrient enriched diets on cerebral metabolism, cognition and neuropathology in AβPPswe-PS1dE9 mice.
PubMed:Targeting synaptic dysfunction in Alzheimer's disease by administering a specific nutrient combination.
PubMed:Development and validation of a sensitive, high-throughput bioassay for the adhesion of radiolabeled E. coli to uroepithelial cells in vitro.
PubMed:Identification and analysis of the constituents in an aqueous extract of Tricholoma matsutake by HPLC coupled with diode array detection/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Prenatal bisphenol A and birth outcomes: MOCEH (Mothers and Children's Environmental Health) study.
PubMed:Clinical pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic and drug-interaction profile of the integrase inhibitor dolutegravir.
PubMed:Development and application of a method for determination of nucleosides and nucleobases in Mactra veneriformis.
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PubMed:Mechanisms regulating grain contamination with trichothecenes translocated from the stem base of wheat (Triticum aestivum) infected with Fusarium culmorum.
PubMed:Nutritional approaches in the risk reduction and management of Alzheimer's disease.
PubMed:Changes in RNA catabolites of sparkling wines during the biological aging.
PubMed:Clinical pharmacology of axitinib.
PubMed:Uridine prodrug improves memory in Tg2576 and TAPP mice and reduces pathological factors associated with Alzheimer's disease in related models.
PubMed:Generation of a Uracil Auxotroph Strain of the Probiotic Yeast Saccharomyces boulardii as a Host for the Recombinant Protein Production.
PubMed:N-sulfotestosteronan, a novel substrate for heparan sulfate 6-o-sulfotransferases and its analysis by oxidative degradation.
PubMed:Clinical pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of mycophenolate in patients with autoimmune disease.
PubMed:Enzyme-assisted synthesis and structural characterization of the 3-, 8-, and 15-glucuronides of deoxynivalenol.
PubMed:Identification of flavone glucuronide isomers by metal complexation and tandem mass spectrometry: regioselectivity of uridine 5'-diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase isozymes in the biotransformation of flavones.
PubMed:Genistein protection against acetaminophen-induced liver injury via its potential impact on the activation of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase and antioxidant enzymes.
PubMed:Cell-free protein synthesis of membrane (1,3)-β-d-glucan (curdlan) synthase: co-translational insertion in liposomes and reconstitution in nanodiscs.
PubMed:Convenient and efficient approach to the permanent or reversible conjugation of RNA and DNA sequences with functional groups.
PubMed:Quantitative and chemical fingerprint analysis for the quality evaluation of Isatis indigotica based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detector combined with chemometric methods.
PubMed:A specific multi-nutrient diet reduces Alzheimer-like pathology in young adult AβPPswe/PS1dE9 mice.
PubMed:Inhibition of morphine glucuronidation in the liver microsomes of rats and humans by monoterpenoid alcohols.
PubMed:Release and utilization of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine from human milk oligosaccharides by Bifidobacterium longum subsp. infantis.
PubMed:UGT75L6 and UGT94E5 mediate sequential glucosylation of crocetin to crocin in Gardenia jasminoides.
PubMed:Comment on uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase isoform-dependent regiospecificity of glucuronidation of flavonoids: applicability of UV spectrum shifts in identification of glucuronidation position in flavones and flavonols.
PubMed:CYP450-dependent biotransformation of the insecticide fipronil into fipronil sulfone can mediate fipronil-induced thyroid disruption in rats.
PubMed:Evolution of milk oligosaccharides and lactose: a hypothesis.
PubMed:A two-way street: reciprocal regulation of metabolism and signalling.
PubMed:Quantitative determination of uridine in rabbit plasma and urine by liquid chromatography coupled to a tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Raltegravir in HIV-1 infection: Safety and Efficacy in Treatment-naïve Patients.
PubMed:Characterization of UDP-glucose 4-epimerase from Pyrococcus horikoshii: regeneration of UDP to produce UDP-galactose using two-enzyme system with trehalose.
PubMed:Permanent or reversible conjugation of 2'-O- or 5'-O-aminooxymethylated nucleosides with functional groups as a convenient and efficient approach to the modification of RNA and DNA sequences.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of UDP-glucuronic acid and UDP-galacturonic acid in Bacillus cereus subsp. cytotoxis NVH 391-98.
PubMed:Raltegravir dosage adjustment in HIV-infected patients receiving etravirine.
PubMed:One-pot enzymatic production of 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-galactose (GalNAc) from 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose (GlcNAc).
PubMed:In vitro glucuronidation of the antibacterial triclocarban and its oxidative metabolites.
PubMed:Non-nutritional uses of nutrients.
PubMed:Ergopeptines bromocriptine and ergovaline and the dopamine type-2 receptor inhibitor domperidone inhibit bovine equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1-like activity.
PubMed:Changes in the metabolic profile of rat liver after α-tocopherol deficiency as revealed by metabolomics analysis.
PubMed:Possible biological markers of the time of processing of dry-cured ham.
PubMed:Phenylaminopropyl-functionalized stationary phase for open-tubular capillary electrochromatography of alkaloids and aromatic acids.
PubMed:First chemical synthesis and in vitro characterization of the potential human metabolites 5-o-feruloylquinic acid 4'-sulfate and 4'-O-glucuronide.
PubMed:Uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase isoform-dependent regiospecificity of glucuronidation of flavonoids.
PubMed:Enhanced uridine bioavailability following administration of a triacetyluridine-rich nutritional supplement.
PubMed:Hyaluronic acid production by recombinant Streptococcus thermophilus.
PubMed:Radiation metabolomics. 4. UPLC-ESI-QTOFMS-Based metabolomics for urinary biomarker discovery in gamma-irradiated rats.
PubMed:Prospective phase II study of FOLFIRI for mCRC in Japan, including the analysis of UGT1A1 28/6 polymorphisms.
PubMed:Antiretroviral drug interactions: overview of interactions involving new and investigational agents and the role of therapeutic drug monitoring for management.
PubMed:Highly sensitive electrochemiluminescent biosensor for adenosine based on structure-switching of aptamer.
PubMed:Polyadenylic acid binding on cationic liposomes doped with the non-ionic nucleolipid Lauroyl Uridine.
PubMed:Plasma stability-dependent circulation of acyl glucuronide metabolites in humans: how circulating metabolite profiles of muraglitazar and peliglitazar can lead to misleading risk assessment.
PubMed:Development and application of an HILIC-MS/MS method for the quantitation of nucleotides in infant formula.
PubMed:Nucleotides in canine colostrum and milk at different stages of lactation.
PubMed:Ion-pair high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection coupled to dual electrospray atmospheric pressure chemical ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry for the determination of nucleotides in baby foods.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of a new UDP-sugar, UDP-2-acetamido-2-deoxyxylose, in the human pathogen Bacillus cereus subspecies cytotoxis NVH 391-98.
PubMed:The clinical application of UGT1A1 pharmacogenetic testing: gene-environment interactions.
PubMed:Effects of Na+ and H+ on steady-state and presteady-state currents of the human concentrative nucleoside transporter 3 (hCNT3).
PubMed:Nucleotides and nucleosides in ovine and caprine milk during lactation.
PubMed:Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic profile of posaconazole.
PubMed:Xanthohumol, a prenylated chalcone from hops, modulates hepatic expression of genes involved in thyroid hormone distribution and metabolism.
PubMed:Analysis of seven purines and pyrimidines in pork meat products by ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:The genetics, transcriptional profiles, and catalytic properties of UDP-alpha-D-xylose 4-epimerases from barley.
PubMed:A genomic approach to nutritional, pharmacological and genetic issues of faba bean (Vicia faba): prospects for genetic modifications.
PubMed:Biotransformation of PCBs in Arctic seabirds: characterization of phase I and II pathways at transcriptional, translational and activity levels.
PubMed:Bioequivalence and pharmacokinetic comparison of two mycophenolate mofetil formulations in healthy Chinese male volunteers: an open-label, randomized-sequence, single-dose, two-way crossover study.
PubMed:Mechanistic insights on riboflavin synthase inspired by selective binding of the 6,7-dimethyl-8-ribityllumazine exomethylene anion.
PubMed:The pneumococcal cell envelope stress-sensing system LiaFSR is activated by murein hydrolases and lipid II-interacting antibiotics.
PubMed:Improving the quality of infant sleep through the inclusion at supper of cereals enriched with tryptophan, adenosine-5'-phosphate, and uridine-5'-phosphate.
PubMed:Dose of UV light required to inactivate Listeria monocytogenes in distilled water, fresh brine, and spent brine.
PubMed:Effect of acid stress, antibiotic resistance, and heat shock on the resistance of Listeria monocytogenes to UV light when suspended in distilled water and fresh brine.
PubMed:Anion exchange liquid chromatography for the determination of nucleotides in baby and/or functional foods.
PubMed:A chimeric NST repressor has the potential to improve glucose productivity from plant cell walls.
PubMed:Effects of hyperprolactinemia on toxicological parameters and proliferation of islet cells in male rats.
PubMed:Mechanism of resistance to penoxsulam in late watergrass [ Echinochloa phyllopogon (Stapf) Koss.].
PubMed:Glucuronidation of the mycotoxins alternariol and alternariol-9-methyl ether in vitro: chemical structures of glucuronides and activities of human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase isoforms.
PubMed:Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase deficiency and low dietary folate reduce tumorigenesis in Apc min/+ mice.
PubMed:[Substitutive and dietetic approaches in childhood autistic disorder: interests and limits].
PubMed:Synapse formation and cognitive brain development: effect of docosahexaenoic acid and other dietary constituents.
PubMed:Development of a magnetic particle-based enzyme immunoassay for the determination of penoxsulam in water.
PubMed:Determination of nucleotides in infant formula by ion-exchange liquid chromatography.
PubMed:Effects of endocrine disruptors on genes associated with 17beta-estradiol metabolism and excretion.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of a novel glycosyltransferase that converts phloretin to phlorizin, a potent antioxidant in apple.
PubMed:Pharmacogenetic testing for uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 polymorphisms: are we there yet?
PubMed:Quenching and dequenching of pyrene fluorescence by nucleotide monophosphates in cationic micelles.
PubMed:A review of the pharmacokinetics of abacavir.
PubMed:Preparative enzymatic synthesis of glucuronides of zearalenone and five of its metabolites.
PubMed:Auxotrophy for uridine increases the sensitivity of Aspergillus niger to weak-acid preservatives.
PubMed:Identification and characterization of isoflavonoid specific glycosyltransferase and malonyltransferase from soybean seeds.
PubMed:Distribution of nucleosides and nucleobases in edible fungi.
PubMed:How does leflunomide modulate the immune response in rheumatoid arthritis?
PubMed:Acrylamide-responsive genes in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.
PubMed:Glycogen content and contraction regulate glycogen synthase phosphorylation and affinity for UDP-glucose in rat skeletal muscles.
PubMed:Colorimetric quantification of alpha-D-galactose 1-phosphate.
PubMed:Recombinant synthesis of hyaluronan by Agrobacterium sp.
PubMed:Determination of the impurity profile of adenosine by means of ion-pair reversed-phase chromatography.
PubMed:A metabolic sensor governing cell size in bacteria.
PubMed:Glucuronidation of curcuminoids by human microsomal and recombinant UDP-glucuronosyltransferases.
PubMed:Differences in glutamic acid and 5'-ribonucleotide contents between flesh and pulp of tomatoes and the relationship with umami taste.
PubMed:The cloning and sequencing of the UDP-galactose 4-epimerase gene (galE) from Avibacterium paragallinarum.
PubMed:Overview of the clinical pharmacokinetics of oxcarbazepine.
PubMed:Synthesis and characterization of deoxynivalenol glucuronide: its comparative immunotoxicity with deoxynivalenol.
PubMed:Influence of curcumin, capsaicin, and piperine on the rat liver drug-metabolizing enzyme system in vivo and in vitro.
PubMed:Assessment of 4-nitrogenated benzyloxymethyl groups for 2'-hydroxyl protection in solid-phase RNA synthesis.
PubMed:Dietary supplementation with uridine-5'-monophosphate (UMP), a membrane phosphatide precursor, increases acetylcholine level and release in striatum of aged rat.
PubMed:Statistical approach to optimization of fermentative production of gellan gum from Sphingomonas paucimobilis ATCC 31461.
PubMed:Microbial degradation of penoxsulam in flooded rice field soils.
PubMed:Photodegradation of penoxsulam.
PubMed:Uridine supplementation enhances hepatic mitochondrial function in thymidine-analogue treated HIV-infected patients.
PubMed:Enhanced production of scleroglucan by Sclerotium rolfsii MTCC 2156 by use of metabolic precursors.
PubMed:Oral administration of uridylic acid increases plasma leptin, but suppresses glucose and non-esterified fatty acid concentrations in rats.
PubMed:Characterization of the bifunctional glycosyltransferase/acyltransferase penicillin-binding protein 4 of Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed:Composition of beer by 1H NMR spectroscopy: effects of brewing site and date of production.
PubMed:Cinnamate metabolism in ripening fruit. Characterization of a UDP-glucose:cinnamate glucosyltransferase from strawberry.
PubMed:Postnatal development of P2 receptors in the murine gastrointestinal tract.
PubMed:Zebularine metabolism by aldehyde oxidase in hepatic cytosol from humans, monkeys, dogs, rats, and mice: influence of sex and inhibitors.
PubMed:Partitioning of penoxsulam, a new sulfonamide herbicide.
PubMed:2,4-Diaminotoluene (2,4-DAT)-induced DNA damage, DNA repair and micronucleus formation in the human hepatoma cell line HepG2.
PubMed:Species differences in the hepatic biotransformation of zearalenone.
PubMed:Ezetimibe: a review of its metabolism, pharmacokinetics and drug interactions.
PubMed:Biochemical characterization of the Campylobacter jejuni Cj1294, a novel UDP-4-keto-6-deoxy-GlcNAc aminotransferase that generates UDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-GalNAc.
PubMed:Uracil as an index of lactic acid bacteria contamination of tomato products.
PubMed:Distinction of water-soluble constituents between natural and cultured Cordyceps by capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed:Nigerooligosaccharides augments mitogen-induced proliferation and suppresses activation-induced apoptosis of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
PubMed:Resistance of Gram-positive bacteria to nisin is not determined by lipid II levels.
PubMed:Molecular cloning and sequence variation of UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase cDNAs from potatoes sensitive and resistant to cold sweetening.
PubMed:The cyanobacterial toxin cylindrospermopsin inhibits pyrimidine nucleotide synthesis and alters cholesterol distribution in mice.
PubMed:Increased serum leptin protects from adiposity despite the increased glucose uptake in white adipose tissue in mice lacking p85alpha phosphoinositide 3-kinase.
PubMed:Fermentative production of curdlan.
PubMed:Impact of heterologous expression of Escherichia coli UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase on trehalose and glycogen synthesis in Corynebacterium glutamicum.
PubMed:Regulation of pyrimidine nucleotide formation in Pseudomonas taetrolens ATCC 4683.
PubMed:Centrin gene disruption impairs stage-specific basal body duplication and cell cycle progression in Leishmania.
PubMed:High efficiency transformation of Penicillium nalgiovense with integrative and autonomously replicating plasmids.
PubMed:The donor subsite of trehalose-6-phosphate synthase: binary complexes with UDP-glucose and UDP-2-deoxy-2-fluoro-glucose at 2 A resolution.
PubMed:Antioxidant compounds from the leaves of Peucedanum japonicum thunb.
PubMed:Combined uridine and choline administration improves cognitive deficits in spontaneously hypertensive rats.
PubMed:The folate precursor p-aminobenzoate is reversibly converted to its glucose ester in the plant cytosol.
PubMed:Glucuronidation of 1'-hydroxyestragole (1'-HE) by human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases UGT2B7 and UGT1A9.
PubMed:Lipid II induces a transmembrane orientation of the pore-forming peptide lantibiotic nisin.
PubMed:Investigation of the tuber constituents of maca (Lepidium meyenii Walp.).
PubMed:Sphingolipid and other constituents from almond nuts (Prunus amygdalus Batsch).
PubMed:Pseudouridine, an antimutagenic substance in beer towards N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG).
PubMed:Vicine and convicine in common vetch (Vicia sativa) seeds enhance beta-cyanoalanine toxicity in male broiler chicks.
PubMed:Effects of oocyte quality on development and transcriptional activity in early bovine embryos.
PubMed:The inhibitory effect of the autoantigen La on in vitro 3' processing of mammalian precursor tRNAs.
PubMed:Effects of cruciferous vegetables and their constituents on drug metabolizing enzymes involved in the bioactivation of DNA-reactive dietary carcinogens.
PubMed:Characterization of simple and reproducible vascular stenosis model in hypercholesterolemic hamsters.
PubMed:Functional analysis of the Lactococcus lactis galU and galE genes and their impact on sugar nucleotide and exopolysaccharide biosynthesis.
PubMed:Influence of vitamin A status on the regulation of uridine (5'-)diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A1 and UGT1A6 expression by L-triiodothyronine.
PubMed:Uridine uptake inhibition as a cytotoxicity test for a human hepatoma cell line (HepG2 cells): comparison with the neutral red assay.
PubMed:In vivo insulin regulation of skeletal muscle glycogen synthase in calorie-restricted and in ad libitum-fed rhesus monkeys.
PubMed:Effects of food deprivation and handling stress on head kidney 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone 21-hydroxylase activity, plasma cortisol and the activities of liver detoxification enzymes in rainbow trout.
PubMed:Leflunomide: an immunomodulatory drug for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases.
PubMed:Stereoselective metabolism of the monoterpene carvone by rat and human liver microsomes.
PubMed:Analysis of sugar metabolism in an EPS producing Lactococcus lactis by 31P NMR.
PubMed:Nucleotide and polyamine levels in colostrum and mature milk in relation to maternal atopy and atopic development in the children.
PubMed:Mechanism of action for leflunomide in rheumatoid arthritis.
PubMed:A continuous method for enzymatic assay of sucrose synthase in the synthetic direction.
PubMed:Nucleotides and intestine.
PubMed:Alteration of acetaminophen metabolism by sulfate and steroids in primary monolayer hepatocyte cultures of rats and mice.
PubMed:Promoting effects of kojic acid due to serum TSH elevation resulting from reduced serum thyroid hormone levels on development of thyroid proliferative lesions in rats initiated with N-bis(2-hydroxypropyl)nitrosamine.
PubMed:ATP-induced, P2U purinoceptor-mediated constriction of isolated, perfused mesenteric beds of the rat.
PubMed:The effect of pyrimidine nucleosides on adenosine-induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells.
PubMed:Glucuronidation of 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (zidovudine) by human liver microsomes: relevance to clinical pharmacokinetic interactions with atovaquone, fluconazole, methadone, and valproic acid.
PubMed:Trehalose 6-phosphate production with energy coupling fermentation by yeast cells.
PubMed:Genomic characterization of the virus causing infectious salmon anemia in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.): an orthomyxo-like virus in a teleost.
PubMed:Effect of dietary 2(3)-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole on the metabolism and action of estradiol and estrone in female CD-1 mice.
PubMed:Enzymatic production of pyrimidine nucleotides using Corynebacterium ammoniagenes cells and recombinant Escherichia coli cells: enzymatic production of CDP-choline from orotic acid and choline chloride (Part I).
PubMed:The influence of dietary nucleotides on erythrocyte membrane fatty acids and plasma lipids in preterm infants.
PubMed:In vitro formation of crocetin glucosyl esters by Crocus sativus callus extract.
PubMed:Soy feeding induces phase II enzymes in rat tissues.
PubMed:Nucleotides in human milk: sources and metabolism by the newborn infant.
PubMed:Modulation of the biological effects of glucosinolates by inulin and oat fibre in gnotobiotic rats inoculated with a human whole faecal flora.
PubMed:Differential induction of isozymes of drug-metabolizing enzymes by butylated hydroxytoluene in mice and Chinese hamsters.
PubMed:Sugar nucleotide concentrations in red blood cells of patients on protein- and lactose-limited diets: effect of galactose supplementation.
PubMed:Comparative effects of dietary nucleoside-nucleotide mixture and its components on endotoxin induced bacterial translocation and small intestinal injury in protein deficient mice.
PubMed:Antagonistic effect of nucleic acid precursors on the anticoccidial activity of 6-azauracil.
PubMed:Effects of 5, 5'-diphenylhydantoin on the thyroid status in rats.
PubMed:Uridine reduces rotation induced by L-dopa and methamphetamine in 6-OHDA-treated rats.
PubMed:Pyrimidine synthesis in Burkholderia cepacia ATCC 25416.
PubMed:Molecular cloning and nucleotide sequence of purine nucleoside phosphorylase and uridine phosphorylase genes from Klebsiella sp.
PubMed:P2 purinergic receptors potentiate parathyroid hormone receptor-mediated increases in intracellular calcium and inositol trisphosphate in UMR-106 rat osteoblasts.
PubMed:Food restriction stimulates conjugation of p-nitrophenol in perfused rat liver.
PubMed:Physiological doses of oral casein affect hepatic glycogen metabolism in normal food-deprived rats.
PubMed:Effect of long term iron deficiency on the activities of hepatic and extra-hepatic drug metabolising enzymes in Fischer rats.
PubMed:Regulation of phosphatidate phosphatase activity from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae by nucleotides.
PubMed:Regulation of uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase expression by phenolic antioxidants.
PubMed:Comparison of maturation of drug-metabolizing enzymes in calves with functioning or nonfunctioning rumen.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of CTP synthetase, the product of the URA7 gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:Glucuronidation of N-hydroxy heterocyclic amines by human and rat liver microsomes.
PubMed:Separate P2T and P2U purinergic receptors with similar second messenger signaling pathways in UMR-106 osteoblasts.
PubMed:Modulatory effect of piperine on benzo[a]pyrene cytotoxicity and DNA adduct formation in V-79 lung fibroblast cells.
PubMed:Evidence for separate calcium-signaling P2T and P2U purinoceptors in human megakaryocytic Dami cells.
PubMed:Effect of food on propranolol oral clearance and a possible mechanism of this food effect.
PubMed:Effect of neomycin on the hydrolysis and toxicity of vicine and convicine in rats.
PubMed:The DIG (digoxigenin) shift assay.
PubMed:Energetics of nutrition and polyamine-related tumor growth alterations in experimental cancer.
PubMed:Uridine and stimulant-induced motor activity.
PubMed:Recombinational inactivation of the gene encoding nitrate reductase in Aspergillus parasiticus.
PubMed:Persistent hyperbilirubinemia in a healthy thoroughbred horse.
PubMed:A combined modified reverse dot-blot and nested PCR assay for the specific non-radioactive detection of Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed:Ca2+ ionophore A23187-dependent stabilization of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor messenger RNA in murine thymoma EL-4 cells is mediated through two distinct regions in the 3'-untranslated region.
PubMed:Regulation of the 45- and 55-kDa forms of phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae by nucleotides.
PubMed:Inherited enzyme deficiencies in livestock.
PubMed:Circadian rhythm of orotate phosphoribosyltransferase, pyrimidine nucleoside phosphorylases and dihydrouracil dehydrogenase in mouse liver. Possible relevance to chemotherapy with 5-fluoropyrimidines.
PubMed:Kinetic analysis of cellular nucleotides correlated to growth and tPA production in perfusion cultures of human fibroblast cells.
PubMed:Hydrolysis of vicine and convicine from fababeans by microbial beta-glucosidase enzymes.
PubMed:Inhibitory effect of conjugated dienoic derivatives of linoleic acid and beta-carotene on the in vitro growth of human cancer cells.
PubMed:Inhibition of activity-induced parotid growth by submandibular gland ablation or autonomic denervation.
PubMed:A novel membrane-bound glucosyltransferase from Bradyrhizobium japonicum.
PubMed:The effects of high dietary concentrations of sodium saccharin on in vivo metabolism of xenobiotics in rats.
PubMed:[Purine and pyrimidine metabolites for the estimation of rumen metabolism: HPLC analysis in milk and blood plasma].
PubMed:[The degradation of vicine and convicine in field bean meal by selected bacterial strains].
PubMed:Galactose increase in an infant whose mother is heterozygous for peripheral uridine diphosphate galactose-4-epimerase deficiency.
PubMed:Circadian rhythm of hepatic uridine phosphorylase activity and plasma concentration of uridine in mice.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of a novel nucleoside phosphorylase from a Klebsiella sp. and its use in the enzymatic production of adenine arabinoside.
PubMed:Maturational development of drug-metabolizing enzymes in sheep.
PubMed:Transformation of Aspergillus parasiticus with a homologous gene (pyrG) involved in pyrimidine biosynthesis.
PubMed:Maturational development of drug-metabolizing enzymes in dogs.
PubMed:Post-transcriptional regulation of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor synthesis in murine T cells.
PubMed:Effects of aflatoxin on lymphoid cells of weanling rat.
PubMed:Effects of TCDD on vitamin A status and liver microsomal enzyme activities in a TCDD-susceptible and a TCDD-resistant rat strain.
PubMed:An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-V.
PubMed:Identification of the UDP-glucose-binding polypeptide of callose synthase from Beta vulgaris L. by photoaffinity labeling with 5-azido-UDP-glucose.
PubMed:Mechanisms of anti-carcinogenesis by indole-3-carbinol. Studies of enzyme induction, electrophile-scavenging, and inhibition of aflatoxin B1 activation.
PubMed:The solubilization of a glucuronyltransferase involved in pea (Pisum sativum var. Alaska) glucuronoxylan synthesis.
PubMed:Effect of tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on the glucuronidation of retinoic acid in the rat.
PubMed:UDP-Glucose: (1,3)-beta-Glucan Synthase from Daucus carota L. : Characterization, Photoaffinity Labeling, and Solubilization.
PubMed:Effects of dietary zinc deficiency on the activity of enzymes associated with phase I and II of drug metabolism in Fischer-344 rats: activities of drug metabolising enzymes in zinc deficiency.
PubMed:Coxsackievirus-cell interactions that initiate infection in porcine ileal explants.
PubMed:Metabolism of zearalenone by sow intestinal mucosa in vitro.
PubMed:Inhibition of macromolecular synthesis by caffeine in Clostridium perfringens.
PubMed:Effects of T-2 toxin gavage on the synthesis and contents of rat-liver macromolecules.
PubMed:Lack of hepatic microsomal metabolism of deoxynivalenol and its metabolite, DOM-1.
PubMed:The orotic acid concentration in the blood, milk, and urine of dairy cows fed with urea supplemented diet.
PubMed:Effect of dietary nucleotides on the plasma fatty acids in at-term neonates.
PubMed:Rat liver uridine diphosphate glucose dehydrogenase: dual mechanism of regulation in vivo.
PubMed:The fatty acid synthase gene in avian liver. Two mRNAs are expressed and regulated in parallel by feeding, primarily at the level of transcription.
PubMed:Heat shock responses in polytene foot pad cells of Sarcophaga bullata.
PubMed:Nuclear RNA polymerase activity in tumor-host livers.
PubMed:A battery of potential alternatives to the Draize test: uridine uptake inhibition, morphological cytotoxicity, macrophage chemotaxis and exfoliative cytology.
PubMed:Mucosal biotransformation of toxins in the gut.
PubMed:[Nutritive value of dietary ribonucleic acid and its nucleosides in growing rats on a diet deficient in nonessential amino acid nitrogen. 4. Effect of the pyrimidine nucleosides cytidine and uridine on the composition of the body mass and on nitrogen metabolism].
PubMed:Nucleoside and oxypurine homeostasis in adult rabbit cerebrospinal fluid and plasma.
PubMed:Metabolic effects of acarbose administration in normal and diabetic rats.
PubMed:Metabolism of vicine and convicine in rat tissues: absorption and excretion patterns and sites of hydrolysis.
PubMed:Effect of fasting on the metabolism of cytidine nucleotides in the liver of intact and alpha-hexachlorocyclohexane-treated rats.
PubMed:[Excretion of normal and modified RNA catabolites and creatinine in the urine as a function of nutrition in children].
PubMed:Turnover and hydrolysis of vicine and convicine in avian tissues and digesta.
PubMed:Comparative effects of dietary administration of 2(3)-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxytoluene on several hepatic enzyme activities in mice and rats.
PubMed:Altered acetaminophen disposition in fed and food-deprived rats after acute ethanol administration.
PubMed:Treatment of hyperargininaemia due to arginase deficiency with a chemically defined diet.
PubMed:Lipid-linked intermediates in the biosynthesis of xanthan gum.
PubMed:Preparation of uridine diphosphate-N-acetylgalactosamine from uridine diphosphate-N-acetylglucosamine by using microbial enzymes.
PubMed:Hydra viridis: transfer of metabolites between Hydra and symbiotic algae.
PubMed:Effect of pentagastrin on gastric mucosal nucleic acid synthesis of fed guinea pigs.
PubMed:Occurrence and metabolic activity of organisms under the ross ice shelf, antarctica, at station j9.
PubMed:[Niacin allowance of students of a sports college].
PubMed:Regulations of hepatic nuclear transcription in unfed rats [proceedings].
PubMed:Lung injury induced by butylated hydroxytoluene: cytodynamic and biochemical studies in mice.
PubMed:Fine structure and RNA synthesis of Tetrahymena during cytochalasin B inhibition of phagocytosis.
PubMed:The effect of RNA supplementation of rat diets on the composition of body fluids.
PubMed:The uptake of pyrimidine nucleosides in Tetrahymena. I. Uridine.
PubMed:Effects of food seasonings on the cell cycle and chromosome morphology of mammalian cells in vitro with special reference to turmeric.
PubMed:Character of the stimulatory response of uridine kinase in rat livers to cycloheximide treatment.
PubMed:Effects of mercury on spermatogenesis studied by velocity sedimentation cell separation and serial mating.
PubMed:Effect of narcotic drugs on ribonucleic acid and nucleotide metabolism in mouse brain.
PubMed:Metabolism of glucose during ripening of detached tomato fruit.
PubMed:Neonatal undernutrition and RNA synthesis in developing rat brain.
PubMed:Chemical and cytotoxicity survey on the metabolites of toxic fungi.
PubMed:Reaction of glutaraldehyde with food-and-mouth disease virus.
PubMed:A screen for pesticide toxicity to protein and RNA synthesis in HeLa cells.
PubMed:Aggregate formation in frozen aqueous solutions of nucleic acid derivatives and aromatic amino acids. Energy transfer and complex formation.
PubMed:Stress and hormonal intervention in the graft-versus-host response.
PubMed:Activities of enzymes involved in sugar metabolism in Passe-Crassane pears during cold storage.
PubMed:Electron microscopy of maize rough dwarf virus assembly sites in maize. Cytochemical and autoradiographic observations.
PubMed:The effect of oestradiol-17 on the metabolism of chondroitin sulphate B. V. The effect of oestradiol-17 on the protein content and composition of the uridine diphosphate-D-glucuronic acid-5-epimerase-containing protein fraction of rat skin.
PubMed:Identification of adenosine-3',5'-monophosphate as the bacterial attractant for myxamoebae of Dictyostelium discoideum.
PubMed:Effects of the food additive butylated hydroxytoluene on monolayer cultures of primate cells.
Uridine is a molecule (known as a nucleoside) that is formed when uracil is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a b-N1-glycosidic bond. (Wikipedia); Uridine is a molecule (known as a nucleoside) that is formed when uracil is attached to a ribose ring (also known as a ribofuranose) via a ?-N1-glycosidic bond.
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