EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes

stannic chloride
stannane, tetrachloro-

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 7646-78-8Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other(deleted CASRN):1044280-39-8
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:231-588-9
Molecular Weight:260.51800000
Formula:Cl4 Sn
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:information only not used for fragrances or flavors
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Pubchem Patents:Search
FDA Mainterm (SATF):7646-78-8 ; STANNIC CHLORIDE
Physical Properties:
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:2.22600 @ 25.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 114.00 to 115.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Vapor Pressure:23.923000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 32.00 °F. TCC ( 0.00 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): -0.733 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 4.188e+005 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
None found
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Tin(IV) chloride ≥98%
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Tin(IV) chloride 99%
Strem Chemicals
For experimental / research use only.
Tin(IV) chloride, anhydrous, 98%
For experimental / research use only.
Tin(IV) Chloride (ca. 1.0mol/L in Dichloromethane)
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 99 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 63, Pg. 461, 1982.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-rat LC50 2300 mg/m3/10M
Toxicologist. Vol. 1, Pg. 77, 1981.

Safety in Use Information:
information only not used for fragrances or flavors
Recommendation for stannic chloride usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for stannic chloride flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Inability to assess the safety of stannic chloride added for nutritional purposes as a source of tin in food supplements and the bioavailability of tin from this source based on the supporting dossier [1]- Scientific Statement of the Panel on Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS)
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):7646-78-8
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :24287
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:7646-78-8
Pubchem (cid):24287
Pubchem (sid):134987875
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB36546
Export Tariff Code:2827.39.2500
•grades: technical, cp (chemically pure) •often sold in the form of the double salt with sodium chloride: disodium stannic hexachloride monohydrate. •stannic chloride is available commercially as anhydrous stannic chloride; stannic chloride pentahydrate; and in proprietary solutions for special applications. •a stannic chloride pentahydrate-ammonium bifluoride formulation for fire proofing wool is commercially available and used in new zealand and australia. •99.9 & 99.999% purity grades .
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 stannane, tetrachloro-
 tin chloride (1:4)
 tin perchloride
 tin(IV) chloride
 tin(IV) tetrachloride


PubMed:Synthesis of quinoxalines or quinolin-8-amines from N-propargyl aniline derivatives employing tin and indium chlorides.
PubMed:Synthesis of 1-(β-D-Galactopyranosyl)Thymine-6'-O-Triphosphate - A Potential Probe to Generate Reactive Dialdehyde for DNA-Enzyme Cross-Linking.
PubMed:Stannic chloride-para toluene sulfonic acid as a novel catalyst-co-catalyst system for the designing of hydroxyl terminated polyepichlorohydrin polymer: Synthesis and characterization.
PubMed:Synthesis and pharmacological studies of new pyrazole analogues of podophyllotoxin.
PubMed:Catalysis and chemodivergence in the interrupted, formal homo-Nazarov cyclization using allylsilanes.
PubMed:Regiospecific anomerisation of acylated glycosyl azides and benzoylated disaccharides by using TiCl4.
PubMed:Characterization of an array of Love-wave gas sensors developed using electrospinning technique to deposit nanofibers as sensitive layers.
PubMed:The enhanced photocatalytic and bactericidal activities of carbon microsphere-assisted solvothermally synthesized cocoon-shaped Sn(4+)-doped ZnO nanoparticles.
PubMed:Tm2.22Co6Sn20 and TmLi2Co6Sn20 stannides as disordered derivatives of the Cr23C6 structure type.
PubMed:Two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy reveals the structure of an Evans auxiliary derivative and its SnCl4 Lewis acid complex.
PubMed:4-(Dimethyl-amino)-pyridinium tetra-chlorido(pyridine-2-carboxyl-ato-κ(2)N,O)stannate(IV).
PubMed:10-Hy-droxy-benzo[h]quinolin-1-ium tetra-chlorido(pyridine-2-carboxyl-ato-κ(2)N,O)stannate(IV) methanol monosolvate.
PubMed:8-Hy-droxy-2-methyl-quinolinium tetra-chlorido(quinolin-8-olato-κ(2)N,O)stan-nate(IV).
PubMed:Sc(OTf)3-catalyzed synthesis of indoles and SnCl4-mediated regioselective hydrochlorination of 5-(arylamino)pent-3-yn-2-ones.
PubMed:Solid state synthesis of tin-doped ZnO at room temperature: characterization and its enhanced gas sensing and photocatalytic properties.
PubMed:8-Hy-droxy-2-methyl-quinolinium tetra-chlorido(quinolin-2-olato-κN,O)stannate(IV) methanol disolvate.
PubMed:8-Hy-droxy-2-methyl-quinolinium tetra-chlorido(pyridine-2-carboxyl-ato-κN,O)stannate(IV).
PubMed:2-Meth-oxy-carbonyl-pyridinium tetra-chlorido(pyridine-2-carboxyl-ato-κN,O)stannate(IV).
PubMed:3-Meth-oxy-carbonyl-1-methyl-pyrazinium tetra-chlorido(pyrazine-2-carboxyl-ato-κN,O)stannate(IV).
PubMed:Transformation of methyltin chlorides and stannic chloride under simulated landfill conditions.
PubMed:Anthrax letters in an open office environment: effects of selected CDC response guidelines on personal exposure and building contamination.
PubMed:SnCl4 · 5H2O-catalyzed synthesis of β-amino carbonyl compounds via a direct Mannich-type reaction.
PubMed:A simple method to deposit palladium doped SnO2 thin films using plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition technique.
PubMed:SnCl(4)- and TiCl(4)-catalyzed anomerization of acylated O- and S-glycosides: analysis of factors that lead to higher α:β anomer ratios and reaction rates.
PubMed:An efficient deprotection of N-trimethylsilylethoxymethyl (SEM) groups from dinucleosides and dinucleotides.
PubMed:Variations on the SnCl4 and CF3CO2Ag-promoted glycosidation of sugar acetates: a direct, versatile and apparently simple method with either alpha or beta stereocontrol.
PubMed:Thiodisaccharides with galactofuranose or arabinofuranose as terminal units: synthesis and inhibitory activity of an exo beta-D-galactofuranosidase.
PubMed:A facile preparation of peracylated alpha-aldopyranosyl chlorides with thionyl chloride and tin tetrachloride.
PubMed:A second generation formal synthesis of (-)-cephalotaxine.
PubMed:Ultrastructural changes in regressing equine sarcoid tumours--mysterious role of mitochondria.
PubMed:Bioinspired polyene cyclization promoted by intermolecular chiral acetal-SnCl4 or chiral N-acetal-TiCl4: investigation of the mechanism and identification of the key intermediates.
PubMed:Catalytic enantioselective allyl- and crotylboration of aldehydes using chiral diol x SnCl4 complexes. optimization, substrate scope and mechanistic investigations.
PubMed:Glucose sensor based on nano-baskets of tin oxide templated in porous alumina by plasma enhanced CVD.
PubMed:Bio-inspired polyene cyclization: synthesis of tetracyclic terpenoids promoted by steroidal acetal-SnCl4.
PubMed:Synthesis, docking and anti-tumor activity of beta-L-1,3-thiazolidine pyrimidine nucleoside analogues.
PubMed:An expedient one-pot synthesis of para-tert-butylcalix[8]- and [9]arene.
PubMed:Glycosidation-anomerisation reactions of 6,1-anhydroglucopyranuronic acid and anomerisation of beta-D-glucopyranosiduronic acids promoted by SnCl(4).
PubMed:Interplay of structure and reactivity in a most unusual furan Diels-Alder reaction.
PubMed:Design, synthesis and antibacterial activity of novel 1,3-thiazolidine pyrimidine nucleoside analogues.
PubMed:Depositional characteristics of metal coating on single-crystal TiO2 nanowires.
PubMed:Lewis acid-promoted rearrangement of 2,3-epoxy alcohol derivatives: stereochemical control and selective formation of two types of chiral quaternary carbon centers from the single carbon skeleton.
PubMed:Imposex induction in the mud snail, Ilyanassa obsoleta by three tin compounds.
PubMed:Study of the factors that control the ratio of the products between 5-fluorouracil, uracil, and tetrahydrobenzoxazepine O,O-acetals bearing electron-withdrawing groups on the nitrogen atom.
PubMed:A one-pot synthesis of 1-alpha- and 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-2-nitroimidazoles: synthons to the markers of tumor hypoxia.
PubMed:Synthesis and DNA topoisomerase-II inhibitory activity of unnatural nucleosides.
PubMed:Stereochemical features of Lewis acid-promoted glycosidations involving 4'-spiroannulated DNA building blocks.
PubMed:Prolactin increases HO-1 expression and induces VEGF production in human macrophages.
PubMed:Glycosidation reactions of silyl ethers with conformationally inverted donors derived from glucuronic acid: stereoselective synthesis of glycosides and 2-deoxyglycosides.
PubMed:Imino-C-nucleoside synthesis: heteroaryl lithium carbanion additions to a carbohydrate cyclic imine and nitrone.
PubMed:Conformational restriction of nucleosides by spirocyclic annulation at C4' including synthesis of the complementary dideoxy and didehydrodideoxy analogues.
PubMed:Synthesis and structural characterization of 1-(D-glycosyloxy)phthalazines.
PubMed:EXAFS study of Sn(IV) immobilization by hardened cement paste and calcium silicate hydrates.
PubMed:[The effects of fluoride-containing trace element agents on the growth of mutants of S. mutans].
PubMed:Diels-Alder reactions of quinol lactones: a change of regioselectivity with stannic chloride catalysis.
PubMed:Protective effect of HO-1 against oxidative stress in human hepatoma cell line (HepG2) is independent of telomerase enzyme activity.
PubMed:Formation of vinyl halides via a ruthenium-catalyzed three-component coupling.
PubMed:Stereoselective additions of chiral (E)-crotylsilanes to thionium ions: asymmetric synthesis of homoallylic thioethers.
PubMed:Synthesis of 1,4-Phenanthrenequinones via Stannic Chloride-Induced Cyclizations.
PubMed:Acylation of indole under Friedel-Crafts conditions-an improved method to obtain 3-acylindoles regioselectively.
PubMed:Synthesis, conformational analysis, and biological activity of C-thioribonucleosides related to tiazofurin.
PubMed:Synthesis of beta-D-Galf-(1-3)-D-GlcNAc by the trichloroacetamidate method and of beta-D-Galf-(1-6)-D-GlcNAc by SnCl4-promoted glycosylation.
PubMed:Convenient synthesis of 2,3,9,10-tetraoxygenated protoberberine alkaloids and their 13-methyl alkaloids.
PubMed:Synthesis and antitumor evaluation of cis-(1,2-diaminoethane) dichloroplatinum (II) complexes linked to 5- and 6-methyleneuracil and -uridine analogues.
PubMed:Action of inorganic tin and organotins on a hydrocarbon-using yeast, Candida maltosa.
PubMed:Determination of methylmercury in food commodities by gas-liquid chromatography with atomic emission detection.
PubMed:Synthesis, structure, and antiproliferative activity of selenophenfurin, an inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase inhibitor analogue of selenazofurin.
PubMed:Contact allergy to dental restorative materials in patients with oral lichenoid lesions.
PubMed:Diastereoselectivity in the Mukaiyama-Michael Reaction Employing alpha-Acyl beta,gamma-Unsaturated Phosphonates.
PubMed:Synthesis of sulfated octadecyl ribo-oligosaccharides with potent anti-AIDS virus activity by ring-opening polymerization of a 1,4-anhydroribose derivative.
PubMed:Furanfurin and thiophenfurin: two novel tiazofurin analogues. Synthesis, structure, antitumor activity, and interactions with inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase.
PubMed:Differential heme oxygenase induction by stannous and stannic ions in the heart.
PubMed:[4'-Branched nucleosides. II. Synthesis of 4'-hydroxymethyl derivatives of 2',3'-anhydronucleosides of the ribo- and lyxo-series].
PubMed:Gas chromatographic determination of inorganic tin in rat urine after a single oral administration of stannous chloride and mono-, di-, and triphenyltin chloride.
PubMed:Tin tetrachloride interaction with human hemoglobin.
PubMed:[4'-Branched nucleosides. I. Synthesis of 3'-deoxy-3'-amino-4'-hydroxymethylnucleosides].
PubMed:Cell division, chromosomal aberration, and micronuclei formation in human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Effect of stannic chloride on donor's age.
PubMed:Cytotoxicity of tin on human peripheral lymphocytes in vitro.
PubMed:De novo synthesis of carbohydrates by stereoselective aldol reaction: L-cladinose.
PubMed:Transport of lead-203 at the blood-brain barrier during short cerebrovascular perfusion with saline in the rat.
PubMed:Synthesis of N-beta-D-glucopyranosyl derivatives of barbital, phenobarbital, metharbital, and mephobarbital.
PubMed:Synthesis of acyclonucleoside hydroxamic acids as inhibitors of ribonucleotide reductase.
PubMed:Synthesis of galactofuranose disaccharides of biological significance.
PubMed:Effects of stannic chloride on human leucocytes in vitro.
PubMed:Improved synthesis and antitumor activity of 1-deazaadenosine.
PubMed:Synthesis and antiherpes virus activity of phosphate and phosphonate derivatives of 9-[(1,3-dihydroxy-2-propoxy)methyl]guanine.
PubMed:Synthesis of pyrrolidine derivatives with pharmacological activity. XI. The Lora-Tamayo reaction of 3-methyl-1,1-diphenyl-1,4-butanediol with acetonitrile-stannic chloride complex. Synthesis of 1,2,5-trimethyl-3-diphenylmethylenepyrrolidines.
PubMed:Synthesis and antiviral evaluation of nucleosides of 5-methylimidazole-4-carboxamide.
PubMed:Respiratory symptoms among glass bottle makers exposed to stannic chloride solution and other potentially hazardous substances.
PubMed:Synthesis of 1-beta-D-ribofuranosyl-1,2-dihydropyrimidin-2-one derivatives and their biological activities.
PubMed:Butyltin compounds in vitro inhibition of human platelet epinephrine-induced aggregation and blockade of epinephrine binding to platelets.
PubMed:Comparison of methods to measure acute metal and organometal toxicity to natural aquatic microbial communities.
PubMed:Adenosine deaminase inhibitors. Synthesis and biological evaluation of (+/-)-3,6,7,8-tetrahydro-3-[(2-hydroxyethoxy)methyl]imidazo[4,5-d] [1,3]diazepin-8-ol and some selected C-5 homologues of pentostatin.
PubMed:The effect of stannous and stannic (tin) chloride on DNA in Chinese hamster ovary cells.
PubMed:Potential radiosensitizing agents. 4. 2-Nitroimidazole nucleosides.
PubMed:Synthesis of pyridazine analogues of the naturally occurring nucleosides cytidine, uridine, deoxycytidine, and deoxyuridine.
PubMed:Synthesis and biological activity of 2'-deoxy-6-methyl-5-azacytidine and its alpha-D-anomer.
PubMed:Imidazo[1,2-a]-s-triazine nucleosides. Synthesis and antiviral activity of the N-bridgehead guanine, guanosine, and guanosine monophosphate analogues of imidazo[1,2-a]-s-triazine.
PubMed:Absorption, distribution and excretion of triphenyltin acetate and stannic chloride in the guinea pig.
PubMed:[Studies on poisonous metals. IV. Absorption of stannic chloride from rat alimentary tract and effect of various food components on its absorption (author's transl)].
PubMed:A general synthesis of N-glycosides. 6. On the mechanism of the stannic chloride catalyzed silyl Hilbert-Johnson reaction.
PubMed:Synthesis and biological studies of 3-(beta-D-ribofuranosyl)-2,3,-dihydro-6H-1,3-oxazine-2,6-dione, a new pyrimidine nucleoside analog related to uridine.
PubMed:A facile O-glycosidation using stannic chloride.
PubMed:[Effect of stannic chloride on the behavior of heat-altered erythrocytes].
PubMed:Synthesis and ion-exchange properties of thermally stable stannic selenite.
PubMed:Stannic chloride treatment of infusion-fluid bottles to improve their mechanical strength.
PubMed:[Superficial membrane of high molecular fluids; model studies on polyvinylpyrrolidone and dextran solutions after addition of stannic chloride].
PubMed:[Toxicity of medical dose of stannic chloride in guinea pigs, rabbits and mice].
PubMed:Systematic approach to the identification of toxic organic compounds isolated from tissues and fluids. III. Aquo-ferriate and stannic chloride tests.
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