EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

abietic anhydride
colophony

Sponsors

CAS Number: 8050-09-7Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other:118817-23-5
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:232-475-7
Nikkaji Web:J269.256B
MDL:MFCD00132205
XlogP3-AA:-0.10 (est)
Molecular Weight:586.89986000
Formula:C40 H58 O3
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:diluents in color additive mixtures
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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DG SANTE Food Contact Materials:rosin
FDA Mainterm: ROSIN (PINUS SPP.) AND ROSIN DERIVATIVES
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.510 Natural flavoring substances and natural substances used in conjunction with flavors.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.125 Pressure-sensitive adhesives.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.170 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with aqueous and fatty foods.


FDA PART 179 -- IRRADIATION IN THE PRODUCTION, PROCESSING AND HANDLING OF FOOD
Subpart C--Packaging Materials for Irradiated Foods
Sec. 179.45 Packaging materials for use during the irradiation of prepackaged foods.


FDA PART 73 -- LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION
Subpart A--Foods
Sec. 73.1 Diluents in color additive mixtures for food use exempt from certification.
 
Physical Properties:
Assay: 92.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Boiling Point: 671.00 to 672.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Flash Point: 604.00 °F. TCC ( 317.60 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): 13.110 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 0.0896 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. mild balsamic woody
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: binding agents
depilatories
film formers
viscosity controlling agents
 
Suppliers:
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
gum rosin WW
Bristol Botanicals
Colophony (Pine resin) Pinus nigra
Bristol Botanicals
Colophony (Pine resin) Pinus sylvestris
Covalent Chemical
Gum Rosin WW grade
Foreverest Resources
Disproportionated Rosin
Odor: characteristic
Use: Disproportionated rosin (DPR) is compound of dehydroabie acid and dihydroabtice acid, the DPR is processed through catalytic reaction of gum rosin on proper temperature. In the synthetic rubber industry, DPR is used as emulsifier in the producing of various product including styrene-butadiene rubber, chloroprene rubber, acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene rubber. Using DPR as an emulsifier, rubber product will improve in cohesion, the endurance to heat will increase for 25%. The endurance to both abrasion and laceration of this rubber is better than ordinary styrene-butadiene rubber. The cohesion will be greatly enhanced if blending with natural rubber.
Foreverest Resources
Gum Rosin R/WG
Odor: characteristic
Use: Rosin, also called colophony or Greek pitch, is a solid form of resin obtained from pines and some other plants, mostly conifers, produced by heating fresh liquid resin to vaporize the volatile liquid terpene components. It is semi-transparent and varies in color from yellow to black. At room temperature rosin is brittle, but it melts at stove-top temperatures. It chiefly consists of different resin acids, especially abietic acid. Chinese Gum Rosin product is used for the manufacturing of paper, paint, soap and printing ink. Since rosin is easily softened and oxidized, in the oil paint industry, the carboxylation reaction of resin acid is usually employed to produce resinate for further use. While in the producing of synthetic rubber and printing ink, resin acid is changed into disproportionate rosin, polymerized rosin, hydrogenated rosin, etc for further use by its double bond reaction.
Foreverest Resources
Gum Rosin R/X
Odor: characteristic
Use: Rosin, also called colophony or Greek pitch, is a solid form of resin obtained from pines and some other plants, mostly conifers, produced by heating fresh liquid resin to vaporize the volatile liquid terpene components. It is semi-transparent and varies in color from yellow to black. At room temperature rosin is brittle, but it melts at stove-top temperatures. It chiefly consists of different resin acids, especially abietic acid.
Foreverest Resources
Gum Rosin YPR/WW
Odor: characteristic
Use: Rosin, also called colophony or Greek pitch, is a solid form of resin obtained from pines and some other plants, mostly conifers, produced by heating fresh liquid resin to vaporize the volatile liquid terpene components. It is semi-transparent and varies in color from yellow to black. At room temperature rosin is brittle, but it melts at stove-top temperatures. It chiefly consists of different resin acids, especially abietic acid. Chinese Gum Rosin product is used for the manufacturing of paper, paint, soap and printing ink. Since rosin is easily softened and oxidized, in the oil paint industry, the carboxylation reaction of resin acid is usually employed to produce resinate for further use. While in the producing of synthetic rubber and printing ink, resin acid is changed into disproportionate rosin, polymerized rosin, hydrogenated rosin, etc for further use by its double bond reaction.
Fuzhou Farwell
Gum Rosin
Hebei Oukai Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Gum Rosin
Kraton
SYLVAROS® 85
Odor: characteristic
Use: SYLVAROS® 85 is an unmodified tall oil rosin (TOR), with a high content of abietic type rosin acids. It is specially suited for the manufacture of fortified rosin and paper size.
Kraton
SYLVAROS® 90
Odor: characteristic
Use: SYLVAROS® 90 is a high quality tall oil rosin (TOR), characterized by high rosin acid content, pale colour and good colour stability. It is low in ash and free of oxidized materials. SYLVAROS® 90 is an excellent starting material for the manufacture of paper size and disproportionated rosin, resinate emulsifiers, ester gums, synthetic resins and other rosin drivatives. SYLVAROS® 90 may also be used directly for rubber compounding.
Kraton
SYLVAROS® DR-22
Odor: characteristic
Use: SYLVAROS® DR-22 is a catalytically disproportionated rosin derived from high-purity rosin. It is more uniform, higher in rosin acids, and lower in unsaponifiable material than disproportionated wood or rosin. The disporportionation step converts abietic acid to the more oxidation-resistant dihydroabietic and dehydroabietic acid isomers.
Kraton
SYLVAROS® R 100A
Odor: characteristic
Use: SYLVAROS® R 100 A is soluble in the most organic solvents and after neutralisation with sodium hydroxide solution, potassium hydroxide solution, ammonia or amines also soluble in water. Its average oxygen absorption is less than 0.2 % (w/w) over a period of 4 weeks. The material may, however, deteriorate slightly in colour if stored for a prolonged period exposed to air. Molten rosin at higher temperatures should be blanketed with an inert gas to prevent any possibility of oxidation by atmospheric oxygen.
Kraton
SYLVAROSTM NCY
Odor: characteristic
Use: Paper size. Rubber chemicals, Resins for inks, coatings and adhesives.
Pangaea Sciences
Colophony
Penta International
ROSIN PURIFIED LUMP
Pinova
Belro®
Odor: characteristic
Use: Belro® dark wood rosin is a medium softening point, dark, thermoplastic, acidic resin. A product of the wood naval stores industry, it is obtained during the separation and refining of various natural resins and terpenes extracted from aged pinewood. Belro dark wood rosin is composed of rosin-type resin acids, oxidized and otherwise modified forms of these materials, and a minor amount of the neutral and colored constituents associated with dark wood rosins.
Pinova
Melhi® NLM
Odor: characteristic
Use: Melhi® NLM resin is obtained from the distillation of rosin or modified rosin. It is a medium hard, deep amber to dark brown thermoplastic acidic resin. The solubility and tackifying properties make this product particularly useful in low cost gravure inks, hot melt adhesives, mastic adhesives, fiberboard, and similar applications where color is not important.
Pinova
Pexite® FF
Odor: characteristic
Use: Pexite® FF Rosin is a high softening point, dark, thermoplastic, acidic resin extracted from pine tree stumps. It is composed of rosin acids, oxidized and modified forms of these resins, and neutral and colored constituents associated with dark rosin. Crystallization tendency of Pexite FF Rosin is less than that of other pale colored grades of rosin.
Pinova
Vinsol® flaked
Odor: characteristic
Use: Vinsol® flaked resin is a dark reddish-brown, high melting, thermoplastic natural resin extracted from pinewood stumps and refined through a special process. Vinsol resin is produced exclusively by Pinova, Inc. in Brunswick, Georgia, USA. Because of its physical and chemical properties and its aliphatic-hydrocarbon insolubility, Vinsol resin is used in a wide range of industrial applications, including asphalt emulsions, cement, fiberboard, paperboard, composition board, foundry molds, plastics, automotive sealants, and adhesives. It is also available in pulverized form.
Pinova
Vinsol® MC
Odor: characteristic
Use: Vinsol® MC resin is a medium softening point, dark, thermoplastic, acidic resin formulated to provide similar performance to that of Vinsol® resin. Vinsol MC resin is not an exact match or replacement for Vinsol resin, but does provide similar performance where the emulsifier is not required to be as robust as traditional Vinsol resin. Vinsol MC may be used as an emulsifier extender in applications where Vinsol resin is traditionally used. Vinsol MC is composed of rosin-type resin acids and neutral and colored constituents associated with other dark wood rosins.
Pinova
Vinsol® pulverized
Odor: characteristic
Use: Vinsol® pulverized resin is a dark reddish-brown, high melting, thermoplastic natural resin extracted from pinewood stumps, primarily Pinus palustris, and refined through a special process. Vinsol pulverized resin is produced exclusively by Pinova, Inc. in Brunswick, Georgia, USA. Because of its physical and chemical properties and its aliphatic-hydrocarbon insolubility, Vinsol pulverized resin is used in a wide range of industrial applications, including asphalt emulsions, cement, fiberboard, paperboard, composition board, foundry molds, plastics, automotive sealants, and adhesives. It is also available in flaked form.
Reincke & Fichtner
Colophony
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Gum rosin
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: diluents in color additive mixtures
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
Recommendation for abietic anhydride usage levels up to:
 PROHIBITED: Should not be used as a fragrance ingredient.
 
Recommendation for abietic anhydride flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
Daily Med:search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8050-09-7
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :5280656
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
(2R,3S,4S,5R,6R)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-[(E)-3-phenylprop-2-enoxy]oxane-3,4,5-triol
Chemidplus:0008050097
RTECS:8050-09-7
 
References:
 (2R,3S,4S,5R,6R)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-[(E)-3-phenylprop-2-enoxy]oxane-3,4,5-triol
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8050-09-7
Pubchem (cid):5280656
Pubchem (sid):135284459
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
Export Tariff Code:3806.10.0010
Haz-Map:View
Household Products:Search
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
 
Potential Uses:
 film formers
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 found in nature
 
Synonyms:
 abietic anhydride
 colophonium
 colophony
 disproportionated rosin
 gum rosin
 highrosin
 rosin
 rosin gum
 wood rosin
 yellow resin
 

Articles:

PubMed:Allergenic components in modified and unmodified rosin. Chemical characterization and studies of allergenic activity.
PubMed:[Colophony allergy. A contribution to the origin, chemistry, and uses of colophony and modified colophony products, 1].
PubMed:[The sweet Christmas rash.]
PubMed:Holy Saturday asthma.
PubMed:The relevance of 7-day patch test reading.
PubMed:Contact allergies to potential allergens in patients with oral lichen lesions.
PubMed:Biocompatibility of intracanal medications based on calcium hydroxide.
PubMed:Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis with contact urticaria to colophony from an alternative remedy.
PubMed:Prevalence, incidence rates and persistence of contact allergy and allergic contact dermatitis in The Odense Adolescence Cohort Study: a 15-year follow-up.
PubMed:Evaluation of a sticky trap (AedesTraP), made from disposable plastic bottles, as a monitoring tool for Aedes aegypti populations.
PubMed:Pattern of patch test reactivity among patients with clinical diagnosis of contact dermatitis: a hospital-based study.
PubMed:Prevalence of contact allergy at a dermatology clinic in China from 1990-2009.
PubMed:Acute periungueal dermatitis induced by application of urea-containing cream under occlusion.
PubMed:Contact sensitization to tree moss (Evernia furfuracea extract, INCI) is heterogeneous.
PubMed:A Case of Allergic Contact Dermatitis Due to DuoDERM Extrathin®.
PubMed:Contact sensitization to the allergens of European baseline series in patients with chronic leg ulcers.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis caused by gum rosin and wood rosin in Tako-no-Suidashi ointment.
PubMed:Eighteen-month clinical and radiographic evaluation of two root canal-filling materials in primary teeth with pulp necrosis secondary to trauma.
PubMed:Contact allergy in eczema patients in Thammasat University Hospital.
PubMed:Chemical composition of natural colophony from Pinus brutia and comparison with synthetic colophony.
PubMed:Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants.
PubMed:Application of ATR-far-infrared spectroscopy to the analysis of natural resins.
PubMed:Evaluation of certain food additives. Seventy-first report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives.
PubMed:Pediatric contact dermatitis.
PubMed:Knowledge of Surgery-Related Allergic Contact Dermatitis among Florida Dermatological Surgeons: A Pilot Study.
PubMed:Positive concomitant test reactions to allergens in the standard patch test series.
PubMed:Contact sensitization in patients with lower extremity dermatitis in the South Moravian region, Czech Republic.
PubMed:Colophony, a hidden allergen on ECG electrodes in a boy after cardiovascular surgery.
PubMed:Positivity ratio and reaction index: patch-test quality-control metrics applied to the north american contact dermatitis group database.
PubMed:Colored grounds of gilt stucco surfaces as analyzed by a combined microscopic, spectroscopic and elemental analytical approach.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis to natural resin rare among gum rosin extractors?
PubMed:[Effects of controlled-release fertilizers on summer maize grain yield, field ammonia volatilization, and fertilizer nitrogen use efficiency].
PubMed:[Skin sensitizers in cosmetics and skin care products].
PubMed:Late reaction, persistent reaction and doubtful allergic reaction: the problems of interpretation.
PubMed:Transfer contact dermatitis caused by rosin use in bowling.
PubMed:Study on the impregnation of archaeological waterlogged wood with consolidation treatments using synchrotron radiation microtomography.
PubMed:Chronic actinic dermatitis: clinical cases, diagnostic workup, and therapeutic management.
PubMed:Skin sensitization and possible groupings for 'read across' for rosin based substances.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis from cigarettes.
PubMed:Maleopimaric acid acetic acid solvate.
PubMed:Dehydro-abietic acid.
PubMed:Harpist's finger: case report of a trauma-induced blister in a beginner harpist and review of string instrument-associated skin problems in musicians.
PubMed:Quantitative relationships between patch test reactivity and use test reactivity: an overview.
PubMed:Maleo- and fumaro-pimaric acids synthesized from Indonesian Pinus merkusii rosin and their sizing properties.
PubMed:Analysis of allergens in metalworking fluids.
PubMed:Characterisation of varnishes used in violins by pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
PubMed:On the skin sensitisation potential of rosin and oxidised rosin.
PubMed:Contact sensitization in patients with chronic wounds: results of a prospective investigation.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis in children: the Ottawa hospital patch-testing clinic experience, 1996 to 2006.
PubMed:Relevance of positive patch-test reactions to fragrance mix.
PubMed:Exposure to wood dust, resin acids, and volatile organic compounds during production of wood pellets.
PubMed:Contact sensitivity in patients with venous leg ulcers in Serbia: comparison with contact dermatitis patients and relationship to ulcer duration.
PubMed:Epidemio-allergological study in 155 cases of footwear dermatitis.
PubMed:Patch testing experience with 1000 patients.
PubMed:Patch testing with Indian standard series.
PubMed:Methyl esterification of 15-hydroperoxyabietic acid does not affect the patch-test result in colophonium allergic patients.
PubMed:Dehydroabietic acid as a biomarker for exposure to colophony.
PubMed:Analysis of diterpenoic compounds in natural resins applied as binders in museum objects by capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis caused by colophony in an epilating product.
PubMed:Reaction of abietic acid with maleic anhydride and fumaric acid and attempts to find the fundamental component of fortified rosin.
PubMed:Occupational dermatitis and allergic respiratory diseases in Finnish metalworking machinists.
PubMed:Raman spectroscopic analysis of Mexican natural artists' materials.
PubMed:Time trends in Swedish patch test data from 1992 to 2000. A multi-centre study based on age- and sex-adjusted results of the Swedish standard series.
PubMed:Colophony-induced contact dermatitis due to ECG electrodes in an infant.
PubMed:Contact sensitization in patients with chronic venous leg ulcers in Singapore.
PubMed:Concomitant development of photoallergic contact dermatitis from ketoprofen and allergic contact dermatitis from menthol and rosin (colophony) in a compress.
PubMed:Allergic contact sensitization in the general adult population: a population-based study from Northern Norway.
PubMed:Sensitizations to allergens of TRUE test in 864 consecutive eczema patients in Israel.
PubMed:Allergic contact stomatitis from colophony.
PubMed:GC-MS analysis of hashish samples: a case of adulteration with colophony.
PubMed:Study of the microbiodegradation of terpenoid resin-based varnishes from easel painting using pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:[The most frequent allergens in allergic contact dermatitis].
PubMed:Study of the influencing effect of pigments on the photoageing of terpenoid resins used as pictorial media.
PubMed:Patch testing of Singapore children and adolescents: our experience over 18 years.
PubMed:[Allergic contact dermatitis from colophony and turpentine in resins of untreated pine wood].
PubMed:[Occupational allergic contact eczema in a dental assistant].
PubMed:Discovery of specific tryptophan hydroxylase in the brain of the beetle Harmonia axyridis.
PubMed:Relevance of patch testing in patients with nummular dermatitis.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis in Iran.
PubMed:Specific IgE to colophony?
PubMed:[Allergic contact dermatitis from a hydrocolloid dressing due to colophony sensitization].
PubMed:Analytical characterization of diterpenoid resins present in pictorial varnishes using pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with on line trimethylsilylation.
PubMed:[Evidence-based evaluation of the effect of Type IV Allergies on the reduction of fitness for work. Survey of occupational skin diseases].
PubMed:Contact sensitizations in metalworkers with occupational dermatitis exposed to water-based metalworking fluids: results of the research project "FaSt".
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis to a sanitary pad.
PubMed:Correlations of patch test reactivity and the repeated open application test (ROAT)/provocative use test (PUT).
PubMed:Occupational asthma due to low molecular weight agents.
PubMed:Prevalence and relevance of contact dermatitis allergens: a meta-analysis of 15 years of published T.R.U.E. test data.
PubMed:Preparation and release studies of alkannin-containing microcapsules.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis is accompanied by severe abnormal changes in antioxidativity of blood.
PubMed:A high prevalence of sensitization still persists in leg ulcer patients: a retrospective series of 106 patients tested between 2001 and 2002 and a meta-analysis of 1975-2003 data.
PubMed:Contact dermatitis and other skin conditions in instrumental musicians.
PubMed:Occupational asthma in a highly industrialized region of UK: report from a local surveillance scheme.
PubMed:Relevance of positive patch test reactions in patients attending a dermatology tertiary referral centre.
PubMed:[Occupational asthma and rhinitis caused by colophony among linoleum production workers].
PubMed:Identification of diterpenes in canvas painting varnishes by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with combined derivatisation.
PubMed:Allergic contact cheilitis in the United Kingdom: a retrospective study.
PubMed:[Most frequent causes of allergic contact dermatitis in farmers: based on material collected in the Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Lodz].
PubMed:Compound tincture of benzoin: a common contact allergen?
PubMed:Direct-temperature mass spectrometric detection of volatile terpenoids and natural terpenoid polymersin fresh and artificially aged resins.
PubMed:Allergy and skin diseases in musicians.
PubMed:Contaminating resin acids have not caused the high rate of sensitivity to oak moss.
PubMed:Clinical examinations to validate self-completion questionnaires: dermatitis in the UK printing industry.
PubMed:[A conjugally exacerbated allergy: procuration dermatosis].
PubMed:Hydrocolloids in wound management: pros and cons.
PubMed:The spectrum of contact allergy in elderly patients with and without lower leg dermatitis.
PubMed:Occupational respiratory hypersensitivity in dental personnel.
PubMed:Type IV hypersensitivity to vitamin K.
PubMed:[Contact hypersensitivity to colophony].
PubMed:Photosensitivity from colophony in a case of chronic actinic dermatitis associated with contact allergy from colophony.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis to propolis in a violin maker.
PubMed:Identification of a possible biomarker for colophony exposure.
PubMed:The significance of fragrance mix, balsam of Peru, colophony and propolis as screening tools in the detection of fragrance allergy.
PubMed:Occupational allergic contact dermatitis in Singapore.
PubMed:[Allergic contact dermatitis to cosmetics containing Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree oil)].
PubMed:Limited concordance between "oakmoss" and colophony in clinical patch testing.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis to tea tree oil with erythema multiforme-like id reaction.
PubMed:Accuracy of questions related to allergic contact dermatitis.
PubMed:Occupational ceramic fibres dermatitis in Poland.
PubMed:Irritant thresholds in subjects with colophony allergy.
PubMed:SWORD '98: surveillance of work-related and occupational respiratory disease in the UK.
PubMed:Colophony: an in vitro model for the induction of sensitization.
PubMed:Colophony hypersensitivity revisited.
PubMed:Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from colophony in 2 dental nurses.
PubMed:Colophony allergy: a review.
PubMed:Cheilitis: analysis of 75 cases referred to a contact dermatitis clinic.
PubMed:Histological distinction between early allergic and irritant patch test reactions: follicular spongiosis may be characteristic of early allergic contact dermatitis.
PubMed:Pentaerythritol-esterified gum rosin as a sensitizer in Granuflex hydrocolloid dressing.
PubMed:Leukoderma following occupational allergic contact dermatitis.
PubMed:Airborne allergic contact dermatitis from colophony in a car.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis from colophony and Compositae in a violinist.
PubMed:Allergic contact reactions to colophony presenting as oral disease.
PubMed:Skin problems of musicians.
PubMed:Routine patch testing with the sesquiterpene lactone mix in Europe: a 2-year experience. A multicentre study of the EECDRG.
PubMed:Contact allergy to colophony. Clinical and experimental studies with emphasis on clinical relevance.
PubMed:[Contact eczema caused by pine wood].
PubMed:Oxidation of resin acids in colophony (rosin) and its implications for patch testing.
PubMed:Contact allergens in patients with leg ulcers.
PubMed:Contact sensitization in chronic venous insufficiency: modern wound dressings.
PubMed:Respiratory disease in workers exposed to colophony solder flux fumes: continuing health concerns.
PubMed:Common contact sensitizers in Chandigarh, India. A study of 200 patients with the European standard series.
PubMed:Repeated open application tests (ROAT) in patients allergic to colophony--evaluated visually and with bioengineering techniques.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis from hydrocolloid dressings.
PubMed:Colophony in topical traditional Chinese medicaments.
PubMed:Quantification and specificity of the repeated open application test (ROAT). A methodological study using cobalt and colophony in guinea pigs.
PubMed:The protective effect of zinc on rosin and resin acid toxicity in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes and human gingival fibroblasts in vitro.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis to adhesive tape and contrived disease.
PubMed:Relapse of colophony dermatitis from lottery tickets.
PubMed:Airborne allergic contact dermatitis from pine dust.
PubMed:Shoe dermatitis.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis to multiple sawdust allergens.
PubMed:Contact allergy to oxidized d-limonene among dermatitis patients.
PubMed:[Contact allergy for perfume ingredients in cosmetics and toilet articles].
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis from colophony in lipsticks.
PubMed:High-performance liquid chromatographic determination of dehydroabietic and abietic acids in traditional Chinese medications.
PubMed:A proposed relevance scoring system for positive allergic patch test reactions: practical implications and limitations.
PubMed:Delayed and immediate allergy caused by methylhexahydrophthalic anhydride.
PubMed:Occupational asthma due to a widely used soft solder flux not containing colophony.
PubMed:Adverse effects of colophony.
PubMed:Patch testing with allergens from modified rosin (colophony) discloses additional cases of contact allergy.
PubMed:Airborne contact dermatitis from unexpected exposure to rosin (colophony). Rosin sources revealed with chemical analyses.
PubMed:Isolated colophony allergens as screening substances for contact allergy.
PubMed:Sampling and analysis of airborne resin acids and solvent-soluble material derived from heated colophony (rosin) flux: a method to quantify exposure to sensitizing compounds liberated during electronics soldering.
PubMed:Occupational allergic contact dermatitis from colophony in depilatory wax.
PubMed:Colophony, formaldehyde and mercury in mascaras.
PubMed:Identification of contact allergens in unmodified rosin using a combination of patch testing and analytical chemistry techniques.
PubMed:Skin symptoms and contact allergy in woodwork teachers.
PubMed:Contact allergy to colophony and hand eczema. A follow-up study of patients with previously diagnosed contact allergy to colophony.
PubMed:Rosin (colophony) and zinc oxide in adhesive bandages. An appropriate combination for rosin-sensitive patients?
PubMed:A clinical and patch test study of contact dermatitis from traditional Chinese medicinal materials.
PubMed:Environmentally friendly paper may increase risk of hand eczema in rosin-sensitive persons.
PubMed:Occupational contact dermatitis from colophony and formaldehyde in banknote paper.
PubMed:Analysis of patients with allergic patch test reactions to a plastics and glues series.
PubMed:Are opera-house artistes afflicted with contact allergy to colophony and cosmetics?
PubMed:Contact and photocontact sensitization in chronic actinic dermatitis: sesquiterpene lactone mix is an important allergen.
PubMed:Allergy to colophony.
PubMed:Colophony in bindi adhesive.
PubMed:15-hydroperoxydehydroabietic acid--a contact allergen in colophony from pinus species.
PubMed:Allergic potential of neutrals in unmodified colophony, and a method for their separation from resin acids.
PubMed:Skin disease and contact sensitivity in house painters using water-based paints, glues and putties.
PubMed:Colophony in paper-based surgical clothing.
PubMed:Identification and sensitization studies of colophony components.
PubMed:Common industrial processes and occupational irritants and allergens--an update.
PubMed:Colophony--uses, health effects, airborne measurement and analysis.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis from colophony in waxes for polishing spectacle frames.
PubMed:Contact allergy due to tea tree oil and cross-sensitization to colophony.
PubMed:Colophony: an unusual factor in pruritus vulvae.
PubMed:A clinical and patch test study in a tall-oil rosin factory.
PubMed:Allergenicity of rosin (colophony) esters (II). Glyceryl monoabietate identified as contact allergen.
PubMed:13beta,14beta-dihydroxy-13alpha-isopropylabietic acid, an elicitor of contact allergy.
PubMed:Possible side effects related to dental hygienists' treatment.
PubMed:Contact allergy to resin acid hydroperoxides. Hapten binding via free radicals and epoxides.
PubMed:Hand eczema in car mechanics.
PubMed:Allergenic components in modified and unmodified rosin. Chemical characterization and studies of allergenic activity.
PubMed:Hypersensitivity to topical corticosteroids.
PubMed:Occupational asthma due to colophony in non-industrial environments.
PubMed:Contact allergy due to colophony. (IX). Sensitization studies with further products isolated after oxidative degradation of resin acids and colophony.
PubMed:Contact allergy due to colophony (VIII). The sensitizing potency of commercial products: an investigation of French and German modified-colophony derivatives.
PubMed:The SHIELD scheme in the West Midlands Region, United Kingdom. Midland Thoracic Society Research Group.
PubMed:Footwear dermatitis.
PubMed:The allergenicity of glycerol esters and other esters of rosin (colophony).
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis from adhesive plaster due to colophony and epoxy resin.
PubMed:Immune responses to colophony, an agent causing occupational asthma.
PubMed:Hydrocortisone sensitivity: clinical features of fifty-nine cases.
PubMed:Erythema multiforme reaction to patch testing.
PubMed:Studies on the allergenicity of Baltic amber.
PubMed:Contact dermatitis from telefax paper.
PubMed:Changing trends in the epidemiology of contact dermatitis in Singapore.
PubMed:Oral lichen planus from colophony.
PubMed:Colophony in paper as a cause of hand eczema.
PubMed:Contact dermatitis from colophony in a horticulturalist.
PubMed:Allergy to castor oil and colophony in a wart remover.
PubMed:Colophony (rosin) in newspapers may contribute to hand eczema.
PubMed:Occupational asthma induced by tall oil in the rubber tyre industry.
PubMed:[Allergic alveolitis due to colophony].
PubMed:Contact allergy to colophony in Chinese Musk and Tiger-Bone Plaster.
PubMed:A preliminary report of a surveillance scheme of occupational asthma in the West Midlands.
PubMed:Contact allergy to colophony in a wart remover.
PubMed:Epidemiological survey of standard series patch test results and observations on day 2 and day 4 readings.
PubMed:Computerized analysis of concomitant contact allergens.
PubMed:[Longitudinal study of colophony exposed workers and control probands].
PubMed:Colophony in mascara as a cause of eyelid dermatitis. Chemical analyses and patch testing.
PubMed:Influence of two vehicles for zinc oxide on zinc absorption through intact skin and wounds.
PubMed:Common environmental contact allergens in Singapore.
PubMed:Detection of rosin (colophony) components in technical products using an HPLC technique.
PubMed:Contact allergy due to colophony (VII). Sensitizing studies with oxidation products of abietic and related acids.
PubMed:Inhibitory effect of zinc oxide on contact allergy due to colophony.
PubMed:[Allergenic properties of various natural and modified colofonies].
PubMed:Study on Chinese common allergens of contact dermatitis.
PubMed:Contact allergy due to colophony (VI). The sensitizing capacity of minor resin acids and 7 commercial modified-colophony products.
PubMed:Contact allergy to spices.
PubMed:The use of laboratory methods in contact dermatitis induced by composite materials.
PubMed:Maleopimaric acid--a potent sensitizer in modified rosin.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis from colophony in a wart gel.
PubMed:Contact dermatitis in hospital patients.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis to colophony included in the formulation of flexible collodion BP, the vehicle of a salicylic and lactic acid wart paint.
PubMed:[Copper allergy--a rare form of sensitization].
PubMed:Epidemiology of hand eczema in an industrial city.
PubMed:Occupational hand eczema in an industrial city.
PubMed:A randomized trial of two occlusive dressings in the treatment of leg ulcers.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis in children and young adults.
PubMed:Clinical patch test data evaluated by multivariate analysis. Danish Contact Dermatitis Group.
PubMed:Patch testing in actinic prurigo.
PubMed:Airborne contact dermatitis from colophony: phototoxic reaction?
PubMed:Contact allergy due to colophony. (V). Patch test results with different types of colophony and modified-colophony products.
PubMed:[Occupational bronchial asthma: an emerging problem].
PubMed:The toxicity of constituents of cedar and pine woods to pulmonary epithelium.
PubMed:Passive transfer of contact sensitivity to colophony as a complication of an allogenic bone-marrow transplant.
PubMed:Contact allergy to colophony. (IV). The sensitizing potency of commercial products. An investigation of French and American modified colophony derivatives.
PubMed:[Evaluation of the sequelae of occupational asthma].
PubMed:Contact allergy due to colophony (III). Sensitizing potency of resin acids and some related products.
PubMed:[Data on the establishment of group MPEL for natural and modified colophony in the workplace air].
PubMed:Contact sensitivity to topical medicaments.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis due to rosin (colophony) in eyeshadow and mascara.
PubMed:[Epicutaneous testing with a standard series. Results in 12,026 patients].
PubMed:Contact sensitivity to oak moss.
PubMed:The role of contact allergy in the spectrum of adverse effects caused by cosmetics and toiletries.
PubMed:Contact allergy to dehydroabietic acid derivatives isolated from Portuguese colophony.
PubMed:Results of routine patch testing of 542 patients in Saskatoon, Canada.
PubMed:Hydrogenation reduces the allergenicity of colophony (rosin).
PubMed:Occupational asthma.
PubMed:An epidemiological comparison between hand eczema and non-hand eczema.
PubMed:Colophony-free wart removers in Sweden.
PubMed:Comparison of colophony patch test preparations.
PubMed:Identification of contact allergens in colophony.
PubMed:Experiences with Freund's complete adjuvant test (FCAT) when screening for contact allergens in colophony.
PubMed:Contact allergy to colophony. Chemical identifications of allergens, sensitization experiments and clinical experiences.
PubMed:Occupational dermatitis from colophony.
PubMed:Identification of 15-hydroperoxyabietic acid as a contact allergen in Portuguese colophony.
PubMed:Late asthmatic reactions and changes in histamine responsiveness provoked by occupational agents.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis to colophony in a wart remover.
PubMed:Occupational allergic contact urticaria from colophony.
PubMed:Contact dermatitis in Nigeria. (II). Hand dermatitis in men.
PubMed:Airborne contact dermatitis to colophony in soldering flux.
PubMed:The temporal relationship between increases in airway responsiveness to histamine and late asthmatic responses induced by occupational agents.
PubMed:Field survey of circadian rhythm in PEF of electronics workers suffering from colophony-induced asthma.
PubMed:[Achromatizing contact dermatitis caused by rubber sandals].
PubMed:Allergy to colophony acquired backstage.
PubMed:Colophony in collodion.
PubMed:Contact cheilitis to shellac, Lanpol 5 and colophony.
PubMed:Colophony, perfumes and paper handkerchiefs.
PubMed:Patch testing with colophony at 60% concentration.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis to colophony in a violoncellist.
PubMed:Occupational asthma due to unheated colophony.
PubMed:Formulation of a stable colophony patch test.
PubMed:Contact allergy to acid and neutral fractions of rosins. Sensitization experiments in guinea pigs and patch testing in patients.
PubMed:Simultaneous reactions to phenol-formaldehyde resins colophony/hydroabietyl alcohol and balsam of Peru/perfume mixture.
PubMed:[Photometric determination of colophony in the air of the work environment].
PubMed:Dermatitis from X Cupressocyparis leylandii and concomitant sensitivity to colophony.
PubMed:Is abietic acid the allergenic component of colophony?
PubMed:Clinical experience and patch testing using colophony (rosin) from different sources.
PubMed:[Occupational asthma due to colophony].
PubMed:Occupational asthma due to an emulsified oil mist.
PubMed:Patch testing with colophony.
PubMed:[Occupational asthma in welders caused by colophony].
PubMed:Colophony-induced sensitivity to Juniperus chinensis L. "Hetzii"?
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis from rosin used as soldering flux.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis from a colophony derivative in a tape skin closure.
PubMed:Respiratory effects of two types of solder flux used in the electronics industry.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis to a colophony derivative.
PubMed:Occupational asthma secondary to low molecular weight agents used in the plastic and resin industries.
PubMed:Contact allergy to colophony in soldering flux.
PubMed:[Standard epicutaneous tests: interpretation of the statistical findings of the last five years].
PubMed:Occupational asthma in electronics workers caused by colophony fumes: follow-up of affected workers.
PubMed:Occupational asthma due to soft soldering fluxes containing colophony (rosin, pine resin).
PubMed:Non-specific bronchial hyper-reactivity in workers exposed to toluene di-isocyanate, diphenyl methane di-isocyanate and colophony.
PubMed:[Colophony allergy. A contribution to the origin, chemistry, and uses of colophony and modified colophony products, 1].
PubMed:Occupational asthma in a factory making flux-cored solder containing colophony.
PubMed:Colophony-induced asthma in a poultry vender.
PubMed:Colophony sensitivity--a regional variant.
PubMed:Allergic contact dermatitis in a violinist. The role of abietic acid--a sensitizer in rosin (colophony)--as the causative agent.
PubMed:Contact allergy to colophony and formaldehyde from sand cores.
PubMed:[Frequency and relevance of some cross-, concomitant- and pseudo-cross allergies (author's transl)].
PubMed:Allergenic potential of abietic acid, colophony and pine resin-HA. Clinical and experimental studies.
PubMed:Bronchial provocation studies in workers exposed to the fumes of electronic soldering fluxes.
PubMed:The effects of the fumes from heated rosin (colophony) on tissue glutathione and xenobiotic metabolism in rat lung and liver.
PubMed:[Allergy to rosin caused by patch tests].
PubMed:[Allergologic studies of intolerance to rosin].
PubMed:Photosensitivity and allergy to aromatic lichen acids, Compositae oleoresins and other plant substances.
PubMed:Photosensitivity and allergy to aromatic lichen acids, Compositae oleoresins and other plant substances.
PubMed:Dihydroabietyl alcohol (Abitol): a sensitizer in mascara.
PubMed:Colophony and asthma.
PubMed:Peak flow rate records in the diagnosis of occupational asthma due to colophony.
PubMed:Work-related respiratory disease in employees leaving an electronics factory.
PubMed:Occupational asthma in an electronics factory.
PubMed:[Contact dermatitis to colophony in cellophane rings of Gothatest (author's transl)].
PubMed:[Investigation of the allergens of colophony and its derivatives used in the manufacture of sticking-plasters (author's transl)].
PubMed:Eczemas due to plant allergens in manufactured products.
PubMed:First epidemiological study of contact dermatitis in Spain - 1977. Spanish Contact Dermatitis Research Group.
PubMed:Comparison of patch test results in two adjacent areas of England-I. (Industrial allergens).
PubMed:Colophony in cutting oil and in soap water used as cutting fluid.
PubMed:[Occupational asthma due to sensitization to colophony vapors].
PubMed:[Standard epicutaneous testing: 5-year results and their effects on future examinations].
PubMed:Allergy to colophony.
PubMed:Abietic acid and colophony.
PubMed:Respiratory disease in workers exposed to solder flux fumes containing colophony (pine resin).
PubMed:HLA antigens in allergic contact dermatitis.
PubMed:Turpentine-induced hypersensitivity to peppermint oil.
PubMed:Contact dermatitis in the West of Scotland.
PubMed:[Hygienic standards for the content of the amine monochloroacetate from colophony in a reservoir].
PubMed:Balsam of Peru as screening agent for essential oils sensitivity.
PubMed:Asthma due to inhaled chemical agents--fumes from 'Multicore' soldering flux and colophony resin.
PubMed:Colophony collar dermatitis.
PubMed:Contact dermatitis from radiata pine.
PubMed:Contact hypersensitivity to sesquiterpene lactones in Chyrsanthemum dermatitis.
PubMed:A case of allergy to colophony in a facial cosmetic.
PubMed:[Determination of a colophony aerosol in the air].
PubMed:Contact allergy to medicaments and materials used in dentistry. IV. Sensitizing effect of eugenol-colophony in surgical dressing.
PubMed:Contact allergy to medicaments and materials used in dentistry. II. Sensitivity to eugenol and colophony.
PubMed:[On the significance of epicutaneous colophony tests].
PubMed:[Individual determination of turpentine, gasoline & colophony in air].
 
Notes:
resin from plant. do not confuse with the \r\nspecific compound: 3-phenyl-2-propenyl-(e)-beta-d-glucopyranoside, also know as rosin. tsca definition 2008: a complex combination derived from wood, especially pine wood. composed primarily of resin acids and modified resin acids such as dimers and decarboxylated resin acids. includes rosin stabilized by catalytic disproportionation.
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