inulin
inulin from chicory root and/or jerusalem artichokes
 
Notes:
A starch found in the tubers and roots of many plants. Since it is hydrolyzable to FRUCTOSE, it is classified as a fructosan. It has been used in physiologic investigation for determination of the rate of glomerular function. a starch found in the tubers and roots of many plants. since it is hydrolyzable to fructose, it is classified as a fructosan. it has been used in physiologic investigation for determination of the rate of glomerular function. Present in Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus) and in other members of Compositae About 30?40% of people in Central Europe suffer from fructose malabsorption. Since inulin is a fructan, excess dietary intake may lead to minor side effects such as increased flatulence and loosened bowel motions in those with fructose malabsorption. It is recommended that fructan intake for people with fructose malabsorption be kept to less than 0.5 grams/serving.; For both inulin and creatinine, the calculations involve concentrations in the urine and in the serum. However, unlike creatinine, inulin is not naturally present in the body. This is an advantage of inulin (because the amount infused will be known) and a disadvantage (because an infusion is necessary.); Inulin is increasingly used in processed foods because it has unusually adaptable characteristics. Its flavour ranges from bland to subtly sweet (approx. 10% sweetness of sugar/sucrose). It can be used to replace sugar, fat, and flour. This is particularly advantageous because inulin contains a third to a quarter of the food energy of sugar or other carbohydrates and a sixth to a ninth of the food energy of fat. While Inulin is a versatile ingredient, it also has health benefits. Inulin increases calcium absorption and possibly magnesium absorption, while promoting the growth of intestinal bacteria. Nutritionally, it is considered a form of soluble fiber and is sometimes categorized as a prebiotic. Inulin has a minimal impact on blood sugar, and?unlike fructose?is not insulemic and does not raise triglycerides, making it generally considered suitable for diabetics and potentially helpful in managing blood sugar-related illnesses. The consumption of large quantities (particularly by sensitive or unaccustomed individuals) can lead to gas and bloating, and products which contain Inulin will sometimes include a warning to add it gradually to ones diet.; The inulin test is a procedure by which the filtering capacity of the glomeruli (the main filtering structures of the kidney) is determined by measuring the rate at which inulin, the test substance, is cleared from blood plasma. Inulin is one of the more suitable and accurate substance to measure because it is a small, inert polysaccharide molecule that readily passes through the glomeruli. The inulin clearance test is performed by injecting inulin, waiting for it to be distributed, and then measuring plasma and urine inulin concentrations by various assays. As nutraceutical agents inulins may have antitumor, antimicrobial, hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic actions. They may also help to improve mineral absorption and balance and may have antiosteoporotic activity.; There is a single report of what is claimed to be an allergic reaction to inulin in the literature, but dietary inulin has small amounts of bacteria and fungal spores and this case is most likely to represent a reaction to one of these contaminants:[citation needed] every day billions of people eat inulin-containing foods, e.g. onions, without any suggestion of allergy.
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
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      Inulin
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
CAS Number: 9005-80-5 
Other: 189444-25-5
ECHA EC Number: 232-684-3
FDA UNII: JOS53KRJ01
MDL: MFCD00131407
XlogP3-AA: -70.20 (est)
Molecular Weight: 6179.39974000
Formula: C228 H382 O191
Category: thickeners, gelling agents, stabalizers and emulsifiers
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
GRN 477 Long-chain inulin View-notice PDF
GRN 118 Inulin View-notice PDF
GRN 576 Oligofructose and inulin View-notice
GRN 582 Inulin from Agave tequilana View-notice PDF
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: white crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
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Organoleptic Properties:
 sweet  
Taste Description:
slightly sweet
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: skin conditioning
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Suppliers:
BENEO
Orafti® Inulin
Odor: characteristic
Use: While functional fibres occur in vegetables such as artichoke, asparagus, leek, onion and garlic, chicory root is a particularly rich source for these substances. That’s why BENEO gently extracts its functional fibre range from chicory root. Besides the versatile and well known Inulin types, there is also Oligofructose which is derived from Inulin through enzymatic breakdown. Synergy1 however is an inulin enriched with oligofructose and has shown positive effects on calcium absorption for bone health.
Cargill, Inc.
Oliggo-Fiber® chicory root inulin
Flavor: characteristic
Inulin and oligofructose are naturally occurring dietary components that are becoming increasingly important as consumers strive to supplement dietary fiber intake. Oliggo-Fiber® inulin, a soluble fiber known as the “invisible fiber,” comes from the chicory root and can be incorporated into most foods or beverages without affecting taste or texture.
Changsha Organic Herb
Chicory Root Extract
ECSA Chemicals
Inulin
Company Profile
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
Inulin
Kraft Chemical
Inulin
Maypro Industries
Inulin
Prinova
Inulin
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
Inulin from chicory
The Ingredient House
RightFiber Inulin
TIC Gums
TIC Pretested® Inulin LV 110 Powder
Flavor: characteristic
TIC PRETESTED® Inulin LV 110 Powder is a highly purified grade of inulin, exhibiting low viscosity characteristics that make it ideal in many applications.
TIC Gums
TICorganic® Inulin Agave
Flavor: characteristic
TICorganic® Inulin Agave has a low viscosity even at levels as high as 15%. It is used as a source of soluble dietary fiber in beverages and functional foods. TICorganic Inulin Agave is certified organic.
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: thickeners, gelling agents, stabalizers and emulsifiers
Recommendation for inulin usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for inulin flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of a health claim related to non digestible carbohydrates and a reduction of post prandial glycaemic responses pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of a health claim related to “non digestible oligo and polysaccharides including galacto-oligosaccharides, oligofructose, polyfructose and inulin” and “increase in calcium absorption” pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of a health claim related to “native chicory inulin” and maintenance of normal defecation by increasing stool frequency pursuant to Article 13.5 of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006
View page or View pdf
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 9005-80-5
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 24763
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
Chemidplus: 0009005805
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References:
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 9005-80-5
Pubchem (cid): 24763
Pubchem (sid): 134989206
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Other Information:
CHEBI: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C03323
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): Search
FooDB: FDB001141
Export Tariff Code: 1108.20.0000
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 artichoke jerusalem artichoke tuber
Search Trop  Picture
 asparagus root
Search Trop  Picture
 burdock root
Search Trop  Picture
 butterbur root
Search Trop  Picture
 chicory leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 chicory root
Search Trop  Picture
 dandelion plant
Search Trop  Picture
 dandelion root
Search Trop  Picture
 endive root
Search Trop  Picture
 garlic bulb
Search Trop  Picture
 melon bitter melon fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 melon bitter melon tissue culture
Search Trop  Picture
 mugwort root
Search Trop  Picture
 pomegranate pericarp
Search Trop  Picture
 salsify root
Search Trop  Picture
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Synonyms:
orafti inulin
rightfiber organic inulin
 inulin from agave tequilana
 inulin from chicory root and/or jerusalem artichokes
 nutriloid 4000
 nutriloid 7000
 nutriloid fiberplus powder
 nutriloid max
 oliggo-fiber chicory root inulin
 raftiline
 TIC pretested® inulin LV 100 powder
 TICorganic inulin agave
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Articles:
PubMed: Development of reduced fat minced meats using inulin and bovine plasma proteins as fat replacers.
PubMed: The effect of fat replacers on batter and cake properties.
PubMed: Changes in sensory properties and consumer acceptance of reduced fat pork Lyon-style and liver sausages containing inulin and citrus fiber as fat replacers.
PubMed: Microstructural, physical, and sensory impact of starch, inulin, and soy protein in low-fat gluten and lactose free white sauces.
PubMed: Chicory inulin does not increase stool weight or speed up intestinal transit time in healthy male subjects.
PubMed: On the formulation design and rheological evaluations of pectin-based functional gels.
PubMed: Inulin blend as prebiotic and fat replacer in dairy desserts: optimization by response surface methodology.
PubMed: A review of dietary fiber and health: focus on raisins.
PubMed: Fat-free plain yogurt manufactured with inulins of various chain lengths and Lactobacillus acidophilus.
PubMed: Rheological properties and sensory characteristics of set-type soy yogurt.
PubMed: Generation of Maillard compounds from inulin during the thermal processing of Agave tequilana Weber Var. azul.
PubMed: Inulin and oligofructose: what are they?
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