formaldehyde
Notes:
a highly reactive aldehyde gas formed by oxidation or incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons. in solution, it has a wide range of uses: in the manufacture of resins and textiles, as a disinfectant, and as a laboratory fixative or preservative. formaldehyde solution (formalin) is considered a hazardous compound, and its vapor toxic. (from reynolds, martindale the extra pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p717)
  • Azelis
    • Azelis UK Life Sciences
      Chemical Distribution
      Azelis is a leading global distributor of speciality chemicals.
      Azelis is a leading global speciality chemicals distributor. We provide a diverse range of products and innovative services to more than 20,000 customers. Our in-depth local knowledge is supported by an international structure and value-added services including high levels of technical support and tailored solutions.
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      Product(s):
      Formaldehyde
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
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      Product(s):
      06-21000 FORMALDEHYDE 37% SOLUTION
       
 
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formaldehyde (Click)
CAS Number: 50-00-0
ECHA EC Number: 200-001-8
FDA UNII: 1HG84L3525
Beilstein Number: 1209228
MDL: MFCD00003274
XlogP3-AA: 1.20 (est)
Molecular Weight: 30.02614000
Formula: C H2 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict
Category: food-contact surface of paper and paperboard
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
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IBM Patents: Obtain
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PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
FDA Mainterm: FORMALDEHYDE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 173 -- SECONDARY DIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart D--Specific Usage Additives
Sec. 173.340 Defoaming agents.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.210 Acrylate ester copolymer coating.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.170 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with aqueous and fatty foods.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.180 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with dry food.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.200 Defoaming agents used in coatings.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1200 Cellophane.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2410 Phenolic resins in molded articles.


FDA PART 178 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADJUVANTS, PRODUCTION AIDS, AND SANITIZERS
Subpart D--Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids
Sec. 178.3120 Animal glue.


FDA PART 573 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FEED AND DRINKING WATER OF ANIMALS
Subpart B--Food Additive Listing
Sec. 573.460 Formaldehyde.
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Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 1.08300 @  25.00 °C.
Boiling Point: -19.50 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Vapor Pressure: 3463.820068 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 133.00 °F. TCC ( 56.11 °C. )
logP (o/w): 0.350
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Organoleptic Properties:
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: preservatives
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Suppliers:
Azelis
Formaldehyde
Kraft Chemical
Formaldehyde
Penta International
FORMALDEHYDE 37% SOLUTION
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
Formaldehyde solution for molecular biology, 36.5-38% in H2O
For experimental / research use only.
Zhejiang Taizhou TU-POLY
Formaldehyde
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
  intravenous-cat LDLo  30 mg/kg
BLOOD: OTHER CHANGES
Acta Pharmacologica et Toxicologica. Vol. 8, Pg. 275, 1952.

intravenous-dog LDLo  70 mg/kg
International Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 3, Pg. 93, 1976.

parenteral-frog LDLo  800 ug/kg
International Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 3, Pg. 93, 1976.

oral-guinea pig LD50  260 mg/kg
Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology. Vol. 23, Pg. 259, 1941.

unreported-man LDLo  477 mg/kg
"Poisoning; Toxicology, Symptoms, Treatments," 2nd ed., Arena, J.M., Springfield, IL, C.C. Thomas, 1970Vol. 2, Pg. 73, 1970.

oral-man TDLo  643 mg/kg
GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY OBSTRUCTION GASTROINTESTINAL: ULCERATION OR BLEEDING FROM STOMACH
Japanese Journal of Toxicology. Vol. 4, Pg. 261, 1991.

oral-man TDLo  646 mg/kg
GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING GASTROINTESTINAL: ULCERATION OR BLEEDING FROM STOMACH GASTROINTESTINAL: GASTRITIS
Japanese Journal of Toxicology. Vol. 4, Pg. 261, 1991.

oral-mouse LD50  42 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
National Technical Information Service. Vol. AD-A125-539

intraperitoneal-mouse LDLo  16 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 23, Pg. 288, 1972.

intravenous-rabbit LDLo  48 mg/kg
Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. Vol. 5, Pg. 213, 1955.

intravenous-rat LD50  87 mg/kg
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 221, Pg. 166, 1954.

oral-rat LD50  100 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 26, Pg. 447, 1988.

Dermal Toxicity:
  subcutaneous-dog LDLo 350 mg/kg
International Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 3, Pg. 93, 1976.

subcutaneous-mouse LD50 300 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: BRONCHIOLAR CONSTRICTION LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: ACUTE PULMONARY EDEMA
Acta Pharmacologica et Toxicologica. Vol. 6, Pg. 299, 1950.

skin-rabbit LD50 270 uL/kg
Union Carbide Data Sheet. Vol. 4/21/1967

subcutaneous-rabbit LDLo 240 mg/kg
JAMA, Journal of the American Medical Association. Vol. 62, Pg. 984, 1914.

subcutaneous-rat LD50 420 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: BRONCHIOLAR CONSTRICTION LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: ACUTE PULMONARY EDEMA
Acta Pharmacologica et Toxicologica. Vol. 6, Pg. 299, 1950.

Inhalation Toxicity:
  inhalation-cat LCLo 400 mg/m3/2H
"Toxicometric Parameters of Industrial Toxic Chemicals Under Single Exposure," Izmerov, N.F., et al., Moscow, Centre of International Projects, GKNT, 1982Vol. -, Pg. 69, 1982.

inhalation-human TCLo 17 mg/m3/30M
SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: LACRIMATION: EYE LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES
JAMA, Journal of the American Medical Association. Vol. 165, Pg. 1908, 1957.

inhalation-man TCLo 300 ug/m3
BEHAVIORAL: AGGRESSION SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER CHANGES: OLFACTION
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 12(7), Pg. 20, 1968.

inhalation-mouse LC50 454000 mg/m3/4H
Current Toxicology. Vol. 1, Pg. 47, 1993.

inhalation-rat LC50 203 mg/m3
BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD PERIPHERAL NERVE AND SENSATION: SPASTIC PARALYSIS WITH OR WITHOUT SENSORY CHANGE
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 18(2), Pg. 55, 1974.

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Safety in Use Information:
Category: food-contact surface of paper and paperboard
NOEL (No Observed Effect Level): 15 (mg/kg bw per day)
Recommendation for formaldehyde usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for formaldehyde flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 8 (FGE.08)[1]: Aliphatic and alicyclic mono-, di-, tri-, and polysulphides with or without additional oxygenated functional groups from chemical group 20
page or pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 3(FGE.20Rev3): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
page or pdf
Report of ESCO WG on non-plastic Food Contact Materials
page or pdf
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to use of formaldehyde as a preservative during the manufacture and preparation of food additives
page or pdf
Reasoned opinion on the modification of the existing MRLs for metaldehyde in certain legume vegetables and pulses
page or pdf
Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of hexamethylene tetramine (E 239) as a food additive
page or pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of formaldehyde as a feed hygiene substance in feed for pigs and poultry
page or pdf
EPI System: View
Chemicalize.org: Calculate predicted properties
ECHA Data Sheet: View
EPA-Iris: IRIS
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NIOSH Pocket Guide: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
AIDS Citations: Search
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Toxicology Citations: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
National Toxicology Program: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 50-00-0
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 2
 formaldehyde
Chemidplus: 0000050000
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: 50-00-0
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References:
 formaldehyde
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 50-00-0
Pubchem (cid): 712
Pubchem (sid): 134970847
Pherobase Floral: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
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UM BBD: Search
HMDB (Comprehensive Metabolomic Database): Search
Export Tariff Code: 2912.11.0000
Haz-Map: View
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ChemSpider: View
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Formulations/Preparations:
•pure formaldehyde is not avail commercially because of its tendency to polymerize. it is sold as aqueous solutions containing from 37% to 50% formaldehyde by wt & varying amounts of methanol. •marketed under the trade name formcel, soln in methanol, n-butanol, and isobutanol. ... •aq formaldehyde, known as formalin, is usually 37% by weight of formaldehyde, though more concn soln are available. formalin is the general-purpose formaldehyde of commerce supplied unstabilized or methanol-stabilized. formaldehyde may also exist in the form of the cyclic trimer trioxane. this is a fairly stable cmpd that does not easily release formaldehyde. ... •grade: aqueous solutions: 37%, 44%, 50% inhibited (with varying percentages of methanol) or stabilized or unstabilized (methanol-free), also available in solution in n-butanol, ethanol, or urea; usp (37% aqueous solution containing methanol). •soluble concentrate; hot fogging concentrate •formaldehyde is available in the united states as as paraformaldehyde. paraformaldehyde is available as a powdered or flaked product that contains the equivalent of 90-93% formaldehyde, a maximum of 9% water, and a maximum of 0.03% acidity as formic acid. it is readily soluble in hot water with the evolution of formaldehyde vapors ... •formalin consists of an aqueous solution of formaldehyde, usually containing about 37% formaldehyde and 12-15% methanol. formalin
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Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
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Potential Uses:
 preservatives 
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Natural Occurrence in: note
 not found in nature
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Synonyms:
 formalin
 formic aldehyde
 formol
 methaldehyde
 methanal
 methyl aldehyde
 paraform
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Articles:
Info: Formaldehyde
PubMed: Scientific assessment of the use of sugars as cigarette tobacco ingredients: a review of published and other publicly available studies.
PubMed: The influence of douchi starter cultures on the composition of extractive components, microbiological activity, and sensory properties of fermented fish pastes.
PubMed: Thermal generation of 3-amino-4,5-dimethylfuran-2(5H)-one, the postulated precursor of sotolone, from amino acid model systems containing glyoxylic and pyruvic acids.
PubMed: A liquid chromatographic method optimization for the assessment of low and high molar mass carbonyl compounds in wines.
PubMed: Analysis of selected carbonyl oxidation products in wine by liquid chromatography with diode array detection.
PubMed: Toxicologic evaluation of licorice extract as a cigarette ingredient.
PubMed: Carcass, sensory, and adipose tissue traits of Brangus steers fed casein-formaldehyde-protected starch and/or canola lipid.
PubMed: Effects of treatment of whole fat soybeans or soy flour with formaldehyde to protect the polyunsaturated fatty acids from biohydrogenation in the rumen.
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Soluble in:
 water, 400000 mg/L @ 20 °C (exp)
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