• Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
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      Product(s):
      ETHYL-p-HYDROXYBENZOATE, Kosher
       
 
ethyl paraben
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  • Organoleptics
      • Organoleptic Properties
        Odor Strength :low
        Odor Description:
        at 100.00 %. 
        mild phenolic
  • Properties
      • Physical Properties
        Assay : 95.00 to 100.00 % 
        Food Chemicals Codex Listed :No
        Melting Point : 118.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
        Boiling Point : 298.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
        Vapor Pressure :0.001000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
        Flash Point : 248.00 °F. TCC ( 120.00 °C. )
        logP (o/w) : 2.470
  • Safety
      • Safety Information
        Most important hazard(s) :Xi - Irritant
          R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
        S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
        S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
        S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
        S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
        Oral/Parenteral Toxicity : 
          oral-rabbit LD50  5000 mg/kg
        (Sabalitschka & Neufeld-Crzellitzer,1954)

        oral-rat LD  > 200 mg/kg
        Acta Obstetrica et Gynaecologica Japonica, English Edition. Vol. 22, Pg. 94, 1975.

        gavage-rat LD50  [sex: F] 4300 mg/kg
        (CTFA, 1980b)

        oral-mouse LD50  8000 mg/kg
        (Sokol, 1952)

        oral-mouse LD50  6008 mg/kg
        (Sado, 1973)

        oral-dog LD50  5000 mg/kg
        (Sabalitschka & Neufeld-Crzellitzer, 1954)

        oral-dog LD50  5000 mg/kg
        FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 53A, Pg. 81, 1974.

        oral-guinea pig LD50  2000 mg/kg
        FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 53A, Pg. 81, 1974.

        intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  520 mg/kg
        Drug Standards. Vol. 20, Pg. 89, 1952.

        oral-mouse LD50  3000 mg/kg
        Bromatologia i Chemia Toksykologiczna. Vol. 14, Pg. 301, 1981.

        oral-rabbit LD50  5000 mg/kg
        FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 53A, Pg. 81, 1974.

        Dermal Toxicity : 
          Not determined
        Inhalation Toxicity : 
          Not determined
  • Safety in Use
      • Safety in Use Information
        Category :antioxidants and preservatives
        Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU) :10.00 (μg/capita/day)
        Modified Theoretical Added Maximum Daily Intake (mTAMDI) :3900 (μg/person/day)
        Threshold of Concern :1800 (μg/person/day)
        Structure Class :I
        Recommendation for ethyl paraben fragrance usage levels up to :
         not for fragrance use.
        Recommendation for ethyl paraben flavor usage levels up to :
         not for flavor use.
         
        Food categories according to Commission Regulation EC No. 1565/2000 (EC, 2000) in FGE.06 (EFSA, 2002a). According to the Industry the "normal" use is defined as the average of reported usages and "maximum use" is defined as the 95th percentile of reported usages (EFSA, 2002i).
        Note : mg/kg = 0.001/1000 = 0.000001 = 1/1000000 = ppm.
         average usage mg/kgmaximum usage mg/kg
        Dairy products, excluding products of category 02.0 (01.0) : 7.0000035.00000
        Fats and oils, and fat emulsions (type water-in-oil) (02.0) : 5.0000025.00000
        Edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet (03.0) : 10.0000050.00000
        Processed fruit (04.1) : 7.0000035.00000
        Processed vegetables (incl. mushrooms & fungi, roots & tubers, pulses and legumes), and nuts & seeds (04.2) : --
        Confectionery (05.0) : 10.0000050.00000
        Cereals and cereal products, incl. flours & starches from roots & tubers, pulses & legumes, excluding bakery (06.0) : 5.0000025.00000
        Bakery wares (07.0) : 10.0000050.00000
        Meat and meat products, including poultry and game (08.0) : 2.0000010.00000
        Fish and fish products, including molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms (MCE) (09.0) : 2.0000010.00000
        Eggs and egg products (10.0) : --
        Sweeteners, including honey (11.0) : --
        Salts, spices, soups, sauces, salads, protein products, etc. (12.0) : 5.0000025.00000
        Foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses (13.0) : 10.0000050.00000
        Non-alcoholic ("soft") beverages, excl. dairy products (14.1) : 5.0000025.00000
        Alcoholic beverages, incl. alcohol-free and low-alcoholic counterparts (14.2) : 10.0000050.00000
        Ready-to-eat savouries (15.0) : 20.00000100.00000
        Composite foods (e.g. casseroles, meat pies, mincemeat) - foods that could not be placed in categories 01.0 - 15.0 (16.0) : 5.0000025.00000
  • Safety References
      • Safety References
        European Food Safety Athority(efsa) :Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
        European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s) :
        Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 20 (FGE.20): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical group 23:page or pdf
        Flavouring Group Evaluation 52 (FGE.52): Consideration of hydroxy- and alkoxy-substituted benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC):page or pdf
        Flavouring Group Evaluation 54 (FGE.54)[1] - Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food:page or pdf
        Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 1 (FGE.20Rev1): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters from chemical group 23:page or pdf
        Flavouring Group Evaluation 54, Revision 1 (FGE.54Rev1): Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20Rev1 (2009):page or pdf
        Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 2 (FGE.20Rev2): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30:page or pdf
        Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 3(FGE.20Rev3): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30:page or pdf
        Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 4 (FGE.20Rev4): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30:page or pdf
        EPI System :View
        Chemicalize.org :Calculate predicted properties
        ECHA Data Sheet :View
        Daily Med :search
        NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank :Search
        AIDS Citations :Search
        Cancer Citations :Search
        Toxicology Citations :Search
        Env. Mutagen Info. Center :Search
        NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity :Search
        EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA) :120-47-8
        EPA ACToR :Toxicology Data
        National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases :Data
        SCCNFP :opinion
        WGK Germany :1
         ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
        DTP/NCI :8510
        Chemidplus :0000120478
        RTECS :DH2190000 for cas# 120-47-8
ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate (Click)
CAS Number : 120-47-8
ECHA EC Number :204-399-4
Beilstein Number :1101972
MDL :MFCD00002353
XlogP3 :2.50 (est)
Molecular Weight :166.17630000
Formula :C9 H10 O3
BioActivity Summary :listing
NMR Predictor :Predict
Category :antioxidants and preservatives
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information :
Google Scholar : Search Google Books : Search
Google Scholar : with word "volatile"Search Google Scholar : with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar : with word "odor"Search 
Google Patents : Search US Patents : Search
EU Patents : Search IBM Patents : Obtain
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed : SearchNCBI : Search
 FDA/EU SANCO Petitions, Reviews, Notices :
EU SANCO Ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate View-review
JECFA Food Additive : Ethyl p-Hydroxybenzoate
GSFA Codex : Ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate (214).
Flavis Number :09.367 (Old)
EU SANCO Food Flavourings :09.367  ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate

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Picture of molecule
ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
Synonyms :
 benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-, ethyl ester
4-carbethoxyphenol
p-carbethoxyphenol
para-carbethoxyphenol
 ethyl 4-hydroxybenzoate
 ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate
 ethyl para-hydroxybenzoate
 ethyl-4-hydroxybenzoate
 ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate
 ethyl-para-hydroxybenzoate
 ethylparaben
4-hydroxy-benzoic acid ethyl ester
4-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester
p-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester
para-hydroxybenzoic acid ethyl ester
4-hydroxybenzoic acid ethylester
Soluble in :
 alcohol
 water, 1894 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 885 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in :
 water
Stability :
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