docosanoic acid
N-docosanoic acid
Behenic acid (also docosanoic acid) is a normal carboxylic acid, the saturated fatty acid with formula C21H43COOH. In appearance, it consists of white to cream color crystals or powder with a melting point of 80C and boiling point of 306C. (Wikipedia)
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      B1248 Behenic Acid >95.0%(GC)
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docosanoic acid (Click)
CAS Number: 112-85-6Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 204-010-8
FDA UNII: H390488X0A
Nikkaji Web: J2.461I
Beilstein Number: 1792887
MDL: MFCD00002807
XlogP3: 9.60 (est)
Molecular Weight: 340.59108000
Formula: C22 H44 O2
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: food additive and cosmetic agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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US Patents: Search
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Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
GRN 69 Behenic acid View-notice PDF
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials: behenic acid
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: white waxy solid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 81.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 391.00 to  392.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Boiling Point: 306.00 °C. @ 60.00 mm Hg
Flash Point: 349.00 °F. TCC ( 176.30 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): 9.910
Soluble in:
 water, 0.016 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: cleansing agents
emulsifying agents
opacifying agents
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BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Docosanoic acid >98%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Behenic acid also known as docosanoic acid is a carboxylic acid. Behenic acid is usually used in hair conditioners and moisturizers to give their smoothing properties.
For experimental / research use only.
Behenic acid
For experimental / research use only.
Behenic acid
Jarchem Industries
Jaric™ 22-85
Kao Corporation
Odor: characteristic
Use: Natural fatty acids "LUNAC" refined products. Cosmetics and Pharmaceuticals use: Oil base for creams, lotions, lipsticks, powders, skin ointments, face cleaners, body shampoos, soaps etc,.
Behenic Acid
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Docosanoic Acid ≥95%
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Behenic acid 99%
For experimental / research use only.
Behenic Acid >95.0%(GC)
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
Odor: characteristic
Use: Behenic Acid is often used to give hair conditioners and moisturizers their smoothing properties. It is also used in lubricating oils, and as a solvent evaporation retarder in paint removers. Its amide is used as an anti-foaming agent in detergents, floor polishes and dripless candles. Reduction of behenic acid yields behenyl alcohol.
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: food additive and cosmetic agents
Recommendation for docosanoic acid usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for docosanoic acid flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Scientific Opinion related to a notification from DuPont Nutrition Biosciences Aps on behenic acid from mustard seeds to be used in the manufacturing of certain emulsifiers pursuant to Article 21(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 for permanent exemption from labelling
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Daily Med: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 112-85-6
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 8215
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: nwg
 docosanoic acid
Chemidplus: 0000112856
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 docosanoic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 112-85-6
Pubchem (cid): 8215
Pubchem (sid): 134973690
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
Golm Metabolome Database: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C08281
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB00944
FooDB: FDB021815
Export Tariff Code: 2915.90.1800
Haz-Map: View
Household Products: Search
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
grades: technical, 99%
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Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
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Potential Uses:
 emulsifying agents 
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
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 behenic acid
 docosanoic acid
1-docosanoic acid
N-docosanoic acid
 docosoic acid
 hystrene 3022
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PubMed: Evidence for two enzymatic pathways for omega-oxidation of docosanoic acid in rat liver microsomes.
PubMed: [Technic of determination by gas-liquid chromatography of a mixture of fatty acids, from butyric acid to docosanoic acid].
PubMed: Dietary intake and plasma metabolomic analysis of polyunsaturated fatty acids in bipolar subjects reveal dysregulation of linoleic acid metabolism.
PubMed: [Chemical constituents from seeds of Ziziphus mauritiana].
PubMed: A new triterpenoid from Sapium baccatum (Euphorbiaceae).
PubMed: Ethnopharmacological and bioactivity guided investigation of five TCM anticancer herbs.
PubMed: Detection and identification of extra virgin olive oil adulteration by GC-MS combined with chemometrics.
PubMed: Docosahexaenoic acid elevates trans-18:1 isomers but is not directly converted into trans-18:1 isomers in ruminal batch cultures.
PubMed: Design of selective production of sophorolipids by Rhodotorula bogoriensis through nutritional requirements.
PubMed: Cyclic glycolipids from glandular trichome exudates of Cerastium glomeratum.
PubMed: The interactions of amphiphilic antisense oligonucleotides with serum proteins and their effects on in vitro silencing activity.
PubMed: A mixture of oleic, erucic and conjugated linoleic acids modulates cerebrospinal fluid inflammatory markers and improve somatosensorial evoked potential in X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy female carriers.
PubMed: Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of ethyl acetate extract, fractions and compounds from stem bark of Albizia adianthifolia (Mimosoideae).
PubMed: [Analysis of fatty acids in leaves of Loropetalum chinense and L. chinense var. rubrum by GC-MS].
PubMed: A new flavonol glucoside from the aerial parts of Sida glutinosa.
PubMed: Fatty acid derivatives and dammarane triterpenes from the glandular trichome exudates of Ibicella lutea and Proboscidea louisiana.
PubMed: [Study on the chemical constituents of Phellinus lonicerinus].
PubMed: Structural profiling and quantification of sphingomyelin in human breast milk by HPLC-MS/MS.
PubMed: [A novel mutation in PEX 26 gene in Zellweger syndrome: a case report].
PubMed: Liposome-incorporated DHA increases neuronal survival by enhancing non-amyloidogenic APP processing.
PubMed: Metabolomics of gastric cancer metastasis detected by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry.
PubMed: [Studies on the chemical constituents of Toricellia angulata var. intermedia].
PubMed: Screening assay of very long chain fatty acids in human plasma with multiwalled carbon nanotube-based surface-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Pure and mixed films of a nitrostilbene derivative at the air-water interface, Langmuir-Blodgett multilayer fabrication, and optical characterization.
PubMed: [Studies on the chemical constituents of the petroleum ether portion of Nervilia fordii].
PubMed: A study of bone marrow and subcutaneous fatty acid composition in subjects of varying bone mineral density.
PubMed: Chlamydomonas as a "new" organism for biodiesel production.
PubMed: Evolution toward the X phase of fatty acid Langmuir monolayers on a divalent cation solution.
PubMed: Byrsonic acid--the clue to floral mimicry involving oil-producing flowers and oil-collecting bees.
PubMed: A simple method to diagnose adrenoleukodystrophy using a dried blood spot on filter paper.
PubMed: The correlation between biochemical and histopathological findings in adrenoleukodystrophy.
PubMed: Analysis of sterols and fatty acids in natural and cultured Cordyceps by one-step derivatization followed with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: The DAISY gene from Arabidopsis encodes a fatty acid elongase condensing enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of aliphatic suberin in roots and the chalaza-micropyle region of seeds.
PubMed: [Determination of fatty acids and organic acids in Ranunculus ternatus Thunb using GC-MS].
PubMed: Amylose-lipid complexes as controlled lipid release agents during starch gelatinization and pasting.
PubMed: Simultaneous determination of saponins and fatty acids in Ziziphus jujuba (Suanzaoren) by high performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detection and pressurized liquid extraction.
PubMed: Proton sponge and fatty acid interactions at the air-water interface. Thermodynamic, spectroscopic, and microscopic study.
PubMed: Membrane fluidity changes are associated with the antiarrhythmic effects of docosahexaenoic acid in adult rat cardiomyocytes.
PubMed: Ultrathin polymer film formation by collision-induced cross-linking of adsorbed organic molecules with hyperthermal protons.
PubMed: [Studies on chemical constituents of Alpinia jianganfeng].
PubMed: Pentacyclic triterpenoids from the aerial parts of Lantana camara.
PubMed: Polycations increase the permeability of Mycobacterium vaccae cell envelopes to hydrophobic compounds.
PubMed: Termination of asynchronous contractile activity in rat atrial myocytes by n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids.
PubMed: Mycobacterium xenopi and related organisms isolated from stream waters in Finland and description of Mycobacterium botniense sp. nov.
PubMed: Use of gas chromatographic fatty acid and mycolic acid cleavage product determination to differentiate among Mycobacterium genavense, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium simiae, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
PubMed: Determination of total long-chain fatty acids in human plasma and lipoproteins, before and during copper-stimulated oxidation, by high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed: Isolation of Mycobacterium malmoense from the environment in Zaire.
PubMed: Bio-anticlastogenic effects of unsaturated fatty acids included in fish oil--docosahexaenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, and eicosapentaenoic acid--in cultured Chinese hamster cells.
PubMed: Occurrence of ceramide digalactoside as the main glycosphingolipid in the marine sponge Halichondria japonica.
PubMed: [Chemical constituents of the seed oil of Astragalus complanatus R. Brown].
PubMed: Mycolic acids of Mycobacterium aurum. Structure and biogenetic implications.
PubMed: Adrenoleukodystrophy in a mother and son.
PubMed: Adrenoleukodystrophy. Report of an autopsy case with adrenoleukomyeloneuropathy.
PubMed: Determination of C20-C30 fatty acids by reversed-phase chromatographic techniques: an efficient method to quantitate minor fatty acids in serum of patients with adrenoleukodystrophy.
PubMed: Regulation of hydroxydocosanoic acid sophoroside production in Candida bogoriensis by the levels of glucose and yeast extract in the growth medium.
PubMed: Acetylation of 13-sophorosyloxydocosanoic acid by an acetyltransferase purified from Candida bogoriensis.
PubMed: Stability of fatty acid monolayers and the relationship between equilibrium spreading pressure, phase transformations, and polymorphic crystal forms.
PubMed: The inhibitory action of long-chain fatty acids on the DNA binding activity of p53.
PubMed: Characterization of Armillaria spp. from peach orchards in the southeastern United States using fatty acid methyl ester profiling.
PubMed: Potato phosphorylase catalyzed synthesis of amylose-lipid complexes.
PubMed: Four new prenylated isoflavonoids in Tadehagi triquetrum.
PubMed: [Determination of fatty acids in Malania oleifera oil by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry].
PubMed: Biosynthesis and structural characterization of medium-chain-length poly(3-hydroxyalkanoates) produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa from fatty acids.
PubMed: Plasma very long chain fatty acids in 3,000 peroxisome disease patients and 29,000 controls.
PubMed: Glycoinositol phospholipids from Endotrypanum species express epitopes in common with saccharide side chains of the lipophosphoglycan from Leishmania major.
PubMed: Anti-herpes simplex virus activity of n-docosanol correlates with intracellular metabolic conversion of the drug.
PubMed: Profiles of very-long-chain fatty acids in plasma, fibroblasts, and blood cells in Zellweger syndrome, X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy, and rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata.
PubMed: Schizophrenic patients treated with high dose phenothiazine or thioxanthene become deficient in polyunsaturated fatty acids in their thrombocytes.
PubMed: Antimalarial properties of n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids: in vitro effects on Plasmodium falciparum and in vivo effects on P. berghei.
PubMed: A human membrane-associated folate binding protein is anchored by a glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol tail.
PubMed: [Studies on the chemical constituents of Schizonepeta mulifida (L.) Briq].
PubMed: Very long-chain fatty acids in erythrocyte membrane sphingomyelin: detection of ALD hemizygotes and heterozygotes.
PubMed: Abnormality of long-chain fatty acids in erythrocyte membrane sphingomyelin from patients with adrenoleukodystrophy.
PubMed: Characterization and in vivo production of three glycolipids from Candida Bogoriensis: 13-glucopyranosylglucopyranosyloxydocosanoic acid and its mono- and diacetylated derivatives.
PubMed: The effect of wax components on cuticular transpiration-model experiments.
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