diethanol amine
2,2'-dihydroxydiethylamine
 
Notes:
Diethanolamine, often abbreviated as DEA, is an organic chemical compound which is both a secondary amine and a dialcohol. A dialcohol has two hydroxyl groups in its molecule. Like other amines, diethanolamine acts as a weak base. Diethanolamine is widely used in the preparation of diethanolamides and diethanolamine salts of long-chain fatty acids that are formulated into soaps and surfactants used in liquid laundry and dishwashing detergents, cosmetics, shampoos, and hair conditioners. Diethanolamine is also used in textile processing, in industrial gas purification to remove acid gases, as an anticorrosion agent in metalworking fluids, and in preparations of agricultural chemicals. Aqueous diethanolamine solutions are used as solvents for numerous drugs that are administered intravenously. [HMDB]
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2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)ethanol (Click)
CAS Number: 111-42-2Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 203-868-0
FDA UNII: AZE05TDV2V
Nikkaji Web: J808G
Beilstein Number: 0605315
MDL: MFCD00002843
XlogP3: -1.40 (est)
Molecular Weight: 105.13707000
Formula: C4 H11 N O2
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: buffering agents and neutralizing agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
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Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
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US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
FDA Mainterm: Diethanolamine
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: white liquid to solid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 1.09700 @  25.00 °C.
Refractive Index: 1.47700 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: 26.00 to  29.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 268.80 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.001040 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 280.00 °F. TCC ( 137.78 °C. )
logP (o/w): -4.430 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 1000000 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Description:
mild rotten fish ammonia
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: buffering agents
not used anymore
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Suppliers:
Amines & Plasticizers
Diethanolamine
Odor: characteristic
Use: Agrochemicals, Absorbent for acidic gases (H2S, CO2) in refinery streams, Cosmetics, Inks, Textile auxiliaries
BASF
Diethanolamine
Covalent Chemical
Diethanolamine
Dow Chemical
DOW Specialty Amines - Ethanolamines
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Diethanolamine
Graham Chemical
Diethanolamine
HallStar
CoAmide(tm) ASC
Odor: characteristic
Use: CoAmide ASC is a modified coconut poly-diethanolamide designed for use in aqueous systems incorporating alkaline builders. Because of its unusually high compatibility with alkaline materials, up to twice the normal amounts of phosphate builders may be incorporated into concentrated cleansers or similar products. CoAmide ASC can increase the viscosity of liquid potash soaps at an approximately 5% use level, with no deleterious effects on the foam characteristics of the soap. Cleansers of this type, incorporating 1-2% Sodium Tripolyphosphate (STPP; Pentasodium Triphosphate), are used in preparations for metal finishing, and for painted surfaces, as their excellent detergency and free rinsing properties leave a film-free surface. In many systems CoAmide ASC may function as a corrosion inhibitor.
LyondellBasell Industries
Diethanolamines
Mosselman
Diethanolamine
Penta International
DIETHANOLAMINE USP NF
Sigma-Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Diethanolamine reagent grade, ≥98.0%
Silver Fern Chemical
Diethanolamine (DEA)
Odor: characteristic
Use: DEA is used as a surfactant and a corrosion inhibitor. It is used to remove hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide from natural gas. Common industries include oil and gas, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics.
SysKem Chemie
Diethanolamine
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
DIETHANOLAMINE 99% TECH GRADE
Odor: characteristic
Use: DEA is used as a surfactant and a corrosion inhibitor. It is used to remove hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide from natural gas. In oil refineries, a DEA in water solution is commonly used to remove hydrogen sulfide from sour gas. It has an advantage over a similar amine ethanolamine in that a higher concentration may be used for the same corrosion potential. This allows refiners to scrub hydrogen sulfide at a lower circulating amine rate with less overall energy usage. DEA is a chemical feedstock used in the production of morpholine.
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  620 ul/kg
BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): HAIR: OTHER SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: LACRIMATION: EYE
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0516797

intravenous-rat LD50  778 mg/kg
Environmental Space Science. English Translation of Kosmicheskaya Biologiya Meditsina. 1967-70.Vol. 2, Pg. 289, 1968.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50  120 mg/kg
Environmental Space Science. English Translation of Kosmicheskaya Biologiya Meditsina. 1967-70.Vol. 2, Pg. 289, 1968.

oral-rabbit LD50  2200 mg/kg
Environmental Space Science. English Translation of Kosmicheskaya Biologiya Meditsina. 1967-70.Vol. 2, Pg. 289, 1968.

oral-mouse LD50  3300 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE CONTRACTION OR SPASTICITY) BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 29(11), Pg. 25, 1964.

oral-guinea pig LD50  2000 mg/kg
"Documentation of the Threshold Limit Values and Biological Exposure Indices," 5th ed., Cincinnati, OH, American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Inc., 1986Vol. 5, Pg. 197, 1986.

oral-mammal (species unspecified) LDLo  3000 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0520710

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  210 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0516742

intramuscular-rat LD50  1500 mg/kg
Environmental Space Science. English Translation of Kosmicheskaya Biologiya Meditsina. 1967-70.Vol. 2, Pg. 289, 1968.

Dermal Toxicity:
subcutaneous-rat LD50 2200 mg/kg
Environmental Space Science. English Translation of Kosmicheskaya Biologiya Meditsina. 1967-70.Vol. 2, Pg. 289, 1968.

skin-rabbit LD50 7640 ul/kg
BEHAVIORAL: ATAXIA SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): "DERMATITIS, OTHER: AFTER SYSTEMIC EXPOSURE" MUSCULOSKELETAL: OTHER CHANGES
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0516797

skin-guinea pig LD50 11900 uL/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0516742

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: buffering agents and neutralizing agents
Recommendation for diethanol amine usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for diethanol amine flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NIOSH Pocket Guide: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 111-42-2
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 8113
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 3082
WGK Germany: 1
 2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)ethanol
Chemidplus: 0000111422
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: 111-42-2
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References:
 2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)ethanol
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 111-42-2
Pubchem (cid): 8113
Pubchem (sid): 134975024
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Golm Metabolome Database: Search
Metabolomics Database: Search
UM BBD: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C06772
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB04437
FooDB: FDB023372
Export Tariff Code: 2922.12.0000
Haz-Map: View
Household Products: Search
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Formulations/Preparations:
diethanolamine condensates are offered commercially as one mole of fatty acid with 2 moles of diethanolamine
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 not found in nature
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Synonyms:
 dea
 di(2-hydroxyethyl) amine
 diethanolamine
 diethylol amine
2,2'-dihydroxydiethyl amine
2,2'-dihydroxydiethylamine
 diolamine
2-(2-hydroxyethyl amino) ethanol
bis(2-hydroxyethyl) amine
2-[(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]ethan-1-ol
2-[(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]ethanol
2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)ethanol
2,2'-iminobis[ethanol]
2,2'-iminobisethanol
2,2'-iminodi-1-ethanol
2,2'-iminodiethanol
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