EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes

methane, tribromo-

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 75-25-2Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:200-854-6
Nikkaji Web:J1.446J
Beilstein Number:1731048
XlogP3-AA:2.80 (est)
Molecular Weight:252.73097000
Formula:C H Br3
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:information only not used for fragrances or flavors
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:2.89400 @ 25.00 °C.
Melting Point: 8.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 149.10 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:5.200000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:8.7 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 111.00 °F. TCC ( 44.00 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): 2.400
Soluble in:
 water, 3100 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
 water, 203.8 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
None found
Allan Chemical
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Bromoform 99%
contains 60-120 ppm 2-methyl-2-butene as stabilizer
For experimental / research use only.
Bromoform >99.0%(GC)
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-human LDLo 143 mg/kg
"Toxicology of Drugs and Chemicals," Deichmann, W.B., New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1969Vol. -, Pg. 141, 1969.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 1274 mg/kg
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 20(12), Pg. 52, 1976.

oral-mouse LD50 1072 mg/kg
National Toxicology Program Technical Report Series. Vol. NTP-TR-350, Pg. 1989

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 414 mg/kg
Toxicology Letters. Vol. 15, Pg. 251, 1983.

oral-rat LD50 933 mg/kg
National Toxicology Program Technical Report Series. Vol. NTP-TR-350, Pg. 1989

Dermal Toxicity:
subcutaneous-mouse LD50 1820 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 4, Pg. 354, 1962.

subcutaneous-rabbit LDLo 410 mg/kg
Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 28, Pg. 201, 1891.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-mammal (species unspecified) LC50 12100 mg/m3
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 18(4), Pg. 55, 1974.

inhalation-rat LCLo 45000 mg/m3/4H
"Toxicometric Parameters of Industrial Toxic Chemicals Under Single Exposure," Izmerov, N.F., et al., Moscow, Centre of International Projects, GKNT, 1982Vol. -, Pg. 28, 1982.

Safety in Use Information:
information only not used for fragrances or flavors
Recommendation for bromoform usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for bromoform flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
EPI System: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NIOSH Pocket Guide:search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):75-25-2
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :5558
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:3
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:75-25-2
Pubchem (cid):5558
Pubchem (sid):134970886
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
KEGG (GenomeNet):C14707
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
Export Tariff Code:2903.30.1550
Typical G.C.
•grades: technical; pharmaceutical; spectrophotometric. •usually sold mixed with 3-4% ethanol as a stabilizer •liquid grade
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 ulva rigida oil greece @ 1.10%
Data GC Search PMC Picture
 methane, tribromo-
 methenyl tribromide
 methyl tribromide


PubMed:Volatile organic compounds in Arctic snow: concentrations and implications for atmospheric processes.
PubMed:Bromoform reaction of tertiary amines with N,N-dibromosulfonamides or NBS/sulfonamides.
PubMed:Predictors of urinary trichloroacetic acid and baseline blood trihalomethanes concentrations among men in China.
PubMed:Colon and rectal cancer incidence and water trihalomethane concentrations in New South Wales, Australia.
PubMed:Synthesis of α-tribromomethylamines via Mg-mediated addition of bromoform to imines.
PubMed:Predictors of blood trihalomethane concentrations in NHANES 1999-2006.
PubMed:Formation of THMs and HANs during bromination of Microcystis aeruginosa.
PubMed:Comparison of the photochemistry of 3-methyl-2-phenyl-2H-azirine and 2-methyl-3-phenyl-2H-azirine.
PubMed:Genotoxicity of drinking water disinfection by-products (bromoform and chloroform) by using both Allium anaphase-telophase and comet tests.
PubMed:Exhaust constituent emission factors of printed circuit board pyrolysis processes and its exhaust control.
PubMed:Bromoform activation. TiCl4-Mg-promoted CHBr2- and CBr3- transfer to a variety of aldehydes and ketones.
PubMed:Factors affecting the formation of disinfection by-products during chlorination and chloramination of secondary effluent for the production of high quality recycled water.
PubMed:Comparative developmental toxicity of new aromatic halogenated DBPs in a chlorinated saline sewage effluent to the marine polychaete Platynereis dumerilii.
PubMed:Molecular dynamics simulations of small halogenated organics at the air-water interface: implications in water treatment and atmospheric chemistry.
PubMed:Impact of biogas digesters on cookhouse volatile organic compound exposure for rural Kenyan farmwomen.
PubMed:The role of vanadium haloperoxidases in the formation of volatile brominated compounds and their impact on the environment.
PubMed:Biological and statistical approaches for modeling exposure to specific trihalomethanes and bladder cancer risk.
PubMed:Global sampling of the photochemical reaction paths of bromoform by ultrafast deep-UV through near-IR transient absorption and ab initio multiconfigurational calculations.
PubMed:Measurements of rate constants for the OH reactions with bromoform (CHBr3), CHBr2Cl, CHBrCl2, and epichlorohydrin (C3H5ClO).
PubMed:The effect of different boiling and filtering devices on the concentration of disinfection by-products in tap water.
PubMed:Distributions and sea-to-air fluxes of chloroform, trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, chlorodibromomethane and bromoform in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea during spring.
PubMed:Baseline blood trihalomethanes, semen parameters and serum total testosterone: a cross-sectional study in China.
PubMed:Cancer and non-cancer risk assessment of trihalomethanes in urban drinking water supplies of Pakistan.
PubMed:Occurrence of disinfection by-products in tap water distribution systems and their associated health risk.
PubMed:Formation of dimethylketene and methacrolein by reaction of the CH radical with acetone.
PubMed:Multisite binding of a general anesthetic to the prokaryotic pentameric Erwinia chrysanthemi ligand-gated ion channel (ELIC).
PubMed:Formation and speciation characteristics of brominated trihalomethanes in seawater chlorination.
PubMed:Ozonation of iodide-containing waters: selective oxidation of iodide to iodate with simultaneous minimization of bromate and I-THMs.
PubMed:Photolytic removal of DBPs by medium pressure UV in swimming pool water.
PubMed:O,O'-Diester methylenediphosphonotetrathioate: synthesis, characterization, and potential applications.
PubMed:Development of a simplified, cost effective GC-ECD methodology for the sensitive detection of bromoform in the troposphere.
PubMed:A van der Waals density functional study of chloroform and other trihalomethanes on graphene.
PubMed:Distributions and sea-to-air fluxes of volatile halocarbons in the East China Sea in early winter.
PubMed:The influence of physicochemical properties on the internal dose of trihalomethanes in humans following a controlled showering exposure.
PubMed:Disinfection by-products in ballast water treatment: an evaluation of regulatory data.
PubMed:Factors associated with sources, transport, and fate of chloroform and three other trihalomethanes in untreated groundwater used for drinking water.
PubMed:Trihalomethanes in Lisbon indoor swimming pools: occurrence, determining factors, and health risk classification.
PubMed:Nonideal transport of contaminants in heterogeneous porous media: 10. Impact of co-solutes on sorption by porous media with low organic-carbon contents.
PubMed:Electrochemical determination of trihalomethanes in water by means of stripping analysis.
PubMed:Carbenic vs. ionic mechanistic pathway in reaction of cyclohexanone with bromoform.
PubMed:Trihalomethanes in chlorine and bromine disinfected swimming pools: air-water distributions and human exposure.
PubMed:Vibrational relaxation pathways of amide I and amide II modes in N-methylacetamide.
PubMed:Fine spatial assembly for construction of the phenol-binding pocket to capture bisphenol A in the human nuclear receptor estrogen-related receptor γ.
PubMed:Comparison of trihalomethanes in tap water and blood: a case study in the United States.
PubMed:Exposure levels to brominated compounds in seawater swimming pools treated with chlorine.
PubMed:Occurrence and potential crop uptake of emerging contaminants and related compounds in an agricultural irrigation network.
PubMed:Synthesis of halogenated pregnanes, mechanistic probes of steroid hydroxylases CYP17A1 and CYP21A2.
PubMed:Heated indoor swimming pools, infants, and the pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a neurogenic hypothesis.
PubMed:Spectroscopic and computational studies of matrix-isolated iso-CHBr3: structure, properties, and photochemistry of iso-bromoform.
PubMed:Determination of volatile organic compounds in water by headspace solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry with triple quadrupole analyzer.
PubMed:Chlorination byproducts induce gender specific autistic-like behaviors in CD-1 mice.
PubMed:Atom transfer radical addition (ATRA) catalyzed by copper complexes with tris[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]amine (Me6TREN) ligand in the presence of free-radical diazo initiator AIBN.
PubMed:Formation and modeling of disinfection by-products in drinking water of six cities in China.
PubMed:The liquid structure of haloforms CHCl3 and CHBr3.
PubMed:A simplified Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged and Safe approach for the determination of trihalomethanes and benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes in soil matrices by fast gas chromatography with mass spectrometry detection.
PubMed:Detailed intermolecular structure of molecular liquids containing slightly distorted tetrahedral molecules with C(3v) symmetry: chloroform, bromoform, and methyl-iodide.
PubMed:[Formation and changes of regulated trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids in raw water of Yangtze River, Huangpu River and different treatment processes and pipelines network].
PubMed:Evaluation of the impact of the exposure route on the human kinetic adjustment factor.
PubMed:Production of various disinfection byproducts in indoor swimming pool waters treated with different disinfection methods.
PubMed:One-pot conversions of olefins to cyclic carbonates and secondary allylic and homoallylic amines to cyclic carbamates.
PubMed:A new high-pressure polar phase of crystalline bromoform: a first-principles study.
PubMed:Pregnancy loss and eye malformations in offspring of F344 rats following gestational exposure to mixtures of regulated trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids.
PubMed:Genotoxic effects in swimmers exposed to disinfection by-products in indoor swimming pools.
PubMed:What's in the pool? A comprehensive identification of disinfection by-products and assessment of mutagenicity of chlorinated and brominated swimming pool water.
PubMed:Multi-route risk assessment from trihalomethanes in drinking water supplies.
PubMed:Variations in trihalomethane levels in three French water distribution systems and the development of a predictive model.
PubMed:Determination of trihalomethanes in soil matrices by simplified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe extraction and fast gas chromatography with electron capture detection.
PubMed:Patterns of water use and exposure to trihalomethanes among children in Spain.
PubMed:Direct detection of pyridine formation by the reaction of CH (CD) with pyrrole: a ring expansion reaction.
PubMed:[Determination of trihalomethanes and haloacetic acids in the sample holding time, and their stability in the extract].
PubMed:Plasma brominated polymer particles as grafting substrate for thiol-terminated telomers.
PubMed:Factorial analysis of the trihalomethane formation in the reaction of colloidal, hydrophobic, and transphilic fractions of DOM with free chlorine.
PubMed:New method for determination of trihalomethanes in exhaled breath: applications to swimming pool and bath environments.
PubMed:Investigating effects of bromide ions on trihalomethanes and developing model for predicting bromodichloromethane in drinking water.
PubMed:Facile synthetic access to rhenium(II) complexes: activation of carbon-bromine bonds by single-electron transfer.
PubMed:Ultrafast observation of isomerization and complexation in the photolysis of bromoform in solution.
PubMed:The advanced EctoSys electrolysis as an integral part of a ballast water treatment system.
PubMed:Characteristics of exhaust gas, liquid products, and residues of printed circuit boards using the pyrolysis process.
PubMed:Optimization of a novel procedure for determination of VOCs in water and human urine samples based on SBSE coupled with TD-GC-HRMS.
PubMed:Molecular symmetry and isostructural relations in crystal phases of trihalomethanes CHCl3, CHBrCl2, CHBr2Cl, and CHBr3.
PubMed:Formation of bromoform in irradiated titanium dioxide suspensions with varying photocatalyst, dissolved organic carbon and bromide concentrations.
PubMed:A novel prosthetic resin composite containing fine enamel particles.
PubMed:Exposure to inhaled THM: comparison of continuous and event-specific exposure assessment for epidemiologic purposes.
PubMed:Public health interpretation of trihalomethane blood levels in the United States: NHANES 1999-2004.
PubMed:Ionic liquid-based single drop microextraction and room-temperature gas chromatography for on-site ion mobility spectrometric analysis.
PubMed:Volatile disinfection by-product analysis from chlorinated indoor swimming pools.
PubMed:Episodic trihalomethane species and levels in tap water at a start of operation of advanced treatment in Osaka Prefectural water supplies.
PubMed:Simulating distribution of trihalomethane in tap water in the area receiving a combination of advanced treated water and conventionally treated different source water: 1998, 1999 and 2002 data on Osaka Prefecture and its surrounding cities, Japan.
PubMed:Groundwater contamination by microbiological and chemical substances released from hospital wastewater: health risk assessment for drinking water consumers.
PubMed:Facile synthesis of beta-tribromomethyl and dibromomethylenated nitroalkanes via conjugate addition of bromoform to nitroalkenes.
PubMed:Purge efficiency in the determination of trihalomethanes in water by purge-and-trap gas chromatography.
PubMed:[Trihalomethane levels in drinking water in the province of Granada [Spain]].
PubMed:Development of a simultaneously frequency- and time-resolved Raman-induced Kerr effect probe.
PubMed:Application of chemical, physical and chemometric analytical techniques to the study of ancient ceramic oil lamps.
PubMed:Headspace liquid-phase microextraction of trihalomethanes in drinking water and their gas chromatographic determination.
PubMed:Determination of trihalomethanes in chlorinated sea water samples using a purge-and-trap system coupled to gas chromatography.
PubMed:Vibrational relaxation of OH and CH fundamentals of polar and nonpolar molecules in the condensed phase.
PubMed:Disinfection by-product formation and mutagenic assay caused by preozonation of groundwater containing bromide.
PubMed:Heats of formation of HCCl3, HCCl2Br, HCClBr2, HCBr3, and their fragment ions studied by threshold photoelectron photoion coincidence.
PubMed:Determination of trihalomethanes in waters by ionic liquid-based single drop microextraction/gas chromatographic/mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Seasonal variation in drinking water concentrations of disinfection by-products in IZMIR and associated human health risks.
PubMed:Study on control of micro-pollutants by BAC filtration.
PubMed:Polar symmetry in new high-pressure phases of chloroform and bromoform.
PubMed:Cancer risk assessment from exposure to trihalomethanes in tap water and swimming pool water.
PubMed:Haloacetic acid and trihalomethane formation from the chlorination and bromination of aliphatic beta-dicarbonyl acid model compounds.
PubMed:Human health risk assessment of chlorinated disinfection by-products in drinking water using a probabilistic approach.
PubMed:Headspace-programmed temperature vaporizer-fast gas chromatography-mass spectrometry coupling for the determination of trihalomethanes in water.
PubMed:Miniaturized dielectric barrier discharge induced chemiluminescence for detection of volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons separated by gas chromatography.
PubMed:Affinity-based elimination of aromatic VOCs by highly crystalline multi-walled carbon nanotubes.
PubMed:Risk assessment of trihalomethanes from tap water in Fortaleza, Brazil.
PubMed:Ab initio study of the interaction of CHX3 (X = H, F, Cl, or Br) with benzene and hexafluorobenzene.
PubMed:Chlorination disinfection by-products and risk of congenital anomalies in England and Wales.
PubMed:Different regulation of haloperoxidation during agar oligosaccharide-activated defence mechanisms in two related red algae, Gracilaria sp. and Gracilaria chilensis.
PubMed:Case-control study of the effects of trihalomethanes on urinary bladder cancer risk.
PubMed:Development of normal human colon cell cultures to identify priority unregulated disinfection by-products with a carcinogenic potential.
PubMed:Formation of brominated products in irradiated titanium dioxide suspensions containing bromide and dissolved organic carbon.
PubMed:Disinfection by-product formation and mitigation strategies in point-of-use chlorination of turbid and non-turbid waters in western Kenya.
PubMed:A case study on the effect of storage of advanced treated water in a building's plumbing system on trihalomethane levels.
PubMed:Multipathway risk assessment of trihalomethane exposure in drinking water of Lebanon.
PubMed:Cancer risk assessment from trihalomethanes in drinking water.
PubMed:Application of liquid-phase microextraction to the analysis of trihalomethanes in water.
PubMed:Review of fundamentals and specific aspects of oxidation technologies in marine waters.
PubMed:Modeling daily variation of trihalomethane compounds in drinking water system, Houston, Texas.
PubMed:Unexpected variability of millennium green: structural color of Japanese jewel beetle resulted from thermosensitive porous organic multilayer.
PubMed:Factorial analysis of the trihalomethanes formation in water disinfection using chlorine.
PubMed:Case control study of the geographic variability of exposure to disinfectant byproducts and risk for rectal cancer.
PubMed:Determination of volatile organic hydrocarbons in water samples by solid-phase dynamic extraction.
PubMed:The common chemical motifs within anesthetic binding sites.
PubMed:Kinetic and mechanistic examinations of reductive transformation pathways of brominated methanes with nano-scale Fe and Ni/Fe particles.
PubMed:[Contamination by disinfection byproducts (DPBs) and microbiological quality of dialysis water: a study in an Italian hospital dialysis service].
PubMed:Modeling of trihalomethane cometabolism in nitrifying biofilters.
PubMed:Fibre selection based on an overall analytical feature comparison for the solid-phase microextraction of trihalomethanes from drinking water.
PubMed:Reverse dosimetry: interpreting trihalomethanes biomonitoring data using physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling.
PubMed:A new approach to determine method detection limits for compound-specific isotope analysis of volatile organic compounds.
PubMed:Vibrational relaxation of C-D stretching vibrations in CDCl3, CDBr3, and CDI3.
PubMed:Sensitive headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry determination of trihalomethanes in urine.
PubMed:CH radical production from 248 nm photolysis or discharge-jet dissociation of CHBr3 probed by cavity ring-down absorption spectroscopy.
PubMed:Cometabolism of trihalomethanes by mixed culture nitrifiers.
PubMed:Occurrence, oral exposure and risk assessment of volatile organic compounds in drinking water for Izmir.
PubMed:Surface photochemistry of bromoform on ice: cross section and competing reaction pathways.
PubMed:Kinetics of the reactions of the CHBr2 and CHBr2O2 radicals with O2 and NO.
PubMed:Vibrational relaxation of the CH stretch fundamental in liquid CHBr3.
PubMed:[Developing a statistical conceptual model for pre-chlorination process in waterworks].
PubMed:Chlorination byproducts in drinking water produced from thermal desalination in United Arab Emirates.
PubMed:Changes in breath trihalomethane levels resulting from household water-use activities.
PubMed:State-resolved dynamics of the CH(A2Delta) channels from single and multiple photon dissociation of bromoform in the 10-20 eV energy range.
PubMed:The effects of biological fouling control at coastal and estuarine power stations.
PubMed:Free radical chemistry of disinfection-byproducts. 1. Kinetics of hydrated electron and hydroxyl radical reactions with halonitromethanes in water.
PubMed:Trihalomethanes formation potential of shrimp farm effluents.
PubMed:Cometabolism of trihalomethanes by Nitrosomonas europaea.
PubMed:Formation of hazardous by-products resulting from the irradiation of natural organic matter: comparison between UV and VUV irradiation.
PubMed:Hydrogen peroxide and ultraviolet irradiations in water treatment.
PubMed:Effects of medium-pressure UV lamps radiation on water quality in a chlorinated indoor swimming pool.
PubMed:Improved analysis of volatile halogenated hydrocarbons in water by purge-and-trap with gas chromatography and mass spectrometric detection.
PubMed:Fate of disinfection by-products in groundwater during aquifer storage and recovery with reclaimed water.
PubMed:Tribromomethane exposure and dietary folate deficiency in the formation of aberrant crypt foci in the colons of F344/N rats.
PubMed:The determination and fate of disinfection by-products from ozonation of polluted raw water.
PubMed:Measurement of trihalomethanes and methyl tert-butyl ether in whole blood using gas chromatography with high-resolution mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Aggregation and breakup of colloidal particle aggregates in shear flow, studied with video microscopy.
PubMed:Characterization of the metabolic interaction between trihalomethanes and chloroacetic acids using rat liver microsomes.
PubMed:Rejection of emerging organic micropollutants in nanofiltration-reverse osmosis membrane applications.
PubMed:Multi-route trihalomethane exposure in households using municipal tap water treated with chlorine or ozone-chlorine.
PubMed:Fate of disinfection by-products in groundwater during aquifer storage and recovery with reclaimed water.
PubMed:Ultraviolet radiation affects emission of ozone-depleting substances by marine macroalgae: results from a laboratory incubation study.
PubMed:Effects of temperature and chemical addition on the formation of bromoorganic DBPs during ozonation.
PubMed:A mixture of environmental contaminants increases cAMP-dependent protein kinase in Spisula embryos.
PubMed:A calorimetric study on the binding of six general anesthetics to the hydrophobic core of a model protein.
PubMed:Mechanisms and inorganic byproducts of trihalomethane compounds sonodegradation.
PubMed:Trihalomethanes and associated potential cancer risks in the water supply in Ankara, Turkey.
PubMed:Molecular elimination of Br2 in 248 nm photolysis of bromoform probed by using cavity ring-down absorption spectroscopy.
PubMed:Direct observation of an isopolyhalomethane O-H insertion reaction with water: picosecond time-resolved resonance Raman (ps-TR3) study of the isobromoform reaction with water to produce a CHBr2OH product.
PubMed:Structurally assisted blackness in butterfly scales.
PubMed:Measurement of trihalomethanes and methyl tertiary-butyl ether in tap water using solid-phase microextraction GC-MS.
PubMed:Experimental cancer studies of chlorinated by-products.
PubMed:Purge-and-trap capillary gas chromatography with atomic emission detection for volatile halogenated organic compounds determination in waters and beverages.
PubMed:Headspace solvent microextraction of trihalomethane compounds into a single drop.
PubMed:Effect of NOM characteristics on brominated organics formation by ozonation.
PubMed:Evaluation of disinfection by-products formation during ozonation of bromide-containing groundwater.
PubMed:Vehicle and mode of administration effects on the induction of aberrant crypt foci in the colons of male F344/N rats exposed to bromodichloromethane.
PubMed:Evaluation of the influence of chloroacetic acids on the pharmacokinetics of trihalomethanes in the rat.
PubMed:Tribromopyrrole, brominated acids, and other disinfection byproducts produced by disinfection of drinking water rich in bromide.
PubMed:Characterisation of a new 1:1 (C60)(CHBr3) intercalation complex.
PubMed:Do vesicle cells of the red alga Asparagopsis (Falkenbergia stage) play a role in bromocarbon production?
PubMed:[Trihalomethanes in the drinking water of Carabobo State, Venezuela].
PubMed:Description of trihalomethane levels in three UK water suppliers.
PubMed:Molecular volume determines the activity of the halogenated alkane bromoform at wild-type and mutant GABA(A) receptors.
PubMed:Analysis of trihalomethanes in drinking water using headspace-SPME technique with gas chromatography.
PubMed:Study of the nature of improper blue-shifting hydrogen bonding and standard hydrogen bonding in the X3CH...OH2 and XH...OH2 complexes (X = F, Cl, Br, I): A correlated Ab initio study.
PubMed:Analysis of beta-lactam antibiotics by high performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry using bromoform.
PubMed:Percutaneous absorption of trihalomethanes, haloacetic acids, and haloketones.
PubMed:The induction of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in the colons of rats by trihalomethanes administered in the drinking water.
PubMed:[Aggravation by halomethanes of damages in isolated erythrocyte membranes photosensitized by porphyrins].
PubMed:Structures of bromoalkanes' photodissociation in solution by means of ultrafast extended x-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopy.
PubMed:Hydrogen abstraction and decomposition of bromopicrin and other trihalogenated disinfection byproducts by GC/MS.
PubMed:Measuring and modelling VOC biotransformation rates.
PubMed:[Halogenated by-products of chlorination in tap water].
PubMed:The light-induced reactions of tryptophan with halocompounds.
PubMed:Trihalomethane formation potential and concentration changes during water treatment at Mumbai (India).
PubMed:Partition coefficients for the trihalomethanes among blood, urine, water, milk and air.
PubMed:Analysis of the cytotoxicity and mutagenicity of drinking water disinfection by-products in Salmonella typhimurium.
PubMed:Physiological function of bromoperoxidase in the red marine alga, Corallina pilulifera: production of bromoform as an allelochemical and the simultaneous elimination of hydrogen peroxide.
PubMed:Experimental upgrades of membrane introduction mass spectrometry for water and air analysis.
PubMed:Blood:air partition coefficients of individual and mixtures of trihalomethanes.
PubMed:Assessing exposure to disinfection by-products in women of reproductive age living in Corpus Christi, Texas, and Cobb county, Georgia: descriptive results and methods.
PubMed:Determination of rat hepatocellular glutathione by reversed-phase liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection and cytotoxicity evaluation of environmental pollutants based on the concentration change.
PubMed:Use of routinely collected data on trihalomethane in drinking water for epidemiological purposes.
PubMed:Low-molecular-weight organoiodine and organobromine compounds released by polar macroalgae--the influence of abiotic factors.
PubMed:Occupational exposure to trihalomethanes in indoor swimming pools.
PubMed:Cooperative binding of inhaled anesthetics and ATP to firefly luciferase.
PubMed:Effect of trihalomethanes on cell proliferation and DNA methylation in female B6C3F1 mouse liver.
PubMed:Measurement of trihalomethanes in potable and recreational waters using solid phase micro extraction with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:On-line monitoring trihalomethanes in chlorinated water by membrane introduction-fast gas chromatography mass-spectrometry.
PubMed:Estimation of rat blood:air partition coefficients of volatile organic chemicals using reconstituted mixtures of blood components.
PubMed:Household exposures to drinking water disinfection by-products: whole blood trihalomethane levels.
PubMed:Concentration dependency of rat blood: air partition coefficients of some volatile organic chemicals.
PubMed:Evaluation of the pharmacokinetic interactions between orally administered trihalomethanes in the rat.
PubMed:Risk assessment case study--chloroform and related substances.
PubMed:The natural production of organobromine compounds.
PubMed:Rotational Spectrum of CBr by Kinetic Microwave Spectroscopy of 193-nm Photolysis Products of Bromoform.
PubMed:Degradation of chlorinated and brominated hydrocarbons by Methylomicrobium album BG8.
PubMed:[Human exposure to trihalomethanes in drinking water].
PubMed:Induction of sister chromatid exchanges in human peripheral blood lymphocytes by bromoform: investigation of the role of GSTT1-1 polymorphism.
PubMed:Membrane inlet mass spectrometry of volatile organohalogen compounds in drinking water.
PubMed:Induction of genetic damage in human lymphocytes and mutations in Salmonella by trihalomethanes: role of red blood cells and GSTT1-1 polymorphism.
PubMed:Assessment of disinfection by-products in drinking water in Korea.
PubMed:Influence of oral administration of a quaternary mixture of trihalomethanes on their blood kinetics in the rat.
PubMed:Drinking water disinfection byproducts: review and approach to toxicity evaluation.
PubMed:Structural basis for the inhibition of firefly luciferase by a general anesthetic.
PubMed:Blood and breath analyses as biological indicators of exposure to trihalomethanes in indoor swimming pools.
PubMed:Trihalomethanes in drinking water and spontaneous abortion.
PubMed:VOC concentration in Taiwan's household drinking water.
PubMed:Regenerative hyperplasia is not required for liver tumor induction in female B6C3F1 mice exposed to trihalomethanes.
PubMed:Assessment of the potential in vivo genotoxicity of three trihalomethanes: chlorodibromomethane, bromodichloromethane and bromoform.
PubMed:Reproductive toxicology. Bromoform.
PubMed:Glutathione S-transferase-mediated induction of GC-->AT transitions by halomethanes in Salmonella.
PubMed:[Chemical structure and genotoxicity of a series of halogen-substituted derivatives of propane and methane].
PubMed:Decylammonium Chloride and Cesium Perfluorooctanoate Surface Free Energy and Their Critical Micelle Concentration
PubMed:Field bean protease inhibitor mitigates the sister-chromatid exchanges induced by bromoform and depresses the spontaneous sister-chromatid exchange frequency of human lymphocytes in vitro.
PubMed:Detection and quanification of trihalomethanes in drinking water from Alexandria, Egypt.
PubMed:[A pilot study on trihalomethane formation in water treated by chlorine dioxide].
PubMed:Treatment of vacutainers for use in the analysis of volatile organic compounds in human blood at the low parts-per-trillion level.
PubMed:Use of the SOS chromotest, the Ames-fluctuation test and the newt micronucleus test to study the genotoxicity of four trihalomethanes.
PubMed:Reductive dehalogenation of bromoform in aqueous solution.
PubMed:Survey of trihalomethanes and other volatile chemical contaminants in processed foods by purge-and-trap capillary gas chromatography with mass selective detection.
PubMed:Reductive dehalogenation of hexachloroethane, carbon tetrachloride, and bromoform by anthrahydroquinone disulfonate and humic Acid.
PubMed:Characterization of trihalomethane (THM)-induced renal dysfunction in the rat. II: Relative potency of THMs in promoting renal dysfunction.
PubMed:Characterization of trihalomethane (THM)-induced renal dysfunction in the rat. I: Effects of THM on glomerular filtration and renal concentrating ability.
PubMed:Mixed algal population and Scenedesmus sp. as trihalomethane precursors.
PubMed:Evaluating the adequacy of maximum contaminant levels as health-protective cleanup goals: an analysis based on Monte Carlo techniques.
PubMed:Sister-chromatid exchanges induced by trihalomethanes in rat erythroblastic cells and their suppression by crude catechin extracted from green tea.
PubMed:Quantitative structure-activity relationship models correctly predict the toxic and aneuploidizing properties of six halogenated methanes in Aspergillus nidulans.
PubMed:Assessment of the carcinogenic potential of chlorinated water: experimental studies of chlorine, chloramine, and trihalomethanes.
PubMed:Trihalomethane induced alterations in the content of metallothionein and in the activities of heme metabolizing enzymes in rats.
PubMed:Mutagenic and lethal effects of halogenated methanes in the Ara test of Salmonella typhimurium: quantitative relationship with chemical reactivity.
PubMed:Toxicities of microencapsulated tribromomethane, dibromochloromethane and bromodichloromethane administered in the diet to Wistar rats for one month.
PubMed:Trihalomethanes in chlorinated drinking water of Cairo, Egypt.
PubMed:The detection of halocarbon-derived radical adducts in bile and liver of rats.
PubMed:Characterization by NMR of the heme-myoglobin adduct formed during the reductive metabolism of BrCCl3. Covalent bonding of the proximal histidine to the ring I vinyl group.
PubMed:Survey of Saudi Arabian drinking water for trihalomethanes.
PubMed:Acute and subacute cytogenetic effects of the trihalomethanes on rat bone marrow cells in vivo.
PubMed:[Distribution pattern of chemicals in surface waters as a reflexion of entry pattern--volatile halogenated hydrocarbons].
PubMed:Trihalomethanes in the water supplies of Sardinia, Italy.
PubMed:Dechlorination of chloroform by methanosarcina strains.
PubMed:Micron-sized droplets irradiated with a pulsed CO(2) laser: measurement of explosion and breakdown thresholds.
PubMed:Trihalomethane levels in Madras public drinking water supply system and its impact on public health.
PubMed:[Association of polyneuritis-encephalopathy. Role of bromoform].
PubMed:NTP Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Tribromomethane (Bromoform) (CAS No. 75-25-2) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Gavage Studies).
PubMed:Damage to protein synthesis concurrent with lipid peroxidation in rat liver slices: effect of halogenated compounds, peroxides, and vitamin E1.
PubMed:[The mutagenicity of organic microcontamination in the environment. II. The mutagenicity of volatile organic halogens in the Salmonella microsome test (Ames Test) with regard to the contamination of groundwater and drinking water].
PubMed:Measurement of unscheduled DNA synthesis and S-phase synthesis in rodent hepatocytes following in vivo treatment: testing of 24 compounds.
PubMed:Degradation of bromoform and chlorodibromomethane in a catalyzed H2-water system.
PubMed:In vitro mutagenicity of water contaminants in complex mixtures.
PubMed:[Axonal neuropathy and chronic Codobromyl poisoning].
PubMed:Purge and trap method for determination of volatile halocarbons and carbon disulfide in table-ready foods.
PubMed:Halogenated compounds as inducers of lipid peroxidation in tissue slices.
PubMed:Absorption, distribution, and excretion of 14C-trihalomethanes in mice and rats.
PubMed:Krypton-79m: a new radionuclide for applications in nuclear medicine.
PubMed:The changes in quality of mandibular bone mineral in otherwise totally immobilized rhesus monkeys.
PubMed:Comparison of the effect of trihalomethanes on lipid metabolism in rat liver slice.
PubMed:Analysis of drinking water for the detection of trihalomethanes.
PubMed:Activation of chloroform and related trihalomethanes to free radical intermediates in isolated hepatocytes and in the rat in vivo as detected by the ESR-spin trapping technique.
PubMed:Development of aquarium fish models for environmental carcinogenesis: an intermittent-flow exposure system for volatile, hydrophobic chemicals.
PubMed:Chemical mutagenesis testing in Drosophila. V. Results of 53 coded compounds tested for the National Toxicology Program.
PubMed:Chemosensitivity of lobster,Homarus americanus, to secondary plant compounds: Unused receptor capabilities.
PubMed:Trihalomethanes induce sister chromatid exchanges in human lymphocytes in vitro and mouse bone marrow cells in vivo.
PubMed:Brine shrimp (Artemia salina) nauplii as a teratogen test system.
PubMed:Absence of potentiation of bromoform hepatotoxicity and lethality by chlordecone.
PubMed:A teratological assessment of four trihalomethanes in the rat.
PubMed:Correlated physiochemical and age changes in embryonic bovine enamel.
PubMed:Comparative renal and hepatotoxicity of halomethanes: bromodichloromethane, bromoform, chloroform, dibromochloromethane and methylene chloride.
PubMed:Trihalomethanes as initiators and promoters of carcinogenesis.
PubMed:Trihalomethanes: II. Reversibility of toxicological changes produced by chloroform, bromodichloromethane, chlorodibromomethane and bromoform in rats.
PubMed:Toxicity of trihalomethanes: I. The acute and subacute toxicity of chloroform, bromodichloromethane, chlorodibromomethane and bromoform in rats.
PubMed:Concentrations of osteocalcin and phosphoprotein as a function of mineral content and age in cortical bone.
PubMed:Metabolism of haloforms to carbon monoxide. IV. studies on the reaction mechanism in vivo.
PubMed:Early life stage toxicity tests with a saltwater fish: effects of eight chemicals on survival growth, and development of sheepshead minnows (Cyprinodon variegatus).
PubMed:Laser Raman investigation of pharmaceutical solids: griseofulvin and its solvates.
PubMed:Synthesis of brominated heptanones and bromoform by a bromoperoxidase of marine origin.
PubMed:Sampling of chlorinated and brominated haloforms from humid atmospheres.
PubMed:Drinking water in Bremen: trihalomethanes and social costs. A case study of bromoform formation during chlorination of river water highly contaminated with bromide ions.
PubMed:Nitrates, chlorates and trihalomethanes in swimming pool water.
PubMed:Halohydrocarbon synthesis by bromoperoxidase.
PubMed:Metabolism of haloforms to carbon monoxide. II. In vivo studies.
PubMed:Test for carcinogenicity of organic contaminants of United States drinking waters by pulmonary tumor response in strain A mice.
PubMed:Metabolism of haloforms to carbon monoxide. I. In vitro studies.
PubMed:Glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans of human bone tissue at different stages of mineralization.
PubMed:25-hydroxycholecalciferol-enhanced bone maturation in the parathyroprivic state.
PubMed:Proteoglycans of mineralizing rib and epiphyseal cartilage.
PubMed:Experimental renal osteodystrophy. The response to 25-hydroxycholecalciferol and dicholomethylene diphosphate therapy.
PubMed:Formation of trihalomethanes by chlorination of surface water.
PubMed:GLC determination of PPB levels of citrate by conversion to bromoform.
PubMed:Effect of experimental chronic renal insufficiency on bone mineral and collagen maturation.
PubMed:[Dissolution of gallstones with bromoform].
PubMed:[Determination of bromoform in organic material].
PubMed:[Complexometric determination of bromoform in syrups].
PubMed:[Determination of bromoform in syrups and in pills by distillation in the presence of alcohol].
None found
Please share your Comments.
Email Address:
Top of Page Home
Copyright © 1980-2021 The Good Scents Company (tgsc) ™ Disclaimer Privacy Policy