ammonium benzoate
benzoate, ammonium salt (1:1)
 
Notes:
Preservative
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azanium benzoate (Click)
CAS Number: 1863-63-4Picture of molecule
Other: 14374-89-1
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 217-468-9
FDA UNII: AC80WD7GPF
Beilstein Number: 3634518
MDL: MFCD00013069
Molecular Weight: 139.15413000
Formula: C7 H9 N O2
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: preservatives
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
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PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
FDA Mainterm: Ammonium benzoate
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 194.50 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 249.00 to  250.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Vapor Pressure: 0.012200 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 233.00 °F. TCC ( 111.40 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): 1.895 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 1e+006 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
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Organoleptic Properties:
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: preservatives
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Suppliers:
Kraft Chemical
Ammonium Benzoate
Penta International
AMMONIUM BENZOATE
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Ammonium Benzoate
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Ammonium Benzoate 98%
Viachem
Ammonium Benzoate
Odor: bland
Use: Ammonium benzoate, NH4C7H5O2, a white solid, is the ammonium salt of benzoic acid. A coarse, white powder, ammonium benzoate is used in the coatings industry as a cost-effective, amine-free flash rust inhibitor for ferrous substrates. Ammonium benzoate is also used as a preservative in certain adhesives and rubber latex and is commonly used as industrial preservative for paper wrappers, an agent for reducing curing time in vulcanization of rubber and an analytical reagent for various elements. In personal care products, ammonium benzoate is used as a preservative.
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  825 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BEHAVIORAL: ALTERED SLEEP TIME (INCLUDING CHANGE IN RIGHTING REFLEX) PERIPHERAL NERVE AND SENSATION: SPASTIC PARALYSIS WITH OR WITHOUT SENSORY CHANGE
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 51(1), Pg. 75, 1986.

oral-mouse LD50  235 mg/kg
PERIPHERAL NERVE AND SENSATION: SPASTIC PARALYSIS WITH OR WITHOUT SENSORY CHANGE BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BEHAVIORAL: ALTERED SLEEP TIME (INCLUDING CHANGE IN RIGHTING REFLEX)
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 51(1), Pg. 75, 1986.

intravenous-rabbit LDLo  400 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: EXCITEMENT
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 44, Pg. 81, 1932.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: preservatives
Recommendation for ammonium benzoate usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for ammonium benzoate flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
Daily Med: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 1863-63-4
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 15830
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 3
 azanium benzoate
Chemidplus: 0001863634
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: DG3378000 for cas# 1863-63-4
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References:
 azanium benzoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 1863-63-4
Pubchem (cid): 15830
Pubchem (sid): 134981055
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB33388
FooDB: FDB011419
Export Tariff Code: 2916.31.1090
Haz-Map: View
Household Products: Search
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Formulations/Preparations:
it is about 99% pure.
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
 preservatives 
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 not found in nature
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Synonyms:
 azanium benzoate
 benzoate, ammonium salt (1:1)
 benzoic acid ammonium salt
 benzoic acid, ammonium salt
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Articles:
PubMed: Adamantane-1-ammonium benzoate.
PubMed: The precipitation of aluminium and its separation from cobalt, chromium, nickel or zinc by means of ammonium benzoate.
PubMed: [Influence of sodium benzoate, p-aminobenzoic acid and ammonium benzoate on the lethal doses of procaine and lidocaine in male rats (author's transl)].
PubMed: A system of qualitative analysis for the common metals in presence of phosphates, using ammonium benzoate.
PubMed: The role of Cys108 in Trigonopsis variabilis d-amino acid oxidase examined through chemical oxidation studies and point mutations C108S and C108D.
PubMed: Lewis base catalyzed Mannich-type reactions between trimethylsilyl enol ethers and aldimines.
PubMed: [Studies on the infrared and fluorescence spectra of europium lanthanum-benzoate complexes].
PubMed: Studies of aflatoxins in Chiang Mai, Thailand.
PubMed: Homogeneous precipitation of basic aluminium benzoate with a buffer solution.
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