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ammonium carbamate
carbamic acid, monoammonium salt

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CAS Number: 1111-78-0Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other(deleted CASRN):879665-11-9
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:214-185-2
Beilstein Number:3914091
Molecular Weight:78.07122000
Formula:C H6 N2 O2
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:buffering agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white crystalline solid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Boiling Point: 140.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Flash Point: 32.00 °F. TCC ( 0.00 °C. ) (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 1e+006 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: buffering agents
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Ammonium Carbamate 99%
For experimental / research use only.
Ammonium Carbamate >97.0%(T)
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intravenous-mouse LD50 77 mg/kg
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Vol. 29, Pg. 897, 1968.

intravenous-rat LD50 39 mg/kg
American Journal of Veterinary Research. Vol. 29, Pg. 897, 1968.

oral-rat LD50 > 681 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. OTS0535595

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
buffering agents
Recommendation for ammonium carbamate usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for ammonium carbamate flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
EPI System: View
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):1111-78-0
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :517232
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:EY8575000 for cas# 1111-78-0
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:1111-78-0
Pubchem (cid):517232
Pubchem (sid):134979277
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
Export Tariff Code:2922.49.8000
•carbonic acid, monoammonium salt mixed with ammonium carbamate . •grades: technical.
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 ammonium aminoformate
 carbamic acid ammoniate
 carbamic acid ammoniate (1:1)
 carbamic acid ammonium salt
 carbamic acid monoammonium salt
 carbamic acid, ammonium salt
 carbamic acid, monoammonium salt


Google Patents:Preparation of ammonium carbamate
PubMed:Solid-state-trapped reactive ammonium carbamate self-derivative salts of prolinamide.
PubMed:Glycoblotting-assisted O-glycomics: ammonium carbamate allows for highly efficient o-glycan release from glycoproteins.
PubMed:Transkarbams as transdermal permeation enhancers: effects of ester position and ammonium carbamate formation.
PubMed:Kinetics of the NH3 and CO2 solid-state reaction at low temperature.
PubMed:Effect of ammonium carbamate on nutritive and preservative characteristics of high-moisture coastal bermudagrass hay.
PubMed:In situ ATR and DRIFTS studies of the nature of adsorbed CO₂ on tetraethylenepentamine films.
PubMed:Toxicologic effects of ammonium carbamate and related compounds.
PubMed:Mechanisms and kinetics for sorption of CO2 on bicontinuous mesoporous silica modified with n-propylamine.
PubMed:Low-Cost Graphite-Based Free Chlorine Sensor.
PubMed:Probing the mechanism of CO₂ capture in diamine-appended metal-organic frameworks using measured and simulated X-ray spectroscopy.
PubMed:Efficient and reversible CO2 capture by amine functionalized-silica gel confined task-specific ionic liquid system.
PubMed:Cooperative insertion of CO2 in diamine-appended metal-organic frameworks.
PubMed:Voltammetric Detection of Oxalic Acid by Using Glassy Carbon Electrodes with Covalently Attached Nitrogen-containing Functional Groups.
PubMed:Characterization by electrochemical and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic measurements and quantum chemical calculations of N-containing functional groups introduced onto glassy carbon electrode surfaces by electrooxidation of a carbamate salt in aqueous solutions.
PubMed:Thermal and energetic processing of ammonia and carbon dioxide bearing solid mixtures.
PubMed:The formation of carbamate ions in interstellar ice analogues.
PubMed:Transport characteristics of urea transporter-B.
PubMed:Coulometric determination of dissolved hydrogen with a multielectrolytic modified carbon felt electrode-based sensor.
PubMed:Crystal structures of carbamate kinase from Giardia lamblia bound with citric acid and AMP-PNP.
PubMed:Synthesis of β-D-glucopyranuronosylamine in aqueous solution: kinetic study and synthetic potential.
PubMed:CO2 capture by multivalent amino-functionalized calix[4]arenes: self-assembly, absorption, and QCM detection studies.
PubMed:Ammonium carbamates as highly active transdermal permeation enhancers with a dual mechanism of action.
PubMed:Insights into the mechanical properties of a silicone oil gel with a 'latent' gelator, 1-octadecylamine, and CO(2) as an 'activator'.
PubMed:Kinetics of the reversible reaction of CO2(aq) with ammonia in aqueous solution.
PubMed:Electrolytic aminated carbon materials for the electrocatalytic redox reactions of inorganic and organic compounds.
PubMed:Transkarbams with terminal branching as transdermal permeation enhancers.
PubMed:Synthesis and transdermal permeation-enhancing activity of ketone, amide, and alkane analogs of Transkarbam 12.
PubMed:X-ray structure and characterization of carbamate kinase from the human parasite Giardia lamblia.
PubMed:Carbamate complexation by urea-based receptors: studies in solution and the solid state.
PubMed:Robust organogels from nitrogen-containing derivatives of (R)-12-hydroxystearic acid as gelators: comparisons with gels from stearic acid derivatives.
PubMed:Mechanistic insights into the Bazarov synthesis of urea from NH3 and CO2 using electronic structure calculation methods.
PubMed:Lipase-catalysed enantioselective ammonolysis of phenylglycine methyl ester in organic solvent.
PubMed:Poly(ethylene glycol)-salt aqueous two-phase systems with easily recyclable volatile salts.
PubMed:Chemistry induced by low-energy electrons in condensed multilayers of ammonia and carbon dioxide.
PubMed:Characterization of fatty amides produced by lipase-catalyzed amidation of multi-hydroxylated fatty acids.
PubMed:Synthesis and enhancing effect of transkarbam 12 on the transdermal delivery of theophylline, clotrimazole, flobufen, and griseofulvin.
PubMed:Improving lipase-catalyzed enantioselective ammonolysis of phenylglycine methyl ester in organic solvent by in situ racemization.
PubMed:Transport and hydrolysis of urea in a reactor-separator combining an anion-exchange membrane and immobilized urease.
PubMed:Determination of sub-nanogram amounts of dihydroergotamine in plasma and urine using liquid chromatography and fluorimetric detection with off-line and on-line solid-phase drug enrichment.
PubMed:Comparative transport efficiencies of urea analogues through urea transporter UT-B.
PubMed:Biocatalytic ammonolysis of (5S)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrrole-1,5-dicarboxylic acid, 1-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-5-ethyl ester: preparation of an intermediate to the dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor Saxagliptin.
PubMed:Development of an analytical method for distinguishing ammonium bicarbonate from the products of an aqueous ammonia CO2 scrubber.
PubMed:CO2 as a supramolecular assembly agent: a route for lamellar materials with a high content of amine groups.
PubMed:Improving glycopeptide synthesis: a convenient protocol for the preparation of beta-glycosylamines and the synthesis of glycopeptides.
PubMed:Sensitivity difference of rat ascites hepatoma AH-13 and mouse leukemia L-1210 to nitrosourea derivatives.
None found
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