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(+)-2-(Z),4-(E)-abscisic acid
(S-(Z),(E))-5-(1-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethyl-4-oxocyclohex-2-en-1-yl)-3-methyl penta-2,4-dienoic acid

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Name:(2Z,4E)-5-[(1S)-1-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethyl-4-oxocyclohex-2-en-1-yl]-3-methylpenta-2,4-dienoic acid
CAS Number: 21293-29-8Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other(deleted CASRN):11010-88-1
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:244-319-5
Nikkaji Web:J9.144H
Beilstein Number:2698956
XlogP3-AA:1.60 (est)
Molecular Weight:264.32120000
Formula:C15 H20 O4
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:natural substances and extractives
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Pubchem Patents:Search
Physical Properties:
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 160.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 458.74 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Flash Point: 474.00 °F. TCC ( 245.40 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): 1.896 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 1472 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
None found
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
(+)-Abscisic acid >98%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Abscisic Acid is a plant hormone, which is involved in many plant developmental processes, modulates ion homeostasis and metabolism, and inhibits germination and seedling growth.
Glentham Life Sciences
(+)-Abscisic acid
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
(+)-Abscisic acid ≥98% (HPLC)
For experimental / research use only.
(S)-(+)-Abscisic Acid >98.0%(HPLC)
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intraperitoneal-mammal (species unspecified) LD50 > 1500 mg/kg
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry--Chimie Therapeutique. Vol. 10, Pg. 91, 1975.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
natural substances and extractives
Recommendation for (+)-2-(Z),4-(E)-abscisic acid usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for (+)-2-(Z),4-(E)-abscisic acid flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
EPI System: View
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :287291
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:3
(2Z,4E)-5-[(1S)-1-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethyl-4-oxocyclohex-2-en-1-yl]-3-methylpenta-2,4-dienoic acid
RTECS:RZ2475100 for cas# 21293-29-8
 (2Z,4E)-5-[(1S)-1-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethyl-4-oxocyclohex-2-en-1-yl]-3-methylpenta-2,4-dienoic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid):287291
Pubchem (sid):134994160
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
Golm Metabolome Database:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C06082
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB35140
Export Tariff Code:2918.99.4700
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 apple paradise apple
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 bean field bean
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 boar wild boar
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 peach plant
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 quercus ilex leaf
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(+)-(cis,trans)-abscisic acid
(+)-(S)-abscisic acid
(+)-2-cis,4-trans-abscisic acid
 abscisin II
(S)-5-(1-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethyl-4-oxo-2-cyclohexen-1-yl)-3-methyl-(2Z,4E)-pentadienoic acid
(S-(Z),(E))-5-(1-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethyl-4-oxocyclohex-2-en-1-yl)-3-methyl penta-2,4-dienoic acid
(2Z,4E)-5-[(1S)-1-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethyl-4-oxocyclohex-2-en-1-yl]-3-methylpenta-2,4-dienoic acid
(7E,9Z)-(6S)-6-hydroxy-3-oxo-11-apo-e-caroten-11-oic acid
2,4-pentadienoic acid, 5-(1-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethyl-4-oxo-2-cyclohexen-1-yl)-3-methyl-, (S-(Z,E))-
2,4-pentadienoic acid, 5-[(1S)-1-hydroxy-2,6,6-trimethyl-4-oxo-2-cyclohexen-1-yl]-3-methyl-, (2Z,4E)-


PubMed:Gibberellins and abscisic acid signal crosstalk: living and developing under unfavorable conditions.
PubMed:The strawberry pathogenesis-related 10 (PR-10) Fra a proteins control flavonoid biosynthesis by binding to metabolic intermediates.
PubMed:Water deficit alters differentially metabolic pathways affecting important flavor and quality traits in grape berries of Cabernet Sauvignon and Chardonnay.
PubMed:Characterization of three members of the Arabidopsis carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase family demonstrates the divergent roles of this multifunctional enzyme family.
PubMed:Disruption of the Homogentisate Solanesyltransferase Gene Results in Albino and Dwarf Phenotypes and Root, Trichome and Stomata Defects in Arabidopsis thaliana.
PubMed:Spatio-temporal appearance of α-amylase and limit dextrinase in barley aleurone layer in response to gibberellic acid, abscisic acid and salicylic acid.
PubMed:Isoprene production in transgenic tobacco alters isoprenoids, non-structural carbohydrates and phenylpropanoids metabolism, and protects photosynthesis from drought stress.
PubMed:Metabolite profiling of polyphenols in peels of Citrus limetta Risso by combination of preparative high-speed countercurrent chromatography and LC-ESI-MS/MS.
PubMed:Characterization of a wheat pathogenesis-related protein, TaBWPR-1.2, in seminal roots in response to waterlogging stress.
PubMed:Effect of light on growth and endogenous hormones in Chlorella minutissima (Trebouxiophyceae).
PubMed:Arabidopsis Protein Phosphatase 2C ABI1 Interacts with Type I ACC Synthases and Is Involved in the Regulation of Ozone-Induced Ethylene Biosynthesis.
PubMed:Hypoosmotic Expression of Dunaliella bardawil ζ-Carotene Desaturase Is Attributed to a Hypoosmolarity-Responsive Element Different from Other Key Carotenogenic Genes.
PubMed:Determination of phenolic compounds in honey using dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction.
PubMed:Topsoil drying combined with increased sulfur supply leads to enhanced aliphatic glucosinolates in Brassica juncea leaves and roots.
PubMed:In vivo studies on artificial induction of thermotolerance to detached panicles of wheat (Triticum aestivum L) cultivars under heat stress.
PubMed:Differential analysis of protein expression in RNA-binding-protein transgenic and parental rice seeds cultivated under salt stress.
PubMed:Gene expression in vessel-associated cells upon xylem embolism repair in Vitis vinifera L. petioles.
PubMed:[Responding relationship between endogenous hormones and hyperspectra reflectance for the different flowering stages of the giant panda's staple-food bamboos in Qinling].
PubMed:Systemic acquired resistance (50 years after discovery): moving from the lab to the field.
PubMed:How sensitive is Melissa officinalis to realistic ozone concentrations?
PubMed:Hydrogen peroxide regulated photosynthesis in C4-pepc transgenic rice.
PubMed:Insights into genomics of salt stress response in rice.
PubMed:Effect of abiotic elicitation on main health-promoting compounds, antioxidant activity and commercial quality of butter lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.).
PubMed:COLD SHOCK DOMAIN PROTEIN 3 is involved in salt and drought stress tolerance in Arabidopsis.
PubMed:The importance of Arabidopsis glutathione peroxidase 8 for protecting Arabidopsis plant and E. coli cells against oxidative stress.
PubMed:Gene expression patterns in wheat coleorhiza under cold- and biological stratification.
PubMed:Foliar abscisic acid content underlies genotypic variation in stomatal responsiveness after growth at high relative air humidity.
PubMed:Development of a rapid LC-DAD/FLD method for the simultaneous determination of auxins and abscisic acid in plant extracts.
PubMed:Phytochemical and physical-chemical analysis of Polish willow (Salix spp.) honey: identification of the marker compounds.
PubMed:Transcriptomics of induced defense responses to greenbug aphid feeding in near isogenic wheat lines.
PubMed:Effect of abscisic acid and hydrogen peroxide on antioxidant enzymes in Syzygium cumini plant.
PubMed:Signaling molecules and cell death in Melissa officinalis plants exposed to ozone.
PubMed:Isolation and expression profiling of GhNAC transcription factor genes in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) during leaf senescence and in response to stresses.
PubMed:Molecular characterisation and the light-dark regulation of carotenoid biosynthesis in sprouts of tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn.).
PubMed:Gibberellin 3-oxidase gene expression patterns influence gibberellin biosynthesis, growth, and development in pea.
PubMed:A systemic response of geophytes is demonstrated by patterns of protein expression and the accumulation of signal molecules in Zantedeschia aethiopica.
PubMed:Silencing of TaBTF3 gene impairs tolerance to freezing and drought stresses in wheat.
PubMed:Manipulation of microRNA expression to improve nitrogen use efficiency.
PubMed:Label-free quantitative proteomic analysis of abscisic acid effect in early-stage soybean under flooding.
PubMed:A liquid chromatography/electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometry method for the simultaneous quantification of salicylic, jasmonic and abscisic acids in Coffea arabica leaves.
PubMed:Effects of nitric oxide treatment on the cell wall softening related enzymes and several hormones of papaya fruit during storage.
PubMed:Molecular characterization of carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases and the effect of gibberellin, abscisic acid, and sodium chloride on the expression of genes involved in the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway and carotenoid accumulation in the callus of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi.
PubMed:Low-temperature conditioning induces chilling tolerance in 'Hayward' kiwifruit by enhancing antioxidant enzyme activity and regulating en-dogenous hormones levels.
PubMed:Chemical composition of two different extracts of berries harvested in Serbia.
PubMed:Differential expression of genes encoding acid invertases in multiple shoots of bamboo in response to various phytohormones and environmental factors.
PubMed:Proteomic analysis on the leaves of TaBTF3 gene virus-induced silenced wheat plants may reveal its regulatory mechanism.
PubMed:Increasing the phenolic compound content of grapes by preharvest application of abcisic acid and a combination of methyl jasmonate and benzothiadiazole.
PubMed:Correlation between hormonal homeostasis and morphogenic responses in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings growing in a Cd/Cu/Zn multi-pollution context.
PubMed:Early induction of apple fruitlet abscission is characterized by an increase of both isoprene emission and abscisic acid content.
PubMed:[Determination of six plant growth regulator residues in strawberry by liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry].
PubMed:Ingress of Salmonella enterica Typhimurium into tomato leaves through hydathodes.
PubMed:Opening of Iris flowers is regulated by endogenous auxins.
PubMed:Exogenously applied abscisic acid to Yan73 (V. vinifera) grapes enhances phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of its wine.
PubMed:Rapid capillary electrochromatographic profiling of phytohormones on a hydrophilic interaction/strong anion-exchange mixed-mode monolith.
PubMed:Abscisic acid refines the synthesis of chloroplast proteins in maize (Zea mays) in response to drought and light.
PubMed:Influence of exogenously applied abscisic acid on carotenoid content and water uptake in flowers of the tea plant (Camellia sinensis).
PubMed:A novel nuclear protein phosphatase 2C negatively regulated by ABL1 is involved in abiotic stress and panicle development in rice.
PubMed:Grape berry ripening delay induced by a pre-véraison NAA treatment is paralleled by a shift in the expression pattern of auxin- and ethylene-related genes.
PubMed:Delay of iris flower senescence by cytokinins and jasmonates.
PubMed:Riboflavin and lumichrome in Dalmatian sage honey and other unifloral honeys determined by LC-DAD technique.
PubMed:Constituents from Vigna vexillata and Their Anti-Inflammatory Activity.
PubMed:The grapevine root-specific aquaporin VvPIP2;4N controls root hydraulic conductance and leaf gas exchange under well-watered conditions but not under water stress.
PubMed:Osmotic stress signaling via protein kinases.
PubMed:Arabidopsis cpSRP54 regulates carotenoid accumulation in Arabidopsis and Brassica napus.
PubMed:Flavonoid biosynthesis-related genes in grape skin are differentially regulated by temperature and light conditions.
PubMed:Enhancement of folate content and its stability using food grade elicitors in coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.).
PubMed:Influence of rootstock on drought response in young 'Gale Gala' apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) trees.
PubMed:Promoter analyses and transcriptional profiling of eggplant polyphenol oxidase 1 gene (SmePPO1) reveal differential response to exogenous methyl jasmonate and salicylic acid.
PubMed:Analysis of plant hormones by microemulsion electrokinetic capillary chromatography coupled with on-line large volume sample stacking.
PubMed:Down-regulation of β-carotene hydroxylase increases β-carotene and total carotenoids enhancing salt stress tolerance in transgenic cultured cells of sweetpotato.
PubMed:How is ozone pollution reducing our food supply?
PubMed:Proteomics and posttranslational proteomics of seed dormancy and germination.
PubMed:A new glycosylated dihydrophaseic acid from cacao germs (Theobroma cacao L.).
PubMed:Convergence of developmental mutants into a single tomato model system: 'Micro-Tom' as an effective toolkit for plant development research.
PubMed:Further investigation into maple syrup yields 3 new lignans, a new phenylpropanoid, and 26 other phytochemicals.
PubMed:Site-directed mutagenesis of histidine 69 and glutamic acid 148 alters the ribonuclease activity of pea ABR17 (PR10.4).
PubMed:An atypical heterotrimeric G-protein γ-subunit is involved in guard cell K⁺-channel regulation and morphological development in Arabidopsis thaliana.
PubMed:Solar UV-B and ABA are involved in phenol metabolism of Vitis vinifera L. increasing biosynthesis of berry skin polyphenols.
PubMed:Characterization of a single recessive yield trait mutant with elevated endogenous ABA concentration and deformed grains, spikelets and leaves.
PubMed:Differential effects of cold acclimation and abscisic acid on free amino acid composition in wheat.
PubMed:Bundle-sheath cell regulation of xylem-mesophyll water transport via aquaporins under drought stress: a target of xylem-borne ABA?
PubMed:Proteomic analysis of heterosis during maize seed germination.
PubMed:Redox-sensitive proteome and antioxidant strategies in wheat seed dormancy control.
PubMed:Immature seeds and embryos of Medicago truncatula cultured in vitro.
PubMed:Functional characterization of four APETALA2-family genes (RAP2.6, RAP2.6L, DREB19 and DREB26) in Arabidopsis.
PubMed:Characterization, sub-cellular localization and expression profiling of the isoprenylcysteine methylesterase gene family in Arabidopsis thaliana.
PubMed:The metabolic and developmental roles of carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase4 from potato.
PubMed:Exogenous gibberellic acid reprograms soybean to higher growth and salt stress tolerance.
PubMed:Effects of exogenous abscisic acid on yield, antioxidant capacities, and phytochemical contents of greenhouse grown lettuces.
PubMed:Molecular cloning of a PR-5 like protein gene from cherry tomato and analysis of the response of this gene to abiotic stresses.
PubMed:Differential effects of cold, osmotic stress and abscisic acid on polyamine accumulation in wheat.
PubMed:Evaluation of synergistic antioxidant potential of complex mixtures using oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR).
PubMed:Floral markers of strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo L.) honey.
PubMed:Floral initiation process at the soybean shoot apical meristem may involve multiple hormonal pathways.
PubMed:Belowground ABA boosts aboveground production of DIMBOA and primes induction of chlorogenic acid in maize.
PubMed:HPLC assay of tomato carotenoids: validation of a rapid microextraction technique.
PubMed:Influence of postharvest treatments on quality, carotenoids, and abscisic acid content of stored "spring belle" peach (prunus persica) fruit.
PubMed:Structure and function of homodomain-leucine zipper (HD-Zip) proteins.
PubMed:Oxalic acid-mediated stress responses in Brassica napus L.
PubMed:Identification and expression analysis of WRKY transcription factor genes in canola (Brassica napus L.) in response to fungal pathogens and hormone treatments.
PubMed:Food production: reducing water consumption by manipulating long-distance chemical signalling in plants.
PubMed:[Advances in plant lipoxygenases research].
PubMed:Timing and biosynthetic potential for carotenoid accumulation in genetically diverse germplasm of maize.
PubMed:Elaboration of a reliable strategy based on real-time PCR to characterize genetically modified plantlets and to evaluate the efficiency of a marker gene removal in grape (Vitis spp.).
PubMed:Phosphatidylinositol (4,5)bisphosphate inhibits K+-efflux channel activity in NT1 tobacco cultured cells.
PubMed:Identification of OsbZIP72 as a positive regulator of ABA response and drought tolerance in rice.
PubMed:Molecular processes underlying the floral transition in the soybean shoot apical meristem.
PubMed:Transcriptional profiling of pea ABR17 mediated changes in gene expression in Arabidopsis thaliana.
PubMed:Gene expression analyses in individual grape (Vitis vinifera L.) berries during ripening initiation reveal that pigmentation intensity is a valid indicator of developmental staging within the cluster.
PubMed:Diversification of the barley and wheat blt101/wpi6 promoters by the Xumet element without affecting stress responsiveness.
PubMed:[Change of endogenous hormone around sprout tumble of Pinellia ternata under high temperature stress].
PubMed:Effect of water deficit irrigation and inoculation with Botrytis cinerea on strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) fruit quality.
PubMed:Mechanisms of cross talk between gibberellin and other hormones.
PubMed:Metabolite analyses of grain from maize hybrids grown in the United States under drought and watered conditions during the 2002 field season.
PubMed:Chemical profiling and gene expression profiling during the manufacturing process of Taiwan oolong tea "Oriental Beauty".
PubMed:Constitutive expression of the pea ABA-responsive 17 (ABR17) cDNA confers multiple stress tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana.
PubMed:Regulation of summer dormancy by water deficit and ABA in Poa bulbosa ecotypes.
PubMed:AtGRP7 is involved in the regulation of abscisic acid and stress responses in Arabidopsis.
PubMed:Novel interrelationship between salicylic acid, abscisic acid, and PIP2-specific phospholipase C in heat acclimation-induced thermotolerance in pea leaves.
PubMed:Metabolic changes of Malvasia grapes for wine production during postharvest drying.
PubMed:Rice endophyte Pantoea agglomerans YS19 promotes host plant growth and affects allocations of host photosynthates.
PubMed:Evolutionary process of stress response systems controlled by abscisic acid in photosynthetic organisms.
PubMed:Carbohydrate metabolism as related to high-temperature conditioning and peel disorders occurring during storage of citrus fruit.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of multiple phytohormones in plant extracts by liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Involvement of GIGANTEA gene in the regulation of the cold stress response in Arabidopsis.
PubMed:Identification and immunogold localization of a novel bromegrass (Bromus inermis Leyss) peroxisome channel protein induced by ABA, cold and drought stresses, and late embryogenesis.
PubMed:Mechanism of the formation of a dehydrated ion by an unusual loss of oxygen at the 4'-carbonyl group of abscisic acid methyl ester in electron ionization mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Elicitor signal transduction leading to production of plant secondary metabolites.
PubMed:Physiological and biochemical characterization of quinclorac resistance in a false cleavers (Galium spurium L.) biotype.
PubMed:Antioxidant properties of prunes (Prunus domestica L.) and their constituents.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of abscisic acid by the direct pathway via ionylideneethane in a fungus, Cercospora cruenta.
PubMed:Induction of phytohormones and differential gene expression in citrus flowers infected by the fungus Colletotrichum acutatum.
PubMed:The biosynthetic pathway to abscisic acid via ionylideneethane in the fungus Botrytis cinerea.
PubMed:Allelopathic potential of Citrus junos fruit waste from food processing industry.
PubMed:Two glucosylated abscisic acid derivates from avocado seeds (Persea americana Mill. Lauraceae cv. Hass).
PubMed:Identification of the bacterial alarmone guanosine 5'-diphosphate 3'-diphosphate (ppGpp) in plants.
PubMed:Plant protein inhibitors of invertases.
PubMed:Abscisic acid related compounds and lignans in prunes (Prunus domestica L.) and their oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC).
PubMed:[The ultrastructure of apple cells during storage].
PubMed:Genetic engineering of a zeaxanthin-rich potato by antisense inactivation and co-suppression of carotenoid epoxidation.
PubMed:Identification of dehydration-responsive cysteine proteases during post-harvest senescence of broccoli florets.
PubMed:Isolation and identification of an allelopathic substance from peel of Citrus junos.
PubMed:Investigation into the importance of the stomatal pathway in the exchange of PCBs between air and plants.
PubMed:Characterization of SP1, a stress-responsive, boiling-soluble, homo-oligomeric protein from aspen.
PubMed:Characterization of the major proteins of tubers of yam bean (Pachyrhizus ahipa).
PubMed:Stability of barley aleurone transcripts: Dependence on protein synthesis, influence of the starchy endosperm and destabilization by GA3.
PubMed:(-)-Semivioxanthin, a new abscisic active compound against Hinoki cypress leaves isolated from Cryptosporiopsis abietina.
PubMed:Abscisic acid and hypoxic induction of anoxia tolerance in roots of lettuce seedlings.
PubMed:Expression of spinach ascorbate peroxidase isoenzymes in response to oxidative stresses.
PubMed:Role of ethylene and abscisic acid in physicochemical modifications during melon ripening.
PubMed:2-fluoroabscisic acid analogues: their synthesis and biological activities.
PubMed:Studies on the growth and indole-3-acetic acid and abscisic acid content of Zea mays seedlings grown in microgravity.
PubMed:Molecular aspects of legume seed storage protein synthesis.
PubMed:Correlation between Changes in Mitochondrial Membranes of Artichoke Tubers and Their Hardening and Dormancy.
abscission-accelerating plant growth substance isolated from young cotton fruit, leaves of sycamore, birch, and other plants, and from potatoes, lemons, avocados, and other fruits. abscission-accelerating plant growth substance isolated from young cotton fruit, leaves of sycamore, birch, and other plants, and from potatoes, lemons, avocados, and other fruits. abscission-accelerating plant growth substance isolated from young cotton fruit, leaves of sycamore, birch, and other plants, and from potatoes, lemons, avocados, and other fruits. Constit. of cabbage, potato, lemon etc.
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