EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

beta-carotene
all-E-b-carotene

Supplier Sponsors

Name:1,3,3-trimethyl-2-[(1E,3E,5E,7E,9E,11E,13E,15E,17E)-3,7,12,16-tetramethyl-18-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexen-1-yl)octadeca-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-nonaenyl]cyclohexene
CAS Number: 7235-40-7Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other:116-32-5
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:230-636-6
FDA UNII:01YAE03M7J
Nikkaji Web:J3.095C
Beilstein Number:1917416
MDL:MFCD00001556
XlogP3:13.50 (est)
Molecular Weight:536.88632000
Formula:C40 H56
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:coloring agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
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Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
184.1245 Carotene (beta - carotene) View - review
GRN 320 Palm oil-derived carotenoids with ▀-carotene, a-carotene, ?-carotene, and lycopene View - notice PDF
EU SANCO Carotenes View - review
JECFA Food Additive: beta-Carotene, synthetic

beta-Carotene from Blakeslea trispora

Carotenes (Algae)

Carotenes (Vegetable)
GSFA Codex: beta-Carotenes (synthetic) (160a(i))

beta-Carotenes (Blakeslea trispora) (160a(iii))

beta-Carotenes (vegetable) (160a(ii))
DG SANTE Food Additives:beta-carotene
FDA Mainterm (SATF):7235-40-7 ; BETA-CAROTENE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 101 -- FOOD LABELING
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 101.9 Nutrition labeling of food.


FDA PART 166 -- MARGARINE
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Margarine
Sec. 166.110 Margarine.


FDA PART 184 -- DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart B--Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1245 Beta-carotene.


FDA PART 73 -- LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION
Subpart B--Drugs
Sec. 73.1095 [beta]-Carotene.


FDA PART 73 -- LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION
Subpart C--Cosmetics
Sec. 73.2095 [beta]-Carotene.


FDA PART 73 -- LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION
Subpart A--Foods
Sec. 73.95 [beta]-Carotene.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:red to brownish red crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 182.00 to 183.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 654.00 to 657.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Flash Point: 654.00 °F. TCC ( 345.56 °C. )
logP (o/w): 14.764 (est)
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store under nitrogen.
Storage:refrigerate in tightly sealed containers. store under nitrogen.
air and light sensitive:store protected from air and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 1.072e-013 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data2
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: skin conditioning
 
Suppliers:
Aceto
beta-Carotene 10% CWD
Allied Biotech
Altratene 1% WSC
Flavor: characteristic
is a very versatile product, which has been serving the food segment for many years. Its range of yellow colour shades is used in products like custards, cake mixes, beverages, yogurts, soups, sauces etc.
Allied Biotech
Altratene 10% FT/RED
Flavor: characteristic
is a high potency Beta-carotene emulsion with a reddish colour shade.
Allied Biotech
Altratene 10% FT/Yellow
Flavor: characteristic
is amongst the most concentrated Beta Carotene emulsions on the market and is certainly a very stable emulsion. It provides a bright yellow colour shade for water based food applications.
Allied Biotech
Altratene 10% OS (-SF)
Flavor: characteristic
is a low potency version of Altratene 30% OS (-SF).
Allied Biotech
Altratene 10% WSC
Flavor: characteristic
provides a range of yellow-orange colour shades. Particularly popular amongst beverages manufacturers, but also used in many other types of applications.
Allied Biotech
Altratene 10% WSC/N
Flavor: characteristic
provides a slightly more reddish colour shade than Altratene 10% WSC.
Allied Biotech
Altratene 2% FT-NR (Fluid Type - Non Ringing)
Flavor: characteristic
is a new generation of emulsions from Allied, which provides a range of yellow colour shades. It is specifically targeted at any beverage manufacturer, who seeks to eliminate concerns about "ringing" issues.
Allied Biotech
Altratene 20% TG
Flavor: characteristic
This Tablet Grade version of Beta-carotene is being used in multivitamins and other dietary supplements.
Allied Biotech
Altratene 22% OS-HS
Flavor: characteristic
is a heat stabilized oil suspension of Beta-carotene. This formulation is aimed at applications that are subjected to high temperature processing conditions i.e. popcorn and frying oils.
Allied Biotech
Altratene 3% FT-NR
Flavor: characteristic
is based on the same formulation technology as the 2% version, but with a higher potency.
Allied Biotech
Altratene 30% OS (-SF)
Flavor: characteristic
is a suspension of Beta-carotene in vegetable oil and the most concentrated form on the market. It finds its way into a large array of applications i.e. margarine, dressings, soups, sauces, etc.
Allied Biotech
Altratene 5% EM
Flavor: characteristic
is a very stable Beta-carotene emulsions on the market. Its excellent properties are aimed at any water based food application where a bright appealing yellow colour shade is desired.
Allied Biotech
Altratene 5% WSC
Flavor: characteristic
combines all the benefits of Altratene 1% WSC in a more cost effective formulation.
Allied Biotech
Beta-Carotene
Odor: characteristic
Use: In personal care and cosmetic products, Beta Carotene may be used in the formulation of bath products, after shave lotions, cleansing products, hair conditioners, shampoos, skin care products, sun tan products, and make up. Beta Carotene provides an orange color to cosmetics and may also enhance the appearance of dry or damaged skin by restoring suppleness and reducing flaking.
American International Chemical, LLC.
BETA CAROTENE 10% CWD
Odor: characteristic
Use: Carocare® 10% CWS/S is a reddish, fine or granulated powder consisting of natural -Carotene, derived from Blakeslea trispora, and uniformly dispersed on a matrix of modified food starch with dl-alpha-tocopherol added as an antioxidant. The -Carotene used in the manufacture of this ingredient meets the current monographs of the United States Pharmacopeia and European Pharmacopeia. -Carotene is a carotenoid pigment, which is a precursor to Vitamin A in plants.
American International Chemical, LLC.
BETA CAROTENE 20% CWD
Odor: characterisitc
Use: Carocare® 20% CWS/S-TG is a reddish, fine or granulated powder consisting of natural -Carotene, derived from Blakeslea trispora, and uniformly dispersed on a matrix of modified food starch with dl-alpha-tocopherol added as an antioxidant. The -Carotene used in the manufacture of this ingredient meets the current monographs of the United States Pharmacopeia and European Pharmacopeia. -Carotene is a carotenoid pigment, which is a precursor to Vitamin A in plants.
Astral Extracts
Carotene Coloring
AuNutra® Industries
beta-Carotene P.E.
BASF
beta-Carotene
BASF
Lucarotin®
Berjé
beta-Carotene
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
beta-Carotene >98%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Beta Carotene is an organic compound and classified as a terpenoid. It is a precursor (inactive form) of vitamin A.
Changsha Organic Herb
beta-Carotene
Charkit Chemical
BETA CAROTENE 20% POWDER
Chr. Hansen A/S
Annatto/Turmeric Blends
Flavor: characteristic
Annatto and turmeric, derived from the naturally growing plants Bixa orellana and Curcuma longa respectively, can be combined as a color blend for use in the oil and fats industry. Annatto/Turmeric blends are an increasing trend in the yellow fats market. Margarine producers around the world are becoming aware of the benefits, which includes cost savings, that this all-natural color solution offers. Chr. Hansen can create a number of different shades, including a natural match of synthetic beta-carotene.
Chr. Hansen A/S
beta-Carotene
Flavor: characteristic
Beta carotene is the most common pigment in the carotenoids family and is used extensively in confectionery, ice cream, dairy, beverages, and prepared foods. Beta carotene is a yellow-orange-red fat-soluble pigment found in many grains, plants, vegetables and fruits. It has the e-number E160a (in Europe).
Chr. Hansen A/S
Natural beta-Carotene
Flavor: characteristic
Natural beta carotene – also commonly known as NBC - comes from Blakeslea Trispora - a fungus that has then been fermented. It consists of 98% beta carotene pigment. Natural beta carotene is labeled E160a in Europe. The shades range from bright yellow, over vivid orange to warm orange-red.
Dongguan Meiherb Biotech
Beta-Carotene Powder
Odor: characteristic
Use: Beta-carotene is probably the most well known of the carotenoids, a phytonutrients family that represents of the one most widespread groups of naturally occurring pigments. It is one of the most abundant carotenoids in the North American diet as well as one of approximately 50 carotenoids known as "provitamin A"compounds, able to be converted in the body into retinol, an active form of vitamin A.
DSM Nutritional
Beta-Carotene
ECSA Chemicals
beta-Carotene
Company Profile
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
beta-Carotene UV ≥98%
Farbest-Tallman Foods
Beta-Carotene 30% Dispersion in Sunflower Oil
Flavor: bland
Used as a coloring agent in fat based systems, primarily margarines and spreads. It is also used in dietary supplement applications as a Vitamin A source and/or for its antioxidant properties including softgel capsules.
Farbest-Tallman Foods
Synthetic Beta-carotene 22% HS HP Oil Dispersion
Flavor: bland
Used as a coloring agent in fat based systems, primarily popping oils.
Farbest-Tallman Foods
ZMC Beta-carotene 1% CWS-K (Starch carrier)
Flavor: bland
This product can be used as a yellow-orange coloring agent or as a Vitamin A source for beverages, baked goods, water based foods, breads, soups, and dairy foods.
Farbest-Tallman Foods
ZMC Beta-carotene 1% CWS-M (Gum Acacia carrier)
Flavor: bland
This product can be used as a yellow coloring agent or as a Vitamin A source for beverages, baked goods and instant drink powders.
Farbest-Tallman Foods
ZMC Beta-carotene 10% CWS-OS (Starch carrier)
Flavor: bland
This product can be used as a yellow-orange coloring agent or as a Vitamin A source for beverages, baked goods, water based foods, breads, soups, and dairy foods.
Farbest-Tallman Foods
ZMC Beta-carotene 10% TAB
Flavor: bland
It is used as a Vitamin A source and/or for its antioxidant properties for tablet or hard-shell capsule preparations.
Farbest-Tallman Foods
ZMC Beta-carotene 20% TAB-S (Gelatin-Free, Starch carrier)
Flavor: bland
It is used as a Vitamin A source and/or for its antioxidant properties for tablet or hard-shell capsule preparations This product is Gelatin Free.
Farbest-Tallman Foods
ZMC Beta-carotene 20% TAB
Flavor: bland
It is used as a Vitamin A source and/or for its antioxidant properties for tablet or hard-shell capsule preparations.
Flavorchem
beta-Carotene
Foodchem International
beta-Carotene
Graham Chemical
beta-Carotene
Indenta Group
beta-Carotene
Jiangyin Healthway
beta-Carotene 1%, 10%, 20%, 30%
New functional food ingredients
Maypro Industries
beta-Carotene
Moellhausen
beta-CAROTENE 30% Natural
OQEMA
LanCos SCB-10
P.L. Thomas
Lyc-O-Beta®
Penta International
BETA-CAROTENE 20% POWDER (320,000 iu/g)
Penta International
BETA-CAROTENE USP - EP GRADE
Penta International
BETA-CAROTENE USP
Prinova
beta-Carotene
Qingdao Dacon Trading
beta-Carotene
Risun Ingredients
beta-Carotene 30% Oil
Sinofi Food Ingredients
Beta Carotene
Odor: characteristic
Use: Antioxidants, Nutrient, Dietary Supplement, Beverage Powder, Puddings, Ice Cream, Fruit Sauces, Dairy Products, Baking Food, Yogurt, Colorant, Vitamin A Precursor, Orange Beverages, Butter, Cheese, Oleomargarine, Fats and Oils, Processed Fruits, Fruit Juices, Infant Formulas, Cosmetics, Feed, Pharmaceutical.
Sinoway Industrial
For experimental / research use only.
beta-Carotene
(20% up, powder)
Zhong Ya Chemical
Beta-Carotene
 
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
R 44 - Risk of explosion if heated under confinement.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 07 - Keep container tightly closed.
S 15 - Keep away from heat.
S 18 - Handle and open container with care.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: coloring agents
Recommendation for beta-carotene usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for beta-carotene flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of mixed carotenes (E 160a (i)) and beta-carotene (E 160a (ii)) as a food additive
View page or View pdf

Statement on the safety of ▀-carotene use in heavy smokers
View page or View pdf

Safety of the proposed extension of use of synthetic ▀-carotene [E 160a(i)] in foods for special medical purposes in young children
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
Daily Med:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):7235-40-7
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :5280489
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
1,3,3-trimethyl-2-[(1E,3E,5E,7E,9E,11E,13E,15E,17E)-3,7,12,16-tetramethyl-18-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexen-1-yl)octadeca-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-nonaenyl]cyclohexene
Chemidplus:0007235407
RTECS:FI0329500 for cas# 7235-40-7
 
References:
 1,3,3-trimethyl-2-[(1E,3E,5E,7E,9E,11E,13E,15E,17E)-3,7,12,16-tetramethyl-18-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexen-1-yl)octadeca-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-nonaenyl]cyclohexene
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:7235-40-7
Pubchem (cid):5280489
Pubchem (sid):134987093
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
Golm Metabolome Database:Search
Metabolomics Database:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C02094
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB00561
FooDB:FDB014613
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB01515
Export Tariff Code:3204.19.3500
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
FDA Color Additive Status ListView
Household Products:Search
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
FAO:beta-CAROTENE, synthetic
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
 
Potential Uses:
 additives
 cosmetic colorants
 skin conditioning
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 alfalfa
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 bean fava bean fruit
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 breadfruit fruit
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 breadfruit seed
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 breadnut fruit
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 broccoli asparagus broccoli leaf
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 brussel sprout leaf
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 buckthorn sea buckthorn fruit
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 burdock root
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 butterbur plant
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 cabbage leaf
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 cacao plant
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 cantaloupe fruit
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 capsicum annuum
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 caraway seed
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 carrot
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 carrot root
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 cashew fruit
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 cashew leaf
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 cashew nut
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 cassava root
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 cassia bark
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 cayenne fruit
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 celery fruit
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 celery plant
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 celery seed
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 chamomile garden chamomile flower
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 chayote shoot
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 cherimoya fruit
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 cherry brazilian cherry fruit
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 cherry sour cherry fruit
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 chestnut water chestnut tuber
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 chickpea seed
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 chicory leaf
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 chive leaf
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 chrysanthemum coronarium bud
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 chrysanthemum coronarium leaf
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 chrysanthemum edible chrysanthemum bud
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 chrysanthemum edible chrysanthemum leaf
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
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 clove bark
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 coffee leaf
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 coriander leaf
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 coriander seed
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 corn seed
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 corn silk
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 cranberry fruit
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 cress garden cress leaf
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 cucumber fruit
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 cumin seed
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 currant black currant fruit
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 currant red currant fruit
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 dandelion flower
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 dandelion leaf
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 dandelion root
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 date palm fruit
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 dioscorea spp.
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 durian fruit
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 eggplant fruit
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 elder black elder fruit
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 elder black elder leaf
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 endive leaf
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 fennel plant
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 fennel seed
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 fenugreek leaf
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 fenugreek seed
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 fig fruit
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 flax seed
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 garlic bulb
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 garlic flower
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 garlic leaf
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 garlic root
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 garlic shoot
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 ginger root
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 ginkgo biloba leaf
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 ginkgo biloba seed
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 ginkgo biloba tissue culture
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 gooseberry fruit
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 goosefoot leaf
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 gourd calabash gourd fruit
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 gourd white gourd fruit
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 grape fruit
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 grape stem
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 guava fruit
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 guava pineapple guava
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 guava strawberry guava fruit
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 hazelnut seed
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 horseradish root
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 irish moss plant
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 jackfruit fruit
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 jambul fruit
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 kiwi fruit
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 kohlrabi stem
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 leek wild leek flower
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 leek wild leek leaf
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 leek wild leek root
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 lemon fruit
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 lentil seed
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 lentil sprout
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 lettuce leaf
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 lime fruit
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 loquat fruit
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 lotus indian lotus rhizome
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 lotus indian lotus seed
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 luffa fruit
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 luffa leaf
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 macadamia nut
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 mallow jew's mallow leaf
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 mamey fruit
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 mandarin fruit
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 mango fruit
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 mango leaf
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 mangosteen fruit
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 marango leaf
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 marango seed
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 marango shoot
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 marjoram plant
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 melon bitter melon fruit
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 melon bitter melon leaf
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 melon bitter melon pericarp
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 mugwort leaf
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 mustard white mustard seed
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 nance fruit
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 oat plant
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 olive fruit
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 onion bulb
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 onion flower
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 onion leaf
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 orange fruit
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 orange pericarp
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 oregano plant
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 papaya fruit
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 papaya leaf
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 papaya pericarp
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 papaya seed oil
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 parsley plant
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 parsley shoot
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 parsnip root
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 passion fruit
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 passion fruit fruit
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 pea black-eyed pea seed
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 pea black-eyed pea shoot
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 pea fruit
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 pea pigeon pea fruit
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 pea pigeon pea seed
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 pea seed
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 peach fruit
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 peanut leaf
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 peanut seed
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 pear fruit
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 pepper bell pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper seed
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 peppermint leaf
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 persimmon
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 pigweed leaf
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 pineapple fruit
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 pistachio nut
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 plum fruit
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 plum malabar plum fruit
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 pokeweed shoot
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 poppy opium poppy seed
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 potato sweet potato leaf
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 potato sweet potato root
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 potato tuber
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 purslane herb
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 quince fruit
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 radish fruit
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 radish leaf
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 radish root
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 raspberry red raspberry fruit
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 raspberry red raspberry fruit,leaf
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 raspberry red raspberry leaf
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 rhubarb leaf
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 rhubarb plant
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 rice seed
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 rose hips
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 roselle flower
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 roselle leaf
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 rosemary leaf
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 safflower flower
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 saffron stigma
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 sage leaf
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 salsify root
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 sapodilla fruit
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 savory summer savory plant
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 sesame seed
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 sorrel garden sorrel leaf
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 soursop fruit
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 soybean fruit
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 soybean plant
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 soybean seed
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 soybean seed oil
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 soybean sprout
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 spearmint leaf
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 spinach indian spinach leaf
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 spinach leaf
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 spinach plant
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 spinach sea spinach leaf
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 spinach water spinach leaf
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 spirulina plant
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 squash summer squash fruit
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 star fruit fruit
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 sunflower seed
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 tamarind flower
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 tamarind fruit
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 tamarind leaf
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 tamarind seed
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 taro leaf
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 taro root
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 tarragon leaf
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 tea leaf
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 thyme leaf
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 thyme plant
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 tomatillo fruit
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 tomato fruit
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 turmeric plant
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 turmeric rhizome
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 turnip indian turnip root
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 verbena leaf
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 walnut black walnut fruit
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 walnut black walnut nut
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 walnut black walnut pericarp
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 walnut english walnut nut
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 watercress herb
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 watermelon fruit
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 wheat seed
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 yam mountain yam root
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 yam wild yam root
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Synonyms:
 altratene 1% WSC
 altratene 10% FT/RED
 altratene 10% FT/Yellow
 altratene 10% OS (-SF)
 altratene 10% WSC
 altratene 10% WSC/N
 altratene 2% FT-NR (fluid type - non ringing)
 altratene 20% TG
 altratene 22% OS-HS
 altratene 3% FT-NR
 altratene 30% OS (-SF)
 altratene 5% EM
 altratene 5% WSC
 betacarotene
 c.i. 40800
 c.i. 75130
all-E-b-carotene
beta,beta-carotene
trans-b-carotene
betacarotene 10% CWD
beta-carotene 10% CWD
betacarotene 10% CWD/C orange
beta-carotene 20% powder (320,000 iu/g)
synthetic beta-carotene 22% HS HP oil dispersion
beta-carotene 30% dispersion in sunflower oil
beta-carotene 30% natural
betacarotene 30% OS
 carotene base 80S
beta-carotene P.E.
beta-carotene USP
 carrot color (carrot color base san-1624 51; liquid)
 ci 40800
 ci 75130
 lucarotin
 lyc-O-beta
 natural yellow 26
 provatenol
 rovimix b-carotene
1,1'-[(1E,3E,5E,7E,9E,11E,13E,15E,17E)-3,7,12,16-tetramethyl-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-octadecanonaen-1,18-diyl]bis(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexen)
1,1'-(3,7,12,16-tetramethyl-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-octadecanonaene-1,18-diyl)bis(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexene), (all E)-
1,1'-[(1E,3E,5E,7E,9E,11E,13E,15E,17E)-3,7,12,16-tetramethyl-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-octadecanonaene-1,18-diyl]bis(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexene)
1,1'-[(1E,3E,5E,7E,9E,11E,13E,15E,17E)-3,7,12,16-tetramethyloctadeca-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-nonaene-1,18-diyl]bis(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexene)
1,3,3-trimethyl-2-[(1E,3E,5E,7E,9E,11E,13E,15E,17E)-3,7,12,16-tetramethyl-18-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexenyl)octadeca-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-nonaenyl]cyclohexene
1,3,3-trimethyl-2-[(1E,3E,5E,7E,9E,11E,13E,15E,17E)-3,7,12,16-tetramethyl-18-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexen-1-yl)octadeca-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-nonaenyl]cyclohexene
 ZMC beta-carotene 1% CWS-K (starch carrier)
 ZMC beta-carotene 1% CWS-M (gum acacia carrier)
 ZMC beta-carotene 10% CWS-OS (starch carrier)
 ZMC beta-carotene 10% TAB
 ZMC beta-carotene 20% TAB
 ZMC beta-carotene 20% TAB-S (gelatin-free, starch carrier)
 

Articles:

Info:Beta-carotene
PubMed:Induced mutation in ╬▓-CAROTENE HYDROXYLASE results in accumulation of ╬▓-carotene and conversion of red to orange color in pepper fruit.
Info:EVALUATION OF CERTAIN FOOD ADDITIVES AND CONTAMINANTS
PubMed:Enzymatic production and in situ separation of natural β-ionone from β-carotene.
PubMed:Carotenoid content impacts flavor acceptability in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum).
PubMed:Serum alpha- and beta-carotene concentrations qualitatively respond to sustained carrot feeding.
PubMed:Influence of thermal and dense-phase carbon dioxide pasteurization on physicochemical properties and flavor compounds in Hami melon juice.
PubMed:Cleavage of beta,beta-carotene to flavor compounds by fungi.
PubMed:A peroxidase from Lepista irina cleaves beta,beta-carotene to flavor compounds.
PubMed:Increase in ╬▓-ionone, a carotenoid-derived volatile in zeaxanthin-biofortified sweet corn.
PubMed:1-methylcyclopropene effects on temporal changes of aroma volatiles and phytochemicals of fresh-cut cantaloupe.
PubMed:Inhibition of citral degradation by oil-in-water nanoemulsions combined with antioxidants.
PubMed:Effect of cis/trans isomerism of beta-carotene on the ratios of volatile compounds produced during oxidative degradation.
PubMed:Kale carotenoids remain stable while flavor compounds respond to changes in sulfur fertility.
PubMed:Cytosolic and plastoglobule-targeted carotenoid dioxygenases from Crocus sativus are both involved in beta-ionone release.
PubMed:Comparative study on the antioxidant capacity and cholinesterase inhibitory activity of Citrus aurantifolia Swingle, C. aurantium L., and C. bergamia Risso and Poit. peel essential oils.
PubMed:Biological activity and fatty acid composition of Caesar's mushroom.
PubMed:Enhanced levels of the aroma and flavor compound S-linalool by metabolic engineering of the terpenoid pathway in tomato fruits.
PubMed:[Effect of storage on the levels of ascorbic acid and beta-carotene in freeze dried red guava (Psidium guayava L.)].
PubMed:Relationships among dietary roasted soybeans, milk components, and spontaneous oxidized flavor of milk.
PubMed:Volatile aroma components and antioxidant activities of the flavedo peel extract of unripe Shiikuwasha (Citrus depressa Hayata).
PubMed:Identifying carotenoids and phenolic compounds in naranjilla (Solanum quitoense Lam. var. Puyo hybrid), an Andean fruit.
PubMed:UV-B radiation impacts shoot tissue pigment composition in Allium fistulosum L. cultigens.
PubMed:A review of fatty acid profiles and antioxidant content in grass-fed and grain-fed beef.
PubMed:The tomato carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase 1 genes contribute to the formation of the flavor volatiles beta-ionone, pseudoionone, and geranylacetone.
PubMed:Front-face fluorescence measurement of photosensitizers and lipid oxidation products during the photooxidation of butter.
PubMed:Metabolism of carotenoids and apocarotenoids during ripening of raspberry fruit.
PubMed:Antioxidant property of Decalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn.
PubMed:Effect of a tomato-based drink on markers of inflammation, immunomodulation, and oxidative stress.
PubMed:Antioxidants in bakery products: a review.
PubMed:[Panorama of the investigation on carotenoids in Brasil: perspectives and needs].
PubMed:Changes in carotenoids during processing and storage of foods.
PubMed:A portfolio of plasmids for identification and analysis of carotenoid pathway enzymes: Adonis aestivalis as a case study.
PubMed:Production of ╬▓-damascenone precursors in cell cultures of Vitis labruscana cv Concord grapes.
PubMed:Chemical compositions and antioxidant/antimicrobial activities of various samples prepared from Schinus terebinthifolius leaves cultivated in Egypt.
PubMed:Chemical composition of volatile extract and biological activities of volatile and less-volatile extracts of juniper berry (Juniperus drupacea L.) fruit.
PubMed:Chemical composition of the volatile extract and antioxidant activities of the volatile and nonvolatile extracts of Egyptian corn silk (Zea mays L.).
 
Notes:
a carotenoid that is a precursor of vitamin a. it is administered to reduce the severity of photosensitivity reactions in patients with erythropoietic protoporphyria (porphyria, erythropoietic). (from reynolds jef(ed): martindale: the extra pharmacopoeia (electronic version). micromedex, inc, engewood, co, 1995.) Yellow food colour, dietary supplement, nutrient, Vitamin A precursor. Nutriceutical with antioxidation props.
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