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sodium nitrate
nitric acid sodium salt (1:1)

Supplier Sponsors

Name:sodium nitrate
CAS Number: 7631-99-4Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:231-554-3
FDA UNII:8M4L3H2ZVZ
MDL:MFCD00011119
Molecular Weight:84.99436928
Formula:N Na O3
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:preservatives and color fixatives
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
EU SANCO Sodium nitrate View-review
EU SANCO Nitrates View-review
JECFA Food Additive: Sodium Nitrate
GSFA Codex: Sodium nitrate (251)
DG SANTE Food Additives:sodium nitrate
FDA Mainterm: SODIUM NITRATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart B--Food Preservatives
Sec. 172.170 Sodium nitrate.


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart B--Food Preservatives
Sec. 172.175 Sodium nitrite.


FDA PART 173 -- SECONDARY DIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart D--Specific Usage Additives
Sec. 173.310 Boiler water additives.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.180 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with dry food.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.320 Sodium nitrate-urea complex.


FDA PART 181 -- PRIOR-SANCTIONED FOOD INGREDIENTS
Subpart B--Specific Prior-Sanctioned Food Ingredients
Sec. 181.33 Sodium nitrate and potassium nitrate.


FDA PART 181 -- PRIOR-SANCTIONED FOOD INGREDIENTS
Subpart B--Specific Prior-Sanctioned Food Ingredients
Sec. 181.34 Sodium nitrite and potassium nitrite.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 306.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 83.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Vapor Pressure:49.800000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 32.00 °F. TCC ( 0.00 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): -0.129 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 6.055e+005 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 alcohol, slightly
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. odorless
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: oral care agents
soothing agents
 
Suppliers:
Allan Chemical
Sodium Nitrate
American Elements
Sodium Nitrate 99%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Sodium Nitrate is a highly water soluble crystalline Sodium source for uses compatible with nitrates and lower (acidic) pH. All metallic nitrates are inorganic salts of a given metal cation and the nitrate anion. The nitrate anion is a univalent (-1 charge) polyatomic ion composed of a single nitrogen atom ionically bound to three oxygen atoms (Formula: NO3) for a total formula weight of 62.05. Nitrate compounds are generally soluble in water. Nitrate materials are also oxidizing agents. When mixed with hydrocarbons, nitrate compounds can form a flammable mixture. Nitrates are excellent precursors for production of ultra high purity compounds and certain catalyst and nanoscale (nanoparticles and nanopowders) materials. Sodium Nitrate is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. We also produce Sodium Nitrate Solution. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards.
American International Chemical, LLC.
SODIUM NITRATE FCC FINE GRANULAR
AquaChemie
For experimental / research use only.
Sodium Nitrate
Barium & Chemicals
Sodium Nitrate Technical Grade
Odor: characteristic
Use: Glass and match manufacture, fertilizer and in enamels in pottery
Bristol Botanicals
Sodium Nitrate crystals
Bristol Botanicals
Sodium Nitrite LR
ECSA Chemicals
Sodium Nitrate
Company Profile
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Sodium Nitrate
Graham Chemical
Sodium Nitrate
Jost Chemical
Sodium Nitrate ACS Crystals
Jost Chemical
Sodium Nitrate FCC Crystals
Jost Chemical
Sodium Nitrate FCC Granulated
Kraft Chemical
Sodium Nitrate
Krunal Group
Sodium Nitrate
Penta International
SODIUM NITRATE
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Sodium Nitrate 99%
Sigma-Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Sodium Nitrate ReagentPlus®, ≥99.0%
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
SODIUM NITRATE FCC GRANULAR K
Odor: characteristic
Use: It is a food additive used as a preservative and color fixative in cured meats and poultry.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
SODIUM NITRATE FOOD GRADE
Odor: characteristic
Use: It is a food additive used as a preservative and color fixative in cured meats and poultry.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
SODIUM NITRATE USP GRANULAR
Odor: characteristic
Use: It is used as a preservative in cosmetic formulations.
Wedor Corporation
SODIUM NITRATE
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 1267 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 46(12), Pg. 66, 1981.

oral-rabbit LD50 2680 mg/kg
Southwestern Veterinarian. Vol. 27, Pg. 246, 1974.

intravenous-mouse LD50 175 mg/kg
Archiv fuer Toxikologie. Vol. 21, Pg. 89, 1965.

oral-child LDLo 22500 ug/kg
BLOOD: METHEMOGLOBINEMIA-CARBOXYHEMOGLOBIN
Journal of Toxicology, Clinical Toxicology. Vol. 32, Pg. 173, 1994.

intraperitoneal-rat LD > 181 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 5, Pg. 750, 1963.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: preservatives and color fixatives
Recommendation for sodium nitrate usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for sodium nitrate flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Opinion of the Scientific Panel on biological hazards (BIOHAZ) related to the effects of Nitrites/Nitrates on the Microbiological Safety of Meat Products
View page or View pdf

Re-evaluation of sodium nitrate (E 251) and potassium nitrate (E 252) as food additives
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
Daily Med:search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):7631-99-4
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :24268
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
sodium nitrate
Chemidplus:0007631994
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:7631-99-4
 
References:
 sodium nitrate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:7631-99-4
Pubchem (cid):24268
Pubchem (sid):134987570
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
FooDB:FDB015397
Haz-Map:View
Household Products:Search
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
•association of american plant food control officials defines sodium nitrate...as follows: nitrate of soda (sodium nitrate) is chiefly the sodium salt of nitric acid. it shall contain not less than 16% nitrate nitrogen & 26% sodium. •purified grade contains at least 99% sodium nitrate. •grade: granular, sticks, powder; crude; 99.5%; double refined; recrystallized; cp; technical; reagent; diuretic; fcc. •chile saltpeter is marketed as both a "granular" product (mainly used as a fertilizer) and a coarse crystalline product. technical-grade synthetic sodium nitrate is a fine, crystalline white powder with a bulk density of about 1.36 kgl. it is sold as an untreated product and also as a free-flowing product containing up to 0.1% alkyl aryl sulfonate as an anticaking agent. •as of 1991 sodium nitrate was used with other components as an active ingredient to control mammals such as woodchucks, ground squirrels, and coyotes in open fields, non-crop areas, rangelands, lawns and golf courses. the three end-use products, two containing 65% a.i. sodium nitrate and one with 46.2% sodium nitrate, are all used as fumigant gas cartridges designed to be placed in burrows. the sodium nitrate supports the combustion of charcoal in the formulation of each product.
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
 
Potential Uses:
None Found
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 
Synonyms:
 chile salpeter
 chile saltpeter
 chile saltpetre
 nitrate of soda
 nitrate, sodium
 nitric acid monosodium salt
 nitric acid sodium salt
 nitric acid sodium salt (1:1)
 nitric acid, sodium salt
 nitric acid, sodium salt(1:1)
 saltpeter (chile)
 soda niter
 soda nitre
 sodium nitrate FCC fine granular
 sodium nitrate FCC fine granular special particle size
 sodium saltpeter
 sodium trioxidonitrate(1-)
 sodium(I) nitrate (1:1)
 sodiumnitrate
 
 
Notes:
Preservative. Added to food as an appearance and colour control agent, flavour/flavour modifier and aerating/foaming agent.
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