EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

sodium bicarbonate
sodium hydrogenate carbonate

Sponsors

CAS Number: 144-55-8Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:205-633-8
FDA UNII:8MDF5V39QO
Nikkaji Web:J44.042F
Beilstein Number:4153970
MDL:MFCD00003528
Molecular Weight:84.00633928
Formula:C H Na O3
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:alkalis, leavening agents, buffering agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
184.1736 Sodium bicarbonate View-review
JECFA Food Additive: Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate
GSFA Codex: Sodium hydrogen carbonate (500(ii))
DG SANTE Food Additives:sodium hydrogenate carbonate
FDA Mainterm: SODIUM BICARBONATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 137 -- CEREAL FLOURS AND RELATED PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cereal Flours and Related Products
Sec. 137.180 Self-rising flour.


FDA PART 137 -- CEREAL FLOURS AND RELATED PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cereal Flours and Related Products
Sec. 137.270 Self-rising white corn meal.


FDA PART 155 -- CANNED VEGETABLES
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Canned Vegetables
Sec. 155.191 Tomato concentrates.


FDA PART 163 -- CACAO PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cacao Products
Sec. 163.110 Cacao nibs.


FDA PART 163 -- CACAO PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cacao Products
Sec. 163.111 Chocolate liquor.


FDA PART 163 -- CACAO PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cacao Products
Sec. 163.112 Breakfast cocoa.


FDA PART 173 -- SECONDARY DIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart D--Specific Usage Additives
Sec. 173.385 Sodium methyl sulfate.


FDA PART 178 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADJUVANTS, PRODUCTION AIDS, AND SANITIZERS
Subpart B--Substances Utilized To Control the Growth of Microorganisms
Sec. 178.1010 Sanitizing solutions.


FDA PART 184 -- DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart B--Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1736 Sodium bicarbonate.


FDA PART 73 -- LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION
Subpart A--Foods
Sec. 73.85 Caramel.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
logP (o/w): -4.010 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 100000 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 alcohol
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: abrasives
buffering agents
deodorants
oral care agents
skin protecting agents
 
Suppliers:
Allan Chemical
Sodium Bicarbonate
American Elements
Sodium Bicarbonate 99%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Sodium Bicarbonate is a water insoluble Sodium source that can easily be converted to other Sodium compounds, such as the oxide by heating (calcination). Carbonate compounds also give off carbon dioxide when treated with dilute acids. Sodium Bicarbonate is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards.
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Sodium bicarbonate 99%
Bristol Botanicals
Sodium Bicarbonate
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Baking soda
Odor: characteristic
Use: Baking Soda (Sodium Bicarbonate USP) is an alkaline salt. (Aluminum free) In addition to making cakes rise, sodium bicarbonate is found in over-the-counter antacids, toothpaste, fire extinguishers, and many other products. Sodium bicarbonate is used to treat or prevent excess acid in the blood or urine. It also can reduce stomach acids and, therefore, can be used as an antacid to treat heartburn or indigestion and is used to relieve sour stomach or acid indigestion by neutralizing excess stomach acid. When used for this purpose, it is said to belong to the group of medicines called antacids. It may be used to treat the symptoms of stomach or duodenal ulcers. Also, since the 1930's, it has been taken by some athletes to increase the speed and recovery in relatively short events, those lasting from 30 seconds to 5 minutes.
Covalent Chemical
Sodium Bicarbonate
ECSA Chemicals
Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate
Company Profile
Foodchem International
Sodium Bicarbonate
Graham Chemical
Sodium Bicarbonate
Hebei Oukai Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Sodium Bicarbonate
Kraft Chemical
Baking Soda
Novacarb
Sodium bicarbonate Feed Grade
Novacarb
Sodium bicarbonate food BT
Novacarb
Sodium bicarbonate food grade – grade GF
Novacarb
Sodium bicarbonate food
Novacarb
Sodium bicarbonate pharmaceutical
Novacarb
Sodium bicarbonate special
Novacarb
Sodium bicarbonate ultra coarse
Novacarb
Sodium bicarbonate
Penta International
SODIUM BICARBONATE POWDER, Kosher
Prinova
Sodium Bicarbonate
Rainbow Chemical
Sodium Bicarbonate 99.0% ∼ 100.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Sodium Bicarbonate ReagentPlus®, ≥99.5%, crystalline
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
SODIUM BICARBONATE #2 FGRA TEC
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
SODIUM BICARBONATE HEMO GRADE
Odor: characteristic
Use: Sodium bicarbonate mixed with water can be used as an antacid to treat acid indigestion and heartburn. It is used as the medicinal ingredient in gripe water for infants.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
SODIUM BICARBONATE#1 USP TRTD
Odor: characteristic
Use: Toothpaste containing sodium bicarbonate has in several studies shown to have a better whitening and plaque removal effect than toothpastes without it. Sodium bicarbonate is also used as an ingredient in some mouthwashes. It has anti-caries and abrasive properties. Sodium bicarbonate in combination with other ingredients can be used to make a dry or wet deodorant. Sodium bicarbonate may be used as a buffering agent, combined with table salt, when creating a solution for nasal irrigation.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
SODIUM BICARBONATE#1USP FCC PW
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
SODIUM BICARBONATE#2 USP FGRAN
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
SODIUM BICARBONATE#3 USP
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
SODIUM BICARBONATE#5 USP FCC
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 4220 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 6, Pg. 726, 1964.

oral-mouse LD50 3360 mg/kg
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 33(5), Pg. 30, 1989.

oral-man TDLo 20 mg/kg/5D-I
GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING
American Journal of Emergency Medicine. Vol. 12, Pg. 57, 1994.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-rat LC > 900 mg/m3
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 33(5), Pg. 30, 1989.

 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: alkalis, leavening agents, buffering agents
Recommendation for sodium bicarbonate usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for sodium bicarbonate flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Scientific Opinion on the safety assessment of the active substances, sodium erythorbate, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, iron sulphate, activated carbon, cellulose, calcium hydroxide, calcium chloride and water, for use as active system in food contact materials
View page or View pdf

Outcome of the consultation with Member States and EFSA on the basic substance application for sodium hydrogen carbonate for use in plant protection as a fungicide for the control of mildews on a range of horticultural crops, apple scab and for post-harvest control of storage diseases of various fruits
View page or View pdf

Safety assessment of the active substances citric acid and sodium hydrogen carbonate for use in active food contact materials
View page or View pdf

Peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance sodium hydrogen carbonate
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
Daily Med:search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
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Toxicology Citations:Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):144-55-8
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :516892
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
sodium hydrogen carbonate
Chemidplus:0000144558
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:144-55-8
 
References:
 sodium hydrogen carbonate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:144-55-8
Pubchem (cid):516892
Pubchem (sid):134974257
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
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KEGG (GenomeNet):C12603
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FooDB:FDB015419
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Wikipedia:View
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Formulations/Preparations:
•baking powders in commercial use normally contain sufficient soda and the leavening acid to neutralize it in order to yield not less than 12% of their weight as carbon dioxide when used. •the bicarbonate of commerce is about 99.8% pure. •high purity commercial grades for veterinary use comtain about 27.3% sodium. •commercial grades include u.s.p. and food grade; animal feed and industrial grade •sodium bicarbonate present in: arm & hammer carpet deodorizer and arm & hammer cat litter deodorizer. •acs reagent, hemodialysis food grades 1, 2, 4, 3, 3df, s, and, itff; usp and fcc grades •parenteral: solution, sterile, to adjust ph of injections: 4% (0.48 meqml) (2.4 meq) neut ( with edetate disodium), (hospira); 4.2% (0.5 meqml) (2.5 meq) sodium bicarbonate additive solution, (american pharmaceutical partners). •parenteral: injection, for preparation of iv admixtures: 7.5% (0.892 meqml) (178.4 meq) pharmacy bulk package sodium bicarbonate injection maxivial, (american pharmaceutical partners). •parenteral: injection: 4.2% (0.5 meqml) (2.5 or 5 meq) sodium bicarbonate injection,( american pharmaceutical, hospira); 5% (0.595 meqml) (297.5 meq) sodium bicarbonate injection, (baxter, hospira); 7.5% (0.892 meqml) (8.92 or 44.6 meq) sodium bicarbonate injection, (american pharmaceutical partners, american regent, hospira); 8.4% (1 meqml) (10 or 50 meq) sodium bicarbonate injection, (american pharmaceutical partners, american regent, hospira). •oral: powder: arm & hammer baking soda, (church & dwight); tablets: 325 mg soda mint ( with peppermint oil), (cmc), sodium bicarbonate tablets,( cmc), sodium bicarbonate tablets, (rugby); 650 mg (available by nonproprietary name).
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
 
Potential Uses:
 buffering agents
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 
Synonyms:
 acidosan
 baking soda
 bicarbonate of soda
 bicarbonate, sodium
 carbonic acid monosodium salt
 carbonic acid sodium salt (1:1)
 carbonic acid, monosodium salt
 jusonin
 meylon
 sodium acid carbonate
 sodium bicarbonate (1:1)
 sodium bicarbonate powder
monosodium carbonate
 sodium hydrocarbonate
 sodium hydrogen carbonate
monosodium hydrogen carbonate
 sodium hydrogenate carbonate
 sodium hydrogencarbonate
 soludal
 
 
Notes:
a white, crystalline powder that is commonly used as a ph buffering agent, an electrolyte replenisher, systemic alkalizer and in topical cleansing solutions. Leavening agent; component of self-raising flour. pH control agent for foods Sodium bicarbonate or sodium hydrogen carbonate is the chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3. Sodium bicarbonate is a white solid that is crystalline but often appears as a fine powder. It has a slightly salty, alkaline taste resembling that of washing soda (sodium carbonate). It is a component of the mineral natron and is found dissolved in many mineral springs. The natural mineral form, nahcolite, is found in dissolved form in bile, where it serves to neutralize the acidity of the hydrochloric acid produced by the stomach, and is excreted into the duodenum of the small intestine via the bile duct. It is also produced artificially. (Wikipedia)
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