potassium gluconate
D-gluconic acid, potassium salt (1:1)
 
Notes:
Dietary supplement (potassium), sequestrant Potassium gluconate is a mineral supplement and sequestrant.
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      16-62800 POTASSIUM GLUCONATE ANHYDROUS
       
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potassium (2R,3S,4R,5R)-2,3,4,5,6-pentahydroxyhexanoate (Click)
CAS Number: 299-27-4Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 206-074-2
FDA UNII: 12H3K5QKN9
Nikkaji Web: J5.466F
Beilstein Number: 3919448
MDL: MFCD00064211
Molecular Weight: 234.24637000
Formula: C6 H11 K O7
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: acidity regulators, nutrient supplements, yeast food
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
1978 Potassium gluconate View-review
JECFA Food Additive: Potassium Gluconate
GSFA Codex: Potassium gluconate (577)
DG SANTE Food Additives: potassium gluconate
FDA Mainterm: POTASSIUM GLUCONATE
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Physical Properties:
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 183.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
logP (o/w): -5.990 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 1e+006 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
odorless
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: chelating agents
skin protecting agents
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Suppliers:
Aceto
Potassium Gluconate Granular
American International Chemical
Potassium Gluconate
Carbosynth
For experimental / research use only.
Gluconic acid potassium salt
Global Calcium
Potassium Gluconate USP (Anhydrous)
Jost Chemical
Potassium Gluconate Anhydrous USP Granular
Jungbunzlauer Suisse
Potassium Gluconate
Flavor: characteristic
Potassium gluconate is the potassium salt of gluconic acid, which is obtained from glucose by fermentation and subsequent neutralization with a potassium source. Physiologically, gluconic acid is an important intermediate product of the carbohydrate metabolism. Potassium gluconate is recommended for introducing or enriching potassium in food, especially in dietetic food. Furthermore the product acts as a buffer salt and as a salt replacer in foodstuffs where sodium salts are not desired. In pharmaceuticals, it serves as a potassium source against potassium deficiency or as a systemic alkalizer. Potassium gluconate is also used in technical applications e.g. as sequestering agent in textiles or for galvanic surface treatment.
Kraft Chemical
Potassium Gluconate
Penta International
POTASSIUM GLUCONATE ANHYDROUS
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
D-Gluconic acid potassium salt >99%
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
Potassium D-gluconate ≥99%
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  10380 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: ALTERED SLEEP TIME (INCLUDING CHANGE IN RIGHTING REFLEX) BEHAVIORAL: SLEEP SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER CHANGES: OLFACTION
Kiso to Rinsho. Clinical Report. Vol. 6, Pg. 810, 1972.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  2333 mg/kg
Kiso to Rinsho. Clinical Report. Vol. 6, Pg. 810, 1972.

oral-mouse LD50  9100 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: ALTERED SLEEP TIME (INCLUDING CHANGE IN RIGHTING REFLEX) BEHAVIORAL: SLEEP SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER CHANGES: OLFACTION
Kiso to Rinsho. Clinical Report. Vol. 6, Pg. 810, 1972.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50  2664 mg/kg
Kiso to Rinsho. Clinical Report. Vol. 6, Pg. 810, 1972.

Dermal Toxicity:
subcutaneous-mouse LD50 8190 mg/kg
Kiso to Rinsho. Clinical Report. Vol. 6, Pg. 810, 1972.

subcutaneous-rat LD50 9650 mg/kg
Kiso to Rinsho. Clinical Report. Vol. 6, Pg. 810, 1972.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: acidity regulators, nutrient supplements, yeast food
Recommendation for potassium gluconate usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for potassium gluconate flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
Daily Med: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 299-27-4
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 16760467
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 1
 potassium (2R,3S,4R,5R)-2,3,4,5,6-pentahydroxyhexanoate
Chemidplus: 0000299274
RTECS: LZ5230000 for cas# 299-27-4
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References:
 potassium (2R,3S,4R,5R)-2,3,4,5,6-pentahydroxyhexanoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 299-27-4
Pubchem (cid): 16760467
Pubchem (sid): 134975114
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEMBL: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): D01298
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): Search
FooDB: FDB020126
Export Tariff Code: 2918.16.5050
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 not found in nature
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Synonyms:
 gluconic acid monopotassium salt
D-gluconic acid potassium salt
dextro-gluconic acid potassium salt
D-gluconic acid, monopotassium salt
 gluconic acid, monopotassium salt, D-
D-gluconic acid, potassium salt
D-gluconic acid, potassium salt (1:1)
 gluconsan K
 kalium gluconate
2,3,4,5,6-pentahydroxycaproic acid potassium salt
 potassium (2R,3S,4R,5R)-2,3,4,5,6-pentahydroxyhexanoate
 potassium D-gluconate
monopotassium D-gluconate
monopotassium dextro-gluconate
 potassium gluconate anhydrous
 potassium gluconate anhydrous USP FCC granular
 potassium gluconate anhydrous USP FCC powder
 potassium gluconate granular
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Articles:
PubMed: Investigation of olfactory function in a Panx1 knock out mouse model.
J-Stage: Evaluation of the Suppressive Effect on Bitter Taste of Gluconate
PubMed: Depolarization of Cellular Resting Membrane Potential Promotes Neonatal Cardiomyocyte Proliferation In Vitro.
PubMed: Calcium-buffering effects of gluconate and nucleotides, as determined by a novel fluorimetric titration method.
PubMed: Characterization of plant-derived lactococci on the basis of their volatile compounds profile when grown in milk.
PubMed: Herbaspirillum psychrotolerans sp. nov., a member of the family Oxalobacteraceae from a glacier forefield.
PubMed: Cubozoan venom-induced cardiovascular collapse is caused by hyperkalemia and prevented by zinc gluconate in mice.
PubMed: NaCl potentiates human fibrocyte differentiation.
PubMed: Culturable microorganisms associated with Sishen iron ore and their potential roles in biobeneficiation.
PubMed: Importance of the effective strong ion difference of an intravenous solution in the treatment of diarrheic calves with naturally acquired acidemia and strong ion (metabolic) acidosis.
PubMed: Glycine- and GABA-mimetic Actions of Shilajit on the Substantia Gelatinosa Neurons of the Trigeminal Subnucleus Caudalis in Mice.
PubMed: Galactomannan antigenemia after infusion of gluconate-containing Plasma-Lyte.
PubMed: Presynaptic regulation of quantal size: K+/H+ exchange stimulates vesicular glutamate transport.
PubMed: A patch clamp study on the electro-permeabilization of higher plant cells: Supra-physiological voltages induce a high-conductance, K+ selective state of the plasma membrane.
PubMed: ATP-sensitive cation-channel in wheat (Triticum durum Desf.): identification and characterization of a plant mitochondrial channel by patch-clamp.
PubMed: Erwinia oleae sp. nov., isolated from olive knots caused by Pseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi.
PubMed: An improved red blood cell additive solution maintains 2,3-diphosphoglycerate and adenosine triphosphate levels by an enhancing effect on phosphofructokinase activity during cold storage.
PubMed: A device to measure oxygen consumption during the hypothermic perfusion of the liver.
PubMed: Primary hyperaldosteronism in a domestic ferret with an adrenocortical adenoma.
PubMed: Isolation and characterization of silicate mineral-solubilizing Bacillus globisporus Q12 from the surfaces of weathered feldspar.
PubMed: Diagnosis and surgical treatment of a Chiari I-like malformation in an African lion (Panthera leo).
PubMed: Cultured ruminal epithelial cells express a large-conductance channel permeable to chloride, bicarbonate, and acetate.
PubMed: Tricarbonyldichlororuthenium (II) dimer (CORM2) activates non-selective cation current in human endothelial cells independently of carbon monoxide releasing.
PubMed: Anionic selectivity sequence of the Cl(-)-H+ symporter in the synaptosomal preparation from rat brain cortex.
PubMed: Buffy-coat platelet variables and metabolism during storage in additive solutions or plasma.
PubMed: Evidence for KCNQ1 K+ channel expression in rat zymogen granule membranes and involvement in cholecystokinin-induced pancreatic acinar secretion.
PubMed: Hypokalemic sensory overstimulation.
PubMed: Characteristics of a pink-pigmented bacterium isolated from biofilm in a cooling tower in Tokyo, Japan.
PubMed: Stimulus-secretion coupling of hypotonicity-induced insulin release in BRIN-BD11 cells.
PubMed: Effects of hypercalcemia on serum concentrations of magnesium, potassium, and phosphate and urinary excretion of electrolytes in horses.
PubMed: A mycelium with polyelectrolyte complex-bunched hyphae: several important factors affecting on the fermentation performance at a very high cell density.
PubMed: A mycelium with polyelectrolyte complex-bunched hyphae: preparation and fermentation performance.
PubMed: Inhibition of eryptosis and intraerythrocytic growth of Plasmodium falciparum by flufenamic acid.
PubMed: Stability and plasticity of intrinsic membrane properties in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons: effects of internal anions.
PubMed: [Hypokalemia and Hyperkalemia].
PubMed: Electromigration of ions across the skin: determination and prediction of transport numbers.
PubMed: Similar chloride channels in the connecting tubule and cortical collecting duct of the mouse kidney.
PubMed: Primary hyperaldosteronism in the cat: a series of 13 cases.
PubMed: Effect of membrane potential depolarization on the organization of the actin cytoskeleton of eye epithelia. The role of adherens junctions.
PubMed: Helix 4 mutants of the Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal toxin Cry1Aa display altered pore-forming abilities.
PubMed: [Effect of cultivation parameters on the composition of extracellular polysaccharide containing substances in bacterium Azospirillum brasilense].
PubMed: Stimulation of potassium cycling in mitochondria by long-chain fatty acids.
PubMed: Amino acid-permeable anion channels in early mouse embryos and their possible effects on cleavage.
PubMed: Action potential afterdepolarization mediated by a Ca2+-activated cation conductance in myenteric AH neurons.
PubMed: Basolateral phosphate transport in renal proximal-tubule-like OK cells.
PubMed: Intrinsic optical signals in the dorsal horn of rat spinal cord slices elicited by brief repetitive stimulation.
PubMed: Role of helix 3 in pore formation by the Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal toxin Cry1Aa.
PubMed: Differential effects of pH on the pore-forming properties of Bacillus thuringiensis insecticidal crystal toxins.
PubMed: Apical membrane of native OMCD(i) cells has nonselective cation channels.
PubMed: Characterization of whole-cell currents elicited by mechanical stimulation of Xenopus oocytes.
PubMed: Anion channels modulate store-operated calcium influx in human microglia.
PubMed: Ion transport in an immortalized rat submandibular cell line SMG-C6.
PubMed: Factors that determine the plasma-membrane potential in bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei.
PubMed: Major potassium conductance in type I hair cells from rat semicircular canals: characterization and modulation by nitric oxide.
PubMed: Evaluation of certain food additives. Fifty-first report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives.
PubMed: Ion channel activity from the midgut brush-border membrane of gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) larvae.
PubMed: Effect of ammonium and nitrate ratio on glucose oxidase activity during gluconic acid fermentation by a mutant strain of Aspergillus niger.
PubMed: Early increases in renal kallikrein secretion on administration of potassium or ATP-sensitive potassium channel blockers in rats.
PubMed: Bombesin-like peptides depolarize rat hippocampal interneurones through interaction with subtype 2 bombesin receptors.
PubMed: Evidence for chloride ions as intracellular messenger substances in astrocytes.
PubMed: Common components of patch-clamp internal recording solutions can significantly affect protein kinase A activity.
PubMed: Progression of change in NMDA, non-NMDA, and metabotropic glutamate receptor function at the developing corticothalamic synapse.
PubMed: Neonatal Bartter syndrome: spontaneous resolution of all signs and symptoms.
PubMed: Membrane potential in isolated epithelial cells of the endolymphatic sac in the guinea-pig.
PubMed: Chloride transport in red blood cells of lamprey Lampetra fluviatilis: evidence for a novel anion-exchange system.
PubMed: Characterization of the chloride conductance in porcine renal brush-border membrane vesicles.
PubMed: Modulation of K+ channels by arachidonic acid in T84 cells. II. Activation of a Ca(2+)-independent K+ channel.
PubMed: Effect of PMA on the integrity of the membrane skeleton and morphology of epithelial MDCK cells is dependent on the activity of amiloride-sensitive ion transporters and membrane potential.
PubMed: Electrolyte environment modulates differentiation in embryonic renal collecting duct epithelia.
PubMed: Use of low temperature and high K+ incubation media for in vitro tissue preparation for X-ray microanalysis.
PubMed: Muscle potassium content and potassium gluconate supplementation in normokalemic cats with naturally occurring chronic renal failure.
PubMed: Catabolism of D-glucose by Pseudomonas putida U occurs via extracellular transformation into D-gluconic acid and induction of a specific gluconate transport system.
PubMed: Properties of unitary IPSCs in hippocampal pyramidal cells originating from different types of interneurons in young rats.
PubMed: Chloride is essential for contraction of afferent arterioles after agonists and potassium.
PubMed: Effects of pretreatment with clonidine, lithium and quinine on the activities of antidepressant drugs in the mouse tail suspension test.
PubMed: Preparation of silica gel-bonded amylose through enzyme-catalyzed polymerization and chiral recognition ability of its phenylcarbamate derivative in HPLC.
PubMed: Effect of pregnancy on mechanisms of relaxation in human omental microvessels.
PubMed: Noradrenaline induces IPSCs in rat medial septal/diagonal band neurons: involvement of septohippocampal GABAergic neurons.
PubMed: The mitochondrial permeability transition pore is modulated by oxidative agents through both pyridine nucleotides and glutathione at two separate sites.
PubMed: Inhibition of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase by carbamylation and protection by alpha-crystallin, a chaperone-like protein.
PubMed: Taste-mixture suppression: functional dissection of cellular and paracellular origins.
PubMed: Apical Na+ conductance in maturing rabbit principal cell.
PubMed: Conducting and voltage-dependent behaviors of potassium ion channels reconstituted from diaphragm sarcoplasmic reticulum: comparison with the cardiac isoform.
PubMed: Patch-clamp characterization of nicotinic receptors in a subpopulation of lamina X neurones in rat spinal cord slices.
PubMed: Preservation of the non-rectangular cuticular plate/cell axis angle of outer hair cells.
PubMed: Cellular chloride depletion inhibits cAMP-activated electrogenic chloride fluxes in HT29-18-C1 cells.
PubMed: D-glucosaminate aldolase activity of D-glucosaminate dehydratase from Pseudomonas fluorescens and its requirement for Mn2+ ion.
PubMed: Effect of amiloride on the taste of NaCl, Na-gluconate and KCl in humans: implications for Na+ receptor mechanisms.
PubMed: Effects of voltage perturbation of the lingual receptive field on chorda tympani responses to Na+ and K+ salts in the rat: implications for gustatory transduction.
PubMed: ATP-induced unspecific channel in yeast mitochondria.
PubMed: Voltage-activated K channel in luminal membrane of marginal cells of stria vascularis dissected from guinea pig.
PubMed: The effect of intracellular anions on ATP-dependent potassium channels of rat skeletal muscle.
PubMed: Proteus mirabilis dehydrogenates aldonates and aldarates with an (R)-configured alpha-carbon atom to the corresponding 2-oxocarboxylates.
PubMed: Sodium thiosulphate in the treatment of renal tubular acidosis I with nephrocalcinosis.
PubMed: Whole-cell recording of the Ca(2+)-dependent slow afterhyperpolarization in hippocampal neurones: effects of internally applied anions.
PubMed: Interdependence of H+ and K+ fluxes during the Ca(2+)-pumping activity of sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles.
PubMed: A whole cell patch-clamp study on the pacemaker potential in dopaminergic neurons of rat substantia nigra compacta.
PubMed: Satellite glial cells in situ within mammalian prevertebral ganglia express K+ channels active at rest potential.
PubMed: Nutritional requirements for synthesis of heat-stable enterotoxin by Yersinia enterocolitica.
PubMed: Effects of dietary protein and calorie restriction in clinically normal cats and in cats with surgically induced chronic renal failure.
PubMed: Amiloride-sensitive sodium conductance in human B lymphoid cells.
PubMed: Ethinyl estradiol decreases acidification of rat liver endocytic vesicles.
PubMed: The actions of hydrogen sulfide on dorsal raphe serotonergic neurons in vitro.
PubMed: Inhibition of alpha-adrenergic responses in the rat liver by lipophilic K+ channel blockers or depolarizing Cl- gradients. Evidence for a potential-sensitive step in the signal transduction path.
PubMed: Effects of valinomycin on osmotic lysis of zymogen granules and amylase exocytosis from parotid acini.
PubMed: Discrimination of post- and presynaptic GABAB receptor-mediated responses by tetrahydroaminoacridine in area CA3 of the rat hippocampus.
PubMed: Whole-cell recording of anoxic effects on hippocampal neurons in slices.
PubMed: [Morphologic rationale for selecting composition and structure of biologically active material based on sodium alginate for wound treatment].
PubMed: Osmolarity reduction transiently increases K+ conductance of confluent rat hepatocytes in primary culture.
PubMed: Cell volume regulation in rat thin ascending limb of Henle's loop.
PubMed: Patch-clamp study of postnatal development of CA1 neurons in rat hippocampal slices: membrane excitability and K+ currents.
PubMed: ATP-dependent bile-salt transport in canalicular rat liver plasma-membrane vesicles.
PubMed: Membrane properties of dentate gyrus granule cells: comparison of sharp microelectrode and whole-cell recordings.
PubMed: K+ current stimulation by Cl- in the midgut epithelium of tobacco hornworm (Manduca sexta). II. Analysis of Ba(2+)-induced K+ channel conduction noise.
PubMed: K+ current stimulation by Cl- in the midgut epithelium of tobacco hornworm (Manduca sexta). I. Kinetics and effect of Cl(-)-site-specific agents.
PubMed: Replacement of chloride deficit by use of 1.8% NaCl to correct experimentally induced hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis in sheep.
PubMed: Electrolyte transport across the pleura of rabbits.
PubMed: The role of the sodium pump in the plasma membrane potential changes during mast cell activation.
PubMed: Single calcium channels in rat and guinea-pig hippocampal neurons.
PubMed: High salt mimics effects of light pulses on circadian pacemaker in cultured chick pineal cells.
PubMed: Voltage dependence of current through the Na,K-exchange pump of Rana oocytes.
PubMed: Effects of dietary acidification and potassium depletion on acid-base balance, mineral metabolism and renal function in adult cats.
PubMed: Chloride-bicarbonate exchange in isolated rat pancreatic acini.
PubMed: Reduction in sensitivity to Cl- channel blockers by HCO3- -CO2 in rabbit cortical collecting duct.
PubMed: Voltage-activated calcium channels in rat Purkinje cells maintained in culture.
PubMed: Vasoconstrictor hormones depolarize renal glomerular mesangial cells by activating chloride channels.
PubMed: Influence of serosal Cl on transport properties and cation activities in frog skin.
PubMed: Electrical transients produced by the toad urinary bladder in response to altered medium osmolality.
PubMed: Regulatory volume decrease in alveolar macrophages: cation loss is not correlated with changes in membrane recycling.
PubMed: Hepatic efflux of glutathione by the perfused rat liver: role of membrane potential difference.
PubMed: Whole-cell potassium currents in single early distal tubule cells.
PubMed: Outward rectification of inhibitory postsynaptic currents in cultured rat hippocampal neurones.
PubMed: The packing of acetylcholine into quanta at the frog neuromuscular junction is inhibited by increases in intracellular sodium.
PubMed: Shortening and elongation of isolated outer hair cells in response to application of potassium gluconate, acetylcholine and cationized ferritin.
PubMed: Tamoxifen reduces calcium currents in a clonal pituitary cell line.
PubMed: Modulation of ATP-dependent Ca2+ transport in rat parotid basolateral membrane vesicles by K+ + Cl- flux.
PubMed: [Kinetic aspects of the relation of the growth of the producer and the biosynthesis of heliomycin depending on the carbon source in the medium].
PubMed: Non-transferrin-bound iron uptake by rat liver. Role of membrane potential difference.
PubMed: Ion transport in human colon in vitro.
PubMed: Steady state regulation of intracellular pH in isolated rabbit gastric glands. Roles for Na/H and Cl/OH (HCO3) exchange.
PubMed: p-Aminohippurate transport in basal-lateral membrane vesicles from rabbit renal cortex: stimulation by pH and sodium gradients.
PubMed: [Mechanism of the effect of potassium gluconate (K-GL) on rat erythrocyte glycolysis and potassium transport across the membrane].
PubMed: Basolateral membrane K permselectivity and regulation in bullfrog cornea epithelium.
PubMed: [Retentive effect of potassium gluconate (K-GL) on potassium Level--mechanism of the effect of K-GL on potassium transport of rat erythrocytes].
PubMed: Characteristics of inositol trisphosphate-mediated Ca2+ release from permeabilized hepatocytes.
PubMed: A voltage-gated chloride conductance in rat cultured astrocytes.
PubMed: Predominance of gluconate formation from glucose during germination of Bacillus megaterium QM B1551 spores.
PubMed: Red-cell metabolism in patients with iron deficiency.
PubMed: Unidirectional potassium fluxes in renal distal tubule: effects of chloride and barium.
PubMed: Zinc may play a role in the regulation of thyrotropin function.
PubMed: Effect of potassium gluconate on potassium transport of rat erythrocytes.
PubMed: Excitation-contraction coupling in crab muscle fibers with swollen T tubules.
PubMed: Inhibitors of Ca2+ release from the isolated sarcoplasmic reticulum. II. The effects of dantrolene on Ca2+ release induced by caffeine, Ca2+ and depolarization.
PubMed: Inhibitors of Ca2+ release from the isolated sarcoplasmic reticulum. I. Ca2+ channel blockers.
PubMed: ATP-dependent proton transport by isolated brain clathrin-coated vesicles. Role of clathrin and other determinants of acidification.
PubMed: Apical membrane potassium and chloride permeabilities in surface cells of rabbit descending colon epithelium.
PubMed: Rapid calcium release from the isolated sarcoplasmic reticulum is triggered via the attached transverse tubular system.
PubMed: Kinetic studies of Ca2+ release from sarcoplasmic reticulum of normal and malignant hyperthermia susceptible pig muscles.
PubMed: [Use of corrosion inhibitors during the sterilization and disinfection of medical instruments].
PubMed: Effect of the preparation method on Na+-H+ exchange and ion permeabilities in rat renal brush-border membranes.
PubMed: Cortical vesicle exocytosis in isolated cortices of sea urchin eggs: description of a turbidometric assay and its utilization in studying effects of different media on discharge.
PubMed: [Bicarbonate hemodialysis. Pharmaceutical aspects].
PubMed: Evidence for two types of rat liver microsomes with differing permeability to glucose and other small molecules.
PubMed: D-Gluconate transport in Arthrobacter pyridinolis. Metabolic trapping of a protonated solute.
PubMed: Presence and activity of the hexosemonophosphate shunt in a marine pennate chemoorganotrophic diatom, Nitzschia alba, clone Link 001.
PubMed: Evidence for an electrogenic 3-deoxy-2-oxo-D-gluconate--proton co-transport driven by the protonmotive force in Escherichia coli K12.
PubMed: Permeability of sarcoplasmic reticulum membrane. The effect of changed ionic environments on Ca2+ release.
PubMed: Molecular and catalytic properties of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase from the photosynthetic extreme halophile Ectothiorhodospira halophila.
PubMed: An improved method for the isolation of labeled blood glucose as potassium gluconate and the determination of its radioactive specific activity.
PubMed: Carbon and sulphur utilization during growth of Pseudomonas fluorescens on potassium D-glucose 6-O-sulphate as the sole sulphur source.
PubMed: Sulphur utilization during growth of pseudomonas fluorescens on potassium D-glucose 6-O-sulphate.
PubMed: Assay of potassium gluconate solution.
PubMed: Jejunal ulceration. Report of a case apparently associated with potassium gluconate.
PubMed: Potassium citrate and potassium gluconate versus potassium chloride. Experimental evaluation of relative intestinal toxicity.
PubMed: Hexamic acid as a component of potassium gluconate and glyceryl guaiacolate solutions.
PubMed: LIQUID SCINTILLATION COUNTING OF THE POTASSIUM GLUCONATE DERIVATIVE OF BLOOD GLUCOSE.
PubMed: Metabolism of D-ribose1-C14 and C14-labeled d-gluconate in an enzyme system of the genus Propionibacterium.
PubMed: POTASSIUM GLUCONATE AND ATP EFFECTS ON CHROMOSOME ABERRATION YIELD.
PubMed: The isolation of blood glucose as potassium gluconate.
PubMed: The use of potassium gluconate in hypopotassemia.
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