potassium bicarbonate
carbonic acid, potassium salt (1:1)
Used in foodstuffs as a pH control agent, formulation aid, processing aid and nutrient supplement (potassium). Also used in the production of cacao nibs Potassium bicarbonate (also known as potassium hydrogen carbonate or potassium acid carbonate) is a colorless, odorless, slightly basic, salty substance. It is used as a source of carbon dioxide for leavening in baking. It is used as a base in foods to regulate pH. It is a common ingredient in club soda, where it is used to soften the effect of effervescence. (Wikipedia)
  • Charkit Chemical
    • Charkit Chemical Corporation
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  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
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      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL SocietÓ con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
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      Potassium Hydrogen Carbonate
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
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potassium hydrogen carbonate (Click)
CAS Number: 298-14-6Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 206-059-0
Nikkaji Web: J8.578B
MDL: MFCD00011402
Molecular Weight: 100.11487000
Formula: C H K O3
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: formulation aids, nutrient supplemlents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
184.1613 Potassium bicarbonate View-review
JECFA Food Additive: Potassium Hydrogen Carbonate
GSFA Codex: Potassium hydrogen carbonate (501(ii))
DG SANTE Food Additives: potassium hydrogen carbonate
FDA Regulation:
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cacao Products
Sec. 163.110 Cacao nibs.

Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cacao Products
Sec. 163.111 Chocolate liquor.

Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cacao Products
Sec. 163.112 Breakfast cocoa.

Subpart B--Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1613 Potassium bicarbonate.

Subpart A--Foods
Sec. 73.85 Caramel.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: white crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 water, 1e+006 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: buffering agents
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Allan Chemical
Potassium Bicarbonate
American Elements
Potassium Bicarbonate 99%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Potassium Bicarbonate is generally immediately available in most volumes. High purity, submicron and nanopowder forms may be considered. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows applicable ASTM testing standards.
Charkit Chemical
Charkit Chemical
ECSA Chemicals
Potassium Hydrogen Carbonate
Company Profile
Penta International
Penta International
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Potassium Bicarbonate
For experimental / research use only.
Potassium bicarbonate ACS reagent, 99.7%, granular
Silver Fern Chemical
Potassium Bicarbonate
Odor: characteristic
Use: Potassium Bicarbonate is used in many food and pharmaceutical applications as well as some industrial applications. Common end-products are soft drinks, medicines, detergents, food additives, laboratory reagents, and fire-extinguishers.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
Odor: characteristic
Use: Is used as a source of carbon dioxide for leavening in baking, extinguishing fire in dry chemical fire extinguishers, acting as a reagent, and a strong buffering agent in medications. It is also used as an additive in winemaking and as a base in foods and to regulate pH. It is a common ingredient in club soda, where it is used to soften the effect of effervescence.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
Odor: characteristic
Use: Is used as a source of carbon dioxide for leavening in baking. It is also used as an additive in winemaking and as a base in foods and to regulate pH. It is a common ingredient in club soda, where it is used to soften the effect of effervescence.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
Odor: characteristic
Use: It is used as a strong buffering agent in medications.
Universal Preserv-A-Chem Inc.
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: formulation aids, nutrient supplemlents
Recommendation for potassium bicarbonate usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for potassium bicarbonate flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance potassium hydrogen carbonate
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 298-14-6
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 516893
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 1
 potassium hydrogen carbonate
Chemidplus: 0000298146
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 potassium hydrogen carbonate
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 298-14-6
Pubchem (cid): 516893
Pubchem (sid): 135260231
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C18606
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): Search
FooDB: FDB015415
Export Tariff Code: 2836.40.2000
Haz-Map: View
Household Products: Search
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
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Potential Uses:
 buffering agents 
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 not found in nature
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 carbonic acid potassium salt (1:1)
 carbonic acid, monopotassium salt
 carbonic acid, potassium salt
 carbonic acid, potassium salt (1:1)
 potassium acid carbonate
 potassium bicarbonate granular
 potassium bicarbonate powder
monopotassium carbonate
 potassium hydrogen carbonate
 potassium hydrogencarbonate
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PubMed: Differential Pharmacokinetics of Diclofenac Potassium for Oral Solution vs Immediate-Release Tablets From a Randomized Trial: Effect of Fed and Fasting Conditions.
PubMed: Whey protein plus bicarbonate supplement has little effects on structural atrophy and proteolysis marker immunopatterns in skeletal muscle disuse during 21 days of bed rest.
PubMed: Diagnostic and treatment dilemmas of persistent chronic hypokalaemia in a patient with anorexia nervosa: a case report.
PubMed: Effects on milk urea concentration, urine output, and drinking water intake from incremental doses of potassium bicarbonate fed to mid-lactation dairy cows.
PubMed: Development of a new precursor-minimizing base control method and its application for the automated synthesis and SPE purification of [(18) F]fluoromisonidazole ([(18) F]FMISO).
PubMed: Effects of potassium chloride and potassium bicarbonate in the diet on urinary pH and mineral excretion of adult cats.
PubMed: Gastroesophageal reflux in pregnancy: a systematic review on the benefit of raft forming agents.
PubMed: Antifungal activity of food additives in vitro and as ingredients of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose-lipid edible coatings against Botrytis cinerea and Alternaria alternata on cherry tomato fruit.
PubMed: Effects of alkali supplementation and vitamin D insufficiency on rat skeletal muscle.
PubMed: The role of different sugars, amino acids and few other substances in chemotaxis directed motility of helicobacter pylori.
PubMed: Regulation of two renal chloride transporters, AE1 and pendrin, by electrolytes and aldosterone.
PubMed: The use of inorganic salts to improve the dissolution characteristics of tablets containing Soluplus®-based solid dispersions.
PubMed: Skeletal effects of nutrients and nutraceuticals, beyond calcium and vitamin D.
PubMed: Statistical optimization of floating pulsatile drug delivery system for chronotherapy of hypertension.
PubMed: Alkaline salts to counteract bone resorption and protein wasting induced by high salt intake: results of a randomized controlled trial.
PubMed: 21 Days head-down bed rest induces weakening of cell-mediated immunity - Some spaceflight findings confirmed in a ground-based analog.
PubMed: Reduction of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) and its variation by mouth wash.
PubMed: A flow injection analyser conductometric coupled system for the field analysis of free dissolved CO2 and total dissolved inorganic carbon in natural waters.
PubMed: Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome: potassium ascorbate with ribose therapy in a syndrome with high neoplastic risk.
PubMed: Potassium bicarbonate and D-ribose effects on A72 canine and HTB-126 human cancer cell line proliferation in vitro.
PubMed: Changes in intervertebral disc morphology persist 5 mo after 21-day bed rest.
PubMed: Prevention of erosive/abrasive enamel wear due to orange juice modified with dietary supplements.
PubMed: Reducing the impact of pesticides on biological control in Australian vineyards: pesticide mortality and fecundity effects on an indicator species, the predatory mite Euseius victoriensis (Acari: Phytoseiidae).
PubMed: Primary Sj├Âgren's disease and its complications presenting with progressive paralysis.
PubMed: Effect of reduced risk pesticides on greenhouse vegetable arthropod biological control agents.
PubMed: Urinary alkalization for the treatment of uric acid nephrolithiasis.
PubMed: No effect of bicarbonate treatment on insulin sensitivity and glucose control in non-diabetic older adults.
PubMed: Sorptive extraction with in-sample acetylation for gas chromatography-mass spectrometry determination of ethylphenol species in wine samples.
PubMed: Metal ions and electrolytes regulate the dissociation of heme from human hemopexin at physiological pH.
PubMed: Acid-base conditions regulate calcium and magnesium homeostasis.
PubMed: Regioselective carboxylation of catechol by 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate decarboxylase of Enterobacter cloacae P.
PubMed: Effects of potassium chloride and potassium bicarbonate on endothelial function, cardiovascular risk factors, and bone turnover in mild hypertensives.
PubMed: Arsenic: a beneficial therapeutic poison - a historical overview.
PubMed: Combined effect of water and KOH on rapeseed oil methanolysis.
PubMed: Use of potassium bicarbonate (Armicarb) on the control of powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca mors-uvae) of gooseberry (Ribes uva-crispa).
PubMed: Dissolution of radiolucent renal stones by oral alkalinization with potassium citrate/potassium bicarbonate.
PubMed: Effect of reduced risk pesticides for use in greenhouse vegetable production on Bombus impatiens (Hymenoptera: Apidae).
PubMed: Reaction mechanisms for enhancing mineral sequestration of CO2.
PubMed: The role of an alginate suspension on pepsin and bile acids - key aggressors in the gastric refluxate. Does this have implications for the treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease?
PubMed: In vitro growth and shoot multiplication in Terminalia bellerica roxB. under controlled carbon dioxide environment.
PubMed: Tympanic temperature in confined beef cattle exposed to excessive heat load.
PubMed: Alternative vs. conventional treatment given on-demand for gastroesophageal reflux disease: a randomised controlled trial.
PubMed: Control of downy mildew on grapes in organic viticulture.
PubMed: Potassium bicarbonate attenuates the urinary nitrogen excretion that accompanies an increase in dietary protein and may promote calcium absorption.
PubMed: Treatment with potassium bicarbonate lowers calcium excretion and bone resorption in older men and women.
PubMed: Micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography determination of alginic acid in pharmaceutical formulations after treatment with alginate lyase and UV detection.
PubMed: Evaluation of a [13C]-dextromethorphan breath test to assess CYP2D6 phenotype.
PubMed: Evaluation of the users value of salts against apple scab and powdery mildew for the integrated fruit production.
PubMed: Evaluation of antifungal activity of carbonate and bicarbonate salts alone or in combination with biocontrol agents in control of citrus green mold.
PubMed: Magnesium absorption by lactating dairy cows on a grass silage-based diet supplied with different potassium and magnesium levels.
PubMed: Effect of dietary strong ions on chewing activity and milk production in lactating dairy cows.
PubMed: Carbonic acid: from polyamorphism to polymorphism.
PubMed: Novel method for clearing red blood cell debris from BacT/ALERT blood culture medium for improved microscopic and antimycobacterial drug susceptibility test results.
PubMed: Oil formation from glucose with formic acid and cobalt catalyst in hot-compressed water.
PubMed: Electrochemiluminescence from successive electro- and chemo-oxidation of rifampicin and its application to the determination of rifampicin in pharmaceutical preparations and human urine.
PubMed: Experimental and theoretical study of the surface-controlled dissolution of cylindrical particles. Application to solubilization of potassium hydrogen carbonate in hot dimethylformamide.
PubMed: Reactions at the solid-liquid interface: surface-controlled dissolution of solid particles. The dissolution of potassium bicarbonate in dimethylformamide.
PubMed: Regioselective carboxylation of 1,3-dihydroxybenzene by 2,6-dihydroxybenzoate decarboxylase of Pandoraea sp. 12B-2.
PubMed: Rationale for a novel nutraceutical complex 'K-water': potassium taurine bicarbonate (PTB).
PubMed: Capsule endoscopy for gastrointestinal bleeding with an obscure etiology.
PubMed: Effect of potassium salts in rats adapted to an acidogenic high-sulfur amino acid diet.
PubMed: The effect of selected water-soluble excipients on the dissolution of paracetamol and Ibuprofen.
PubMed: Letter re: Persistent hypocalciuric effect of potassium bicarbonate in postmenopausal women.
PubMed: Letter re: Long-term persistence of the urine calcium-lowering effect of potassium bicarbonate in postmenopausal women.
PubMed: Reduction of Cr(VI) by hydrazine in solution saturated with KHCO3.
PubMed: Chloride-dominant salt sensitivity in the stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat.
PubMed: KHCO3 mineralization self-assembled on aminopropyl organosilica.
PubMed: Regulation of the Cl-/HCO3- exchanger AE2 in rat thick ascending limb of Henle's loop in response to changes in acid-base and sodium balance.
PubMed: Occlusion of dentin tubules by desensitizing agents.
PubMed: Long-term persistence of the urine calcium-lowering effect of potassium bicarbonate in postmenopausal women.
PubMed: Optimisation of the derivatisation reaction and subsequent headspace solid-phase microextraction method for the direct determination of chlorophenols in red wine.
PubMed: The Cl-/HCO3- exchanger pendrin in the rat kidney is regulated in response to chronic alterations in chloride balance.
PubMed: Phase-sensitive optical low-coherence reflectometry for the detection of analyte concentrations.
PubMed: Purification and characterization of 2,6-dihydroxybenzoate decarboxylase reversibly catalyzing nonoxidative decarboxylation.
PubMed: Evidence of a phase transition of RbHCO3 from high-resolution solid-state 13C and 87Rb NMR by comparison with KHCO3.
PubMed: [Renal mechanisms of protective potassium effect in essential hypertension].
PubMed: Toxicity and carcinogenicity of acidogenic or alkalogenic diets in rats; effects of feeding NH(4)Cl, KHCO(3) or KCl.
PubMed: Dietary electrolyte balance for broiler chickens exposed to thermoneutral or heat-stress environments.
PubMed: Self-assembly of fluid-filled KHCO(3) microfibers.
PubMed: Dietary electrolyte balance for broiler chickens under moderately high ambient temperatures and relative humidities.
PubMed: Carbonates, thiocarbonates, and the corresponding monoalkyl derivatives: III. The 13C chemical shift tensors in potassium carbonate, bicarbonate and related monomethyl derivatives.
PubMed: Do seminiferous tubules secrete a fluid rich in KHCO3?
PubMed: Effects of wheat variety and specific weight on dietary apparent metabolisable energy concentration and performance of broiler chicks.
PubMed: Diet, evolution and aging--the pathophysiologic effects of the post-agricultural inversion of the potassium-to-sodium and base-to-chloride ratios in the human diet.
PubMed: Effects of variety, the 1B/1R translocation and xylanase supplementation on nutritive value of wheat for broilers.
PubMed: Hormonal and hemodynamic changes during percutaneous nephrolithotomy.
PubMed: Long-term ammonium chloride or sodium bicarbonate treatment in two models of polycystic kidney disease.
PubMed: Importance of amino-acid and electrolyte balance in experimental diets used to determine the apparent metabolisable energy (AME) value of wheat.
PubMed: Introduction: the history of arsenic trioxide in cancer therapy.
PubMed: [Risk of osteoporosis by over-acidification of the organism and possible treatment by alkalizing therapy?].
PubMed: Chloride-sensitive renal microangiopathy in the stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat.
PubMed: Chronic peritoneal inflammation by cyanate in rats.
PubMed: Anion antiport mechanism is involved in transport of lactic acid across intestinal epithelial brush-border membrane.
PubMed: Time courses of plasma magnesium concentrations and urinary magnesium excretion in cows subjected to acute changes in potassium intake.
PubMed: Comparative effects of potassium chloride and bicarbonate on thiazide-induced reduction in urinary calcium excretion.
PubMed: Review article: alginate-raft formulations in the treatment of heartburn and acid reflux.
PubMed: Modulation of kir4.1 and kir5.1 by hypercapnia and intracellular acidosis.
PubMed: NaHCO(3) and KHCO(3) ingestion rapidly increases renal electrolyte excretion in humans.
PubMed: Chemotaxis and motility of Helicobacter pylori in a viscous environment.
PubMed: Dietary potassium bicarbonate and potassium citrate have a greater inhibitory effect than does potassium chloride on magnesium absorption in wethers.
PubMed: Differing effects of supplemental KCl and KHCO3: pathophysiological and clinical implications.
PubMed: Effects of intrinsic potassium in artificially dried grass and supplemental potassium bicarbonate on apparent magnesium absorption in dry cows.
PubMed: Sodium bicarbonate and potassium bicarbonate supplements for broilers can cause poor performance at high temperatures.
PubMed: Effects of potassium bicarbonate supplementation on axial and peripheral bone mass in rats on strenuous treadmill training exercise.
PubMed: Dipotassium naphthalene-1,8-dicarboxylate-potassium bicarbonate.
PubMed: NaCl-induced renal vasoconstriction in salt-sensitive African Americans: antipressor and hemodynamic effects of potassium bicarbonate.
PubMed: Normotensive salt sensitivity: effects of race and dietary potassium.
PubMed: Role of skeletal muscle in plasma ion and acid-base regulation after NaHCO3 and KHCO3 loading in humans.
PubMed: A causative role for redox cycling of myoglobin and its inhibition by alkalinization in the pathogenesis and treatment of rhabdomyolysis-induced renal failure.
PubMed: Magnesium absorption by wethers fed potassium bicarbonate in combination with different dietary magnesium concentrations.
PubMed: Comparative effects of added sodium chloride, ammonium chloride, or potassium bicarbonate in the drinking water of broilers, and feed restriction, on the development of the ascites syndrome.
PubMed: Administration of fatty acids and gonadotrophin secretion in the mature ram.
PubMed: Native corn starch versus either cellulose or glucose in the diet and the effects on apparent magnesium absorption in goats.
PubMed: Aggravation of polycystic kidney disease in Han:SPRD rats by buthionine sulfoximine.
PubMed: An improved treatment procedure for testicular biopsy specimens offers more efficient sperm recovery: case series.
PubMed: Lactational response of cows to different concentrations of calcium salts of canola oil fatty acids with or without bicarbonates.
PubMed: Calciuric effects of protein and potassium bicarbonate but not of sodium chloride or phosphate can be detected acutely in adult women and men.
PubMed: Effect of glycemic control on the kinetics of whole-body protein metabolism in obese subjects with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus during iso- and hypoenergetic feeding.
PubMed: Effects of the addition of potassium or sodium, but not calcium, to prepartum ratios on milk fever in dairy cows.
PubMed: Potassium bicarbonate reduces urinary nitrogen excretion in postmenopausal women.
PubMed: 15 beta-hydroxysteroids (Part V). Steroids of the human perinatal period: the synthesis of 3 beta, 15 beta, 17 alpha-trihydroxy-5-pregnen-20-one from 15 beta, 17 alpha-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3,20-dione.
PubMed: Decreased bone formation and increased mineral dissolution during acute fasting in young women.
PubMed: Dietary NaCl-restriction prevents the calciuria of KCl-deprivation and blunts the calciuria of KHCO3-deprivation in healthy adults.
PubMed: Effects of dietary buffers on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and stomach morphology in finishing pigs.
PubMed: Mechanisms of fluid and ion secretion by the parotid gland of the kangaroo, Macropus rufus, assessed by administration of transport-inhibiting drugs.
PubMed: Effects of a dietary load of acid or base on changes induced by lactose in rats.
PubMed: Mineral balance in postmenopausal women treated with potassium bicarbonate.
PubMed: Idiopathic hypercalciuria: the contribution of Dr. Jacob Lemann, Jr.
PubMed: Renal cystic disease and ammoniagenesis in Han:SPRD rats.
PubMed: Potassium bicarbonate supplementation and calcium metabolism in postmenopausal women: are we barking up the wrong tree?
PubMed: Improved mineral balance and skeletal metabolism in postmenopausal women treated with potassium bicarbonate.
PubMed: Bone, acid, and osteoporosis.
PubMed: Improved mineral balance and skeletal metabolism in postmenopausal women treated with potassium bicarbonate.
PubMed: Laying hens respond differently to high dietary levels of phosphorus in monobasic and dibasic calcium phosphate.
PubMed: The role of alkalizing and neutral potassium salts in urinary bladder carcinogenesis in rats.
PubMed: The effects of bicarbonate/carbon dioxide on the near-UV/visible spectrum and ligand binding properties of fast bovine heart cytochrome c oxidase.
PubMed: Potassium causes calcium retention in healthy adults.
PubMed: Potassium preserves endothelial function and enhances aortic compliance in Dahl rats.
PubMed: Application of multivariate autoregressive modelling for analysing chloride/potassium/bicarbonate relationship in the body.
PubMed: On the mechanism of sodium ion translocation by oxaloacetate decarboxylase of Klebsiella pneumoniae.
PubMed: Effect of diets high in sodium and potassium on the magnitude of theophylline-induced hypercalciuria in the rat.
PubMed: Effects of acute NaCl, KCl and KHCO3 loads on renal electrolyte excretion in humans.
PubMed: Renal potassium bicarbonate release in humans exposed to an acute volume load.
PubMed: Gamete development in Plasmodium berghei regulated by ionic exchange mechanisms.
PubMed: Arsenite as the probable active species in the human carcinogenicity of arsenic: mouse micronucleus assays on Na and K arsenite, orpiment, and Fowler's solution.
PubMed: Effects of bicarbonate supplementation on urinary mineral excretion during very low energy diets.
PubMed: Characterization of Fatty Acid biosynthesis in isolated pea root plastids.
PubMed: Short-term effects of carbon dioxide on carnation callus cell respiration.
PubMed: Potassium administration reduces and potassium deprivation increases urinary calcium excretion in healthy adults [corrected].
PubMed: Hypotonic stress-induced release of KHCO3 in fused renal epitheloid (MDCK) cells.
PubMed: Changing dietary electrolyte balance for dairy cows in cool and hot environments.
PubMed: Contrasting effects of various potassium salts on renal citrate excretion.
PubMed: Prophylaxis of uric acid stones with alternate day doses of alkaline potassium salts.
PubMed: Paradoxical effect of bicarbonate on cytoplasmic pH.
PubMed: Dietary potassium influences kidney maintenance of serum phosphorus concentration.
PubMed: Active and passive chloride transport by the rabbit cortical collecting duct.
PubMed: Hypocitraturic and hypercalciuric renal tubular acidosis with nephrocalcinosis in a 4-year-old boy.
PubMed: Oxalate is overestimated in alkaline urines collected during administration of bicarbonate with no specimen pH adjustment.
PubMed: Evidence that chromium is an essential factor for biological activity of low-molecular-weight, chromium-binding substance.
PubMed: L-beta-methylaminoalanine inhibits [3H]glutamate binding in the presence of bicarbonate ions.
PubMed: Inhibition of pyruvate carboxylase by sequestration of coenzyme A with sodium benzoate.
PubMed: Potassium bicarbonate, but not sodium bicarbonate, reduces urinary calcium excretion and improves calcium balance in healthy men.
PubMed: An investigation into the floating behaviour of a pectin-containing anti-reflux formulation (FF5005) by means of gamma scintigraphy.
PubMed: Cell volume regulation in renal cortical cells.
PubMed: Lactational responses to dietary magnesium, potassium, and sodium during winter in Florida.
PubMed: Influence of sodium chloride and potassium bicarbonate on udder edema and selected blood parameters.
PubMed: Sodium bicarbonate reduces viability and alters aflatoxin distribution of Aspergillus parasiticus in Czapek's agar.
PubMed: Effects of potassium bicarbonate on distal nephron Na-K-ATPase in adrenalectomized rabbits.
PubMed: Effect of dietary supplements of sodium or potassium bicarbonate on short-term macromineral balance in swine.
PubMed: Effects of potassium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate on rumen function in lactating Holstein cows.
PubMed: Distal renal tubular acidosis in a cat with pyelonephritis.
PubMed: Effects of pyruvate salts, pyruvic acid, and bicarbonate salts in preventing experimental oxalate urolithiasis in rats.
PubMed: 3H-5-hydroxytryptamine accumulation by rat brain synaptic vesicles in a membrane-impermeant medium, and selective reduction by 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine.
PubMed: Effects of potassium buffers on feed intake in lactating dairy cows and on rumen fermentation in vivo and in vitro.
PubMed: [Rhabdomyolysis as a late complication of anesthesia--a case of malignant hyperthermia?].
PubMed: Absorption of magnesium and other macrominerals in sheep infused with potassium in different parts of the digestive tract.
PubMed: Successful human pregnancy following in vitro fertilization using frozen semen.
PubMed: The importance of the non-protein components of the diet in the plasma cholesterol response of rabbits to casein.
PubMed: Role of citrate excretion in acid-base balance in diuretic-induced alkalosis in the rat.
PubMed: Potassium bicarbonate supplementation blocks the hypocalciuric response to hydrochlorothiazide in rats.
PubMed: Effect of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase regulators on isolated rat uterus: with observations on their mechanism of action.
PubMed: The influence of bicarbonate ions on the GABA-mimetic activity of ethylenediamine.
PubMed: Are sodium bicarbonate and potassium bicarbonate fully dissociated under physiological conditions?
PubMed: Hypokalemic paralysis in Sj├Âgren's syndrome secondary to renal tubular acidosis.
PubMed: Single-run high-performance liquid chromatography of nucleotides, nucleosides, and major purine bases and its application to different tissue extracts.
PubMed: In vitro study of local solubility of uric acid stones with lithium carbonate.
PubMed: [The potassium deficiency problem].
PubMed: Influence of dietary electrolytes on digestive tract pH and acid-base status of chicks.
PubMed: Influence of dietary sodium and potassium bicarbonate and total potassium on heat-stressed lactating dairy cows.
PubMed: Comparative aspirin absorption kinetics after administration of sodium- and potassium-containing buffered solutions.
PubMed: [Metabolism of potassium and sodium when administered with different anions to patients with ischemic heart disease and arterial hypertension].
PubMed: [Production of a syrup to be used in K+ depletion].
PubMed: [Results of transplantation of the kidneys preserved by the method designed by the All-Union Scientific Center of Surgery].
PubMed: Failure of dietary-casein-induced acidosis to explain the hypercholesterolemia of casein-fed rabbits.
PubMed: Effect of feeding bicarbonate supplemented diet on the retention of calcium in ruminants.
PubMed: Natural history of primary distal renal tubular acidosis treated since infancy.
PubMed: ABC of diabetes: diabetic emergencies.
PubMed: [Effectiveness of alkaline inhalations for prevention of pneumoconiosis].
PubMed: [Nephrotoxicity caused by amphotericin B].
PubMed: Changes in pH with age in Drosophila and the influence of buffers on longevity.
PubMed: [Intravenous administration of potassium hydrocarbonate in arrhythmia].
PubMed: Relations between dietary salt type, acidosis and hyperlipemia in rabbits on casein containing semipurified diets.
PubMed: Risk factors in toxic megacolon.
PubMed: The effects of bicarbonate on blood coagulation.
PubMed: Experimental urolithiasis: Part V-Role of dietary carbonate in the etiology of the disease using radioactive 14C-potassium bicarbonate.
PubMed: Effect of a purified or corn-skim milk diet on retention and tissue distribution of manganese-54 in calves.
PubMed: Cryogenic preservation of fish and mammalian spermatozoa.
PubMed: Effects of mineral buffers on the rumen flora of sheep fed grain diets.
PubMed: Fluoride content of dental plaque before, during and after ingestion of sucrose modified with fluoride or bicarbonate-phosphate.
PubMed: Therapeutic testing by acetazolamide in the differentiation of a benign from a malignant niche.
PubMed: A study on salivary flow rate, sodium, potassium, bicarbonate and amylase in congestive cardiac failure.
PubMed: Studies on the lithium transport across the red cell membrane. III. Factors contributing to the intraindividual variability of the in vitro Li+ distribution across the human red cell membrane.
PubMed: Impaired renal conservation of sodium and chloride during sustained correction of systemic acidosis in patients with type 1, classic renal tubular acidosis.
PubMed: Treatment of small bowel diarrhea with electrolyte glucose drink.
PubMed: Purification and characterization of commercial NADH and accompanying dehydrogenase inhibitors.
PubMed: Steroid-induced polycystic kidneys in the newborn rat.
PubMed: The estimation of gastric secretory capacity by the telemetering method of pH-sensitive radiocapsule.
PubMed: A comparison of potassium bicarbonate and potassium chloride in the repair of potassium deficiency.
PubMed: Reversible pH Changes in Cells of Chlamydomonas reinhardi Resulting from CO(2) Fixation in the Light and Its Evolution in the Dark.
PubMed: Effects of supplemental potassium bicarbonate upon 24Na and 42K metabolism in young nonlactating cows.
PubMed: The effect of administering sodium chloride, sodium bicarbonate and potassium bicarbonate to newly born piglets.
PubMed: Effect of volatile fatty acids, sodium and potassium bicarbonate in purified diets for ruminants.
PubMed: Combined action of diamox and potassium bicarbonate in the treatment of of chronic glaucoma.
PubMed: The metabolism of the organic acids of tobacco leaves. XIII. Effect of culture of excised leaves in solutions of potassium bicarbonate.
PubMed: Effect of 2-acetylamino-1,3,4-thiadiazole-5-sulfonamide (diamox) on sodium, potassium, bicarbonate and buffer content of saliva.
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