EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

niacin
3-pyridinecarboxylic acid

Sponsors

CAS Number: 59-67-6Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:200-441-0
FDA UNII:2679MF687A
Nikkaji Web:J2.809F
Beilstein Number:0109591
MDL:MFCD00006391
XlogP3:0.40 (est)
Molecular Weight:123.11125000
Formula:C6 H5 N O2
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:nutrient supplements
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
184.1530 Niacin (nicotinic acid) View-review
FDA Mainterm: NIACIN
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 101 -- FOOD LABELING
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 101.9 Nutrition labeling of food.


FDA PART 107 -- INFANT FORMULA
Subpart D--Nutrient Requirements
Sec. 107.100 Nutrient specifications.


FDA PART 136 -- BAKERY PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Bakery Products
Sec. 136.115 Enriched bread, rolls, and buns.


FDA PART 137 -- CEREAL FLOURS AND RELATED PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cereal Flours and Related Products
Sec. 137.165 Enriched flour.


FDA PART 137 -- CEREAL FLOURS AND RELATED PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cereal Flours and Related Products
Sec. 137.180 Self-rising flour.


FDA PART 137 -- CEREAL FLOURS AND RELATED PRODUCTS


FDA PART 137 -- CEREAL FLOURS AND RELATED PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cereal Flours and Related Products
Sec. 137.260 Enriched corn meals.


FDA PART 137 -- CEREAL FLOURS AND RELATED PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cereal Flours and Related Products
Sec. 137.305 Enriched farina.


FDA PART 137 -- CEREAL FLOURS AND RELATED PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cereal Flours and Related Products
Sec. 137.350 Enriched rice.


FDA PART 139 -- MACARONI AND NOODLE PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Macaroni and Noodle Products
Sec. 139.115 Enriched macaroni products.


FDA PART 139 -- MACARONI AND NOODLE PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Macaroni and Noodle Products
Sec. 139.117 Enriched macaroni products with fortified protein.


FDA PART 139 -- MACARONI AND NOODLE PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Macaroni and Noodle Products
Sec. 139.122 Enriched nonfat milk macaroni products.


FDA PART 139 -- MACARONI AND NOODLE PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Macaroni and Noodle Products
Sec. 139.155 Enriched noodle products.


FDA PART 184 -- DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart B--Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1530 Niacin.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white crystalline powder (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 236.00 to 238.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 292.47 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Vapor Pressure:0.001000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 267.00 °F. TCC ( 130.70 °C. ) (est)
logP (o/w): 0.360
Soluble in:
 water, 18000 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: antistatic agents
smoothing agents
 
Suppliers:
Aceto
Nicotinic Acid
AIDP
Niacin B3 99.0-101.0%
American International Chemical, LLC.
Niacin
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Nicotinic acid >98%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Nicotinic Acid is a water-soluble vitamin belonging to the vitamin B family.
Charkit Chemical
NIACIN USP GRANULAR 30 MESH
Charkit Chemical
NIACIN USP POWDER
ECSA Chemicals
Nicotinic Acid
Company Profile
Farbest-Tallman Foods
Niacin USP Powder
Flavor: characteristic
It is used in food, beverage and dietary supplement applications including bakery mixes, cereals, nutrition bars and hard shell capsules as a source of Vitamin B3.
Foodchem International
Nicotinic Acid
George Uhe Company
Niacin
Maypro Industries
Niacin
Penta International
NICOTINIC ACID USP GRADE
Penta International
NICOTINIC ACID
Prinova
Niacin USP; granular; powder
Sigma-Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Nicotinic acid ≥98%
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 7000 mg/kg
Drugs in Japan Vol. 6, Pg. 544, 1982.

intravenous-guinea pig LDLo 3500 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Vol. 38, Pg. 241, 1938.

intravenous-man TDLo 357 ug/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: CYANOSIS CARDIAC: CARDIAC OUTPUT
Annals of Internal Medicine. Vol. 29, Pg. 558, 1948.

oral-man TDLo 2571 mg/kg/90D
BLOOD: CHANGES IN PLATELET COUNT BLOOD: CHANGE IN CLOTTING FACTORS
Archives of Internal Medicine. Vol. 152, Pg. 861, 1992.

oral-man TDLo 9713 mg/kg/58W
SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): SWEATING: OTHER GASTROINTESTINAL: NAUSEA OR VOMITING
Southern Medical Journal. Vol. 84, Pg. 496, 1991.

oral-man TDLo 31200 mg/kg/78
SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: VISUAL FIELD CHANGES: EYE SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER: EYE
JAMA, Journal of the American Medical Association. Vol. 279, Pg. 1702, 1998.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 358 mg/kg
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 14, Pg. 741, 1977.

intravenous-mouse LD50 5000 mg/kg
Therapie. Vol. 26, Pg. 831, 1971.

oral-mouse LD50 3720 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN MOTOR ACTIVITY (SPECIFIC ASSAY) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 7, Pg. 149, 1973.

unreported-mouse LD50 4000 mg/kg
British UK Patent Application. Vol. #2041937

oral-rabbit LD50 4550 mg/kg
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 14, Pg. 741, 1977.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 730 mg/kg
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 14, Pg. 741, 1977.

unreported-rat LD50 4000 mg/kg
United States Patent Document. Vol. #4412998

intravenous-rat LDLo 3500 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Vol. 38, Pg. 241, 1938.

Dermal Toxicity:
subcutaneous-rat LD50 5000 mg/kg
Drugs in Japan Vol. 6, Pg. 544, 1982.

subcutaneous-mouse LD50 3500 mg/kg
Oyo Yakuri. Pharmacometrics. Vol. 14, Pg. 741, 1977.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: nutrient supplements
Recommendation for niacin usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for niacin flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of a health claim related to a combination of thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, D-biotin and pumpkin seed oil and maintenance of normal hair pursuant to Article 13(5) of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of niacin (nicotinic acid and nicotinamide) as a feed additive for all animal species based on a dossier submitted by Vertellus Specialties Belgium BV
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for niacin
View page or View pdf
Outcome of a public consultation on the Draft Scientific Opinion of the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA) on Dietary Reference Values for niacin
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Dietary Reference Values for niacin
View page or View pdf
Niacin and contribution to normal energy-yielding metabolism: evaluation of a health claim pursuant to Article 14 of Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
Daily Med:search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):59-67-6
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :938
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
pyridine-3-carboxylic acid
Chemidplus:0000059676
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:59-67-6
 
References:
 pyridine-3-carboxylic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:59-67-6
Pubchem (cid):938
Pubchem (sid):134972613
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
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CHEMBL:View
Golm Metabolome Database:Search
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KEGG (GenomeNet):C00253
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB01488
FooDB:FDB001014
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB00224
Export Tariff Code:2936.29.1520
Household Products:Search
MedlinePlusSupp:View
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
 
Potential Uses:
 antistatic agents
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
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 chive leaf
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 chrysanthemum coronarium bud
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
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 lotus indian lotus rhizome
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 macadamia nut
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 marango shoot
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 marjoram plant
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 melon bitter melon fruit
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 melon bitter melon leaf
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 mugwort leaf
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 mustard white mustard seed
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 nance fruit
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 oat plant
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 oat seed
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 okra fruit
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 onion bulb
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 orange fruit
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 oregano plant
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 papaya leaf
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 parsley plant
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 parsley tissue culture
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 parsnip root
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 pea black-eyed pea seed
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 peanut leaf
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 pepper bell pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper seed
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 peppermint leaf
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 pine pinyon pine seed
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 pineapple fruit
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 pistachio nut
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 plum fruit
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 plum malabar plum fruit
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 pokeweed shoot
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 poppy opium poppy leaf
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 potato sweet potat root
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 potato sweet potato leaf
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 potato tuber
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 purslane herb
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 raspberry red raspberry fruit
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 rhubarb plant
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 rice seed
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 roselle flower
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 salsify root
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 sapodilla fruit
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 savory summer savory plant
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 soybean seed
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 spearmint plant
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 spinach indian spinach leaf
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 spinach plant
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 spinach sea spinach leaf
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 spinach water spinach leaf
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 spirulina plant
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 squash summer squash fruit
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 star fruit fruit
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 sunflower seed
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 tamarind
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 tamarind flower
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 tamarind fruit
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 tamarind leaf
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 tamarind seed
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 taro leaf
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 taro root
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 tarragon plant
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 tea leaf
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 thyme leaf
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 thyme plant
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 tomatillo fruit
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 turmeric plant
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 turmeric rhizome
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 walnut black walnut nut
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 walnut black walnut pericarp
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 walnut english walnut nut
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 watercress herb
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 watermelon fruit
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 wheat plant
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 wheat seed
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 yam mountain yam root
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 yam wild yam root
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Synonyms:
3-carboxyl pyridine
3-carboxypyridine
 niacin (vitamin B3)
 niacin granular feed grade
 niacin USP powder
 nicotinic acid
 nicotinic acid USP grade
3-pyridine carboxylic acid
 pyridine-3-carboxylic acid
 pyridine-beta-carboxylic acid
3-pyridinecarboxylic acid
3-pyridylcarboxylic acid
 

Articles:

PubMed:Identification of tartary buckwheat tea aroma compounds with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:[Fortification and evaluation of the nixtamal tortillas].
PubMed:Whole grains, refined grains and fortified refined grains: What's the difference?
PubMed:Characteristics of milk and reduced fat cheddar cheese from cows fed extruded soybeans and niacin.
PubMed:[Development and optimization of an isotonic sports drink].
PubMed:Hard-to-cook phenomenon in common beans--a review.
PubMed:Wild rice: the Indian's staple and the white man's delicacy.
 
Notes:
a water-soluble vitamin of the b complex occurring in various animal and plant tissues. it is required by the body for the formation of coenzymes nad and nadp. it has pellagra-curative, vasodilating, and antilipemic properties. Present in fruits and other plant materials. Nutrient supplement. Vitamin, enzyme cofactor [DFC] Niacin (also known as vitamin B3, nicotinic acid and vitamin PP) is an organic compound with the formula C6H5NO2 and, depending on the definition used, one of the forty to eighty essential human nutrients. This colorless, water-soluble solid is a derivative of pyridine, with a carboxyl group (COOH) at the 3-position. Other forms of vitamin B3 include the corresponding amide, nicotinamide ("niacinamide"), where the carboxyl group has been replaced by a carboxamide group (CONH2), as well as more complex amides and a variety of esters. The terms niacin, nicotinamide, and vitamin B3 are often used interchangeably to refer to any member of this family of compounds, since they have the same biochemical activity. [Wikipedia]
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