dextrin
 
Notes:
glucose polymer with average length of five glucose units for dietary energy supplement. Binder, colloid stabiliser and other uses in food, oral dietary supplement Dextrins are a group of low-molecular-weight carbohydrates produced by the hydrolysis of starch or glycogen. Dextrins are mixtures of polymers of D-glucose units linked by a-(1,4) or a-(1,6) glycosidic bonds. (Wikipedia)
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(3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-4,5-dihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-[(2R,3S,4R,5R,6S)-4,5,6-trihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-3-yl]oxyoxan-3-yl]oxy-6-(hydroxymethyl (Click)
CAS Number: 9004-53-9Picture of molecule
Other: 100041-56-3
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 232-675-4
MDL: MFCD00081554
XlogP3-AA: -6.90 (est)
Molecular Weight: 504.44024000
Formula: C18 H32 O16
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: stabilizers, thickeners, gelling agents, emulsifiers
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
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Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
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US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
1975 Corn dextrins (packaging) View-review
184.1277 Dextrins View-review
1979 Milo Starch View-review
GRN 436 Enzyme-modified dextrins View-notice PDF
FDA Mainterm: DEXTRIN
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart I--Multipurpose Additives
Sec. 172.892 Food starch-modified.


FDA PART 184 -- DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart B--Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1277 Dextrin.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: white powder (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Boiling Point: 865.00 to  866.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg (est)
Flash Point: 890.00 °F. TCC ( 476.67 °C. )
logP (o/w): -4.673 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 1e+006 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
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Organoleptic Properties:
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: absorbents
binding agents
bulking agents
viscosity controlling agents
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Suppliers:
Cargill, Inc.
Dextrin
Flavor: characteristic
Cargill Dry Set™ dextrin Dextrins are excellent film forming aids and they improve adhesion and browning in coated, fried products.
Ingredion
NATIONAL™ 0280
Odor: characteristic
Use: NATIONAL 0280 is a starch-based crisping agent designed to impart a range of textural properties to battered and fried food products, particularly french fries. NATIONAL 0280 is a tapioca dextrin.
Ingredion
NUTRIOSE® FB06
Odor: characteristic
Use: NUTRIOSE FB 06 can be used in a wide variety of applications due to its physical properties and extremely high process tolerance. The applications include: beverages, diary, soups, sauces, extruded snacks, cereals and baked goods. NUTRIOSE is a valuable tool for developing healthy foods because it can be used to add fiber, reduce fat or sugar and lower calories. Additionally NUTRIOSE is a low glycemic ingredients, with only 2 kcal/gram and prebiotic properties.
Ingredion
NUTRIOSE® FM06
Odor: characteristic
Use: NUTRIOSE FM06 can be used in a wide variety of applications due to its physical properties and extremely high process tolerance. The applications include: beverages, diary, soups, sauces, extruded snacks, cereals and baked goods. NUTRIOSE is a valuable tool for developing healthy foods because it can be used to add fiber, reduce fat or sugar and lower calories. Additionally NUTRIOSE is a low glycemic ingredients, with only 2 kcal/gram and prebiotic properties.NUTRIOSE® FM06 is based on corn.
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
Dextrin from corn Type I, powder
Tate & Lyle
Corn Dextrin
Food and Beverage, Pharmaceutical
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intravenous-mouse LD50  350 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 23, Pg. 537, 1972.

intravenous-mouse LD50  350 mg(Fe)/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 23, Pg. 537, 1972.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: stabilizers, thickeners, gelling agents, emulsifiers
Recommendation for dextrin usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for dextrin flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 9004-53-9
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 62698
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 1
 (3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-4,5-dihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-[(2R,3S,4R,5R,6S)-4,5,6-trihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-3-yl]oxyoxan-3-yl]oxy-6-(hydroxymethyl
Chemidplus: 0009004539
RTECS: HH9450000 for cas# 9004-53-9
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References:
 (3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-4,5-dihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-[(2R,3S,4R,5R,6S)-4,5,6-trihydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-3-yl]oxyoxan-3-yl]oxy-6-(hydroxymethyl
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 9004-53-9
Pubchem (cid): 62698
Pubchem (sid): 135020741
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C00721
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB06857
FooDB: FDB012148
Export Tariff Code: 3505.10.0010
Household Products: Search
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Formulations/Preparations:
grades: technical; fcc
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
 absorbents 
 binding agents 
 viscosity controlling agents 
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 cacao bean
Search Trop  Picture
 coffee bean
Search Trop  Picture
 rice seed
Search Trop  Picture
 tea leaf
Search Trop  Picture
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Synonyms:
 amaizo 1706
 amycol 1
 aquaflake 31
 arabix 6
 avedex 35
 british gum
 caloreen
 canary S 8032
 caswell no. 279i
 corn dextrin
 cream dextrin 15
 crystal gum
 crystal tex 627
 dextrina bianca
enzyme-modified dextrins
 eclipse G
 electrocol 70
 emdex 30an45
 farinex CO 2
 fibersol 2
 fungal amylase starch
 icodextrin
 starch gum
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Articles:
PubMed: Stability of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG in prebiotic edible films.
PubMed: Position of modifying groups on starch chains of octenylsuccinic anhydride-modified waxy maize starch.
PubMed: Evidence for cycloisomaltooligosaccharide production from starch by Bacillus circulans T-3040.
PubMed: The effects of age at the onset of drinking to intoxication and chronic ethanol self-administration in male rhesus macaques.
PubMed: The citric acid-modified, enzyme-resistant dextrin from potato starch as a potential prebiotic.
PubMed: In vitro fermentation of NUTRIOSE(®) FB06, a wheat dextrin soluble fibre, in a continuous culture human colonic model system.
PubMed: Dessert formulation using sucralose and dextrin affects favorably postprandial response to glucose, insulin, and C-peptide in type 2 diabetic patients.
PubMed: Effect of onion peel extract supplementation on the lipid profile and antioxidative status of healthy young women: a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, crossover trial.
PubMed: Enriched glucose and dextrin mannitol-based media modulates fibroblast behavior on bacterial cellulose membranes.
PubMed: Oil bulking agents based on polysaccharide gels in meat batters: a Raman spectroscopic study.
PubMed: Intestinimonas butyriciproducens gen. nov., sp. nov., a butyrate-producing bacterium from the mouse intestine.
PubMed: Interaction between amylose and 1-butanol during 1-butanol-hydrochloric acid hydrolysis of normal rice starch.
PubMed: [Analysis of Spirulina powder by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and calculation of protein content].
PubMed: Characterization of cationic dextrin prepared by ultra high pressure (UHP)-assisted cationization reaction.
PubMed: Synthesis and characterization of dextrin monosuccinate.
PubMed: Acid-thermal dextrin prepared from rice starch: structure and encapsulation properties.
PubMed: Yuzu extract prevents cognitive decline and impaired glucose homeostasis in β-amyloid-infused rats.
PubMed: Fermentation profiles of wheat dextrin, inulin and partially hydrolyzed guar gum using an in vitro digestion pretreatment and in vitro batch fermentation system model.
PubMed: Fiber and prebiotics: mechanisms and health benefits.
PubMed: Enzyme-synthesized highly branched maltodextrins have slow glucose generation at the mucosal α-glucosidase level and are slowly digestible in vivo.
PubMed: Improved stability and controlled release of ω3/ω6 polyunsaturated fatty acids by spring dextrin encapsulation.
PubMed: Soluble fiber dextrin and soluble corn fiber supplementation modify indices of health in cecum and colon of Sprague-Dawley rats.
PubMed: Production of fusarielins by Fusarium.
PubMed: Capillary electrophoresis methods for the analysis of antimalarials. Part I. Chiral separation methods.
PubMed: Starch addition in renneted milk gels: partitioning between curd and whey and effect on curd syneresis and gel microstructure.
PubMed: A novel dextran dextrinase from Gluconobacter oxydans DSM-2003: purification and properties.
PubMed: A novel extracellular β-glucosidase from Trichosporon asahii: yield prediction, evaluation and application for aroma enhancement of Cabernet Sauvignon.
PubMed: [Effect of L-arabinose on glucose and lipid metabolism in type 2 diabetic rats].
PubMed: Enzyme-catalyzed modification of PES surfaces: reduction in adsorption of BSA, dextrin and tannin.
PubMed: Comparative study of spring dextrin impact on amylose retrogradation.
PubMed: [Effects of multi-nutrients supplementation on the nutritional status and antioxidant capability of healthy adults].
PubMed: Oral intake of γ-aminobutyric acid affects mood and activities of central nervous system during stressed condition induced by mental tasks.
PubMed: Glucose and lipid metabolism in the pancreas of rainbow trout is regulated at the molecular level by nutritional status and carbohydrate intake.
PubMed: Intake of dried bonito broth flavored with dextrin solution induced conditioned place preference in mice.
PubMed: In vitro and in vivo assessment of the glycemic index of bakery products: influence of the reformulation of ingredients.
PubMed: Lactobacillus brantae sp. nov., isolated from faeces of Canada geese (Branta canadensis).
PubMed: New starch preparations resistant to enzymatic digestion.
PubMed: Influence of dietary supplementation with dextrin or oligofructose on the hepatic redox balance in rats.
PubMed: The potential of brewer's spent grain to improve the production of α-amylase by Bacillus sp. KR-8104 in submerged fermentation system.
PubMed: Comparison of phenotypic (Biolog System) and genotypic (random amplified polymorphic DNA-polymerase chain reaction, RAPD-PCR, and amplified fragment length polymorphism, AFLP) methods for typing Lactobacillus plantarum isolates from raw vegetables and fruits.
PubMed: Short-term digestive tolerance of high-dose of NUTRIOSE®FB10 in adult.
PubMed: Characterization of dextrins with different Dextrose Equivalents.
PubMed: Novel fibers increase bone calcium content and strength beyond efficiency of large intestine fermentation.
PubMed: Investigation of reactive alpha-dicarbonyl compounds generated from the Maillard reactions of L-methionine with reducing sugars via their stable quinoxaline derivatives.
PubMed: Wheat dextrin, psyllium, and inulin produce distinct fermentation patterns, gas volumes, and short-chain fatty acid profiles in vitro.
PubMed: Oxygen consumption and ammonia excretion of black carp (Mylopharyngdon piceus Richardson) and allogynogenetic crucian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio female x Cyprinus carpio male) fed different carbohydrate diets.
PubMed: Pilot-scale production and viability analysis of freeze-dried probiotic bacteria using different protective agents.
PubMed: Changes in composition and amino acid profile during dry grind ethanol processing from corn and estimation of yeast contribution toward DDGS proteins.
PubMed: Evaluation of the effect of four fibers on laxation, gastrointestinal tolerance and serum markers in healthy humans.
PubMed: Intragastric infusion of glucose enhances the rewarding effect of sorbitol fatty acid ester ingestion as measured by conditioned place preference in mice.
PubMed: Nutriose, a prebiotic low-digestible carbohydrate, stimulates gut mucosal immunity and prevents TNBS-induced colitis in piglets.
PubMed: Microbial glucoamylases: characteristics and applications.
PubMed: Safety evaluation of highly-branched cyclic dextrin and a 1,4-alpha-glucan branching enzyme from Bacillus stearothermophilus.
PubMed: Safety studies of LP20 powder produced from heat-killed Lactobacillus plantarum L-137.
PubMed: A review of the role of soluble fiber in health with specific reference to wheat dextrin.
PubMed: A novel glucosylation enzyme: molecular cloning, expression, and characterization of Trichoderma viride JCM22452 alpha-amylase and enzymatic synthesis of some flavonoid monoglucosides and oligoglucosides.
PubMed: Assessment of dietary fiber fermentation: effect of Lactobacillus reuteri and reproducibility of short-chain fatty acid concentrations.
PubMed: Safety profile of a food dextrin: acute oral, 90-day rat feeding and mutagenicity studies.
PubMed: Modulation of maltose preference by selection from dextrin, maltose and glucose diets in zinc-deficient rats.
PubMed: Inhibitory action of palatinose and its hydrogenated derivatives on the hydrolysis of alpha-glucosylsaccharides in the small intestine.
PubMed: Determination of total dietary fiber in selected foods containing resistant maltodextrin by a simplified enzymatic-gravimetric method and liquid chromatography: interlaboratory study in China.
PubMed: Promotion potential of madder color in a medium-term multi-organ carcinogenesis bioassay model in F344 rats.
PubMed: Impact of sugar replacers on cognitive performance and function in rats.
PubMed: Synergistic effect of starch on the antibacterial activity of honey.
PubMed: Cellulase-assisted extraction of oligosaccharides from defatted rice bran.
PubMed: The effect of simulated gastric environments on the anti-Helicobacter activity of garlic oil.
PubMed: Gene expression in low glycemic index diet - impact on metabolic control.
PubMed: A statistical approach using L(25) orthogonal array method to study fermentative production of clavulanic acid by Streptomyces clavuligerus MTCC 1142.
PubMed: Contribution of mucosal maltase-glucoamylase activities to mouse small intestinal starch alpha-glucogenesis.
PubMed: Molecular and functional characterization of Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis strains isolated from sourdoughs.
PubMed: Molecules involved in the modulation of rapid cell death in Xanthomonas.
PubMed: Fibres as carriers for Lactobacillus rhamnosus during freeze-drying and storage in apple juice and chocolate-coated breakfast cereals.
PubMed: Retention of a European pear aroma model mixture using different types of saccharides.
PubMed: Long-term gastrointestinal tolerance of NUTRIOSE FB in healthy men.
PubMed: Effects of simultaneous intakes of indigestible dextrin and diacylglycerol on lipid profiles in rats fed cholesterol diets.
PubMed: Composition of beer by 1H NMR spectroscopy: effects of brewing site and date of production.
PubMed: Fate and effect of the antioxidant ethoxyquin on a mixed methanogenic culture.
PubMed: In ovo feeding improves energy status of late-term chicken embryos.
PubMed: ATR-FT/IR study on the interactions between gliadins and dextrin and their effects on protein secondary structure.
PubMed: Physicochemical characterization and biological effects of inulin enzymatically synthesized from sucrose.
PubMed: Dietary supplementation of different doses of NUTRIOSE FB, a fermentable dextrin, alters the activity of faecal enzymes in healthy men.
PubMed: Activity of porcine muscle glycogen debranching enzyme in relation to pH and temperature.
PubMed: Activity, cloning, and expression of an isoamylase-type starch-debranching enzyme from banana fruit.
PubMed: Radiation-heat synergism for inactivation of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris spores in citrus juice.
PubMed: Stability of salt double-fortified with ferrous fumarate and potassium iodate or iodide under storage and distribution conditions in Kenya.
PubMed: Short-term digestive tolerance of different doses of NUTRIOSE FB, a food dextrin, in adult men.
PubMed: The usefulness of molecular techniques to assess the presence of Aeromonas spp. harboring virulence markers in foods.
PubMed: In situ and Ex situ adsorption and recovery of betalains from hairy root cultures of Beta vulgaris.
PubMed: Characterization of the trehalosyl dextrin-forming enzyme from the thermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus ATCC 35092.
PubMed: Antimicrobial edible films and coatings.
PubMed: Medium optimization for the production of thermal stable beta-glucanase by Bacillus subtilis ZJF-1A5 using response surface methodology.
PubMed: Bitter melon malt vinegar increases daily energy turnover in rats.
PubMed: Survival of Beijerinckia sp. microencapsulated in carbohydrates by spray-drying.
PubMed: Activity and survival of spray-dried Beijerinckia sp. microencapsulated in different carbohydrates.
PubMed: The influence of various carbohydrates on the feeding pattern of rats fed zinc-deficient diets.
PubMed: Effect of melatonin on total food intake and macronutrient choice in rats.
PubMed: Study of the microencapsulation of camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia) juice.
PubMed: Dextrin characterization by high-performance anion-exchange chromatography--pulsed amperometric detection and size-exclusion chromatography--multi-angle light scattering--refractive index detection.
PubMed: Role of naringin supplement in regulation of lipid and ethanol metabolism in rats.
PubMed: Fractionation of starch hydrolysates into dextrins with narrow molecular mass distribution and their detection by high-performance anion-exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection.
PubMed: Developmental binge exposure to ethanol and artificial rearing do not affect the social transfer of diet preference.
PubMed: Cloning and characterization of two alpha-glucosidases from Bifidobacterium adolescentis DSM20083.
PubMed: Aspartate modulates the ethanol-induced oxidative stress and glutathione utilizing enzymes in rat testes.
PubMed: Purification and characterization of maltooligosaccharide-forming amylase from Bacillus circulans GRS 313.
PubMed: Utilization of enzyme mixtures to retard bread crumb firming.
PubMed: 3-Monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) in food ingredients from UK food producers and ingredient suppliers.
PubMed: Methods for determination of milt protein and epsilon-polylysine in food additive preparations and processed foods by capillary zone electrophoresis.
PubMed: The influence of simple sugars and starch given during pre- or post-initiation on aberrant crypt foci in rat colon.
PubMed: Provision of supplementary fluids to breast fed infants and later breast feeding success.
PubMed: Selective enrichment broth for the isolation of Aeromonas sp. from chicken meat.
PubMed: Effect of quipazine, a selective 5-HT3 agonist, on dietary self-selection of different macronutrient diets in male and female rats.
PubMed: Properties and stability of glycerophosphate oxidase isolated from a mutant strain of Aerococcus viridans.
PubMed: Effects of postnatal ethanol exposure on brain growth and lipid composition in n-3 fatty acid-deficient and -adequate rats.
PubMed: A study of dextran production from maltodextrin by cell suspensions of Gluconobacter oxydans NCIB 4943.
PubMed: Influence of wine structurally different polysaccharides on the volatility of aroma substances in a model system.
PubMed: Opposite effects on feeding of suprachiasmatic nucleus neuropeptide Y administration in rats.
PubMed: Effect of fortification on the osmolality of human milk.
PubMed: Identification of inadequately cleaned equipment used in a sheep carcass-breaking process.
PubMed: Macronutrient-specific dietary selection in rodents and its neural bases.
PubMed: Effects of soluble dietary fibers on lipid metabolism and activities of intestinal disaccharidases in rats.
PubMed: Selection of macronutrients by goldfish operating self-feeders.
PubMed: Successful control of persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy with a high dextrin formula.
PubMed: Haze and cloud in apple juices.
PubMed: Micronutrient deficiencies. Reports from the field -- Africa.
PubMed: Refined carbohydrate enhancement of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) in rat colon induced by the food-borne carcinogen 2-amino-3-methyl-imidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ).
PubMed: Estimation of essential fatty acid requirements of common carp larvae using semi-purified artificial diets.
PubMed: Cultural conditions for production of glucoamylase from Lactobacillus amylovorus ATCC 33621.
PubMed: Media for Aeromonas spp., Plesiomonas shigelloides and Pseudomonas spp. from food and environment.
PubMed: Effects of neonatal ethanol exposure on saccharin consumption.
PubMed: Influence of different diets on development of DMH-induced aberrant crypt foci and colon tumor incidence in Wistar rats.
PubMed: [Specialized products for nutrition of children with mucoviscidosis].
PubMed: Naltrexone, serotonin receptor subtype antagonists, and carbohydrate intake in rats.
PubMed: Sensory and physical properties of a reduced-calorie frozen dessert system made with milk fat and sucrose substitutes.
PubMed: Effects of chronic alcohol feeding and murine AIDS virus infection on liver antioxidant defense systems in mice.
PubMed: Preferential alcoholic embryopathy: effects of liquid diets.
PubMed: Estimation of the niacin requirements for tilapia fed diets containing glucose or dextrin.
PubMed: Type of dietary carbohydrate affects thyroid hormone deiodination in iron-deficient rats.
PubMed: Effects of prenatal stress and ethanol on cerebellar fiber tract maturation in B6D2F2 mice: an image analysis study.
PubMed: [Effect of carbohydrate-enriched diet and subsequent food restriction on life prolongation in Fischer 344 male rats].
PubMed: Regulation and localization of amylolytic enzymes in Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824.
PubMed: dl-fenfluramine challenge to nutrient-specific textural preference conditioned by concurrent presentation of two diets.
PubMed: Effects of dl-fenfluramine on dextrin and casein intakes influenced by textural preferences.
PubMed: Value of a chicken-based formula for refeeding of children with protracted diarrhea and malnutrition in a developing country.
PubMed: The influence of caloric deprivation and food composition on TSH, thyroid hormones and nuclear binding of T3 in mononuclear blood cells in obese women.
PubMed: [Studies on the absorption of carbohydrate and nitrogen sources in elemental diets].
PubMed: Maternal beer drinking: offspring growth and brain myelination.
PubMed: Effects of formula feeding on gastric acidity time and oesophageal pH monitoring data.
PubMed: The effect of low protein-high dextrin diet and subsequent food restriction upon life prolongation in Fischer 344 male rats.
PubMed: Influence of increasing concentrations of ethanol on food and water intake, body weight, and wheel-running of male Sprague-Dawley rats.
PubMed: Effect of continued oral feeding on clinical and nutritional outcomes of acute diarrhea in children.
PubMed: [Effect of the increase of the caloric load of a meal on gastric emptying of its solid and liquid phases].
PubMed: Effect of Erythroxylum coca, cocaine and ecgonine methyl ester as dietary supplements on energy metabolism in the rat.
PubMed: Nutritional advantages of constituents of infant formulae formerly called "humanised".
PubMed: Selection of dietary protein and carbohydrate by rats: changes with maturation.
PubMed: Effects on plasma glucose concentration of light-for-date infants and infants of diabetic mothers of feeds supplemented with a glucose polymer.
PubMed: Nutritional significance of cyclodextrins: indigestibility and hypolipemic effect of alpha-cyclodextrin.
PubMed: The effect of a glucose polymer mixture (caloreen) on stool composition in normal neonates.
PubMed: Dietary effects on liver and muscle glycogen repletion in exhaustively exercised rats: energy composition and type of complex carbohydrates.
PubMed: The ability of certain anorexic drugs to suppress food consumption depends on the nutrient composition of the test diet.
PubMed: [Protein assimilation from starch- and dextrin-containing infant foods with a cow's milk base].
PubMed: Biotin supplementation of practical diets for channel catfish.
PubMed: Modification of spontaneous mammary tumors in mice fed different sources of protein, fat and carbohydrate.
PubMed: Glucose polymer supplements in low birth weight infants.
PubMed: Glucose polymer supplementation of feeds for very low birthweight infants.
PubMed: Growth and metabolic response of healthy low birth-weight newborns fed a semi-elemental diet.
PubMed: Prior carbohydrate consumption affects the amount of carbohydrate that rats choose to eat.
PubMed: Hypoglycaemia associated with the use of Hycal and Caloreen: case report.
PubMed: A simple high calorie high protein feed for low birth weight infants in developing countries.
PubMed: Cassava as a food.
PubMed: Effect of feeding an infant formula with high energy density on gastric emptying in infants with congenital heart disease.
PubMed: [Effect of Vitalact humanized milk varying in carbohydrate composition on the development of intestinal bifid flora in nursing infants].
PubMed: Oral tolerance of Caloreen in babies.
PubMed: Gastric emptying of Caloreen meals in the newborn.
PubMed: [Activity of the dental caries process in those engaged in dextrin manufacture].
PubMed: Studies on the nutrition of marine flatfish. The metabolism of glucose by plaice (Pleuronectes platessa) and the effect of dietary energy source on protein utilization in plaice.
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