EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

dextro,laevo-phenyl alanine
DL-phenylalanine

Supplier Sponsors

Name:2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid
CAS Number: 150-30-1Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:205-756-7
FDA UNII:8P946UF12S
Nikkaji Web:J1.258K
Beilstein Number:3198807
MDL:MFCD00064225
CoE Number:10488
XlogP3:-1.50 (est)
Molecular Weight:165.19207000
Formula:C9 H11 N O2
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:special dietary and nutritional additives
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1432 DL-phenylalanine
FLAVIS Number:17.017 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:17.017 DL-phenylalanine
FEMA Number:3726 DL-phenylalanine
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: DL-PHENYLALANINE
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white crystalline platelets (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Melting Point: 186.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 266.00 to 267.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.000005 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 283.00 °F. TCC ( 139.44 °C. )
logP (o/w): 0.235 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 9357 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 1.42E+04 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Strength:none
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. odorless
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: hair conditioning
masking agents
skin conditioning
 
Suppliers:
Aceto
DL-Phenylalanine
AIDP
DL-Phenylalanine 98.5-101.5%
Anhui Haibei
DL-Phenylalanine
AuNutra® Industries
DL-Phenylalanine, FCC
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
H-DL-Phe-OH > 95%
Charkit Chemical
PHENYLALANINE, DL-
Glentham Life Sciences
DL-Phenylalanine
Graham Chemical
DL-Phenylalanine
Penta International
DL-PHENYLALANINE, Kosher
Prinova
Dl-Phenylalanine
Sigma-Aldrich
DL-Phenylalanine, 99%, FCC
Odor: sweet
Certified Food Grade Products
Synerzine
DL-Phenyl Alanine
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
DL-Phenylalanine >98.0%(HPLC)(T)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: special dietary and nutritional additives
Recommendation for dextro,laevo-phenyl alanine usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 1.90 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 13
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -300.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): --
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: -300.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: -300.00000
milk products: --
nut products: -300.00000
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: -5.00000
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Amino acids from chemical group 34 Flavouring Group Evaluation 26, Revision 1 - Scientific opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 29 (FGE29)[1] - Substance from the priority list: Vinylbenzene from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 79, (FGE.79)[1] - Consideration of amino acids and related substances evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to amino acids from chemical group 34 evaluated by EFSA in FGE.26Rev1 (2008)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 49, Revision 1 (FGE.49Rev1): xanthine alkaloids from the priority list
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):150-30-1
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :994
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid
Chemidplus:0000150301
 
References:
 2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:150-30-1
Pubchem (cid):994
Pubchem (sid):134973073
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
Golm Metabolome Database:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C02057
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
FooDB:FDB013245
Export Tariff Code:2922.49.1000
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
•grades: technical, fcc[lewis rj sr; hawley's condensed chemical dictionary 15th ed wiley (2007) •available commercially as dl-dihydroxyphenylalanine and as dl-phenylalanine.[lewis rj sr; hawley's condensed chemical dictionary 15th ed wiley (2007) •available commercially as the naturally occurring l(+)-enantiomer
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
 
Potential Uses:
 antistatic agents
 hair conditioning
 skin conditioning
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 found in nature
 
Synonyms:
dextro,laevo-2-amino-3-phenyl propanoic acid
2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid
DL-2-amino-3-phenylpropanoic acid
alpha-amino-beta-phenyl propionic acid
dextro,laevo-alpha-amino-beta-phenyl propionic acid
DL-alpha-amino-beta-phenylpropionic acid
DL-phenyl alanine
dextro,laevo-phenylalanine
DL-phenylalanine
DL-phenylalanine FCC
 

Articles:

PubMed:Analgesic Effects of Toad Cake and Toad-cake-containing Herbal Drugs: Analgesic effects of toad cake.
PubMed:HPLC for confirmatory diagnosis and biochemical monitoring of cuban patients with hyperphenylalaninemias.
PubMed:Efficient preparation of enantiopure D-phenylalanine through asymmetric resolution using immobilized phenylalanine ammonia-lyase from Rhodotorula glutinis JN-1 in a recirculating packed-bed reactor.
PubMed:Molecular structure, vibrational spectra, NBO, UV and first order hyperpolarizability, analysis of 4-Chloro-dl-phenylalanine by density functional theory.
PubMed:Synthesis, structure, luminescence, and magnetic properties of a single-ion magnet "mer"-[tris(N-[(imidazol-4-yl)-methylidene]-DL-phenylalaninato)terbium(III) and related "fac"-DL-alaninato derivative.
PubMed:Vortioxetine restores reversal learning impaired by 5-HT depletion or chronic intermittent cold stress in rats.
PubMed:Chiral separation of phenylalanine and tryptophan by capillary electrophoresis using a mixture of β-CD and chiral ionic liquid ([TBA] [L-ASP]) as selectors.
PubMed:Overproduction of 2-phenylethanol by industrial yeasts to improve organoleptic properties of bakers' products.
PubMed:4-Chloro-DL-phenylalanine protects against monocrotaline‑induced pulmonary vascular remodeling and lung inflammation.
PubMed:Vortioxetine, but not escitalopram or duloxetine, reverses memory impairment induced by central 5-HT depletion in rats: evidence for direct 5-HT receptor modulation.
PubMed:Modulation of the subthalamic nucleus activity by serotonergic agents and fluoxetine administration.
PubMed:Inhibition of urease activity in the urinary tract pathogen Staphylococcus saprophyticus.
PubMed:Vortioxetine dose-dependently reverses 5-HT depletion-induced deficits in spatial working and object recognition memory: a potential role for 5-HT1A receptor agonism and 5-HT3 receptor antagonism.
PubMed:Enantioselective separation of chiral aromatic amino acids with surface functionalized magnetic nanoparticles.
PubMed:Genetic characterization and construction of an auxotrophic strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae JP1, a Brazilian industrial yeast strain for bioethanol production.
PubMed:Racemic resolution of some DL-amino acids using Aspergillus fumigatus L-amino acid oxidase.
PubMed:Ex vivo evaluation of the serotonin 1A receptor partial agonist [³H]CUMI-101 in awake rats.
PubMed:Persistent gut motor dysfunction in a murine model of T-cell-induced enteropathy.
PubMed:Amino acid ionic liquids as chiral ligands in ligand-exchange chiral separations.
PubMed:L-dopa-induced desensitization depends on 5-hydroxytryptamine imbalance in hemiparkinsonian rats.
PubMed:1H NMR determination of beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine (L-BMAA) in environmental and biological samples.
PubMed:Studies on the inhibition of Moloney murine leukemia virus reverse transcriptase by N-tritylamino acids and N-tritylamino acid-nucleotide compounds.
PubMed:Oligopeptides and copeptides of homochiral sequence, via beta-sheets, from mixtures of racemic alpha-amino acids, in a one-pot reaction in water; relevance to biochirogenesis.
PubMed:Enantioseparation of dopa and related compounds by cyclodextrin-modified microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography.
PubMed:[Isolation of Pseudomonas aurantiaca strains capable of overproduction of phenazine antibiotics].
PubMed:An association between Schistosoma mansoni worms and an enzymatically-active protease/peptidase in mouse blood.
PubMed:[In-vitro evaluation of cinnarizine as a competing agent to beta-cyclodextrin inclusion complexes: effect of cinnarizine on the membrane permeation rate of progesterone from its beta-cyclodextrin inclusion complex].
PubMed:Anxiolytic effect of serotonin depletion in the novelty-induced hypophagia test.
PubMed:Production and characterization of monoclonal antibodies against ochratoxin B.
PubMed:[Alkaline phosphatase in Amoeba proteus].
PubMed:Synthesis and thermal characterization of new ternary chelates of piroxicam and tenoxicam with glycine and DL-phenylalanine and some transition metals.
PubMed:Spectral investigations of amino acid picrates.
PubMed:Engineering of solvent-tolerant Pseudomonas putida S12 for bioproduction of phenol from glucose.
PubMed:[Compared D-amino acid oxidase expression in different Pichia pastoris host strains].
PubMed:Spontaneous resolution of binary copper(II) complexes with racemic dipeptides: crystal structures of glycyl-L-alpha-amino-n-butyrato copper(II) monohydrate, glycyl-D-valinato copper(II) hemihydrate, and glycyl-L-valinato copper(II) hemihydrate.
PubMed:An investigation of enhanced secondary ion emission under Au(n)+ (n = 1-7) bombardment.
PubMed:Comparison of two alternative dominant selectable markers for wine yeast transformation.
PubMed:Synthesis, investigation and spectroscopic characterization of piroxicam ternary complexes of Fe(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with glycine and DL-phenylalanine.
PubMed:Synthesis of fluorescent label, DBD-beta-proline, and the resolution efficiency for chiral amines by reversed-phase chromatography.
PubMed:A simple method to determine trypsin and chymotrypsin inhibitory activity.
PubMed:(De)regulation of key enzyme steps in the shikimate pathway and phenylalanine-specific pathway of the actinomycete Amycolatopsis methanolica.
PubMed:Inspection of the reversal of enantiomer migration order in ligand exchange micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography.
PubMed:Structural changes of human serum albumin immobilized on chromatographic supports: a high-performance liquid chromatography and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy study.
PubMed:Ultrafiltration membrane reactors for enzymatic resolution of amino acids: design model and optimization.
PubMed:Development of a thickness shear mode acoustic sensor based on an electrosynthesized molecularly imprinted polymer using an underivatized amino acid as the template.
PubMed:[Isolation and characteristics of immobilized aminoacylase from Streptoverticillium olivoreticuli].
PubMed:X-ray and 13C solid-state NMR studies of N-benzoyl-phenylalanine.
PubMed:DL-phenylalanine markedly potentiates opiate analgesia - an example of nutrient/pharmaceutical up-regulation of the endogenous analgesia system.
PubMed:Studies on the protonation constants and solvation of alpha-amino acids in dioxan-water mixtures.
PubMed:H-NMR and mass spectral study of a D-enriched acetylenic norlignan, asparenyol, from cultured cells of Asparagus officinalis.
PubMed:Resistance of aryl-substituted phenylalanines to decarboxylation in the rat.
PubMed:Production of 2-phenylethyl alcohol by Kluyveromyces marxianus.
PubMed:Structure--activity studies for alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropanoic acid receptors: acidic hydroxyphenylalanines.
PubMed:Schistosoma mansoni: anomalous immunogenic properties of a 27 kDa larval serine protease associated with protective immunity.
PubMed:Electrophoretic separation of proteolytic enzymes in pancreatic juice collected with the pouch or catheter method.
PubMed:Seizures induced by intracerebral injection of thrombin: a model of intracerebral hemorrhage.
PubMed:Effect of organic solvents on enantioselectivity of protease catalysis.
PubMed:Successful and unsuccessful approaches to imaging carcinoids: comparison of a radiolabelled tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor with a tracer of biogenic amine uptake and storage, and a somatostatin analogue.
PubMed:A serine proteinase in the penetration glands of the cercariae of Plagiorchis elegans (Trematoda, Plagiorchiidae).
PubMed:Prephenate dehydratase of the actinomycete Amycolatopsis methanolica: purification and characterization of wild-type and deregulated mutant proteins.
PubMed:Identification and possible function of cathepsin G in gingival crevicular fluid from chronic adult periodontitis patients and from experimental gingivitis subjects.
PubMed:Potential drug targets for Mycobacterium avium defined by radiometric drug-inhibitor combination techniques.
PubMed:Periodic selection in longterm continuous-flow cultures of the filamentous fungus Fusarium graminearum.
PubMed:Quantitative determination of serine proteinase inhibitor activity using a radial diffusion assay.
PubMed:Immobilization of aminoacylase in polyethyleneimine stabilized calcium alginate beads for L-phenylalanine production.
PubMed:Studies on immobilization of aminoacylase on the functionalized polymethyl acrylate.
PubMed:Covalent immobilization of aminoacylase to alginate for L-phenylalanine production.
PubMed:Immobilization of aminoacylase by encapsulation in poly-L-lysine-stabilized calcium alginate beads.
PubMed:Inhibition of the proteolytic activity of hemorrhagin-e from Crotalus atrox venom by antihemorrhagins from homologous serum.
PubMed:A mutated ARO4 gene for feedback-resistant DAHP synthase which causes both o-fluoro-DL-phenylalanine resistance and beta-phenethyl-alcohol overproduction in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:Isolation and genetic study of p-fluoro-DL-phenylalanine-resistant mutants overproducing beta-phenethyl-alcohol in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:Interferon-gamma/lipopolysaccharide-treated mouse embryonic fibroblasts are killed by a glycolysis/L-arginine-dependent process accompanied by depression of mitochondrial respiration.
PubMed:Direct stereochemical resolution of aspartame stereoisomers and their degradation products by high-performance liquid chromatography on a chiral crown ether based stationary phase.
PubMed:Involvement of a serine protease in tumour-necrosis-factor-mediated cytotoxicity.
PubMed:N-acylphenylalanines and related compounds. A new class of oral hypoglycemic agents.
PubMed:Conformation of methylated amino acids: structure of 3,4-dimethoxy-alpha-methyl-DL-phenylalanine sesquihydrate.
PubMed:Isolation and cytochemical characterization of globule leukocytes from rat tracheal epithelium.
PubMed:Nitrogen Enhancement of Phosphate Transport in Roots of Zea mays L: II. Kinetic and Inhibitor Studies.
PubMed:Assay for enzyme inhibition: detection of natural inhibitors of trypsin and chymotrypsin.
PubMed:[Determination of biovars of Brucella melitensis by manometric character: epidemiological value and relation to serovars].
PubMed:Enhancement of bioavailability of cinnarizine from its beta-cyclodextrin complex on oral administration with DL-phenylalanine as a competing agent.
PubMed:Elastase and neutral cathepsin production by human fibroblasts: effect of culture conditions on synthesis and secretion.
PubMed:A simple chromogenic test for rapid screening of Proteus and Providencia bacteria.
PubMed:Treatment of attention deficit disorder with DL-phenylalanine.
PubMed:Models of molecular evolution. 2. Stereospecificity of dipeptide syntheses by means of cyanamides and carbodiimides.
PubMed:Enhancement of bioavailability of cinnarizine from its beta-cyclodextrin complex on oral administration with DL-phenylalanine as a competing agent.
PubMed:Histochemical demonstration of chymotrypsin like serine esterases in mucosal mast cells in four species including man.
PubMed:Preparation of retinamides by use of retinoyl fluoride.
PubMed:The availability of D-phenylalanine and DL-phenylalanine.
PubMed:Effects of phenylalanine and analogues of methionine and phenylalanine on the composition of wool and mouse hair.
PubMed:Structure-activity relationships among substituted N-benzoyl derivatives of phenylalanine and its analogues in a microbial antitumor prescreen III: derivatives of p-fluoro-DL-phenylalanine.
PubMed:Oxidation and oxygenation of L-amino acids catalyzed by a L-phenylalanine oxidase (deaminating and decarboxylating) from Pseudomonas sp. P-501.
PubMed:dCMP-aminohydrolase activity during early sea urchin development. An example of negative enzyme control during embryogenesis.
PubMed:[Synthesis and pharmacological properties of alkyl esters of various DL-omega-phenylamino acids].
PubMed:m- And p-halobenzoyl derivatives of p-halo-DL-phenylalanine as inhibitors in a microbial antitumor prescreen.
PubMed:The study of structure-activity relationships among substituted N-benzoyl derivatives of phenylalanine and its analogs in a microbial antitumor prescreen: II. Derivatives of m-fluoro-DL-phenylalanine.
PubMed:Hydrolyses of alpha-naphthyl acetate, beta-naphthyl acetate, and acetyl-DL-phenylalanine beta-naphthyl ester.
PubMed:L-tyrosine regulation and biosynthesis via arogenate dehydrogenase in suspension-cultured cells of Nicotiana silvestris Speg. et Comes.
PubMed:The antifungal activity of carrier peptides, L-arginyl-X-L-phenylalanine, containing amino acid antagonists or atypical non-biogenic D-amino acids in the central position.
PubMed:Structure-activity relationships among substituted N-benzoyl derivatives of phenylalanine and its analogs in a microbial antitumor prescreen I: Derivatives of o-fluoro-DL-phenylalanine.
PubMed:Effect of chloroacetyl derivatives of para-substituted phenylalanines on microbial antitumor prescreens.
PubMed:N-Benzoyl derivatives of amino acids and amino acid analogs as growth inhibitors in microbial antitumor screen.
PubMed:DL-phenylalanine versus imipramine: a double-blind controlled study.
PubMed:Cell-associated proteases affect tumour cell migration in vitro.
PubMed:Acetyl-DL-phenylalanine beta-naphthyl esterase activity in human muscle disease.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of chloramphenicol in Streptomyces sp. 3022a. Properties of an aminotransferase accepting p-aminophenylalanine as a substrate.
PubMed:[DL-phenylalanine as an antidepressant. Open study (author's transl)].
PubMed:Production and chemical studies of protease from Bacillus subtilis (SH-6) Egyptian strain.
PubMed:Quantitation of deuterated and non-deuterated phenylalanine and tyrosine in human plasma using the selective ion monitoring method with combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Application to the in vivo measurement of phenylalanine-4-monooxygenase activity.
PubMed:A nuclear magnetic double resonance study of N-beta-bis-(beta'-chloroethyl) phosphonylethyl-DL-phenylalanine.
PubMed:Dl-phenylalanine in depressed patients: an open study.
PubMed:Proteinase mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:Some transformations of DL-phenylalanine ortho esters and N-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-phenylalaninal.
PubMed:Metabolism of DL-(+/-)-phenylalanine by Aspergillus niger.
PubMed:Chemotactic activity from rabbit peritoneal neutrophils. Lack of identity with N-acetyl-DL-phenylalanine beta-napthyl esterase.
PubMed:Mutants of Salmonella typhimurium deficient in an endoprotease.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of an enzyme with esterase activity from Micropolyspora faeni.
PubMed:Human cathepsin G. Catalytic and immunological properties.
PubMed:Maternal hyperphenylalaninemia: an experimental model in rats.
PubMed:[The secondary structure of amides of adenylic acid containing D- and L-aromatic amino acids].
PubMed:Specificity in enzyme inhibition. 3. Synthesis of 5-substituted 2,2-dimethyl-4-imidazolidinones as inhibitors of tyrosine decarboxylase and histidine decarboxylase.
PubMed:Development and metamorphosis of the larvae of Ascidia malaca in different experimental conditions.
PubMed:The reactions of alpha-chymotrypsin and related proteins with ester substrates in non-aqueous solvents.
PubMed:Isolation of an N-acetyl-DL-phenylalanine beta-naphthyl esterase from rabbit peritoneal polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
PubMed:Macrophage esterase: identification, purification and properties of a chymotrypsin-like esterase from lung that hydrolyses and transfers nonpolar amino acid esters.
PubMed:Production of L-phenylalanine by DL-phenylalanine hydroxamate-resistant Tyr- mutants of Bacillus subtilis.
PubMed:[Incorporation of DL-phenylalanine into rat brain. Autoradiographic studies].
PubMed:The formation in vivo of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) from 3-hydroxy-DL-phenylalanine (m-tyrosine).
PubMed:[Intramolecular migration of excitation energy in poly-DL-phenylalanine. Study by fluorescence extinction].
PubMed:The enduring behavioral changes in rats with experimental phenylketonuria.
PubMed:Polymerization of L- and DL-phenylalanine N-carboxyanhydride by poly(N-methyl-L-alanine).
PubMed:[Photochemistry of aromatic amino acids in solution. I. DL-phenylalanine, DL-tyrosine and L-dopa].
PubMed:Synthesis of 3,4-dihydroxy-5-fluoro-DL-phenylalanine and 3,4-dihydroxy-5-( 18 F)fluoro-DL-phenylalanine.
PubMed:New kinetic method for determination of ultramicro quantities of organic substances. Determination of amino acids (glycine, DL-serine, DL-phenylalanine, DL-glutamic acid, and L-arginine).
PubMed:Polymerization of DL-phenylalanine NCA initiated by copolymer of sarcosine and DL-phenylalanine.
PubMed:The relationship of the chemotactic behavior of the complement-derived factors, C3a, C5a, and C567, and a bacterial chemotactic factor to their ability to activate the proesterase 1 of rabbit polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
PubMed:A study of the oxidation-reduction state of synthetic 3,4-dihydroxy-DL-phenylalanine melanin.
PubMed:[The influence of light on the turnover of the isoflavones formononetin and biochanin A in Cicer arietinum L].
PubMed:2-benzyl-5-aminolevulinic acid, an analog of glycyl-dl-phenylalanine.
PubMed:Studies on the cathepsins in elastic cartilage.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of Mustard Oil Glucosides: Sodium Phenylacetothiohydroximate and Desulfobenzylglucosinolate, Precursors of Benzylglucosinolate in Tropaeolum majus.
PubMed:Esterases of the polymorphonuclear leukocyte capable of hydrolyzing acetyl DL-phenyl-alanine beta-naphthyl ester. Relationship to the activatable esterase of chemotaxis.
PubMed:The effect of hypothalamic injections of noradrenaline, serotonin, pyrogen, gamma-amino-n-butyric acid, triiodothyronine, triiodothyroacetic acid, DL-phenylalanine, DL-alanine and DL-gamma-amino-beta-hydroxy butyric acid on body temperature and oxygen consumption in the rat.
PubMed:The metabolism of DL-phenylalanine-1-14C, cinnamic acid-3-14C and ferulic acid-2-14C in the rat.
PubMed:[The metabolism of L-, D- and DL-phenylalanine by the rat].
PubMed:Amino Acid and vitamin requirements of several bacteroides strains.
PubMed:AMINO ACID ISOMERIZATION IN THE PRODUCTION OF L-PHENYLALANINE FROM D-PHENYLALANINE BY BACTERIA.
PubMed:Some 2-fluoroethylamines derived from hydrocinnamic acid, phenylpyruvic acid and DL-phenylalanine.
PubMed:HYDROLYTIC ENZYMES OF RABBIT MONONUCLEAR EXUDATE CELLS. I. QUANTITATIVE ASSAY AND PROPERTIES OF CERTAIN PROTEASES, NON-SPECIFIC ESTERASES, AND LIPASES OF MONONUCLEAR AND POLYMORPHONUCLEAR CELLS AND ERYTHROCYTES.
PubMed:PHOSPHORYLATED ALKYLATING AGENTS RELATED TO DL-PHENYLALANINE.
PubMed:[ANTINEOPLASTIC ACTIVITY OF O-BIS(2-CHLOROETHYL) AMINO-DL-PHENYLALANINE (ORTHOSARCOLYSIN)].
PubMed:SYNTHESIS OF N,N-BIS(2-CHLOROETHYL)-DL-PHENYLALANINE HYDROCHLORIDE.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of chloramphenicol. IV. Incorporation of carbon 14-labled precursors.
PubMed:The effects of ionizing radiations on L-, DL-phenylalanine and L-, DL-tryptophane studied by ultra-violet and infra-red spectrophotometry.
PubMed:Use of alpha-methyl-dopa (alpha-methyl-3,4-dihydroxy-DL-phenylalanine) in the management of the carcinoid syndrome.
PubMed:Meta-bis-(2-chloroethylamino)-dL-phenylalanine in the treatment of mouse tumors.
PubMed:Decarboxylase inhibition and blood pressure reduction by alpha-methyl-3,4-dihydroxy-DL-phenylalanine.
PubMed:Thyroxine analogs. II. Synthesis or 3,5-diiodo-4-(2',3'-dimethylphenoxy)-DL-phenylalanine and its 4'-hydroxy congener.
PubMed:[N,N-bis-(2-chloroethyl)-amino]-dl-phenylalanine alone or associated with typhoid endotoxins or with zymosan on the development of sarcoma 180].
PubMed:PLASMA PROTEIN PRODUCTION INFLUENCED BY AMINO ACID MIXTURES AND LACK OF ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS : A DEFICIENCY STATE RELATED TO UNKNOWN FACTORS.
PubMed:TOLERANCE TO AMINO ACID MIXTURES AND CASEIN DIGESTS GIVEN INTRAVENOUSLY : GLUTAMIC ACID RESPONSIBLE FOR REACTIONS.
PubMed:The metabolism in vivo of dl-phenylalanine in thiamine deficiency.
PubMed:AMINO ACID MIXTURES EFFECTIVE PARENTERALLY FOR LONG CONTINUED PLASMA PROTEIN PRODUCTION. CASEIN DIGESTS COMPARED.
 
Notes:
Flavouring ingredient
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