EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

paraffin wax

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 8002-74-2
ECHA EC Number:232-315-6
FDA UNII:I9O0E3H2ZE
MDL:MFCD00132833
Category:multipurpose additives
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:3216 paraffin wax
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: PARAFFIN WAX
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 133 -- CHEESES AND RELATED CHEESE PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related Products
Sec. 133.150 Hard cheeses.


FDA PART 133 -- CHEESES AND RELATED CHEESE PRODUCTS
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related Products
Sec. 133.189 Skim milk cheese for manufacturing.


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart G--Gums, Chewing Gum Bases and Related Substances
Sec. 172.615 Chewing gum base.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.210 Acrylate ester copolymer coating.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.


FDA PART 178 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADJUVANTS, PRODUCTION AIDS, AND SANITIZERS
Subpart D--Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids
Sec. 178.3800 Preservatives for wood.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white solid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 52.00 to 58.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Flash Point:> 320.00 °F. TCC ( > 160.00 °C. )
Shelf Life: 64.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 water, 9.409e-006 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Strength:low
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. odorless to mild waxy
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data2
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: skin conditioning
viscosity controlling agents
 
Suppliers:
Bristol Botanicals
Paraffin Wax
Charkit Chemical
CERESINE CSW 136
Connect Chemicals
Fischer-Tropsch Wax
Frank B. Ross Co
Paraffin Wax 118/125
Frank B. Ross Co
Paraffin Wax 125/130
Frank B. Ross Co
Paraffin Wax 128/130
Frank B. Ross Co
Paraffin Wax 130/135
Frank B. Ross Co
Paraffin Wax 140/145
Odor: characteristic
Use: Fully refined Paraffin Waxes are a hard, white crystalline material derived from petroleum. They are refined by means of a carefully controlled selective solvent process into different melting point grades, each having exceptional gloss and resistance to blocking. Their degree of purity and low odor make these waxes suitable for many applications, including food packaging.
Frank B. Ross Co
Paraffin Wax 140/145
Frank B. Ross Co
Paraffin Wax 150/155
Frank B. Ross Co
Paraffin Wax 150/160
H. Erhard Wagner
EWACERA 57
Hebei Oukai Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Paraffin Wax
Penta International
PARAFFIN WAX ( MEDIUM ) NF MP: 124 - 130 F, Kosher
Penta International
PARAFFIN WAX (HARD) NF MP: 127- 135 F, Kosher
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Paraffin
Shiva Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals
PARAFFIN WAX
Strahl & Pitsch
Candle Wax
Odor: odorless to mild waxy
Use: STRAHL & PITSCH proudly introduces our new line of all-natural candle blends...
Strahl & Pitsch
PARAFFIN WAX FULLY REFINED
Odor: odorless to mild waxy
Use: Strahl & Pitsch offers a full range of the finest Paraffin and Microcrystalline Waxes from domestic and international sources. Paraffin Waxes come from the dewaxing of paraffin distillates; Microcrystalline Waxes are derived from residium. Paraffin Waxes have relatively large brittle crystals (Macrocrystalline) and generally have little affinity for oil. Microcrystalline Waxes have very minute crystals (Micro Crystals) and are flexible, with a greater affinity for oil, which is held tightly in the crystal lattice and does not migrate to the surface.
Viachem
Paraffin wax
Odor: characteristic
Use: Paraffin wax, C25H52, is mostly found as a white, odorless, tasteless, waxy solid, with a typical melting point between about 47 °C and 64 °C ( 117°F to 147°F), and having a density of around 0.9 g/cm3. It is insoluble in water, but soluble in ether, benzene, and certain esters. Paraffin is unaffected by most common chemical reagents, but burns readily. Pure paraffin wax is an excellent electrical insulator, with an electrical resistivity of between 1013 and 1017 ohm metre. This is better than nearly all other materials except some plastics (notably teflon). It is an effective neutron moderator and was used in 1932 experiments to identify the neutron. Paraffin is used in candle-making, as coatings for waxed paper or cloth. It is used as an anti-caking agent, a friction-reducer, a bullet lubricant, in crayons and ink, and (although it is comedogenic) a moistureizer in cosmetics and toiletries. Food-grade paraffin is used in candy-making, as a coating for many kinds of hard cheese, as a sealant for jars, cans, and bottles, and as a chewing gum additive.
Wedor Corporation
WAX
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: multipurpose additives
Recommendation for paraffin wax usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 4
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: --
beverages(nonalcoholic): --
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Retrospective analysis of the immunotoxic effects of plant protection products as reported in the Draft Assessment Reports for their peer review at EU level
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Daily Med:search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NIOSH Pocket Guide:search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8002-74-2
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:nwg
Chemidplus:0008002742
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:8002-74-2
 
References:
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8002-74-2
Pubchem (sid):135286130
 
Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
FooDB:FDB020185
Export Tariff Code:2901.10.5000
Haz-Map:View
Household Products:Search
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
 
Potential Uses:
 emollients
 viscosity controlling agents
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 apple custard apple plant
Search Trop Picture
 avocado leaf
Search Trop Picture
 dill plant
Search Trop Picture
 not found in nature
 soursop plant
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 microease 110S
 microease 110XF
 microease 1132
 microease 114S
 paraffin wax ( medium ) NF mp: 124 - 130 F
 paraffin wax (hard) NF mp: 127- 135 F
 paraffin wax fully refined
 petroleum wax
 synscrub 164 BLS
 synscrub 164 GRS
 synscrub 164S
 

Articles:

PubMed:Influence of intra-oral sensory impairment by anaesthesia on food comminution and mixing in dentate subjects.
PubMed:The effects of prepubertal epididymal ligation upon the rat testis.
PubMed:Observational study on the occurrence of muscle spindles in human digastric and mylohyoideus muscles.
PubMed:Effect of skin coatings on prolonging shelf life of kagzi lime fruits (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle).
PubMed:Salmonella penetration through eggshells of chickens of different genetic backgrounds.
PubMed:Three-dimensional, paper-based microfluidic devices containing internal timers for running time-based diagnostic assays.
PubMed:Effects of prepubertal epididymal ligation on the androgen receptor distribution of the rat testis.
PubMed:[Relationship between food mixing ability and oral health-related quality of life in partially edentulous patients].
PubMed:Comparing masticatory performance and mixing ability.
PubMed:Comparative 90-day dietary study of paraffin wax in Fischer-344 and Sprague-Dawley rats.
PubMed:The effects of edible coatings on chicken egg quality under refrigerated storage.
PubMed:Localization of norovirus and poliovirus in Pacific oysters.
PubMed:The effects of Creatine Long-Term Supplementation on Muscle Morphology and Swimming Performance in Rats.
PubMed:Chewing and taste increase blood velocity in the celiac but not the superior mesenteric arteries.
PubMed:Comparisons between a mixing ability test and masticatory performance tests using a brittle or an elastic test food.
PubMed:Association between food mixing ability and electromyographic activity of jaw-closing muscles during chewing of a wax cube.
PubMed:Association between food mixing ability and mandibular movements during chewing of a wax cube.
PubMed:Objective and subjective hardness of a test item used for evaluating food mixing ability.
PubMed:Distinction between porcine circovirus type 2 enteritis and porcine proliferative enteropathy caused by Lawsonia intracellularis.
PubMed:Manufacture of large uniform droplets using rotating membrane emulsification.
PubMed:Controlled-release systems for the delivery of cyromazine into water surface.
PubMed:Validity and reliability of a newly developed method for evaluating masticatory function using discriminant analysis.
PubMed:A new and simple method for evaluating masticatory function using newly developed artificial test food.
PubMed:Laboratory assessment of the status of Her-2/neu protein and oncogene in breast cancer specimens: comparison of immunohistochemistry assay with fluorescence in situ hybridisation assays.
PubMed:Physiologic variation of sucrase activity and microbial counts in human saliva.
PubMed:Determination of benzene in polypropylene food-packaging materials and food-contact paraffin waxes.
PubMed:Formulation and evaluation of baits for oral rabies vaccination of raccoons (Procyon lotor).
PubMed:Comb wax mediates the acquisition of nest-mate recognition cues in honey bees.
PubMed:Microbial profiles of country-cured hams aged in stockinettes, barrier bags, and paraffin wax.
 
Notes:
a mixture of solid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. it has a wide range of uses including as a stiffening agent in ointments, as a lubricant, and as a topical anti-inflammatory. it is also commonly used as an embedding material in histology. tsca definition 2008: a complex combination of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum fractions (by solvent crystallization or the sweating process) or from the catalytic hydrogenation of carbon monoxide (the fischer-tropsch process). it consists predominantly of straight chain hydrocarbons having carbon numbers predominantly greater than c20. Masticatory substance in chewing gum base, adhesive component, coatings, glazing agent (Japan) Liquid paraffin, or mineral oil, is a mixture of heavier alkanes, and has a number of names, including nujol, adepsine oil, alboline, glymol, medicinal paraffin, saxol, or USP mineral oil. It has a density of around 0.8 g/cm3. Liquid paraffin (medicinal) is used to aid bowel movement in persons suffering chronic constipation; it passes through the gastrointestinal tract without itself being taken into the body, but it limits the amount of water removed from the stool. In the food industry, where it may be called "wax", it can be used as a lubricant in mechanical mixing, applied to baking tins to ensure that loaves are easily released when cooked and as a coating for fruit or other items requiring a "shiny" appearance for sale. It is often used in infrared spectroscopy, as it has a relatively uncomplicated IR spectrum. When the sample to be tested is made into a mull (a very thick paste), liquid paraffin is added so it can be spread on the transparent (to infrared) mounting plates to be tested.; Paraffin wax (C25H52) is an excellent material to store heat, having a specific heat capacity of 2.14?2.9 J g?1 K?1 (joule per gram per kelvin) and a heat of fusion of 200?220 J g?1. This property is exploited in modified drywall for home building material: it is infused in the drywall during manufacture so that, when installed, it melts during the day, absorbing heat, and solidifies again at night, releasing the heat. Paraffin wax phase change cooling coupled with retractable radiators was used to cool the electronics of the Lunar Rover. Wax expands considerably when it melts and this allows its use in thermostats for industrial, domestic and, particularly, automobile purposes.; Paraffin wax is one of several acceptable candle waxes used in the Jewish menorah ritual.; Pure paraffin wax is an excellent electrical insulator, with an electrical resistivity of between 1013 and 1017 ohm metre. This is better than nearly all other materials except some plastics (notably teflon). It is an effective neutron moderator and was used in James Chadwick's 1932 experiments to identify the neutron.
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