EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes

potassium sorbate
2,4-hexadienoic acid potassium salt

Supplier Sponsors

Name:potassium hexa-2,4-dienoate
CAS Number: 590-00-1Picture of molecule3D/inchi
FDA UNII: Search
Molecular Weight:150.21849000
Formula:C6 H7 K O2
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Also(can) Contains:potassium (E,E)-sorbate
Category:antimicrobial agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
182.3640 Potassium sorbate View - review
EU SANCO Potassium sorbate View - review
DG SANTE Food Additives:potassium sorbate
FEMA Number:2921 potassium sorbate
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):24634-61-5 ; POTASSIUM SORBATE
FDA Regulation:
Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related Products
Sec. 133.118 Colby cheese.

Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related Products
Sec. 133.123 Cold-pack and club cheese.

Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related Products
Sec. 133.124 Cold-pack cheese food.

Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related Products
Sec. 133.169 Pasteurized process cheese.

Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related Products
Sec. 133.173 Pasteurized process cheese food.

Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related Products
Sec. 133.179 Pasteurized process cheese spread.

Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related Products
Sec. 133.187 Semisoft cheeses.

Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Cheese and Related Products
Sec. 133.188 Semisoft part-skim cheeses.

Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Fruit Butters, Jellies, Preserves, and Related Products
Sec. 150.141 Artificially sweetened fruit jelly.

Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Fruit Butters, Jellies, Preserves, and Related Products
Sec. 150.161 Artificially sweetened fruit preserves and jams.

Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Margarine
Sec. 166.110 Margarine.

Subpart D--Chemical Preservatives
Sec. 182.3640 Potassium sorbate.

Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.90 Substances migrating to food from paper and paperboard products.
Physical Properties:
Appearance:pale yellow solid beads (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 210.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Flash Point:> 230.00 °F. TCC ( > 110.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.620
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 water, 1e+006 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Strength:none
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. characteristic
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: preservatives
Potassium Sorbate
Anhui Haibei
Potassium Sorbate
APAC Chemical
Potassium Sorbate
Atlantic Chemicals
Potassium Sorbate
BBFY Industrial
Potassium Sorbate
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Potassium Sorbate
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Potassium Sorbate, Bulk
Odor: characteristic
Use: Potassium sorbate, the potassium salt of sorbic acid, is a naturally-occurring organic acid. Potassium sorbate is the most widely used food grade preservative and is not a broad spectrum preservative for cosmetic use. It is used as a mold, bacterial and yeast inhibitor and as a fungistatic agent in foods. It is also used in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, tobacco and flavoring products.
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Potassium Sorbate
Odor: characteristic
Use: Potassium sorbate, the potassium salt of sorbic acid, is a naturally-occurring organic acid. Potassium sorbate is the most widely used food grade preservative and is not a broad spectrum preservative for cosmetic use. It is used as a mold, bacterial and yeast inhibitor and as a fungistatic agent in foods. It is also used in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, tobacco and flavoring products.
Charkit Chemical
Farbest-Tallman Foods
Potassium Sorbate solution
Foodchem International
Potassium Sorbate Powder
Godavari Biorefineries
Potassium Sorbate
Graham Chemical
Potassium Sorbate
Indis NV
For experimental / research use only.
Potassium Sorbate
Kraft Chemical
Potassium Sorbate
Nactis Flavours
Potassium Sorbate
Northwestern Extract
Potassium Sorbate FCC
Penta International
Penta International
Potassium Sorbate FCC, E202
Spherical Potassium Sorbate
Qingdao Dacon Trading
Potassium Sorbate
For experimental / research use only.
Potassium sorbate purum p.a., ≥99.0% (NT)
Silver Fern Chemical
Potassium Sorbate
Odor: characteristic
Use: Potassium Sorbate is used in the food and beverage industry as a preservative for meats, cheese, yogurt, and wine. It is also found in some personal care products.
Sinofi Food Ingredients
Potassium Sorbate
Odor: characteristic
Use: Preservative, Cosmetics, Feed, Mold Inhibitor, Yeast Inhibitor, Bactericide, Antimicrobial, Beverages, Beverage Powder, Soft Drink, Cakes, Cheese, Fish, Fruit Juice, Margarine, Pickled Goods, Salad Dressings, Fresh Salad, Wine, Puddings, Sauces, Baking Food, Sauage, Food Colors, Milk, Wine, Flavoring Agent.
Tianjin Talent Chemical
Potassium Sorbate
TRI-K Industries
Potassium Sorbate (FCC/NF)
Odor: characteristic
Use: An effective cosmetic preservative, particularly effective against yeasts and molds and is favored where water solubility is required.
United International
Potassium Sorbate
Zhong Ya Chemical
Potassium Sorbate
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 4340 mg/kg
Kenkyu Nenpo--Tokyo-toritsu Eisei Kenkyusho. Annual Report of Tokyo Metropolitan Research Laboratory of Public Health. Vol. 27, Pg. 159, 1976.

oral-mouse LD50 3800 mg/kg
Kenkyu Nenpo--Tokyo-toritsu Eisei Kenkyusho. Annual Report of Tokyo Metropolitan Research Laboratory of Public Health. Vol. 27, Pg. 159, 1976.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 1300 mg/kg
FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series. Vol. 53A, Pg. 121, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
antimicrobial agents
Recommendation for potassium sorbate usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 100.000001000.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -110.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: 500.00000-
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -580.00000
fruit ices: -580.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: -20.00000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of potassium sorbate for dogs and cats
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of potassium sorbate as a silage additive for all animals except dogs and cats
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of sorbic acid and potassium sorbate when used as technological additives for all animal species
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of sorbic acid (E 200), potassium sorbate (E 202) and calcium sorbate (E 203) as food additives
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of sorbic acid and potassium sorbate when used as technological additives for all animal species based on two dossiers from Nutrinova Nutrition Specialties & Food Ingredients GmbH
View page or View pdf

Outcome of the consultation with Member States and EFSA on the basic substance application for potassium sorbate for use in plant protection as fungicide on citrus, stone and pome fruits
View page or View pdf

Opinion on the follow-up of the re-evaluation of sorbic acid (E200) and potassium sorbate (E202) as food additives
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Daily Med:search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):590-00-1
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :23673839
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
potassium hexa-2,4-dienoate
RTECS:WG2170000 for cas# 590-00-1
 potassium hexa-2,4-dienoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:590-00-1
Pubchem (cid):23673839
Pubchem (sid):134976732
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
Export Tariff Code:2916.19.1000
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
 antimicrobial agents
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
2,4-hexadienoic acid potassium salt
 potassium 2,4-hexadienoate
spherical potassium sorbate
 potassium sorbate FCC
 potassium sorbate FCC, e202
 potassium sorbate granular
 potassium sorbate granulate
 potassium sorbate powder
 potassium sorbate solution
 sorbic acid potassium salt


PubMed:Sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate preservatives in food stuffs in Iran.
PubMed:Identification and Inhibition of Histamine-Forming Bacteria in Blue Scad (Decapterus maruadsi) and Chub Mackerel (Scomber japonicus).
PubMed:Hurdle technology applied to prickly pear beverages for inhibiting Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Packaging optimisation to prolong the shelf life of fiordilatte cheese.
PubMed:A novel killer protein from Pichia kluyveri isolated from an Algerian soil: purification and characterization of its in vitro activity against food and beverage spoilage yeasts.
PubMed:Antimicrobial Packaging for Extending the Shelf Life of Bread - A Review.
PubMed:HPLC and LC-MS/MS methods for determination of sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate in food and beverages: performances of local accredited laboratories via proficiency tests in Turkey.
PubMed:Investigation of the solubility enhancement mechanism of rebaudioside D using a solid dispersion technique with potassium sorbate as a carrier.
PubMed:Effect of non-thermal hurdles in extending shelf life of cut apples.
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of nisin and potassium sorbate alone or in combination on vegetative cells growth and spore germination of Bacillus sporothermodurans in milk.
PubMed:Potassium sorbate reduces production of ethanol and 2 esters in corn silage.
PubMed:The effect of ZnCl2 on green Spanish-style table olive packaging, a presentation style dependant behaviour.
PubMed:Effect of different preservative treatments on the shelf-life of sorghum malt based fermented milk beverage.
PubMed:Use of antimicrobial films and edible coatings incorporating chemical and biological preservatives to control growth of Listeria monocytogenes on cold smoked salmon.
PubMed:Studies on the effect of preservatives on physico-chemical, microbiological and sensory quality of kunda.
PubMed:Production of fungal chitosan from date wastes and its application as a biopreservative for minced meat.
PubMed:Influence of temperature and preserving agents on the stability of cornelian cherries anthocyanins.
PubMed:Sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate preservatives in Iranian doogh.
PubMed:Effect of potassium sorbate on antimicrobial and physical properties of starch-clay nanocomposite films.
PubMed:Recent trends in the use of food additives in the United Kingdom.
PubMed:Evaluating food additives as antifungal agents against Monilinia fructicola in vitro and in hydroxypropyl methylcellulose-lipid composite edible coatings for plums.
PubMed:Effect of treatments and packaging on the quality of dried carrot slices during storage.
PubMed:Stability of monosodium glutamate in green table olives and pickled cucumbers as a function of packing conditions and storage time.
PubMed:Antimicrobial and antibiofilm effects of selected food preservatives against Salmonella spp. isolated from chicken samples.
PubMed:[Investigation of antimicrobial and antibiofilm effects of some preservatives used in drugs, cosmetics and food products].
PubMed:Biopolymeric antimicrobial films: study of the influence of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, tapioca starch and glycerol contents on physical properties.
PubMed:Storage related changes in ghee-based low-fat spread.
PubMed:Formation of trans-1,3-Pentadiene in Off-Flavor Food.
PubMed:Combined effect of active coating and modified atmosphere packaging on prolonging the shelf life of low-moisture Mozzarella cheese.
PubMed:Effects of bacteriophage on the quality and shelf life of Paralichthys olivaceus during chilled storage.
PubMed:Antibacterial efficacy of Nisin, Pediocin 34 and Enterocin FH99 against Listeria monocytogenes and cross resistance of its bacteriocin resistant variants to common food preservatives.
PubMed:Sensory profiles for dried fig (Ficus carica L.) cultivars commercially grown and processed in California.
PubMed:Optimal designs of the median run length based double sampling X chart for minimizing the average sample size.
PubMed:Potassium sorbate controlled release from corn starch films.
PubMed:Combined effects of potassium sorbate, hot water and thiabendazole against green mould of citrus fruit and residue levels.
PubMed:Effect of gamma irradiation and storage time on microbial growth and physicochemical characteristics of pumpkin (Cucurbita Moschata Duchesne ex Poiret) puree.
PubMed:Active biodegradable films produced with blends of rice flour and poly(butylene adipate co-terephthalate): effect of potassium sorbate on film characteristics.
PubMed:Effect of naturally occurring antimicrobials and chemical preservatives on the growth of Aspergillus Parasiticus.
PubMed:In vitro and in vivo application of active compounds with anti-yeast activity to improve the shelf life of ready-to-eat table grape.
PubMed:Degradation of ascorbic acid and potassium sorbate by different Lactobacillus species isolated from packed green olives.
PubMed:Preparation of an novel botanic biopreservative and its efficacy in keeping quality of peeled Penaeus vannamei.
PubMed:Shelf-life evaluation of natural antimicrobials for Concord and Niagara grape juices.
PubMed:The application of bioactive compounds from the food industry to control mold growth in indoor waterborne coatings.
PubMed:Comparing organic acids and salt derivatives as antimicrobials against selected poultry-borne Listeria monocytogenes strains in vitro.
PubMed:Effect of preservatives on Shiga toxigenic phages and Shiga toxin of Escherichia coli O157:H7.
PubMed:Effects of benzalkonium chloride and potassium sorbate on airway ciliary activity.
PubMed:Effects of nisin, EDTA and salts of organic acids on Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella and native microflora on fresh vacuum packaged shrimps stored at 4 °C.
PubMed:Susceptibility of food-contaminating Penicillium genus fungi to some preservatives and disinfectants.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of Chinese bayberry extract for the preservation of surimi.
PubMed:Shelf life extension of sugarcane juice using preservatives and gamma radiation processing.
PubMed:Effect of physical damage to ears of corn before harvest and treatment with various additives on the concentration of mycotoxins, silage fermentation, and aerobic stability of corn silage.
PubMed:Role of Oregano (Origanum vulgare) essential oil as a surface fungus inhibitor on fermented sausages: evaluation of its effect on microbial and physicochemical characteristics.
PubMed:Ultrasound application for the control of decay on apple at different stage of ripening.
PubMed:Evaluating the effects of zinc chloride as a preservative in cracked table olive packing.
PubMed:Preservation of acidified cucumbers with a combination of fumaric acid and cinnamaldehyde that target lactic acid bacteria and yeasts.
PubMed:A novel RP-HPLC method for simultaneous determination of potassium sorbate and sodium benzoate in soft drinks using C18-bonded monolithic silica column.
PubMed:Antifungal effectiveness of potassium sorbate incorporated in edible coatings against spoilage molds of apples, cucumbers, and tomatoes during refrigerated storage.
PubMed:Effects of antimicrobial coating from catfish skin gelatin on quality and shelf life of fresh white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei).
PubMed:Application of polylactic acid coating with antimicrobials in reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Stanley on apples.
PubMed:Control of Listeria monocytogenes on cold-smoked salmon using chitosan-based antimicrobial coatings and films.
PubMed:Effect of antifungal hydroxypropyl methylcellulose-lipid edible composite coatings on Penicillium decay development and postharvest quality of cold-stored "Ortanique" mandarins.
PubMed:Influence of modified atmosphere packaging and potassium sorbate on microbiological characteristics of sliced bread.
PubMed:Effect of modified atmospheric packaging on the shelf stability of paneer prepared by adopting hurdle technology.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of weak acids in liquid feed fermentations, and its effects on yeasts and lactic acid bacteria.
PubMed:The ensiling capability of a mixture of sodium benzoate, potassium sorbate, and sodium nitrite.
PubMed:In vitro antifungal effect of black cumin seed quinones against dairy spoilage yeasts at different acidity levels.
PubMed:Lactic acid bacteria isolated from artisanal dry sausages: characterization of antibacterial compounds and study of the factors affecting bacteriocin production.
PubMed:Improvement of cooking quality and gel formation capacity of Bombay duck (Harpodon nehereus) fish meat.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of electroactive and non-electroactive food preservatives by novel capillary electrophoresis with amperometric detection.
PubMed:Application of an active alginate coating to control the growth of Listeria monocytogenes on poached and deli turkey products.
PubMed:Inhibition of growth and caseinase production of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli 28 by combination of low pH and NaCl, potassium sorbate or Thymus vulgaris extract.
PubMed:Prevention of intestinal Campylobacter jejuni colonization in broilers by combinations of in-feed organic acids.
PubMed:Transcriptomic and phenotypic responses of Listeria monocytogenes strains possessing different growth efficiencies under acidic conditions.
PubMed:Quality of hurdle treated pork sausages during refrigerated (4 ± 1°C) storage.
PubMed:Incorporation of preservatives in polylactic acid films for inactivating Escherichia coli O157:H7 and extending microbiological shelf life of strawberry puree.
PubMed:Modeling the efficacy of triplet antimicrobial combinations: yeast suppression by lauric arginate, cinnamic acid, and sodium benzoate or potassium sorbate as a case study.
PubMed:Proteolytic activity of beef luncheon fungi as affected by incorporation of some food preservatives.
PubMed:Does potassium sorbate induce genotoxic or mutagenic effects in lymphocytes?
PubMed:Growth response of Escherichia coli ATCC 35218 adapted to several concentrations of sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate.
PubMed:Evaluation of food additives as alternative or complementary chemicals to conventional fungicides for the control of major postharvest diseases of stone fruit.
PubMed:Potassium sorbate residue levels and persistence in citrus fruit as detected by a simple colorimetric method.
PubMed:In vitro antimycotic activity of a Williopsis saturnus killer protein against food spoilage yeasts.
PubMed:Food preservative potential of essential oils and fractions from Cymbopogon citratus, Ocimum gratissimum and Thymus vulgaris against mycotoxigenic fungi.
PubMed:Curative and preventive activity of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose-lipid edible composite coatings containing antifungal food additives to control citrus postharvest green and blue molds.
PubMed:Microbiological preservation of cucumbers for bulk storage using acetic acid and food preservatives.
PubMed:RAPD analysis of salt-tolerant yeasts from contaminated seasoned pickled plums and their growth inhibition using food additives.
PubMed:Physiological response of Bacillus cereus vegetative cells to simulated food processing treatments.
PubMed:Inhibition of Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum by hydroxypropyl methylcellulose-lipid edible composite films containing food additives with antifungal properties.
PubMed:Changes in quality attributes of intermediate-moisture raisins during storage.
PubMed:Effect of some food preservatives on the lipolytic activity of beef luncheon fungi.
PubMed:Effects of potassium sorbate on postharvest brown rot of stone fruit.
PubMed:Effectiveness of chitosan-coated plastic films incorporating antimicrobials in inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes on cold-smoked salmon.
PubMed:Influence of various preservatives on the quality of minced beef under modified atmosphere at chilled storage.
PubMed:High pressures in combination with antimicrobials to reduce Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Agona in apple juice and orange juice.
PubMed:Cytogenetic study in cultured human lymphocytes treated with three commonly used preservatives.
PubMed:Development and antifungal evaluation of a food-grade U-type microemulsion.
PubMed:Effects of commonly used food preservatives on biofilm formation of Streptococcus mutans in vitro.
PubMed:Microbial growth and the effects of mild acidification and preservatives in refrigerated sweet potato puree.
PubMed:Potential antimicrobials to control Listeria monocytogenes in vacuum-packaged cold-smoked salmon pâté and fillets.
PubMed:Exploring the problem of mold growth and the efficacy of various mold inhibitor methods during moisture sorption isotherm measurements.
PubMed:Control of Listeria monocytogenes on ham steaks by antimicrobials incorporated into chitosan-coated plastic films.
PubMed:Combinations of antimycotics to inhibit the growth of molds capable of producing 1,3-pentadiene.
PubMed:Controlling Listeria monocytogenes on sliced ham and turkey products using benzoate, propionate, and sorbate.
PubMed:Toxicological evaluation of potassium sorbate added to cigarette tobacco.
PubMed:Physiological relationship between food preservatives, environmental factors, ochratoxin and otapksPV gene expression by Penicillium verrucosum.
PubMed:Modelling the behaviour of Listeria monocytogenes in ground pork as a function of pH, water activity, nature and concentration of organic acid salts.
PubMed:Microbiological changes occurring in trout fillets (Oncorhynchus mykiss W. 1792) salted and treated with potassium sorbate during production and storage.
PubMed:Mycoflora of two types of Portuguese dry-smoked sausages and inhibitory effect of sodium benzoate, potassium sorbate, and methyl p-hydroxybenzoate on mold growth rate.
PubMed:Rapid determination of cyclamate in foods by solid-phase extraction and capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed:Inhibition of conidia germination and mycelial growth of Botrytis cinerea by some alternative chemicals.
PubMed:Use of logistic regression with dummy variables for modeling the growth-no growth limits of Saccharomyces cerevisiae IGAL01 as a function of sodium chloride, acid type, and potassium sorbate concentration according to growth media.
PubMed:Microbial and sensory changes during refrigerated storage of desalted cod (Gadus morhua) preserved by combined methods.
PubMed:Inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes in turkey and pork-beef bologna by combinations of sorbate, benzoate, and propionate.
PubMed:Susceptibility of food-borne bacteria to binary combinations of antimicrobials at selected a(w) and pH.
PubMed:Computer aided boar semen motility analysis for cereulide detection in different food matrices.
PubMed:Potential of antimicrobial agents to inhibit fungi to aid isolation of Campylobacter.
PubMed:Microbial evolution during storage of seasoned olives prepared with organic acids with potassium sorbate, sodium benzoate, and ozone used as preservatives.
PubMed:Inhibitory effect of organic acid salts on spoilage flora in culture medium and cured cooked meat products under commercial manufacturing conditions.
PubMed:Reduction of Campylobacter jejuni on chicken wings by chemical treatments.
PubMed:Final report of the safety assessment of Acacia catechu gum, Acacia concinna fruit extract, Acacia dealbata leaf extract, Acacia dealbata leaf wax, Acacia decurrens extract, Acacia farnesiana extract, Acacia farnesiana flower wax, Acacia farnesiana gum, Acacia senegal extract, Acacia senegal gum, and Acacia senegal gum extract.
PubMed:Alkylating potential of potassium sorbate.
PubMed:Effect of immersion solutions containing enterocin AS-48 on Listeria monocytogenes in vegetable foods.
PubMed:Application of predictive models to estimate Listeria monocytogenes growth on frankfurters treated with organic acid salts.
PubMed:Occupational contact dermatitis from potassium sorbate in milk transformation plant.
PubMed:Combined efficacy of nisin and pediocin with sodium lactate, citric acid, phytic acid, and potassium sorbate and EDTA in reducing the Listeria monocytogenes population of inoculated fresh-cut produce.
PubMed:Risk assessment of combined photogenotoxic effects of sunlight and food additives.
PubMed:Preventing bacterial contamination and proliferation during the harvest, storage, and feeding of fresh bovine colostrum.
PubMed:The effects of various antifungal additives on the fermentation and aerobic stability of corn silage.
PubMed:An attempt to optimize potassium sorbate use to preserve low pH (4.5-5.5) intermediate moisture bakery products by modelling Eurotium spp., Aspergillus spp. and Penicillium corylophilum growth.
PubMed:Study of benzoate, propionate, and sorbate salts as mould spoilage inhibitors on intermediate moisture bakery products of low pH (4.5-5.5).
PubMed:Aspergillus flavus growth in the presence of chemical preservatives and naturally occurring antimicrobial compounds.
PubMed:Environmental factors and weak organic acid interactions have differential effects on control of growth and ochratoxin A production by Penicillium verrucosum isolates in bread.
PubMed:Effect of gas environment and sorbate addition on flavor characteristics of irradiated apple cider during storage.
PubMed:Effect of nisin in combination with EDTA, sodium lactate, and potassium sorbate for reducing Salmonella on whole and fresh-cut cantaloupet.
PubMed:Evaluation of five essential oils from aromatic plants of Cameroon for controlling food spoilage and mycotoxin producing fungi.
PubMed:Effect of weak acid preservatives on growth of bakery product spoilage fungi at different water activities and pH values.
PubMed:Pentadiene production from potassium sorbate by osmotolerant yeasts.
PubMed:Analysis of the action of compounds that inhibit the germination of spores of Bacillus species.
PubMed:Effects of cetylpyridinium chloride, acidified sodium chlorite, and potassium sorbate on populations of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus on fresh beef.
PubMed:Evaluation of NASA Foodbars as a standard diet for use in short-term rodent space flight studies.
PubMed:Efficacy of sorbates on the control of the growth of Eurotium species in bakery products with near neutral pH.
PubMed:Effects of processing treatment and sorbate addition on the flavor characteristics of apple cider.
PubMed:Risk assessment of the use of sub-optimal levels of weak-acid preservatives in the control of mould growth on bakery products.
PubMed:Control of Listeria monocytogenes on turkey frankfurters by generally-recognized-as-safe preservatives.
PubMed:Mutagenicity and DNA-damaging activity caused by decomposed products of potassium sorbate reacting with ascorbic acid in the presence of Fe salt.
PubMed:Combined effects of weak acid preservatives, pH and water activity on growth of Eurotium species on a sponge cake.
PubMed:Effects of starter cultures and additives on the quality of Turkish style sausage (sucuk).
PubMed:In vitro antifungal activity of several antimicrobial compounds against Penicillium expansum.
PubMed:Effect of selected generally recognized as safe preservative sprays on growth of Listeria monocytogenes on chicken luncheon meat.
PubMed:Evaluation of food additives and low-toxicity compounds as alternative chemicals for the control of Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum on citrus fruit.
PubMed:Aspergillus flavus dose-response curves to selected natural and synthetic antimicrobials.
PubMed:Modeling yeast spoilage in cold-filled ready-to-drink beverages with Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Zygosaccharomyces bailii, and Candida lipolytica.
PubMed:Staphylococcus aureus growth boundaries: moving towards mechanistic predictive models based on solute-specific effects.
PubMed:Occurrence of xerophilic fungi in bakery gingerbread production.
PubMed:Effects of sodium lactate and trisodium phosphate on the physicochemical properties and shelf life of low-fat Chinese-style sausage.
PubMed:Controlled release of water-soluble polymeric complexes of sorbic acid with antifungal activities.
PubMed:Organic acids and their salts as dipping solutions to control listeria monocytogenes inoculated following processing of sliced pork bologna stored at 4 degrees C in vacuum packages.
PubMed:[Microbiological stability study of minimally processed cantaloupe (Cucumis melo L) by vacuum].
PubMed:Effects of storage temperature and preservative treatment on shelf life of the pond-raised freshwater fish, silver perch (Bidyanus bidyanus).
PubMed:Modelling bacterial spoilage in cold-filled ready to drink beverages by Acinetobacter calcoaceticus and Gluconobacter oxydans.
PubMed:Effect of nitrite and propolis preservative on volatile basic nitrogen changes in meat products.
PubMed:Modeling the survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple cider using probability distribution functions for quantitative risk assessment.
PubMed:Influence of various parameters on the browning of potassium sorbate in the presence of amines.
PubMed:Effectiveness of immersion treatments with acids, trisodium phosphate, and herb decoctions in reducing populations of Yarrowia lipolytica and naturally occurring aerobic microorganisms on raw chicken.
PubMed:Modeling the growth boundary of Staphylococcus aureus for risk assessment purposes.
PubMed:Antimicrobial effect of extracts from Chinese chive, cinnamon, and corni fructus.
PubMed:Effects of food preservatives on Alternaria alternata growth and tenuazonic acid production.
PubMed:Modeling of combined processing steps for reducing Escherichia coli O157:H7 populations in apple cider.
PubMed:Determination of naringin and neohesperidin in orange juice by liquid chromatography with UV detection to detect the presence of grapefruit juice: Collaborative Study.
PubMed:Maintaining quality of fresh-cut mangoes using antibrowning agents and modified atmosphere packaging.
PubMed:Inhibition of Aeromonas caviae and A. sobria by sodium choloride, citric acid, ascorbic acid, potassium sorbate and extracts of Thymus vulgaris.
PubMed:Heat inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple cider containing malic acid, sodium benzoate, and potassium sorbate.
PubMed:Growth of Bacillus cereus on solid media as affected by agar, sodium chloride, and potassium sorbate.
PubMed:Rapid high-performance liquid chromatography method for the analysis of sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate in foods.
PubMed:Effect of common food preservatives on mycelial growth and spore germination of Fusarium oxysporum.
PubMed:Inhibitory action of potassium sorbate degradation products against Staphylococcus aureus growth in laboratory media.
PubMed:Long-term use of preservatives on rat nasal respiratory mucosa: effects of benzalkonium chloride and potassium sorbate.
PubMed:Physical and metabolic causes of sub-lethal damage in Listeria monocytogenes after long-term chilled storage at 4 degrees C.
PubMed:Probabilistic modeling of Saccharomyces cerevisiae inhibition under the effects of water activity, pH, and potassium sorbate concentration.
PubMed:Survival of Listeria monocytogenes in commercial cheese brines.
PubMed:Modeling the aerobic growth and decline of Staphylococcus aureus as affected by pH and potassium sorbate concentration.
PubMed:Individual and combined effects of vanillin and potassium sorbate on Penicillium digitatum, Penicillium glabrum, and Penicillium italicum growth.
PubMed:Extension of shelf life of whole and peeled shrimp with organic acid salts and bifidobacteria.
PubMed:Thermal death rate of ascospores of Neosartorya fischeri ATCC 200957 in the presence of organic acids and preservatives in fruit juices.
PubMed:[Shelf-life and sensorial evaluation of corn tortillas, made with preservatives and texture conditioners].
PubMed:Prediction of Listeria spp. growth as affected by various levels of chemicals, pH, temperature and storage time in a model broth.
PubMed:Resistance of yeast flora of labaneh to potassium sorbate and sodium benzoate.
PubMed:Cytotoxicity of food preservatives in cultured rat hepatocytes loaded with linolenic acid.
PubMed:Destruction of aflatoxins B1 and G 1 in bread making.
PubMed:Thermal resistance of Bacillus stearothermophilus spores in different heating systems containing some approved food additives.
PubMed:Prolongation of the keeping quality of Mozzarella cheese by treatment with sorbate.
PubMed:Relationship between variations in pathogenicity and lag phase at 37 degrees C of Listeria monocytogenes previously stored at 4 degrees C.
PubMed:Control of microbiological quality and shelf-life of catfish (Clarias gariepinus) by chemical preservatives and smoking.
PubMed:The effects of potassium sorbate and lactic acid on the shelf-life of vacuum-packed chicken meats.
PubMed:[Preservation and stability of corn tortillas at room temperature].
PubMed:Listeriolysin O secretion by Listeria monocytogenes in the presence of cysteine and sorbate.
PubMed:Potential growth and control of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in soft hispanic type cheese.
PubMed:[Anaphylaxis caused by royal jelly].
PubMed:The effect of hydroxycinnamic acids and potassium sorbate on the growth of 11 strains of spoilage yeasts.
PubMed:Use of indirect conductimetry to predict the growth of spoilage yeasts, with special consideration of Zygosaccharomyces bailii.
PubMed:Potential growth and control of Salmonella in Hispanic type soft cheese.
PubMed:Changes in fatty acid composition of various lipid components of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii as influenced by solutes, potassium sorbate and incubation temperature.
PubMed:[The influence of potassium sorbate addition on the quality of pickled zucchini fruit].
PubMed:Evaluation of phototoxic properties of some food additives: sulfites exhibit prominent phototoxicity.
PubMed:Fate of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple cider with and without preservatives.
PubMed:Effects of potassium sorbate on growth and penicillic acid production by Aspergillus ochraceus and Penicillium aurantiogriseum.
PubMed:Effect of potassium sorbate and pH on the survival of Staphylococcus aureus in saturated sugar solutions.
PubMed:Effect of three preservatives on the growth of Bacillus cereus, Vero cytotoxigenic Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, on plates with gradients of pH and sodium chloride concentration.
PubMed:Aerobic stability and in vitro fiber digestibility of microbially inoculated corn and sorghum silages.
PubMed:Interactive effects of solutes, potassium sorbate and incubation temperature on growth, heat resistance and tolerance to freezing of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii.
PubMed:Effects of food preservatives on growth and metabolism of plaque bacteria in vitro and in vivo.
PubMed:Effects of potassium sorbate on growth patterns, morphology, and heat resistance of Zygosaccharomyces rouxii at reduced water activity.
PubMed:The potential genotoxicity of sorbates: effects on cell cycle in vitro in V79 cells and somatic mutations in Drosophila.
PubMed:Genotoxicity and cell transformation studies with sorbates in Syrian hamster embryo fibroblasts.
PubMed:Limiting bacterial contamination of enteral nutrient solutions: 6-year history with reduction of contamination at two institutions.
PubMed:Characteristics of some intermediate moisture smoked meats.
PubMed:Evaluation of the genotoxic potential of sorbic acid and potassium sorbate.
PubMed:Fungal contamination of Kashar cheese in Turkey.
PubMed:Effect of citric acid and citrate on the shelf stability of canned liver paste processed at reduced F(0) values.
PubMed:Food applications of sorbic acid and its salts.
PubMed:Re-examination of potassium sorbate and sodium sorbate for possible genotoxic potential.
PubMed:Potential for the development of tolerance by Aspergillus amstelodami, A. repens and A. ruber after repeated exposure to potassium sorbate.
PubMed:[The health status and metabolic indicators in calves fed colostrum and first milk preserved with potassium sorbate and milk replacements].
PubMed:[Potassium sorbate, pH and aqueous activity as inhibitors of the growth of Staphylococcus aureus].
PubMed:Effects of natamycin and potassium sorbate on growth and aflatoxin production in olives.
PubMed:Potential for Development of Tolerance by Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum after Repeated Exposure to Potassium Sorbate.
PubMed:Effect of anti-oxidants on growth and lactic acid production by Streptococcus mutans.
PubMed:Value of oral provocation tests to aspirin and food additives in the routine investigation of asthma and chronic urticaria.
PubMed:Inhibition by antimicrobial food additives of ochratoxin A production by Aspergillus sulphureus and Penicillium viridicatum.
PubMed:Effect of chemical dips on unchilled fresh beef inoculated with E. coli, S. aureus, S. faecalis and Cl. perfringens and Stored at 30°C and 20°C.
PubMed:Effects of sodium nitrite and potassium sorbate on in vitro cultured mammalian cells.
PubMed:[Effect of potassium sorbate on the growth of Yersinia enterocolitica].
PubMed:Effects of sorbic acid and its salts on chromosome aberrations, sister chromatid exchanges and gene mutations in cultured Chinese hamster cells.
PubMed:Enteral nutrient solutions. Limiting bacterial growth.
PubMed:Influence of combinations of Lactobacillus lactis and potassium sorbate on growth of psychrotrophs in raw milk.
PubMed:Growth characteristics of Saccharomyces rouxii isolated from chocolate syrup.
PubMed:Selective method for the isolation of Sporolactobacillus from food and environment sources.
PubMed:Survival in foods of Staphylococcus aureus grown under optimal and stressed conditions and the effect of some food preservatives.
PubMed:Review: putative mutagens and carcinogens in foods. II: sorbate and sorbate-nitrite interactions.
PubMed:Evaluation of intolerance to analgesics, preservatives and food colorants with challenge tests.
PubMed:[Amino acid composition of kashkaval (cheese made of sheep milk) treated with antimold agents].
PubMed:Effect of five cycle rapid freeze-thaw treatment in conjunction with various chemicals for the reduction of Salmonella typhimurium.
PubMed:Combined effects of solutes and food preservatives on rates of inactivation of and colony formation by heated spores and vegetative cells of molds.
PubMed:Prevention of surface mold growth on Italian dry sausage by natamycin and potassium sorbate.
PubMed:Comparison of anti-Vibrio activities of potassium sorbate, sodium benzoate, and glycerol and sucrose esters of fatty acids.
PubMed:Potassium sorbate dip as a method of extending shelf life and inhibiting the growth of Salmonella and Staphylococcus aureus on fresh, whole broilers.
PubMed:Protein quality and iron availability of intermediate moisture beef stored at 38 degrees C.
PubMed:Incidence and control of mycotoxin producing molds in domestic and imported cheeses.
PubMed:[Re--estimation of preservation effectiveness of potassium sorbate (food additive) in jams and marmalade (author's transl)].
PubMed:Effectiveness of various food preservatives in controlling the outgrowth of Byssochlamys nivea ascospores.
PubMed:Letter: Rapid analysis of potassium sorbate in dried prunes by ultraviolet or colorimetric procedures.
PubMed:Rapid screening procedure for the determination of preservatives in ground beef: sulfites, benzoates, sorbates, and ascorbates.
PubMed:Effect of potassium sorbate on salmonellae, Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium perfringens, and Clostridium botulinum in cooked, uncured sausage.
PubMed:[Effect of food preservatives on the activity of animal and vegetable catalase and peroxidase. II. Effect of sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate on the catalase and peroxidae in rats].
PubMed:[Effect of food preservatives on the activity of plant and animal catalase and peroxidase. I. Effect of benzoic acid, sodium benzoate, sorbic acid and potassium sorbate on the activity of catalase and peroxidase of seedlings of Lepidium sativum L].
PubMed:Sensory and shelf-life evaluations of cottage cheese treated with potassium sorbate.
PubMed:Use of potassium sorbate, diethylpyrocarbonate and heat for the preservation of prunes at high moisture levels.
PubMed:Effect of food additives and irradiation on survival of Salmonella in oysters.
Mould inhibitor, preservative for cheese, fruit preserves, baked goods, wine and other foodstuffs. Also for paper and board food packaging materials. Flavouring ingredient
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