EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

polysorbate 20
tween 20

Supplier Sponsors

CAS Number: 9005-64-5
Other:118955-39-8
ECHA EC Number:500-018-3
FDA UNII:59IO08SBZU
MDL:MFCD00165986
Category:emulsifiers, surfactants
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
EU SANCO Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate (polysorbate 20) View - review
EU SANCO Polysorbates View - review
JECFA Food Additive: Polyoxyethylene (20) Sorbitan Monolaurate
GSFA Codex: Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate (432)
DG SANTE Food Additives:polysorbate 20
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials:polysorbate 20
FEMA Number:2915 polysorbate 20
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):9005-64-5 ; POLYSORBATE 20
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.


FDA PART 173 -- SECONDARY DIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart D--Specific Usage Additives
Sec. 173.310 Boiler water additives.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.


FDA PART 178 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADJUVANTS, PRODUCTION AIDS, AND SANITIZERS
Subpart D--Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids
Sec. 178.3400 Emulsifiers and/or surface-active agents.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:pale yellow clear viscous liquid (est)
Assay: 96.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:1.09100 to 1.09600 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 9.078 to 9.120
Refractive Index:1.45900 to 1.47000 @ 20.00 °C.
Acid Value: 3.00 max. KOH/g
PH Number:5.71
Flash Point:> 230.00 °F. TCC ( > 110.00 °C. )
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 oils
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Strength:low
Substantivity:400 Hour(s)
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. mild alcohol odor
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: emulsifying agents
surfactants
 
Suppliers:
Allan Chemical
Polysorbate 20
Augustus Oils
Polysorbate 20
Services
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Tween(R) 20 Hydroxyl number: 96-1
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Polysorbate 20, Bulk
Odor: characteristic
Use: Our Polysorbate 20 (polyoxyethylene [20] sorbitan monolaurate) is derived from coconut oil. It is a non-toxic, nonionic surfactant/emulsifier and a water-soluble yellowish liquid used as a dispersing agent which allows oil and water to mix without the use of alcohol. It?s a fragrance solubilizer and stabilizer; it lubricates and has a soothing effect on the skin. This skin- safe ingredient is used extensively in oil-in-water emulsions (lotions, conditioners, cream rinses, shampoos, liquid soaps, body polishes or scrubs, etc.) and also for body mists and linen sprays. Will be found as an ingredient in the majority of body toiletries, cosmetics and wipes now in the market. Polysorbates are generally used in combination with other emulsifiers such as mono- and diglycerides or sorbitan monostearates for various purposes such as to disperse flavors and colors, to make essential oils and vitamins soluble and to improve volume and texture in baked goods. Use Polysorbate 20 when very little foaming action (or none at all) is desired in the finished product.
Charkit Chemical
POLYSORBATE 20
Chemical-navi - Nikkol
NIKKOL TL-10
Odor: characteristic
Use: Hydrophilic emulsifier; solubilizer; dispersant; water soluble
Covalent Chemical
Polysorbate 20
Croda
Tween™ 20
Odor: characteristic
Use: Super Refining removes polar impurities, preventing adverse interactions with APIs and enhancing the stability of pharmaceutical formulations. Offer the complete solution when formulating parenteral, oral, ophthalmic and topical pharmaceutical products. Super Refined Polysorbate 20 ensures effective delivery of actives by minimising drug interaction with the excipient. Recommended topical usage levels of 0.5-5%.
ECSA Chemicals
Polysorbate 20
Company Profile
Graham Chemical
Polysorbate 20
Indenta Group
Polysorbate 20
Kao Corporation
EMASOL L-120V
Flavor: characteristic
It is a highly hydrophilic surfactant and approved as a food additives. It is a usuful emulsifier, dispersant and solubilizer for aroma chemiclas and oils. Combination of EMASOL L-120V and highly lipophlic one of EMASOL-series lead to a giving an excellent emulsifier.
Kao Corporation
EMASOL L-120V
Odor: characteristic
Use: It is a highly hydrophilic surfactant and approved as a food additives. It is a usuful emulsifier, dispersant and solubilizer for aroma chemiclas and oils. Combination of EMASOL L-120V and highly lipophlic one of EMASOL-series lead to a giving an excellent emulsifier.
Kao Corporation
KAOPAN TW-L-120
Odor: characteristic
Use: Emulsifier and conditioning agent (low substantive effect). Detoxifying agent in shampoos (low irritation). Fragrances solubilizer.
Kao Corporation
RHEODOL TW-L120
Odor: characteristic
Use: Emulsifier for pharmaceuticals and cosmetics, Stabilizer for color materials, Stabilizer for emulsion polymerizations, Emulsifier for adjuvant of agrochemicals, Emulsifier for water based metal process cutting oils, Surface coating type antistatic agents.
Kraft Chemical
Polysorbate 20
Lipo Chemicals
Liposorb® L-20
Odor: characteristic
Use: Liposorb® L-20 is an oil-in-water emulsifier. Primarily used in combination with Lipo® GMS. The pair of emulsifiers produces medium, fine-textured lotions and creams in skin and hair care products. Liposorb® L-20 also acts as a spreading aid for bath oils, adds water dispersibility to anhydrous systems and is a solubilizer for oils and fragrances.
Lonza Group
Glycosperse™ L-20 KFG
Lonza Group
Lonzest™ SML-20
M&U International
Tween 20
Mohini Organics
MONEBATT - 20
Odor: characteristic
Use: MONEBAT® - 20 is a nonionic, solubilizer, o/w emulsifier, antistat and fiber lubricant used in textile industry, wetting agent, viscosity modifier, suspending agent used in food, cosmetics, drugs, textile and metal working industries, solubilizer for perfumes and flavours, insecticides, herbicides, paints and inks, pharmaceuticals.
OQEMA
LanCos EMP-20
Penta International
POLYSORBATE 20 EP GRADE
Penta International
POLYSORBATE 20 FCC
Penta International
POLYSORBATE 20 NF - EP GRADE
Penta International
POLYSORBATE 20 NF GRADE
Penta International
POLYSORBATE 20
PerfumersWorld
Solubiliser Polysorbate 20
Plants Power
Polysorbate 20
Sigma-Aldrich
Polysorbate 20, FG
Certified Food Grade Products
Soapers Choice
POLYSORBATE 20-982507SC
Odor: characteristic
Use: Polysorbate 20 is the essential ingredient for making body and room sprays. It acts as a solubiliser, allowing the oil phase of your formula to disperse and fully incorporate into the water phase. Polysorbate 20 is a solubilizer commonly used to bind fragrance and essential oils with water based products.
SysKem Chemie
Polysorbate 20
WholeChem
Polysorbate 20
Zschimmer & Schwarz
Mulsifan SML-20
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-hamster LD50 18 mL/kg
Food Research. Vol. 21, Pg. 348, 1956.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 2640 mg/kg
Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. Vol. 26, Pg. 1581, 1976.

intravenous-mouse LD50 1420 mg/kg
Research Progress in Organic-Biological and Medicinal Chemistry. Vol. 2, Pg. 316, 1970.

oral-mouse LD50 > 33000 mg/kg
Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. Vol. 26, Pg. 1581, 1976.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 3850 mg/kg
Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. Vol. 26, Pg. 1581, 1976.

intravenous-rat LD50 770 mg/kg
Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. Vol. 26, Pg. 1581, 1976.

oral-rat LD50 36700 uL/kg
Food Research. Vol. 21, Pg. 348, 1956.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: emulsifiers, surfactants
Recommendation for polysorbate 20 usage levels up to:
  50.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 200.000001000.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -180.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: -380.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -500.00000
fruit ices: -500.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 200.000001000.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Scientific Opinion on the re-evaluation of polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate (E 432), polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (E 433), polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate (E 434), polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate (E 435) and polyoxyethylene
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Daily Med:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):9005-64-5
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
Chemidplus:0009005645
RTECS:TR7400000 for cas# 9005-64-5
 
References:
Canada Domestic Sub. List:9005-64-5
Pubchem (sid):135288054
 
Other Information:
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C11624
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB37182
FooDB:FDB016180
Export Tariff Code:3402.13.2020
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Household Products:Search
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
 
Potential Uses:
 emulsifying agents
 essential oils solublizer
 fragrance solublizer
 surfactants
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 not found in nature
 
Synonyms:
 alkamuls PSML-20
 cremophor PS 20
 emasol L-120V
 glycosperse L-20 KFG
 hetsorb L-20
 kaopan TW-L-120
 liposorb L-20
 lonzest SML-20
 monebatt - 20
 mulsifan SML-20
 nikkol TL-10
 norfox sorbo T-20
 peg-20 sorbitan laurate
 peg-20 sorbitan monolaurate
 polyethylene glycol (20) sorbitan laurate
 polyethylene glycol (20) sorbitan monolaurate
 polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan laurate
 polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate
 rheodol TW-L120
 super refined polysorbate 20
 T-maz 20K
 tween 20
 

Articles:

PubMed:Low-energy formation of edible nanoemulsions: factors influencing droplet size produced by emulsion phase inversion.
PubMed:Preferential solubilization behaviours and stability of some phenolic-bearing essential oils formulated in different microemulsion systems.
PubMed:Evaluative conditioning is intact after unilateral resection of the anterior temporal lobe in humans.
PubMed:Optimization Of Extraction Conditions And Fatty Acid Characterization Of L. Pentosus Cell Bound Biosurfactant/Bioemulsifier.
PubMed:Effect of interfacial composition on uptake of curcumin-piperine mixtures in oil in water emulsions by Caco-2 cells.
PubMed:Purification and evaluation of the enzymatic properties of a novel fructosyltransferase from Aspergillus oryzae: a potential biocatalyst for the synthesis of sucrose 6-acetate.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of erlotinib and metabolites in human urine using capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed:Stabilization of vitamin E-enriched nanoemulsions: influence of post-homogenization cosurfactant addition.
PubMed:Influence of aqueous phase emulsifiers on lipid oxidation in water-in-walnut oil emulsions.
PubMed:Nisin production in a chitin-including continuous fermentation system with Lactococcus lactis displaying a cell wall chitin-binding domain.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of polyphenol oxidase from jackfruit ( Artocarpus heterophyllus ) bulbs.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of peroxidase from avocado (Persea americana Mill, cv. Hass).
PubMed:Identification and partial characterization of a bacteriocin-like inhibitory substance (BLIS) from Lb. Bulgaricus K41 isolated from indigenous yogurts.
PubMed:Quantitative analysis of polysorbates 20 and 40 by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Structure-activity relationship of a u-type antimicrobial microemulsion system.
PubMed:TNFR1/TNF-╬▒ and mitochondria interrelated signaling pathway mediates quinocetone-induced apoptosis in HepG2 cells.
PubMed:DHA sensitizes FaO cells to tert-BHP-induced oxidative effects. Protective role of EGCG.
PubMed:Discrimination of infectious hepatitis A virus and rotavirus by combining dyes and surfactants with RT-qPCR.
PubMed:Effects of acute intermittent hypoxia on energy balance and hypothalamic feeding pathways.
PubMed:Physicochemical properties and antimicrobial efficacy of carvacrol nanoemulsions formed by spontaneous emulsification.
PubMed:Protective effect of polypeptides from larva of housefly (Musca domestica) on hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative damage in HepG2 cells.
PubMed:Comparative toxicity and apoptosis induced by diorganotins in rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells.
PubMed:Nitidine chloride inhibits renal cancer cell metastasis via suppressing AKT signaling pathway.
PubMed:Spectroscopic studies on the antioxidant activity of p-coumaric acid.
PubMed:Influence of astaxanthin, emulsifier and organic phase concentration on physicochemical properties of astaxanthin nanodispersions.
PubMed:Formation of complex interface and stability of oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion prepared by soy lipophilic protein nanoparticles.
PubMed:Cyto/Genotoxicity study of polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate (tween 20).
PubMed:Activation of the PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway promotes DEHP-induced Hep3B cell proliferation.
PubMed:Proteomic-based identification of multiple pathways underlying n-butylidenephthalide-induced apoptosis in LNCaP human prostate cancer cells.
PubMed:Investigation of the cytotoxicity of food-grade nanoemulsions in Caco-2 cell monolayers and HepG2 cells.
PubMed:Influence of emulsifier structure on lipid bioaccessibility in oil-water nanoemulsions.
PubMed:Application of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthesis regulatory protein PhaR as a bio-surfactant and bactericidal agent.
PubMed:Effect of antioxidant properties of lecithin emulsifier on oxidative stability of encapsulated bioactive compounds.
PubMed:Chitosan-gellan electrostatic complexes: influence of preparation conditions and surfactant presence.
PubMed:Biochemical, antimicrobial and molecular characterization of a noncytotoxic bacteriocin produced by Lactobacillus plantarum ST71KS.
PubMed:Cloning and characterization of two functionally diverse lipases from soil metagenome.
PubMed:Reduction of pesticide residues in tomatoes and other produce.
PubMed:Synthesis and evaluation of antioxidant and antifungal activities of novel ricinoleate-based lipoconjugates of phenolic acids.
PubMed:Development and application of nanoparticles synthesized with folic acid conjugated soy protein.
PubMed:Effects of selected polysorbate and sucrose ester emulsifiers on the physicochemical properties of astaxanthin nanodispersions.
PubMed:Characterization and comparative analysis of a second thermonuclease from Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed:Combined effects of ultrasound and surfactants to reduce Bacillus cereus spores on lettuce and carrots.
PubMed:Enterococcus faecium isolated from Lombo, a Portuguese traditional meat product: characterisation of antibacterial compounds and factors affecting bacteriocin production.
PubMed:Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of clove bud essential oil and eugenol nanoparticles in alcohol-free microemulsion.
PubMed:Encapsulation of functional lipophilic components in surfactant-based colloidal delivery systems: vitamin E, vitamin D, and lemon oil.
PubMed:Characterization of a recombinant thermostable xylanase from hot spring thermophilic Geobacillus sp. TC-W7.
PubMed:A direct competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for rapid detection of anilofos residues in agricultural products and environmental samples.
PubMed:Low-energy formation of edible nanoemulsions: factors influencing droplet size produced by emulsion phase inversion.
PubMed:Nanoemulsion delivery systems: influence of carrier oil on ╬▓-carotene bioaccessibility.
PubMed:Colloidal astaxanthin: preparation, characterisation and bioavailability evaluation.
PubMed:Inhibition of ╬▓-carotene degradation in oil-in-water nanoemulsions: influence of oil-soluble and water-soluble antioxidants.
PubMed:Evaluation of antimicrobial edible coatings from a whey protein isolate base to improve the shelf life of cheese.
PubMed:Effects of emulsifier hydrophile-lipophile balance and emulsifier concentration on the distributions of gallic acid, propyl gallate, and ╬▒-tocopherol in corn oil emulsions.
PubMed:In vitro and in vivo antifungal activity of a water-dilutable cassia oil microemulsion against Geotrichum citri-aurantii.
PubMed:Improving the oral bioavailability of curcumin using novel organogel-based nanoemulsions.
PubMed:Immunoaffinity column cleanup with liquid chromatography using postcolumn bromination for the determination of aflatoxins in black and white sesame seed: single-laboratory validation.
PubMed:Nonionic surfactant and interfacial structure impact crystallinity and stability of ╬▓-carotene loaded lipid nanodispersions.
PubMed:Modulation of in vitro activity of zymogenic and mature recombinant human ╬▓-secretase by dietary plants.
PubMed:Temperature and emulsifier concentration effects on gallic acid distribution in a model food emulsion.
PubMed:Effect of tween series on growth and cis-9, trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid production of Lactobacillus acidophilus F0221 in the presence of bile salts.
PubMed:Characterization of ergocalciferol loaded solid lipid nanoparticles.
PubMed:Generation of anti-azoxystrobin monoclonal antibodies from regioisomeric haptens functionalized at selected sites and development of indirect competitive immunoassays.
PubMed:Digestibility and ╬▓-carotene release from lipid nanodispersions depend on dispersed phase crystallinity and interfacial properties.
PubMed:Charge modifications to improve the emulsifying properties of whey protein isolate.
PubMed:Evaluation of the stability and antioxidant activity of nanoencapsulated resveratrol during in vitro digestion.
PubMed:Intrinsic Tween 20 improves release and antilisterial properties of co-encapsulated nisin and thymol.
PubMed:Design of nanoemulsion-based delivery systems of natural antimicrobials: effect of the emulsifier.
PubMed:Application of polyhydroxyalkanoate binding protein PhaP as a bio-surfactant.
PubMed:Determination of zearalenone in botanical dietary supplements, soybeans, grains, and grain products by immunoaffinity column cleanup and liquid chromatography: single-laboratory validation.
PubMed:Preparation and mechanical properties of edible rapeseed protein films.
PubMed:Inhibition of lipase-catalyzed hydrolysis of emulsified triglyceride oils by low-molecular weight surfactants under simulated gastrointestinal conditions.
PubMed:[Enzyme immunoassay for the determination of hexestrol in meat].
PubMed:Carbohydrate nanoparticle-mediated colloidal assembly for prolonged efficacy of bacteriocin against food pathogen.
PubMed:Comparison of extraction conditions for milk and hen's egg allergens.
PubMed:Formation and stabilization of antimicrobial delivery systems based on electrostatic complexes of cationic-non-ionic mixed micelles and anionic polysaccharides.
PubMed:Evaluation of the antioxidant activity of capsiate analogues in polar, nonpolar, and micellar media.
PubMed:Lactic acid bacteria isolated from artisanal dry sausages: characterization of antibacterial compounds and study of the factors affecting bacteriocin production.
PubMed:Determination of fumonisin B1 in botanical roots by liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection: single-laboratory validation.
PubMed:Rapid detection of Aspergillus flavus in rice using biofunctionalized carbon nanotube field effect transistors.
PubMed:Probing the in situ competitive displacement of protein by nonionic surfactant using atomic force microscopy.
PubMed:New mathematical model for interpreting pH-stat digestion profiles: impact of lipid droplet characteristics on in vitro digestibility.
PubMed:Determination of carnitine in food and food supplements by capillary electrophoresis with contactless conductivity detection.
PubMed:Surface-active properties of lipophilic antioxidants tyrosol and hydroxytyrosol fatty acid esters: a potential explanation for the nonlinear hypothesis of the antioxidant activity in oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed:Trypsin from the processing waste of the lane snapper (Lutjanus synagris) and its compatibility with oxidants, surfactants and commercial detergents.
PubMed:Characterization of bacteriocins produced by two strains of Lactobacillus plantarum isolated from Beloura and Chouri├žo, traditional pork products from Portugal.
PubMed:Effect of polyoxyethylene sorbitan esters and sodium caseinate on physicochemical properties of palm-based functional lipid nanodispersions.
PubMed:Modification to the renneting functionality of casein micelles caused by nonionic surfactants.
PubMed:Troubleshooting PEG-hGH detection supporting pharmacokinetic evaluation in growth hormone deficient patients.
PubMed:Phytoglycogen octenyl succinate, an amphiphilic carbohydrate nanoparticle, and epsilon-polylysine to improve lipid oxidative stability of emulsions.
PubMed:Quantification of hydrophilic ethoxylates in polysorbate surfactants using diffusion H1 NMR spectroscopy.
PubMed:Influence of various organic molecules on the reduction of hexavalent chromium mediated by zero-valent iron.
PubMed:Influence of the emulsion droplet type on the rheological characteristics and microstructure of rennet gels from reconstituted milk.
PubMed:Comparison of the orogenic displacement of sodium caseinate with the caseins from the air-water interface by nonionic surfactants.
PubMed:In vitro assessment of the bioaccessibility of tocopherol and fatty acids from sunflower seed oil bodies.
PubMed:Reduction of hexavalent chromium mediated by micro- and nano-sized mixed metallic particles.
PubMed:Bacteriocin production by Pediococcus pentosaceus isolated from marula (Scerocarya birrea).
PubMed:Reduction of hexavalent chromium mediated by micron- and nano-scale zero-valent metallic particles.
PubMed:Effect of surfactant surface coverage on formation of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN).
PubMed:Surfactant effects on the affinity of plant cuticles with organic pollutants.
PubMed:Quantification of antioxidant capacity in a microemulsion system: synergistic effects of chlorogenic acid with alpha-tocopherol.
PubMed:Characterization of anti-Listeria bacteriocins isolated from shellfish: potential antimicrobials to control non-fermented seafood.
PubMed:Effect of different cultural conditions for phytase production by Aspergillus niger CFR 335 in submerged and solid-state fermentations.
PubMed:Detection of melamine using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technology.
PubMed:Contribution of molecular pathways in the micellar solubilization of monodisperse emulsion droplets.
PubMed:Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and colloidal gold immunoassay for sulphamethazine residues in edible animal foods: investigation of the effects of the analytical conditions and the sample matrix on assay performance.
PubMed:Changes and roles of secondary structures of whey protein for the formation of protein membrane at soy oil/water interface under high-pressure homogenization.
PubMed:Protective effect of policosanol on endothelium and intimal thickness induced by forceps in rabbits.
PubMed:Use of multitoxin immunoaffinity columns for determination of aflatoxins and ochratoxin A in ginseng and ginger.
PubMed:Insecticidal activity of caffeine aqueous solutions and caffeine oleate emulsions against Drosophila melanogaster and Hypothenemus hampei.
PubMed:Optimized methods for fungal alpha-amylase airborne exposure assessment in bakeries and mills.
PubMed:Solubilization in monodisperse emulsions.
PubMed:Formulation engineering can improve the interfacial and foaming properties of soy globulins.
PubMed:A highly specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of Cry1Ac insecticidal crystal protein in transgenic WideStrike cotton.
PubMed:Mechanism of deactivation of triplet-excited riboflavin by ascorbate, carotenoids, and tocopherols in homogeneous and heterogeneous aqueous food model systems.
PubMed:Characterization of two bacteriocins produced by Pediococcus acidilactici isolated from "Alheira", a fermented sausage traditionally produced in Portugal.
PubMed:Airborne exposure to wheat allergens: optimised elution for airborne dust samples.
PubMed:Preparation and characterization of water/oil and water/oil/water emulsions containing biopolymer-gelled water droplets.
PubMed:Lipid oxidation in a menhaden oil-in-water emulsion stabilized by sodium caseinate cross-linked with transglutaminase.
PubMed:Cellular uptake of carotenoid-loaded oil-in-water emulsions in colon carcinoma cells in vitro.
PubMed:Investigation of several parameters influencing signal generation in flow-through membrane-based enzyme immunoassay.
PubMed:Importance of bacterial surface properties to control the stability of emulsions.
PubMed:Susceptibility of Penicillium expansum spores to sodium hypochlorite, electrolyzed oxidizing water, and chlorine dioxide solutions modified with nonionic surfactants.
PubMed:Biochemical characterization of an extracellular polygalacturonase from Trichoderma harzianum.
PubMed:Nonionic block copolymer antifoams.
PubMed:Microemulsions as transdermal drug delivery vehicles.
PubMed:Capillary electrophoresis laser-induced fluorescence for screening combinatorial peptide libraries in assays of botulinum neurotoxin A.
PubMed:Synthesis, characterization and development of a high-throughput methodology for the discovery of botulinum neurotoxin a inhibitors.
PubMed:Stable bioavailability of cyclosporin A, regardless of food intake, from soft gelatin capsules containing a new self-nanoemulsifying formulation.
PubMed:Impact of fat and water crystallization on the stability of hydrogenated palm oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by a nonionic surfactant.
PubMed:Particle tracking using confocal microscopy to probe the microrheology in a phase-separating emulsion containing nonadsorbing polysaccharide.
PubMed:Effect of emulsifier type on droplet disruption in repeated shirasu porous glass membrane homogenization.
PubMed:Lipolytic activity and radial daily growth rate changes during incubation of thermomyces lanuginosus on natural and synthetic fatty substrates.
PubMed:Manufacture of large uniform droplets using rotating membrane emulsification.
PubMed:Modulation of carotenoid biosynthesis during tomato fruit ripening through phytochrome regulation of phytoene synthase activity.
PubMed:Chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay (CLEIA) for the determination of chloramphenicol residues in aquatic tissues.
PubMed:Methods for recovering Escherichia coli O157:H7 from cattle fecal, hide, and carcass samples: sensitivity and improvements.
PubMed:Influence of commercially derived lipids and a surfactant on the mode of germination and process of germ-tube formation in primary conidia of two species of Erynia subgenus Neopandora (Zygomycotina: Entomophthorales.
PubMed:Up-regulation of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 by apigenin leads to growth inhibition and apoptosis of 22Rv1 xenograft in athymic nude mice.
PubMed:Effect of molecular weight and degree of deacetylation of chitosan on the formation of oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by surfactant-chitosan membranes.
PubMed:Microstructure of beta-lactoglobulin-stabilized emulsions containing non-ionic surfactant and excess free protein: influence of heating.
PubMed:Effects of non-ionic surfactants on isotachophoretic separations of 2-arylpropionic acids.
PubMed:Characterization of a 3944 Da bacteriocin, produced by Enterococcus mundtii ST15, with activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of soluble Cichorium intybusVar. silvestre lipoxygenase.
PubMed:Evaluation of a method to determine the natural occurrence of aflatoxins in commercial traditional herbal medicines from Malaysia and Indonesia.
PubMed:Influence of droplet characteristics on the formation of oil-in-water emulsions stabilized by surfactant-chitosan layers.
PubMed:Rates of cuticular penetration of chelated Fe(III): role of humidity, concentration, adjuvants, temperature, and type of chelate.
PubMed:Sulfation of environmental estrogens by cytosolic human sulfotransferases.
PubMed:Mechanistic study of membrane concentration and recovery of Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed:Regeneration of ethyl parathion antibodies for repeated use in immunosensor: a study on dissociation of antigens from antibodies.
PubMed:Preparation of finely dispersed O/W emulsion from fatty acid solubilized in subcritical water.
PubMed:Aminomethylphosphonic acid, a metabolite of glyphosate, causes injury in glyphosate-treated, glyphosate-resistant soybean.
PubMed:A novel method for the determination of synthetic colors in ice cream samples.
PubMed:Molecular weight of chitosan influences antimicrobial activity in oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed:Effect of surfactant type on surfactant--protein interactions at the air-water interface.
PubMed:Optimization of DNA extraction and molecular detection of Cryptosporidium oocysts in natural mineral water sources.
PubMed:Effect of processing on the displacement of whey proteins: applying the orogenic model to a real system.
PubMed:Prenatal window of susceptibility to perfluorooctane sulfonate-induced neonatal mortality in the Sprague-Dawley rat.
PubMed:Development of chemiluminescent ELISAs to DDT and its metabolites in food and environmental samples.
PubMed:Effect of acid adaptation on inactivation of Salmonella during drying and storage of beef jerky treated with marinades.
PubMed:Influence of marinades on survival during storage of acid-adapted and nonadapted Listeria monocytogenes inoculated post-drying on beef jerky.
PubMed:Exposure to perfluorooctane sulfonate during pregnancy in rat and mouse. I: maternal and prenatal evaluations.
PubMed:Front-face fluorescence spectroscopy study of globular proteins in emulsions: influence of droplet flocculation.
PubMed:Front-face fluorescence spectroscopy study of globular proteins in emulsions: displacement of BSA by a nonionic surfactant.
PubMed:Effects of acid adaptation and modified marinades on survival of postdrying Salmonella contamination on beef jerky during storage.
PubMed:Temperature- and surfactant-induced membrane modifications that alter Listeria monocytogenes nisin sensitivity by different mechanisms.
PubMed:PC-SPES inhibits colon cancer growth in vitro and in vivo.
PubMed:Inactivation of acid-adapted and nonadapted Escherichia coli O157:H7 during drying and storage of beef jerky treated with different marinades.
PubMed:Effect of emulsifier on oxidation properties of fish oil-based structured lipid emulsions.
PubMed:Influence of lipid fraction, emulsifier fraction, and mean particle diameter of oil-in-water emulsions on the release of 20 aroma compounds.
PubMed:Fats and fatty acids as growth factors for Lactobacillus delbrueckii.
PubMed:Improved amperometric method for the rapid and quantitative measurement of lipoxygenase activity in vegetable tissue crude homogenates.
PubMed:Effectiveness of spraying with tween 20 and lactic acid in decontaminating inoculated Escherichia coli O157:H7 and indigenous Escherichia coli biotype I on beef.
PubMed:Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay based on a polyclonal antibody for the detection of the insecticide fenitrothion. Evaluation of antiserum and application to the analysis of water samples.
PubMed:Sodium sulphite inhibition of potato and cherry polyphenolics in nucleic acid extraction for virus detection by RT-PCR.
PubMed:Impact of tween 20 hydroperoxides and iron on the oxidation of methyl linoleate and salmon oil dispersions.
PubMed:Occurrence of ochratoxin A in black pepper, coriander, ginger and turmeric in India.
PubMed:Cholesterol solubilization in aqueous micellar solutions of quillaja saponin, bile salts, or nonionic surfactants.
PubMed:Development of a blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of turkey antibodies to Mycoplasma meleagridis.
PubMed:Viscoelastic Properties of Protein-Stabilized Emulsions: Effect of Protein-Surfactant Interactions.
PubMed:Kinetics of Crystallization in n-Hexadecane and Cocoa Butter Oil-in-Water Emulsions Accounting for Droplet Collision-Mediated Nucleation.
PubMed:Effect of freezing on the activity of catalase in apple flesh tissue.
PubMed:Addition of sugars influences color of oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed:Monitoring Protein Fouling of Metal Surfaces via a Quartz Crystal Microbalance.
PubMed:Interfacial shear rheology of aged and heat-treated beta-lactoglobulin films: displacement by nonionic surfactant.
PubMed:Mechanisms of the antioxidant activity of a high molecular weight fraction of whey.
PubMed:Protein extraction from Atriplex lampa leaves: potential use as forage for animals used for human diets.
PubMed:Creaming and Rheology of Oil-in-Water Emulsions Containing Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate and Sodium Caseinate.
PubMed:Iron-accelerated cumene hydroperoxide decomposition in hexadecane and trilaurin emulsions.
PubMed:Nondestructive Monitoring of Sucrose Diffusion in Oil-in-Water Emulsions by Ultrasonic Velocity Profiling.
PubMed:The use of emulsions for the determination of methylmercury and inorganic mercury in fish-eggs oil by cold vapor generation in a flow injection system with atomic absorption spectrometric detection.
PubMed:Development of monoclonal ELISAs for azinphos-methyl. 2. Assay optimization and water sample analysis.
PubMed:Ability of iron to promote surfactant peroxide decomposition and oxidize alpha-tocopherol.
PubMed:The effects of surfactant type, pH, and chelators on the oxidation of salmon oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed:Influence of competitive adsorption on flocculation and rheology of high-pressure-treated milk protein-stabilized emulsions.
PubMed:Change in the positional specificity of lipoxygenase 1 due to insertion of fatty acids into phosphatidylcholine deoxycholate mixed micelles.
PubMed:Identification of unacceptable background caused by non-specific protein adsorption to the plastic surface of 96-well immunoassay plates using a standardized enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay procedure.
PubMed:Stability of Emulsions Containing Both Sodium Caseinate and Tween 20.
PubMed:Orogenic Displacement of Protein from the Air/Water Interface by Competitive Adsorption.
PubMed:The composition of NF-defined emulsifiers: sorbitan monolaurate, monopalmitate, monostearate, monooleate, polysorbate 20, polysorbate 40, polysorbate 60, and polysorbate 80.
PubMed:Isolation of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis from milk by immunomagnetic separation.
PubMed:DNA Extraction and PCR Methods for the Detection of Listeria monocytogenes in Cold-Smoked Salmon.
PubMed:Development of a flow injection analysis (FIA) immunosensor for the detection of Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Separation of beta-lactoglobulin A, B and C variants of bovine whey using capillary zone electrophoresis.
PubMed:Influence of various dust sampling and extraction methods on the measurement of airborne endotoxin.
PubMed:Kinetic study on the nitrosation of dibenzylamine in a model system.
PubMed:Immunomagnetic separation as a sensitive method for isolating Escherichia coli O157 from food samples.
PubMed:An investigation of the antibacterial effect of carrot on Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed:Isolation of salmonellas by immunomagnetic separation.
PubMed:Soybean lipoxygenase catalysed oxygenation of unsaturated fatty acid encapsulated in cyclodextrin.
PubMed:Voluntary food consumption and gastric emptying in rats given intravenous Triton WR-1339.
 
Notes:
sorbitan mono-9-octadecanoate poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivatives; complex mixtures of polyoxyethylene ethers used as emulsifiers or dispersing agents in pharmaceuticals. Emulsifier, stabiliser, flavouring agent, dispersant Polysorbate 20 is a polysorbate surfactant whose stability and relative non-toxicity allows it to be used as a detergent and emulsifier in a number of domestic, scientific, and pharmacological applications. It is a polyoxyethylene derivative of sorbitan monolaurate, and is distinguished from the other members in the polysorbate range by the length of the polyoxyethylene chain and the fatty acid ester moiety.
Please share your Comments.
Email Address:
Top of Page Home
Copyright © 1980-2018 The Good Scents Company (tgsc) ™ Disclaimer Privacy Policy