cassia gum
material obtained from the endosperm of cassia tora l., fabaceae or seeds of cassia obtusifolia l., fabaceae
 
Notes:
None found
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CAS Number: 11078-30-1 
Other: 74505-30-9
ECHA EC Number: 234-299-6
MDL: MFCD00146683
Category: thickeners, gelling agents, stabalizers and emulsifiers
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
GRN 51 Cassia gum from Cassia tora/obtusifolia View-notice PDF
GRN 139 Cassia gum View-notice PDF
JECFA Food Additive: Cassia gum
DG SANTE Food Additives: cassia gum
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: pale yellow to tan powder (est)
Assay: 75.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
 water
Insoluble in:
 alcohol
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Organoleptic Properties:
 
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
 
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: binding agents
skin conditioning
viscosity controlling agents
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Suppliers:
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
D-Galacto-D-mannan - from carob
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
Galactomannane
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
D-Galacto-D-mannan from Ceratonia siliqua ∼95% (HPLC)
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: thickeners, gelling agents, stabalizers and emulsifiers
Recommendation for cassia gum usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for cassia gum flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to an application on the use of cassia gum as a food additive.
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of cassia gum for dogs and cats based on a dossier submitted by Glycomer GmbH
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of cassia gum (Diagum CS) for dogs and cats based on a dossier submitted by Lubrizol Advance Materials Europe B.V.B.A
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of cassia gum (Galactogum) for dogs and cats based on a dossier submitted by Galacto Naturstoffe GmbH
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of cassia gum for dogs and cats based on a dossier submitted by Intercolloid (UK) Ltd
View page or View pdf
Safety of cassia gum as a feed additive for dogs and cats based on a dossier submitted by Intercolloid (UK) Ltd
View page or View pdf
Safety of cassia gum as a feed additive for dogs and cats based on a dossier submitted by Glycomer GmbH
View page or View pdf
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 11078-30-1
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 3
Chemidplus: 0011078301
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References:
Pubchem (sid): 135315472
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Other Information:
KEGG (GenomeNet): C00883
FooDB: FDB005172
Wikipedia: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 carob bean seed
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 cassia occidentalis
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 coconut seed
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 coffee bean
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 fenugreek plant
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 fenugreek seed
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 senna chinese senna
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 senna sickle senna
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 soursop plant
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 soybean seed
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Synonyms:
 cassia gum galactomannan
 cassia obtusifolia seed gum
 cassia tora seed gum
 cassia tora var. obtusifolia seed gum
 galactomannan
 galactomannane
 material obtained from the endosperm of cassia tora l., fabaceae or seeds of cassia obtusifolia l., fabaceae
 senna tora seed gum
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Articles:
PubMed: Characterization of mannanase from Bacillus circulans NT 6.7 and its application in mannooligosaccharides preparation as prebiotic.
PubMed: Effect of dietary inclusion of toasted guar (Gyamopsis tetragonoloba) meal as a source of protein on performance of White Leghorn layers.
PubMed: Biochemical characterization of an acidophilic β-mannanase from Gloeophyllum trabeum CBS900.73 with significant transglycosylation activity and feed digesting ability.
PubMed: Relationship between galactomannan structure and physicochemical properties of films produced thereof.
PubMed: The GH5 1,4-β-mannanase from Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis Bl-04 possesses a low-affinity mannan-binding module and highlights the diversity of mannanolytic enzymes.
PubMed: Influence of a family 29 carbohydrate binding module on the activity of galactose oxidase from Fusarium graminearum.
PubMed: Genetic and functional characterization of an extracellular modular GH6 endo-β-1,4-glucanase from an earthworm symbiont, Cellulosimicrobium funkei HY-13.
PubMed: Preliminary probiotic and technological characterization of Pediococcus pentosaceus strain KID7 and in vivo assessment of its cholesterol-lowering activity.
PubMed: Feasibility of bioethanol production from tubers of Dioscorea sansibarensis and Pyrenacantha kaurabassana.
PubMed: Carbohydrate catabolic diversity of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli of human origin.
PubMed: Dietary β-galactomannans have beneficial effects on the intestinal morphology of chickens challenged with Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis.
PubMed: A thermophilic β-mannanase from Neosartorya fischeri P1 with broad pH stability and significant hydrolysis ability of various mannan polymers.
PubMed: Modulation in the rheological behaviour of porcine pepsin treated guar galactomannan on admixture with κ-carrageenan.
PubMed: Reduction of subclinical Salmonella infection in fattening pigs after dietary supplementation with a ß-galactomannan oligosaccharide.
PubMed: Enhanced bioavailability and safety of curcumagalactomannosides as a dietary ingredient.
PubMed: Dynamic and shear stress rheological properties of guar galactomannans and its hydrolyzed derivatives.
PubMed: The rheological properties of tara gum (Caesalpinia spinosa).
PubMed: Cloning, secretory expression and characterization of recombinant β-mannanase from Bacillus circulans NT 6.7.
PubMed: Transglycosylation reactions between galactomannans and arabinogalactans during dry thermal treatment.
PubMed: Biochemical characterization of a thermophilic β-mannanase from Talaromyces leycettanus JCM12802 with high specific activity.
PubMed: Physicochemical and thermomechanical characterization of tara gum edible films: effect of polyols as plasticizers.
PubMed: Locust bean gum safety in neonates and young infants: an integrated review of the toxicological database and clinical evidence.
PubMed: The utility of bronchoalveolar lavage beta-D-glucan testing for the diagnosis of invasive fungal infections.
PubMed: Impact of purification and fractionation process on the chemical structure and physical properties of locust bean gum.
PubMed: Fatal breakthrough infection with Fusarium andiyazi: new multi-resistant aetiological agent cross-reacting with Aspergillus galactomannan enzyme immunoassay.
PubMed: Characterization and rheological study of the galactomannan extracted from seeds of Cassia grandis.
PubMed: Characterization of a new biodegradable edible film made from salep glucomannan.
PubMed: Locust bean gum: processing, properties and food applications--a review.
PubMed: Macromolecular and functional properties of galactomannan from mesquite seed (Prosopis glandulosa).
PubMed: A novel catalysis by porcine pepsin in debranching guar galactomannan.
PubMed: Thermal stability of spent coffee ground polysaccharides: galactomannans and arabinogalactans.
PubMed: Thermostable recombinant β-(1→4)-mannanase from C. thermocellum: biochemical characterization and manno-oligosaccharides production.
PubMed: Effects of ovalbumin glycoconjugates on alleviation of orally induced egg allergy in mice via dendritic-cell maturation and T-cell activation.
PubMed: Physico-chemical characterization of the temperature dependent hydration kinetics of Gleditsia sinensis gum.
PubMed: Pulmonary aspergillosis and aflatoxins in chronic lung diseases.
PubMed: Biotechnological potential of microbial α-galactosidases.
PubMed: False positive galactomannan test after ice-pop ingestion.
PubMed: Immune enhancing effect of a Maillard-type lysozyme-galactomannan conjugate via signaling pathways.
PubMed: Extractability and structure of spent coffee ground polysaccharides by roasting pre-treatments.
PubMed: Microwave superheated water extraction of polysaccharides from spent coffee grounds.
PubMed: Preparation and characterization of an extracellular polysaccharide produced by the deep-sea fungus Penicillium griseofulvum.
PubMed: Phase stability-induced complex rheological behaviour of galactomannan and maltodextrin mixtures.
PubMed: Enzymatic production and characterization of manno-oligosaccharides from Gleditsia sinensis galactomannan gum.
PubMed: Safety assessment and caloric value of partially hydrolyzed guar gum.
PubMed: Quantification and characterization of cell wall polysaccharides released by non-Saccharomyces yeast strains during alcoholic fermentation.
PubMed: Steady and Dynamic Shear Rheological Properties of Buckwheat Starch-galactomannan Mixtures.
PubMed: Insight into the mechanism of coffee melanoidin formation using modified "in bean" models.
PubMed: Isolation and structural characterization of the water-extractable polysaccharides from Cassia obtusifolia seeds.
PubMed: Functional and anionic cellulose-interacting polymers by selective chemo-enzymatic carboxylation of galactose-containing polysaccharides.
PubMed: Adaptive horizontal transfer of a bacterial gene to an invasive insect pest of coffee.
PubMed: Characterization of hemicellulases from thermophilic fungi.
PubMed: β-Galactomannan and Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. boulardii modulate the immune response against Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in porcine intestinal epithelial and dendritic cells.
PubMed: The potential of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) as a functional food and nutraceutical and its effects on glycemia and lipidemia.
PubMed: Evaluation of the effect of roasting on the structure of coffee galactomannans using model oligosaccharides.
PubMed: Evaluation of certain food additive and contaminants.
PubMed: Heteronuclear single-quantum coherence nuclear magnetic resonance (HSQC NMR) characterization of acetylated fir (Abies sachallnensis MAST) wood regenerated from ionic liquid.
PubMed: New water resistant biomaterial biocide film based on guar gum.
PubMed: Characterization of the mannan synthase promoter from guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba).
PubMed: Structural and thermal characterization of galactomannans from genus Gleditsia seeds as potential food gum substitutes.
PubMed: Evaluation of certain food additives. Seventy-first report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of a large panel of non-starch polysaccharides reveals structures with selective regulatory properties in dendritic cells.
PubMed: Biochemical monitoring in fenugreek to develop functional food and medicinal plant variants.
PubMed: A retrospective series of gut aspergillosis in haematology patients.
PubMed: An alpha-galactosidase from an acidophilic Bispora sp. MEY-1 strain acts synergistically with beta-mannanase.
PubMed: Effects of various saccharides on the masking of epitope sites and uptake in the gut of cedar allergen Cry j 1-saccharide conjugates by a naturally occurring Maillard reaction.
PubMed: Shelf life extension of ricotta cheese using coatings of galactomannans from nonconventional sources incorporating nisin against Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed: Oxidation of polysaccharides by galactose oxidase.
PubMed: In vitro intestinal glucose uptake is inhibited by galactomannan from Canadian fenugreek seed (Trigonella foenum graecum L) in genetically lean and obese rats.
PubMed: Functional polysaccharides as edible coatings for cheese.
PubMed: Dietary mucilage promotes regression of atheromatous lesions in hypercholesterolemic rabbits.
PubMed: The Modifying Effects of Galactomannan from Canadian-Grown Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) on the Glycemic and Lipidemic Status in Rats.
PubMed: Nonspecific activity of Bacillus acidopullulyticus pullulanase on debranching of guar galactomannan.
PubMed: Sediments in coffee extracts: Composition and control by enzymatic hydrolysis.
PubMed: Infant formulas thickened with carob bean gum causing false-positive galactomannan test reactivity.
PubMed: Characterization of the Bacillus subtilis WL-3 mannanase from a recombinant Escherichia coli.
PubMed: Metabolic and genetic perturbations accompany the modification of galactomannan in seeds of Medicago truncatula expressing mannan synthase from guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.).
PubMed: Coffee dietary fiber contents and structural characteristics as influenced by coffee type and technological and brewing procedures.
PubMed: Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in cancer patients with pulmonary aspergillosis recovering from neutropenia: Proof of principle, description, and clinical and research implications.
PubMed: Effects of sodium bicarbonate and albumin on the in vitro water-holding capacity and some physiological properties of Trigonella foenum graecum L. galactomannan in rats.
PubMed: Melanoidins from coffee infusions. Fractionation, chemical characterization, and effect of the degree of roast.
PubMed: An impression of coffee carbohydrates.
PubMed: Seed mucilage from Ipomoea dasysperma.
PubMed: Arabinogalactan proteins are incorporated in negatively charged coffee brew melanoidins.
PubMed: Synergisms between yellow mustard mucilage and galactomannans and applications in food products--a mini review.
PubMed: Seed galactomannans: an overview.
PubMed: Production of galacto-manno-oligosaccharides from guar gum by beta-mannanase from Penicillium oxalicum SO.
PubMed: Efficient digestion and structural characteristics of cell walls of coffee beans.
PubMed: Levels of beta-mannan in soybean meal.
PubMed: Hydrolysis of (1,4)-beta-D-mannans in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is mediated by the concerted action of (1,4)-beta-D-mannan endohydrolase and beta-D-mannosidase.
PubMed: Screening and identification of endomannanase-producing microfungi from hypersaline environments.
PubMed: Characterization of galactomannan derivatives in roasted coffee beverages.
PubMed: Sicklepod (Senna obtusifolia) seed processing and potential utilization.
PubMed: Comparison of different fibers for in vitro production of short chain fatty acids by intestinal microflora.
PubMed: Differentiation of carbohydrate gums and mixtures using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics.
PubMed: Quantitative measurement of negligible trypsin inhibitor activity and nutrient analysis of guar meal fractions.
PubMed: Mannan transglycosylase: a novel enzyme activity in cell walls of higher plants.
PubMed: Effects of a beverage containing an enzymatically induced-viscosity dietary fiber, with or without fructose, on the postprandial glycemic response to a high glycemic index food in humans.
PubMed: Effect of carob bean on gastric emptying time in Thai infants.
PubMed: Emulsifying properties of bovine serum albumin-galactomannan conjugates.
PubMed: Chemical characterization of the high-molecular-weight material extracted with hot water from green and roasted robusta coffees as affected by the degree of roast.
PubMed: Isolation of a galactomannan that enhances macrophage activation from the edible fungus Morchella esculenta.
PubMed: Toward the recognition of structure-function relationships in galactomannans.
PubMed: Improvement of gel properties of dried egg white by modification with galactomannan through the Maillard reaction.
PubMed: Transient aspergillus antigenaemia: think of milk.
PubMed: Chemical characterization of galactomannans and arabinogalactans from two arabica coffee infusions as affected by the degree of roast.
PubMed: Effect of roasting on degradation and structural features of polysaccharides in Arabica coffee beans.
PubMed: Calculation of gross energy in pet foods: new data on heat combustion and fibre analysis in a selection of foods for dogs and cats.
PubMed: Galactomannanases Man2 and Man5 from Thermotoga species: growth physiology on galactomannans, gene sequence analysis, and biochemical properties of recombinant enzymes.
PubMed: Effect of galactomannans on the thermal and rheological properties of sago starch.
PubMed: Improved hypolipidemic effects of xanthan gum-galactomannan mixtures in rats.
PubMed: On the galactosyl distribution of commercial galactomannans.
PubMed: Characterization of galactomannans by capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed: Effect of a water-soluble fiber (galactomannans)-enriched formula on gastric emptying time of regurgitating infants evaluated using an ultrasound technique.
PubMed: Effects of xanthan and galactomannan on the freeze/thaw properties of starch gels.
PubMed: Molecular mechanism of the excellent emulsifying properties of phosvitin-galactomannan conjugate.
PubMed: Viscous solutions, networks and the glass transition in high sugar galactomannan and kappa-carrageenan mixtures.
PubMed: Detection of Aspergillus galactomannan antigen in foods and antibiotics.
PubMed: Substrate specificities of Penicillium simplicissimum alpha-galactosidases.
PubMed: Studies on the production of galactomannanase by thermophilic fungi.
PubMed: Assessment of cassia gum.
PubMed: Isolation and chemical characterization of polysaccharides from Iwatake, Gyrophora esculenta Miyoshi.
PubMed: An acetylglucomannan esterase of Aspergillus oryzae; purification, characterization and role in the hydrolysis of O-acetyl-galactoglucomannan.
PubMed: Antitumor activities and immunochemical properties of the cell-wall polysaccharides from Aureobasidium pullulans.
PubMed: [Use of galactomannan to produce hydrophilic matrix tablets].
PubMed: New structural features of the antigenic extracellular polysaccharides of Penicillium and Aspergillus species revealed with exo-beta-D-galactofuranosidase.
PubMed: An anionic galactomannan polysaccharide gum from a newly-isolated lactose-utilizing bacterium. I. Strain description and gum characterization.
PubMed: Relationship between structure and function of dietary fibre: a comparative study of the effects of three galactomannans on cholesterol metabolism in the rat.
PubMed: Molecular transforms of kappa carrageenan and furcellaran from mixed gel systems.
PubMed: The amino acid composition of the proteinaceous component of guar gum (Cyamopsis tetragonolobus).
PubMed: Pancreatic and intestinal response to dietary guar gum in rats.
PubMed: [Modification of glucose resorption by bulk materials].
PubMed: A dual rôle for the endosperm and its galactomannan reserves in the germinative physiology of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.), an endospermic leguminous seed.
PubMed: [Studies on coffee and coffee substitutes. XIX. Dependence of the quantity of a highly polymeric galactomannan on the degree of extraction coffee-extracts (author's transl)].
PubMed: [Studies of coffee and coffee-substitute. XVIII. Dependence of the quantity and composition of a high polymer galactomannan on the coffee species and degree of roasting (authors transl)].
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