EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes

caesalpinia spinosa gum
plant material derived from the dried, gummy exudate of caesalpinia spinosa, leguminosae

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CAS Number: 39300-88-4
ECHA EC Number:254-409-6
Category:thickeners, gelling agents, stabilizers
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
EU SANCO Tara gum View - review
JECFA Food Additive: Tara Gum
GSFA Codex: Tara gum (417)
DG SANTE Food Additives:tara gum
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white to pale yellow powder (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Soluble in:
Insoluble in:
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. odorless
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: film formers
skin conditioning
viscosity controlling agents
American International Chemical, LLC.
Tara Gum
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Tara gum
ECSA Chemicals
Foodchem International
Tara Gum
Pangaea Sciences
TIC Gums
TIC Pretested® Tara Gum 100
Flavor: characteristic
TIC Pretested® Tara Gum 100 is a galactomannan like locust bean gum and guar gum and finds similar uses such as imparting thickness and a smooth creamy mouthfeel to dairy products, soups, and sauces.
Vigon International
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-mouse LD > 630 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. NTP-TR-224, Pg. 1982

oral-rat LD > 630 mg/kg
National Technical Information Service. Vol. NTP-TR-224, Pg. 1982

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
thickeners, gelling agents, stabilizers
Recommendation for caesalpinia spinosa gum usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for caesalpinia spinosa gum flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Re-evaluation of tara gum (E 417) as a food additive
View page or View pdf

Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):39300-88-4
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
caesalpinia spinosa gum
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
 caesalpinia spinosa gum
Canada Domestic Sub. List:39300-88-4
Pubchem (sid):135337899
Other Information:
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 caesalpinia spinosa
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 plant material derived from the dried, gummy exudate of caesalpinia spinosa, leguminosae
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 tara spinosa gum


PubMed:Potential of tara (Caesalpinia spinosa) gallotannins and hydrolysates as natural antibacterial compounds.
PubMed:Antioxidant properties of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of tara (Caesalpinia spinosa) pods in vitro and in model food emulsions.
PubMed:Galactomannan: a versatile biodegradable seed polysaccharide.
PubMed:Concentration regimes of biopolymers xanthan, tara, and clairana, comparing dynamic light scattering and distribution of relaxation time.
PubMed:Gallotannin-rich Caesalpinia spinosa fraction decreases the primary tumor and factors associated with poor prognosis in a murine breast cancer model.
PubMed:Steady and Dynamic Shear Rheological Properties of Buckwheat Starch-galactomannan Mixtures.
PubMed:Rheological properties of concentrated solutions of galactomannans in an ionic liquid.
PubMed:Swelling and mechanical properties of superabsorbent hydrogels based on Tara gum/acrylic acid synthesized by gamma radiation.
PubMed:A gallotannin-rich fraction from Caesalpinia spinosa (Molina) Kuntze displays cytotoxic activity and raises sensitivity to doxorubicin in a leukemia cell line.
PubMed:Structural features of β-(1→4)-D-galactomannans of plant origin as a probe for β-(1→4)-mannanase polymeric substrate specificity.
PubMed:Forest restoration in a fog oasis: evidence indicates need for cultural awareness in constructing the reference.
PubMed:Galactomannan from Caesalpinia spinosa induces phenotypic and functional maturation of human dendritic cells.
PubMed:An endo-beta-1,4-mannanase, AkMan, from the common sea hare Aplysia kurodai.
PubMed:Determination of galactose and mannose residues in natural galactomannans using a fast and efficient high-performance liquid chromatography/UV detection.
PubMed:Profiling and characterization by LC-MSn of the galloylquinic acids of green tea, tara tannin, and tannic acid.
PubMed:ILSMRs (intensifier of beta-lactam-susceptibility in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) from Tara [Caesalpinia spinosa (Molina) Kuntze].
PubMed:Antibacterial screening of some Peruvian medicinal plants used in Callería District.
PubMed:Alkyl gallates, intensifiers of beta-lactam susceptibility in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed:Pressure cell assisted solution characterization of polysaccharides. 2. Locust bean gum and tara gum.
PubMed:Galactomannans as a sieving matrix in capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed:On the galactosyl distribution of commercial galactomannans.
PubMed:Tannins protect against skin tumor promotion induced by ultraviolet-B radiation in hairless mice.
PubMed:Nitrogen conversion factors for the proteinaceous content of gums permitted as food additives.
PubMed:Chronic effects of agar, guar gum, gum arabic, locust-bean gum, or tara gum in F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice.
PubMed:Carcinogenesis Bioassay of Tara Gum (CAS No. 39300-88-4) in F344 Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Feed Study).
extractives and their physically modified derivatives. it is a product which may contain resin acids and their esters, terpenes, and oxidation or polymerization products of these terpenes. caesalpinia, leguminosae.
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