ghatti gum
gummy exudate obtained from the stems and bark of anogeissus latifolia, combretaceae
 
Notes:
complex water-soluble polysaccharide. Emulsifier Anogeissus latifolia is a species of small to medium-sized tree native to the India, Nepal, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka. Its common names are axlewood (English), bakli, dhau, dhawa, dhawra, or dhaora (Hindi), takhian-nu (Thai), and raam (Vietnamese).; It is one of the most useful trees in India. Its leaves contain large amounts of tannin, and are used in India for tanning. The tree is the source of Indian gum, also known as ghatti gum, which is used for calico printing among other uses. The leaves are also fed on by the Antheraea paphia moth which produces the tassar silk (Tussah), a form of wild silk of commercial importance.
  • Frutarom
    • Frutarom Ltd
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      Your preferred partner for flavour and fragrance success.
      At Frutarom, we take pride in our expertise and knowledge of Flavour & Fragrance Ingredients and our thorough understanding of the needs of Flavourists, Perfumers and Food Technologists. Working closely with our customers we have a strong track record of providing unique solutions to fulfil requirements.
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      Product(s):
      102506 Ghatti Gum
       
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      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
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      Product(s):
      07-22500 GHATTI GUM, Kosher
       
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Name: anogeissus latifolia wall. gum
CAS Number: 9000-28-6 
ECHA EC Number: 232-534-7
FDA UNII: X1N78DL020
MDL: MFCD00131248
Formula: unspecified
Category: thickeners
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
184.1333 Gum Ghatti View-review
JECFA Food Additive: Gum Ghatti
FEMA Number: 2519  ghatti gum
FDA Mainterm: GHATTI, GUM (ANOGEISSUS LATIFOLIA WALL.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 184 -- DIRECT FOOD SUBSTANCES AFFIRMED AS GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart B--Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS
Sec. 184.1333 Gum ghatti.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: pale yellow to amber brown solid (est)
Assay: 85.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 water
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Strength: none
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
bland
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: binding agents
emulsifying agents
emulsion stabilisers
surfactants
viscosity controlling agents
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Suppliers:
Frutarom
Ghatti Gum
Liberty Natural Products
GUM GHATTI POWDER INDIA
Pangaea Sciences
Ghatti
Penta International
GHATTI GUM, Kosher
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Ghatti Gum
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
ghatti gum
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  17000 mg/kg
Food & Drug Research Laboratories, Inc., Papers. Vol. 124, Pg. -, 1976.

oral-rabbit LD50  7000 mg/kg
Food & Drug Research Laboratories, Inc., Papers. Vol. 124, Pg. -, 1976.

oral-mouse LD50  > 16000 mg/kg
Food & Drug Research Laboratories, Inc., Papers. Vol. 124, Pg. -, 1976.

oral-hamster LD50  > 16000 mg/kg
Food & Drug Research Laboratories, Inc., Papers. Vol. 124, Pg. -, 1976.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: thickeners
Recommendation for ghatti gum usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: --
beverages(nonalcoholic): -2100.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -800.00000
fruit ices: -800.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 9000-28-6
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 2
 anogeissus latifolia wall. gum
Chemidplus: 0009000286
RTECS: LY8935000 for cas# 9000-28-6
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References:
 anogeissus latifolia wall. gum
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 9000-28-6
Pubchem (sid): 135302043
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Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C08824
FooDB: FDB020191
Export Tariff Code: 1301.39.0000
Wikipedia: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 anogeissus latifolia
Search Trop  Picture
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Synonyms:
 anogeissus latifolia wall. gum
 conocarpus latifolius gum
 dhawi gum
 gum ghatti
 gummy exudate obtained from the stems and bark of anogeissus latifolia, combretaceae
indian sumac gum
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Articles:
PubMed: Identification of Anogeissus latifolia Wallich and analysis of refined gum ghatti.
PubMed: Size-controlled green synthesis of silver nanoparticles mediated by gum ghatti (Anogeissus latifolia) and its biological activity.
PubMed: Characterization of gum ghatti (Anogeissus latifolia): a structural and rheological approach.
PubMed: Novel interpenetrating polymer matrix network microparticles for intestinal drug delivery.
PubMed: Microwave-generated bionanocomposites for solubility and dissolution enhancement of poorly water-soluble drug glipizide: in-vitro and in-vivo studies.
PubMed: Characterization of gum ghatti (Anogeissus latifolia): a structural and rheological approach.
PubMed: Flow behavior characteristics of ice cream mix made with buffalo milk and various stabilizers.
PubMed: SORPTION OF WATER VAPOUR AND SURFACE ACTIVITY OF GHATTI GUM.
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