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platycodon grandiflorum root extract
extract of the roots of the fior palla, platycodon grandiflorum l., campanulaceae

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Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: antioxidants
Global Essence
Platycodon Grandiflorum Extract
Shaanxi Haokang Bio-technology
Radix Platycodonis P.E (10:1 20:1 or Customize)
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
Category: antioxidants
Recommendation for platycodon grandiflorum root extract usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for platycodon grandiflorum root extract flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Safety References:
None found
None found
Other Information:
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 platycodon grandiflorum root
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 extract of the roots of the fior palla, platycodon grandiflorum l., campanulaceae


PubMed:Candidate Genes Involved in the Biosynthesis of Triterpenoid Saponins in Platycodon grandiflorum Identified by Transcriptome Analysis.
PubMed:Platycodin D exerts anti-tumor efficacy in H22 tumor-bearing mice via improving immune function and inducing apoptosis.
PubMed:Anti‑inflammatory and antioxidant activity of the traditional herbal formula Gwakhyangjeonggi‑san via enhancement of heme oxygenase‑1 expression in RAW264.7 macrophages.
PubMed:[Effect of different nitrogen forms and ratio on growth and active ingredient content of Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:An integrated global chemomics and system biology approach to analyze the mechanisms of the traditional Chinese medicinal preparation Eriobotrya japonica - Fritillaria usuriensis dropping pills for pulmonary diseases.
PubMed:Killing cancer with platycodin D through multiple mechanisms.
PubMed:Pharmacokinetics, intestinal absorption and microbial metabolism of single platycodin D in comparison to Platycodi radix extract.
PubMed:Global Profiling of Various Metabolites in Platycodon grandiflorum by UPLC-QTOF/MS.
PubMed:Molecular marker development and genetic diversity exploration by RNA-seq in Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:[Effects of Ca2+ and SA on physiological and photosynthesis of Platycodon grandiflorum under high temperature stress].
PubMed:Platycodon grandiflorum A. De Candolle Ethanolic Extract Inhibits Adipogenic Regulators in 3T3-L1 Cells and Induces Mitochondrial Biogenesis in Primary Brown Preadipocytes.
PubMed:[Study on genetic polymorphism of Platycodon grandiflorum based on barcoding of ITS2].
PubMed:Platycodin D Blocks Breast Cancer-Induced Bone Destruction by Inhibiting Osteoclastogenesis and the Growth of Breast Cancer Cells.
PubMed:Platycodin-D Induced Autophagy in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells via PI3K/Akt/mTOR and MAPK Signaling Pathways.
PubMed:Platycodin D attenuates acute lung injury by suppressing apoptosis and inflammation in vivo and in vitro.
PubMed:Effects of Gancao on pharmacokinetic profiles of platycodin D and deapio-platycodin D in Jiegeng.
PubMed:Platycodin D isolated from the aerial parts of Platycodon grandiflorum protects alcohol-induced liver injury in mice.
PubMed:The inhibition of Platycodin D on Mycoplasma pneumoniae proliferation and its effect on promoting cell growth after anti-Mycoplasma pneumoniae treatment.
PubMed:Dissipative particle dynamics study on self-assembled platycodin structures: the potential biocarriers for drug delivery.
PubMed:Solubilization of menthol by platycodin D in aqueous solution: an integrated study of classical experiments and dissipative particle dynamics simulation.
PubMed:Saponins, especially platyconic acid A, from Platycodon grandiflorum reduce airway inflammation in ovalbumin-induced mice and PMA-exposed A549 cells.
PubMed:Pyrolytic and kinetic characteristics of Platycodon grandiflorum peel and its cellulose extract.
PubMed:Root Rot of Balloon Flower (Platycodon grandiflorum) Caused by Fusarium solani and Fusarium oxysporum.
PubMed:[Preparation of triterpene saponins from Platycodon grandiflorum by two-dimensional hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-reversed phase liquid chromatography].
PubMed:Platycodin D inhibits tumor growth by antiangiogenic activity via blocking VEGFR2-mediated signaling pathway.
PubMed:Assessment of Platycodon grandiflorum germplasm resources from northern Anhui province based on ISSR analysis.
PubMed:Enhancement of chlorogenic acid production in hairy roots of Platycodon grandiflorum by over-expression of an Arabidopsis thaliana transcription factor AtPAP1.
PubMed:Platycosides from the Roots of Platycodon grandiflorum and Their Health Benefits.
PubMed:Platycodon grandiflorum polysaccharide induces dendritic cell maturation via TLR4 signaling.
PubMed:Platycodon grandiflorum root-derived saponins attenuate atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions via suppression of NF-κB and STAT1 and activation of Nrf2/ARE-mediated heme oxygenase-1.
PubMed:Determination of platycodin D and platycodin D3 in rat plasma using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:[Effect of fertilization levels on soil microorganism amount and soil enzyme activities].
PubMed:Triterpenoid Saponins Isolated from Platycodon grandiflorum Inhibit Hepatitis C Virus Replication.
PubMed:Saponins from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum suppresses TGFβ1-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition via repression of PI3K/Akt, ERK1/2 and Smad2/3 pathway in human lung carcinoma A549 cells.
PubMed:Evaluation of the spermicidal and contraceptive activity of Platycodin D, a Saponin from Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:Effects of the root of Platycodon grandiflorum on airway mucin hypersecretion in vivo and platycodin D(3) and deapi-platycodin on production and secretion of airway mucin in vitro.
PubMed:[Effects of promoting blood circulation to remove meridian obstruction combined with medicinal guides on related osteogenesis factors in rabbits with femoral head necrosis].
PubMed:Platycodin D, a triterpenoid saponin from Platycodon grandiflorum, induces G2/M arrest and apoptosis in human hepatoma HepG2 cells by modulating the PI3K/Akt pathway.
PubMed:[Isolation and identification of pathogen of seedling blight of Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:Platycodin D inhibits migration, invasion, and growth of MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells via suppression of EGFR-mediated Akt and MAPK pathways.
PubMed:Saponins from Platycodon grandiflorum inhibit hepatic lipogenesis through induction of SIRT1 and activation of AMP-activated protein kinase in high-glucose-induced HepG2 cells.
PubMed:Antiproliferative and apoptotic activities of triterpenoid saponins from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum and their structure-activity relationships.
PubMed:Crude saponins from Platycodon grandiflorum induce apoptotic cell death in RC-58T/h/SA#4 prostate cancer cells through the activation of caspase cascades and apoptosis-inducing factor.
PubMed:Protective effect of the roots extract of Platycodon grandiflorum on bile duct ligation-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats.
PubMed:Saponins, especially platycodin D, from Platycodon grandiflorum modulate hepatic lipogenesis in high-fat diet-fed rats and high glucose-exposed HepG2 cells.
PubMed:Two new triterpenoid saponins from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:Enhanced accumulation of phytosterol and triterpene in hairy root cultures of Platycodon grandiflorum by overexpression of Panax ginseng 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase.
PubMed:Platycodin D attenuates bile duct ligation-induced hepatic injury and fibrosis in mice.
PubMed:Platycodon grandiflorus alleviates DNCB-induced atopy-like dermatitis in NC/Nga mice.
PubMed:Development and characterization of 22 polymorphic microsatellite markers for the balloon flower Platycodon grandiflorum (Campanulaceae).
PubMed:Protective effect of the aqueous extract from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum on cholestasis-induced hepatic injury in mice.
PubMed:Hepatoprotective and anti-hepatitis C viral activity of Platycodon grandiflorum extract on carbon tetrachloride-induced acute hepatic injury in mice.
PubMed:Improvement of atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions by Platycodon grandiflorum fermented by Lactobacillus plantarum in NC/Nga mice.
PubMed:Anti-atherosclerotic activity of platycodin D derived from roots of Platycodon grandiflorum in human endothelial cells.
PubMed:Long-Term Consumption of Platycodi Radix Ameliorates Obesity and Insulin Resistance via the Activation of AMPK Pathways.
PubMed:Platycodin D induces reactive oxygen species-mediated apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 activation and endoplasmic reticulum stress response in human breast cancer cells.
PubMed:Platycodon grandiflorum root attenuates vascular endothelial cell injury by oxidized low-density lipoprotein and prevents high-fat diet-induced dyslipidemia in mice by up-regulating antioxidant proteins.
PubMed:Platycodin D, a triterpenoid sapoinin from Platycodon grandiflorum, ameliorates cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in mice.
PubMed:Evaluation of the total oxidant scavenging capacity of saponins isolated from Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:[The performance of agronomic traits in F1 crossing combinations derived from male sterile line of Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:Platycodon grandiflorum modifies adipokines and the glucose uptake in high-fat diet in mice and L6 muscle cells.
PubMed:Protective Effects of Platycodon grandiflorum Aqueous Extract on Thioacetamide-induced Fulminant Hepatic Failure in Mice.
PubMed:Characterization and quantification of major constituents of Xue Fu Zhu Yu by UPLC-DAD-MS/MS.
PubMed:Two new oleanane-type triterpenoids from Platycodi Radix and anti-proliferative activity in HSC-T6 cells.
PubMed:Single oral dose toxicity test of platycodin d, a saponin from platycodin radix in mice.
PubMed:A sensitive method for determination of platycodin d in rat plasma using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry and its application to a pharmacokinetic study.
PubMed:[Study on industrialization production technology of decoction pieces shuangfei of Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:[Preliminary study on the effect of climate factors on pollen fertility in Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:Saponins from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum suppress ultraviolet A-induced matrix metalloproteinase-1 expression via MAPKs and NF-κB/AP-1-dependent signaling in HaCaT cells.
PubMed:Structure-function relationship of the saponins from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum for hemolytic and adjuvant activity.
PubMed:Preparative separation of minor saponins from Platycodi Radix by high-speed counter-current chromatography.
PubMed:Hepatoprotective effect of Platycodon grandiflorum against chronic ethanol-induced oxidative stress in C57BL/6 mice.
PubMed:WNT/β-catenin pathway mediates the anti-adipogenic effect of platycodin D, a natural compound found in Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:A homogalacturonan from the radix of Platycodon grandiflorum and the anti-angiogenesis activity of poly-/oligogalacturonic acids derived therefrom.
PubMed:Screening and appraisal for immunological adjuvant-active fractions from Platycodon grandiflorum total saponins.
PubMed:Inhibition of acrolein-stimulated MUC5AC expression by Platycodon grandiflorum root-derived saponin in A549 cells.
PubMed:Platycoside O, a new triterpenoid saponin from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:[Experimental study on anti-influenza virus infection with yinqiao-decoction by orthogonal design].
PubMed:Effects of dietary supplementation of Chinese medicinal herbs on polymorphonuclear neutrophil immune activity and small intestinal morphology in weanling pigs.
PubMed:[Effect of seed soaking with aluminum on seed germination and seedling physiology of Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:[Heterosis analysis of the main agronomic characters of Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:[Effects of applying controlled-release compound fertilizer on Platycodon grandiflorum growth].
PubMed:[Mechanism for sperm immobilization activity of extract from Platycodon grandiflorum in vitro].
PubMed:Inhibitory effect of Platycodon grandiflorum on T(H)1 and T(H)2 immune responses in a murine model of 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene-induced atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions.
PubMed:The neuroprotective effect of modified Yeoldahanso-tang via autophagy enhancement in models of Parkinson's disease.
PubMed:Platycoside N: a new oleanane-type triterpenoid saponin from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:An efficient protocol for genetic transformation of Platycodon grandiflorum with Agrobacterium rhizogenes.
PubMed:Antiproliferative effects of saponins from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum on cultured human tumor cells.
PubMed:Structural characterization of an arabinogalactan from Platycodon grandiflorum roots and antiangiogenic activity of its sulfated derivative.
PubMed:Saponins from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum stimulate osteoblast differentiation via p38 MAPK- and ERK-dependent RUNX2 activation.
PubMed:Anti-allergic activity of a platycodon root ethanol extract.
PubMed:Constituents of the flowers of Platycodon grandiflorum with inhibitory activity on advanced glycation end products and rat lens aldose reductase in vitro.
PubMed:Mucilaginibacter dorajii sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:Enzymatic transformation of platycosides and one-step separation of platycodin D by high-speed countercurrent chromatography.
PubMed:Ethanol extract and saponin of Platycodon grandiflorum ameliorate scopolamine-induced amnesia in mice.
PubMed:Platycodin D induces apoptosis in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells.
PubMed:Platycodon grandiflorum induces apoptosis in SKOV3 human ovarian cancer cells through mitochondrial-dependent pathway.
PubMed:Platycodin d improves the immunogenicity of newcastle disease virus-based recombinant avian influenza vaccine in mice.
PubMed:Molecular mechanism of endothelial nitric-oxide synthase activation by Platycodon grandiflorum root-derived saponins.
PubMed:Effect of plant age on endophytic bacterial diversity of balloon flower (Platycodon grandiflorum) root and their antimicrobial activities.
PubMed:Preventative effects of Platycodon grandiflorum treatment on hepatic steatosis in high fat diet-fed C57BL/6 mice.
PubMed:The effects of the Chinese herbal medicine EMF01 on salicylate-induced tinnitus in rats.
PubMed:Platycodin D2 improves specific cellular and humoral responses to hepatitis B surface antigen in mice.
PubMed:[Effect of chlorpromazine combined with Platycodon grandiflorum on change of dopamine in rat striatum by microdialysis].
PubMed:A study on the antioxidant activity and tissues selective inhibition of lipid peroxidation by saponins from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:Evaluation of the phototoxic potential of plants used in oriental medicine.
PubMed:Protective effects of saponins from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum against fatty liver in chronic ethanol feeding via the activation of AMP-dependent protein kinase.
PubMed:NF-kappaB Activation by compounds found in Platycodon grandiflorum extract.
PubMed:Platycodin D and 2''-O-acetyl-polygalacin D2 isolated from Platycodon grandiflorum protect ischemia/reperfusion injury in the gerbil hippocampus.
PubMed:Inhibitory mechanism of saponins derived from roots of Platycodon grandiflorum on anaphylactic reaction and IgE-mediated allergic response in mast cells.
PubMed:[Dynamic research of density on Platycodon grandiflorum dry material accumulation and platycodin D content in Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:[Measurement and analysis of platycodon grandiflorum with space flight mutagenesis breeding by XRF].
PubMed:Saponins isolated from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum protect against acute ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in mice.
PubMed:[Study on spaceflight mutagenesis Platycodon grandiflorum via FTIR].
PubMed:Platycodin D is a potent adjuvant of specific cellular and humoral immune responses against recombinant hepatitis B antigen.
PubMed:Hypocholesterolemic and anti-obesity effects of saponins from Platycodon grandiflorum in hamsters fed atherogenic diets.
PubMed:Platyconic acid A, a genuine triterpenoid saponin from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:[Effects of top pruning on fruiting characters of Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:Induction of apoptosis in HT-29 colon cancer cells by crude saponin from Platycodi Radix.
PubMed:Implication of intracellular ROS formation, caspase-3 activation and Egr-1 induction in platycodon D-induced apoptosis of U937 human leukemia cells.
PubMed:Lead compounds for anti-inflammatory drugs isolated from the plants of the traditional oriental medicine in Korea.
PubMed:Induction of cell proliferation and neuroblasts in the subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus by aqueous extract from Platycodon grandiflorum in middle-aged mice.
PubMed:Platycodin D2 is a potential less hemolytic saponin adjuvant eliciting Th1 and Th2 immune responses.
PubMed:A promising balanced Th1 and Th2 directing immunological adjuvant, saponins from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:Ameliorating effect of balloon flower saponin on the ethanol-induced memory impairment in mice.
PubMed:Contribution of the glycidic moieties to the haemolytic and adjuvant activity of platycodigenin-type saponins from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:Saponins derived from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum inhibit HT-1080 cell invasion and MMPs activities: regulation of NF-kappaB activation via ROS signal pathway.
PubMed:Platycodin D induces mitotic arrest in vitro, leading to endoreduplication, inhibition of proliferation and apoptosis in leukemia cells.
PubMed:Protective effect of saponins derived from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum against carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in mice.
PubMed:[Effects of Salviae miltiorrhizae and Platycodon grandiflorum in Tianwang Buxin decoction for microcirculation of brain meninx vascullosa in rats].
PubMed:Platycodin D induces apoptosis and decreases telomerase activity in human leukemia cells.
PubMed:[Observation of pollen tube germination of Platycodon grandiflorum by fluorescence microscopy].
PubMed:Enzymatic modification of saponins from Platycodon grandiflorum with Aspergillus niger.
PubMed:Cytotoxic triterpenoid saponins from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:Platycodon grandiflorum extract represses up-regulated adipocyte fatty acid binding protein triggered by a high fat feeding in obese rats.
PubMed:[Effect compound decoction on notoginsenosides in Panax notoginseng].
PubMed:Antioxidant and antimicrobial capacity of Chinese medicinal herb extracts in raw sheep meat.
PubMed:Protective effects of Platycodi radix on alcohol-induced fatty liver.
PubMed:[Relative adscriptions of components in the effective fractions of Yinqiao decoction and its composing individual herbs].
PubMed:[Study on seed quality test and quality standard of Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:[Advances in studies on Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:Triterpenoid saponins from Platycodon grandiflurum.
PubMed:Antihyperglycemic effects of Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) A. DC. extract on streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice.
PubMed:7-Polyacylated delphinidin 3,7-diglucosides from the blue flowers of Leschenaultia cv. Violet Lena.
PubMed:[Chemical constituents from roots of Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:Authentication of traditional Chinese medicine using infrared spectroscopy: distinguishing between ginseng and its morphological fakes.
PubMed:[Influence of exogenous substance on germination of Platycodon grandiflorum seeds].
PubMed:[Studies on germination characteristics of Platycodon grandiflorum seed].
PubMed:[Inhibitory effects of natural plant extracts on Verticillium albo-atrum].
PubMed:Chemopreventive effect of saponins derived from roots of Platycodon grandiflorum on 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone-induced lung tumorigenesis in A/J mice.
PubMed:New A-ring lactone triterpenoid saponins from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:Inhibition of tumor invasion and metastasis by aqueous extract of the radix of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:[Saponins of polygalacic acid type from Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:Effects of Platycodon grandiflorum on lipopolysaccharide-stimulated production of prostaglandin E2, nitric oxide, and interleukin-8 in mouse microglial BV2 cells.
PubMed:[Study on the stigma/pollen vigor and self-compatibility of Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:Inhibitory effect of the saponins derived from roots of Platycodon grandiflorum on carrageenan-induced inflammation.
PubMed:Platycodin D-induced apoptosis through nuclear factor-kappaB activation in immortalized keratinocytes.
PubMed:Five new triterpenoid saponins from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:Determination of organophosphorus pesticide residues in the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum by solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography with flame photometric detection.
PubMed:Prostaglandin-H-synthase (PGHS)-1 and -2 microtiter assays for the testing of herbal drugs and in vitro inhibition of PGHS-isoenzyms by polyunsaturated fatty acids from Platycodi radix.
PubMed:Inhibition of tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced expression of adhesion molecules in human endothelial cells by the saponins derived from roots of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:[Determination of organochlorine pesticide residues in nine herbs by solid-phase extraction and capillary gas chromatography].
PubMed:Biotransformation of alpha-santonin by cell suspension cultures of five plants.
PubMed:Isolation of a new saponin and cytotoxic effect of saponins from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum on human tumor cell lines.
PubMed:Induction of apoptosis and inhibition of telomerase activity by aqueous extract from Platycodon grandiflorum in human lung carcinoma cells.
PubMed:Inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase II by Platycodon grandiflorum saponins via suppression of nuclear factor-kappaB activation in RAW 264.7 cells.
PubMed:Suppressive effects of Platycodon grandiflorum on the progress of carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic fibrosis.
PubMed:Antioxidant activity of phenylpropanoid esters isolated and identified from Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC.
PubMed:Polyphenolic compounds from Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC.
PubMed:Activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases and AP-1 by polysaccharide isolated from the radix of Platycodon grandiflorum in RAW 264.7 cells.
PubMed:Antinociceptive profiles of platycodin D in the mouse.
PubMed:Antioxidant and anticancer activities of organic extracts from Platycodon grandiflorum A. De Candolle roots.
PubMed:Platycodin D and D3 isolated from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum modulate the production of nitric oxide and secretion of TNF-alpha in activated RAW 264.7 cells.
PubMed:Protective effect of saponins derived from roots of Platycodon grandiflorum on tert-butyl hydroperoxide-induced oxidative hepatotoxicity.
PubMed:Toll-like receptor 4-dependent activation of macrophages by polysaccharide isolated from the radix of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:Endophytic colonization of balloon flower by antifungal strain Bacillus sp. CY22.
PubMed:[Evaluations of saponin properties of HPLC analysis of Platycodon grandiflorum A.DC].
PubMed:Biotransformation of 4(20),11-taxadienes by cell suspension cultures of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:[Induction and identification of autotetraploid plant of Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:[Ultrastructural changes after space flight in Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) DC].
PubMed:Endophytic bacillus sp. isolated from the interior of balloon flower root.
PubMed:Platycodin D and D3 increase airway mucin release in vivo and in vitro in rats and hamsters.
PubMed:Protective effect of Platycodi radix on carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity.
PubMed:Hepatoprotective effects of Platycodon grandiflorum on acetaminophen-induced liver damage in mice.
PubMed:Polysaccharide isolated from the radix of Platycodon grandiflorum selectively activates B cells and macrophages but not T cells.
PubMed:Inhibition of prostaglandin E2 production by platycodin D isolated from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:Aqueous extract isolated from Platycodon grandiflorum elicits the release of nitric oxide and tumor necrosis factor-alpha from murine macrophages.
PubMed:Augmentation of macrophage functions by an aqueous extract isolated from Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:Effect of dietary Platycodon grandiflorum on the improvement of insulin resistance in obese Zucker rats.
PubMed:A comparative study on commercial, botanical gardens and wild samples of the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum by HPLC analysis.
PubMed:Two new triterpenoid saponins from Platycodon grandiflorum.
PubMed:Stimulative effects of saponin from kikyo-to, a Japanese herbal medicine, on pancreatic exocrine secretion of conscious rats.
PubMed:[Comparative study on the erect and fallen types of Platycodon grandiflorum (Jacq.) DC].
PubMed:Effects of Platycodon grandiflorum feeding on serum and liver lipid concentrations in rats with diet-induced hyperlipidemia.
PubMed:[Studies on the medicinal plant in the "Sambutsu-cho" of Higo Province possessed by the Kumamoto clan (II): on the medicina herbs].
PubMed:Studies on the conformational aspects of inulin oligomers.
PubMed:A study on the mutagenicity of 102 raw pharmaceuticals used in Chinese traditional medicine.
PubMed:[Cultivation of Platycodon grandiflorum].
PubMed:[Rat plasma corticosterone secretion-inducing activities of total saponin and prosapogenin methyl esters from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum A.DC].
PubMed:Screening of the wormicidal Chinese raw drugs on Clonorchis sinensis.
PubMed:Studies on the saponins of the root of Platycodon grandiflorum A. De Candolle. I. Isolation and the structure of platycodin-D.
PubMed:[Pharmacological studies on Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC. IV. A comparison of experimental pharmacological effects of crude platycodin with clinical indications of platycodi radix (author's transl)].
PubMed:[Pharmacological studies on Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC. 3. Activities of crude platycodin on respiratory and circulatory systems and its other pharmacological activities].
PubMed:[Pharmacological studies on Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC. II. Anti-inflammatory activity of crude platycodin, its activities on isolated organs and other pharmacological activities].
PubMed:[Pharmacological studies on Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC. I. Acute toxicity and central depressant activity of crude platycodin].
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