picea abies leaf extract
extract of the needles of the norway spruce, picea abies (l.), pinaceae
None found
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Name: picea abies leaf extract
CAS Number: 91770-69-3 
ECHA EC Number: 294-855-9
Category: cosmetic agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
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Organoleptic Properties:
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: antidandruff agents
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Lipotec USA
Actiphyte® of Norway Spruce Needle Extract
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Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  400 mg/kg
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. Vol. 9, Pg. 91, 1971.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: cosmetic agents
Recommendation for picea abies leaf extract usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Recommendation for picea abies leaf extract flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 picea abies leaf extract
Chemidplus: 0091770693
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 picea abies leaf extract
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 91770-69-3
Pubchem (sid): 135351825
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Other Information:
Wikipedia: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 picea abies leaf
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 extract of the needles of the norway spruce, picea abies (l.), pinaceae
 picea abies needle extract
 picea abies subsp. acuminata leaf extract
 picea abies subsp. europaea leaf extract
 picea excelsa leaf extract
 picea excelsa var. acuminata leaf extract
 picea montana leaf extract
 picea vulgaris var. europaea leaf extract
norway spruce leaf extract
norway spruce needle extract
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PubMed: Nitrogen-addition effects on leaf traits and photosynthetic carbon gain of boreal forest understory shrubs.
PubMed: Interactions and competition processes among tree species in young experimental mixed forests, assessed with chlorophyll fluorescence and leaf morphology.
PubMed: Weak vertical canopy gradients of photosynthetic capacities and stomatal responses in a fertile Norway spruce stand.
PubMed: New insights into carbon allocation by trees from the hypothesis that annual wood production is maximized.
PubMed: Response of green reflectance continuum removal index to the xanthophyll de-epoxidation cycle in Norway spruce needles.
PubMed: Mineral nutrition and elevated [CO(2)] interact to modify δ(13)C, an index of gas exchange, in Norway spruce.
PubMed: Leaf area and light use efficiency patterns of Norway spruce under different thinning regimes and age classes.
PubMed: Growth enhancement of Picea abies trees under long-term, low-dose N addition is due to morphological more than to physiological changes.
PubMed: Experimental vs. modeled water use in mature Norway spruce (Picea abies) exposed to elevated CO(2).
PubMed: Interactions of thinning and stem height on the drought response of radial stem growth and isotopic composition of Norway spruce (Picea abies).
PubMed: Needle metabolome, freezing tolerance and gas exchange in Norway spruce seedlings exposed to elevated temperature and ozone concentration.
PubMed: Effect of season, needle age and elevated CO2 concentration on photosynthesis and Rubisco acclimation in Picea abies.
PubMed: Why does leaf nitrogen decline within tree canopies less rapidly than light? An explanation from optimization subject to a lower bound on leaf mass per area.
PubMed: Element interactions and soil properties affecting the soil-to-plant transfer of six elements relevant to radioactive waste in boreal forest.
PubMed: Leaf litter leachates have the potential to increase lifespan, body size, and offspring numbers in a clone of Moina macrocopa.
PubMed: The hydraulic conductivity of the xylem in conifer needles (Picea abies and Pinus mugo).
PubMed: Applicability of non-destructive substitutes for leaf area in different stands of Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) focusing on traditional forest crown measures.
PubMed: The effect of tree architecture on conduit diameter and frequency from small distal roots to branch tips in Betula pendula, Picea abies and Pinus sylvestris.
PubMed: Simulating stand climate, phenology, and photosynthesis of a forest stand with a process-based growth model.
PubMed: Physiological responses of Norway spruce (Picea abies) seedlings to drought stress.
PubMed: Fine root decomposition rates do not mirror those of leaf litter among temperate tree species.
PubMed: Microwave-assisted rapid plant sample preparation for transmission electron microscopy.
PubMed: Pine weevil feeding on Norway spruce bark has a stronger impact on needle VOC emissions than enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation.
PubMed: Fertilization effects on mean stomatal conductance are mediated through changes in the hydraulic attributes of mature Norway spruce trees.
PubMed: Fungal diversity of Norway spruce litter: effects of site conditions and premature leaf fall caused by bark beetle outbreak.
PubMed: Combining delta 13 C and delta 18 O analyses to unravel competition, CO2 and O3 effects on the physiological performance of different-aged trees.
PubMed: Acclimation of leaves to contrasting irradiance in juvenile trees differing in shade tolerance.
PubMed: Induction of photosynthesis and importance of limitations during the induction phase in sun and shade leaves of five ecologically contrasting tree species from the temperate zone.
PubMed: Element contents in leaves of four plant species (birch, mountain ash, fern and spruce) along anthropogenic and geogenic concentration gradients.
PubMed: Significance of ozone exposure for inter-annual differences in primary metabolites of old-growth beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) and Norway spruce (Picea abies L.) trees in a mixed forest stand.
PubMed: Tree species effects on decomposition and forest floor dynamics in a common garden.
PubMed: Testing the unifying theory of ozone sensitivity with mature trees of Fagus sylvatica and Picea abies.
PubMed: Efficient extraction of proteins from woody plant samples for two-dimensional electrophoresis.
PubMed: Effects of metal-contaminated soil on the performance of young trees growing in model ecosystems under field conditions.
PubMed: Spectral multichannel monitoring of radiation within a mature mixed forest.
PubMed: Above-ground space sequestration determines competitive success in juvenile beech and spruce trees.
PubMed: Avoidance of nonhost plants by a bark beetle, Pityogenes bidentatus, in a forest of odors.
PubMed: Container-grown tree seedling responses to sodium chloride applications in different substrates.
PubMed: Role of climate, crown position, tree age and altitude in calculated ozone flux into needles of Picea abies and Pinus cembra: a synthesis.
PubMed: Modelling of stomatal conductance and ozone flux of Norway spruce: comparison with field data.
PubMed: Acclimation to low irradiance in Picea abies: influences of past and present light climate on foliage structure and function.
PubMed: Nutrient contents and concentrations in relation to growth of Picea abies and Fagus sylvatica along a European transect.
PubMed: Frost resistance and ice nucleation in leaves of five woody timberline species measured in situ during shoot expansion.
PubMed: Chronic effects of vapour phase di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) on six plant species.
PubMed: Influence of nutrient supply on shade-sun acclimation of Picea abies seedlings: effects on foliar morphology, photosynthetic performance and growth.
PubMed: Photosynthesis in Norway spruce seedlings infected by the needle rust Chrysomyxa rhododendri.
PubMed: Comparing light interception with stand basal area for predicting tree growth.
PubMed: Dynamics of change in stomatal response and water status of Picea abies during a persistent drought period: a contribution to the traditional view of plant water relations.
PubMed: MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and PSD fragmentation as means for the analysis of condensed tannins in plant leaves and needles.
PubMed: Winter at the alpine timberline. Why does embolism occur in norway spruce but not in stone pine?
PubMed: Soil temperature, gas exchange and nitrogen status of 5-year-old Norway spruce seedlings.
PubMed: Consequences of elevated CO2, augmented nitrogen-deposition and soil type on the soluble nitrogen and sulphur in the phloem of beech (Fagus sylvatica) and spruce (Picea abies) in a competitive situation.
PubMed: Age effects on Norway spruce (Picea abies) susceptibility to ozone uptake: a novel approach relating stress avoidance to defense.
PubMed: Age-related effects on leaf area/sapwood area relationships, canopy transpiration and carbon gain of Norway spruce stands (Picea abies) in the Fichtelgebirge, Germany.
PubMed: Foliar morphological and physiological plasticity in Picea abies and Abies alba saplings along a natural light gradient.
PubMed: Hydraulic and stomatal adjustment of Norway spruce trees to environmental stress.
PubMed: Effects of nutrition and soil water availability on water use in a Norway spruce stand.
PubMed: Mean canopy stomatal conductance responses to water and nutrient availabilities in Picea abies and Pinus taeda.
PubMed: Effects of climatic warming on cold hardiness of some northern woody plants assessed from simulation experiments.
PubMed: Morphological and stomatal responses of Norway spruce foliage to irradiance within a canopy depending on shoot age.
PubMed: Strategies of a bark beetle, Pityogenes bidentatus, in an olfactory landscape.
PubMed: A homeobox gene with potential developmental control function in the meristem of the conifer Picea abies.
PubMed: Effects of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) litter on seed germination and early seedling growth of four boreal tree species.
PubMed: Impact of atmospheric deposition on the status of planted Norway spruce stands: A comparative study between sites in southern Sweden and the northeastern Czech Republic.
PubMed: Variation in the ratio of shoot silhouette area to needle area in fertilized and unfertilized Norway spruce trees.
PubMed: Response of magnesium-deficient saplings in a young, open stand of Picea abies (L.) Karst. to elevated soil magnesium, nitrogen and carbon.
PubMed: Canopy dynamics and aboveground production of five tree species with different leaf longevities.
PubMed: A comparative study into the chemical constitution of cutins and suberins from Picea abies (L.) Karst., Quercus robur L., and Fagus sylvatica L.
PubMed: Status of sulphur in the foliage of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) in relation to the mode of contamination.
PubMed: Estimation of leaf area index in fourteen southern Wisconsin forest stands using a portable radiometer.
PubMed: Performance of some growth variables.
PubMed: Regional variation in surface properties of Norway spruce and scots pine needles in relation to forest decline.
PubMed: Crown architecture and stemwood production in Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.).
PubMed: Changes in carbon allocation patterns in spruce and pine trees following irrigation and fertilization.
PubMed: Buffer capacities of leaves, leaf cells, and leaf cell organelles in relation to fluxes of potentially acidic gases.
PubMed: Seasonal Fluctuation of Reserve Materials in the Trunkwood of Spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst].
PubMed: The enrichment of (18)O in leaf water under natural conditions.
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