Use: PhytoVital - Orange is obtained through a gentle extraction of the peel of citrus aurantium. This aromatic extract contains carbohydrates like fructose, dextrose, polycarbohydrates and different organic acids, especially fruit acids. Different kinds of oligosaccharides, flavonoids, amino acids and vitamins are as well found together with mineral salts. The essential oil of the peel is responsible for the aromatic odor of the extract. PhytoVital - Orange has a strong skin hydrating effect due to its polysaccharide/amino acid complex. Young attractive skin is characterized by elasticity and softness associated with correct skin hydration. PhytoVital - Orange is a restitutive product for the hydration of the skin, contributing to the natural moisturizing factors normally found below the lipid layer. The fruit acids (specially the AHA - acids) found in the Orangefruits are having a light peeling effect on the skin, which aid the renewing and give the skin a healthy appeal. Nonionic emulsifiers are recommended in formulations containing PhytoVital - Orange as they allow the finished product to be slightly acidic. For shampoos the pH can be raised by the addition of sodium hydroxide up to normal 7.0. PhytoVital - Orange is thermally stable and can be added to the water phase at 70 - 75°C prior to emulsification. PhytoVital - Orange should be stored at roomtemperature under normal conditions. Low temperature can cause cloudiness, but this does not influence the activity and it regains its normal appearance at temperatures exceeding 15°C. PhytoVital - Orange is stable at low temperature in the original unopened container for a minimum of one year. Reference: H.A. Hoppe, Drogenkunde (1981) / M. Pahlow, Heilpflanzen (1885) / H. Diener, Arzneipflanzen und Drogen (1989) / W. Karrer, Konst. u. Vorkommen der org. Pflanzenstoffe (1958) / M. Wichtl, Teedrogen (1989).