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chondrus crispus extract
irish moss extract

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Name:chondrus crispus extract
CAS Number: 244023-79-8
FDA UNII: Search
Category:carrier solvents, encapsulating agent for food additives, flavorings, stabilizers and absorbents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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FEMA Number:2596 irish moss extract
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
Physical Properties:
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: skin conditioning
viscosity controlling agents
Irish Moss Chondrus Crispus Extract
irish moss extract
Grau Aromatics
Lipotec USA
Actiphyte® of Irish Moss Extract
Penta International
SRS Aromatics
TRI-K Industries
Hawaiian Sea Extract Q
Odor: characteristic
Use: Hawaiian Sea Extract Q captures the benefits of Irish Moss in an ingredient ready for cosmetic use. This natural moisturizing active contains essential minerals and amino acids that provide the proper environment for the development of firmer and healthier looking skin. Hawaiian Sea Extract Q will increase moisturization and impart a smooth skin feel.
Vege Tech
irish moss extract
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
carrier solvents, encapsulating agent for food additives, flavorings, stabilizers and absorbents
Recommendation for chondrus crispus extract usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -1300.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -300.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -390.00000
fruit ices: -390.00000
gelatins / puddings: 1700.0000020000.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 3.00000500.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: -200.00000
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Safety References:
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
chondrus crispus extract
 chondrus crispus extract
Pubchem (cas):244023-79-8
Other Information:
Export Tariff Code:1302.19.0000
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
 skin conditioning
 viscosity controlling agents
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 irish moss
Search PMC Picture
 carrageen extract (chondrus crispus l. stackh.)
 chondrus extract (chondrus crispus l. stackh.)
actiphyte of irish moss extract
irish moss extract


PubMed:Carrageenan: A natural seaweed polysaccharide and its applications.
PubMed:RT-qPCR normalization genes in the red alga Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Intertidal population genetic dynamics at a microgeographic seascape scale.
PubMed:Population studies and carrageenan properties in eight Gigartinales (Rhodophyta) from Western Coast of Portugal.
PubMed:Community composition of the Planctomycetes associated with different macroalgae.
PubMed:Anti-biofilm performance of three natural products against initial bacterial attachment.
PubMed:Components of the cultivated red seaweed Chondrus crispus enhance the immune response of Caenorhabditis elegans to Pseudomonas aeruginosa through the pmk-1, daf-2/daf-16, and skn-1 pathways.
PubMed:Complete mitochondrial genome of the marine red alga Grateloupia angusta (Halymeniales).
PubMed:Photosynthesis in Chondrus crispus: the contribution of energy spill-over in the regulation of excitonic flux.
PubMed:Genome structure and metabolic features in the red seaweed Chondrus crispus shed light on evolution of the Archaeplastida.
PubMed:Intergametophytic selfing and microgeographic genetic structure shape populations of the intertidal red seaweed Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Geographic variation in feeding preference of a generalist herbivore: the importance of seaweed chemical defenses.
PubMed:A physicochemical study of Al(+3) interactions with edible seaweed biomass in acidic waters.
PubMed:Application of mass spectrometric techniques for the trace analysis of short-lived iodine-containing volatiles emitted by seaweed.
PubMed:Determination of water-soluble arsenic compounds in commercial edible seaweed by LC-ICPMS.
PubMed:Polyunsaturated fatty acids in various macroalgal species from North Atlantic and tropical seas.
PubMed:Unique genetic variation at a species' rear edge is under threat from global climate change.
PubMed:Post-pleistocene demographic history of the North Atlantic endemic Irish moss Chondrus crispus: glacial survival, spatial expansion and gene flow.
PubMed:Chlorophyll-binding proteins revisited--a multigenic family of light-harvesting and stress proteins from a brown algal perspective.
PubMed:The cyclization of the 3,6-anhydro-galactose ring of iota-carrageenan is catalyzed by two D-galactose-2,6-sulfurylases in the red alga Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Postharvest culture in the dark: An eco-friendly alternative to alkali treatment for enhancing the gel quality of kappa/iota-hybrid carrageenan from Chondrus crispus (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta).
PubMed:Tracing back EFL gene evolution in the cryptomonads-haptophytes assemblage: separate origins of EFL genes in haptophytes, photosynthetic cryptomonads, and goniomonads.
PubMed:New members of the glutathione transferase family discovered in red and brown algae.
PubMed:Analysis of expressed sequence tags from the red alga Griffithsia okiensis.
PubMed:Composition and distribution of carrabiose moieties in hybrid kappa-/iota-carrageenans using carrageenases.
PubMed:Response of the transcriptome of the intertidal red seaweed Chondrus crispus to controlled and natural stresses.
PubMed:Sensitivity of the early life stages of macroalgae from the Northern Hemisphere to ultraviolet radiation.
PubMed:Evidence for oxylipin synthesis and induction of a new polyunsaturated fatty acid hydroxylase activity in Chondrus crispus in response to methyljasmonate.
PubMed:Expression profiling of Chondrus crispus (Rhodophyta) after exposure to methyl jasmonate.
PubMed:Characterization of the flavin association in hexose oxidase from Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:The hydrodynamic effects of shape and size change during reconfiguration of a flexible macroalga.
PubMed:NADPH oxidases in Eukaryotes: red algae provide new hints!
PubMed:Evaluation of certain food additives.
PubMed:Apoplastic oxidation of L-asparagine is involved in the control of the green algal endophyte Acrochaete operculata Correa & Nielsen by the red seaweed Chondrus crispus Stackhouse.
PubMed:Uptake and depuration of 131I by the edible periwinkle Littorina littorea: uptake from labelled seaweed (Chondrus crispus).
PubMed:Seasonal acclimatization of antioxidants and photosynthesis in Chondrus crispus and Mastocarpus stellatus, two co-occurring red algae with differing stress tolerances.
PubMed:Uptake and depuration of 131I by the edible periwinkle Littorina littorea: uptake from seawater.
PubMed:Evaluation of heat shock protein 70 as a biomarker of environmental stress in Fucus serratus and Lemna minor.
PubMed:A monochromatic action spectrum for the photoinduction of the UV-absorbing mycosporine-like amino acid shinorine in the red alga Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:The innate immunity of a marine red alga involves oxylipins from both the eicosanoid and octadecanoid pathways.
PubMed:Analysis and modeling of the ferulic acid oxidation by a glucose oxidase-peroxidase association. Comparison with a hexose oxidase-peroxidase association.
PubMed:Use of FTIR, FT-Raman and 13C-NMR spectroscopy for identification of some seaweed phycocolloids.
PubMed:Carrageenophytes of occidental Portuguese coast: 1-spectroscopic analysis in eight carrageenophytes from Buarcos bay.
PubMed:Safety evaluation of a hexose oxidase expressed in Hansenula polymorpha.
PubMed:A signal released by an endophytic attacker acts as a substrate for a rapid defensive reaction of the red alga Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Capacity of edible seaweeds to modify in vitro starch digestibility of wheat bread.
PubMed:Drag, drafting, and mechanical interactions in canopies of the red alga Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Optimization of the production of Chondrus crispus hexose oxidase in Pichia pastoris.
PubMed:Hexose oxidase from Chondrus crispus: improved purification using perfusion chromatography(*).
PubMed:On the structure of kappa/iota-hybrid carrageenans.
PubMed:Photoinhibition of photosynthesis in Macrocystis pyrifera (Phaeophyceae), Chondrus crispus (Rhodophyceae) and Ulva lactuca (Chlorophyceae) in outdoor culture systems.
PubMed:Sulfated Oligosaccharides Mediate the Interaction between a Marine Red Alga and Its Green Algal Pathogenic Endophyte.
PubMed:mRNA expression in mitochondria of the red alga chondrus crispus requires a unique RNA-processing mechanism, internal cleavage of upstream tRNAs at pyrimidine 48.
PubMed:Transcription initiation and RNA processing in the mitochondria of the red alga Chondrus crispus: convergence in the evolution of transcription mechanisms in mitochondria.
PubMed:Directionally evolving genetic code: the UGA codon from stop to tryptophan in mitochondria.
PubMed:A deviant mitochondrial genetic code in prymnesiophytes (yellow-algae): UGA codon for tryptophan.
PubMed:Hexose oxidase from the red alga Chondrus crispus. Purification, molecular cloning, and expression in Pichia pastoris.
PubMed:Characterization of hexose oxidase from the red seaweed Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:A 5 S rRNA gene is present in the mitochondrial genome of the protist Reclinomonas americana but is absent from red algal mitochondrial DNA.
PubMed:UAG is a sense codon in several chlorophycean mitochondria.
PubMed:Genes for two subunits of succinate dehydrogenase form a cluster on the mitochondrial genome of Rhodophyta.
PubMed:DNA sequence, structure, and phylogenetic relationship of the mitochondrial small-subunit rRNA from the red alga Chondrus crispus (Gigartinales rhodophytes).
PubMed:Complete sequence of the mitochondrial DNA of the rhodophyte Chondrus crispus (Gigartinales). Gene content and genome organization.
PubMed:Structural features and phylogeny of the actin gene of Chondrus crispus (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta).
PubMed:The marine red alga Chondrus crispus has a highly divergent beta-tubulin gene with a characteristic 5' intron: functional and evolutionary implications.
PubMed:Physical map and gene organization of the mitochondrial genome of Chondrus crispus (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales).
PubMed:Confirmation by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of two unusual trans-3-monoethylenic fatty acids from the Nova Scotian seaweeds Palmaria palmata and Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Nucleotide sequence of the cox3 gene from Chondrus crispus: evidence that UGA encodes tryptophan and evolutionary implications.
PubMed:The evolutionary origin of red algae as deduced from the nuclear genes encoding cytosolic and chloroplast glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenases from Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:The GAPDH gene system of the red alga Chondrus crispus: promoter structures, intron/exon organization, genomic complexity and differential expression of genes.
PubMed:Structure of the oxidized long-chain flavodoxin from Anabaena 7120 at 2 A resolution.
PubMed:Crystal structure of oxidized flavodoxin from a red alga Chondrus crispus refined at 1.8 A resolution. Description of the flavin mononucleotide binding site.
PubMed:Heterogeneity of carrageenans from Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Conformational changes in Chondrus crispus flavodoxin on dissociation of FMN and reconstitution with flavin analogues.
PubMed:Tertiary structure of oxidized flavodoxin from an eukaryotic red alga Chondrus crispus at 2.35-A resolution. Localization of charged residues and implication for interaction with electron transfer partners.
PubMed:Protoplast production in Chondrus crispus gametophytes (gigartinales, rhodophyta).
PubMed:The amino acid sequence of a flavodoxin from the eukaryotic red alga Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction studies of oxidized flavodoxin from Chondrus crispus, a red alga.
PubMed:Mechanism of Photosynthetic Carbon Dioxide Uptake by the Red Macroalga, Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Carbonic Anhydrase-Dependent Inorganic Carbon Uptake by the Red Macroalga, Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:On the nature of the oxygen uptake in the light by Chondrus crispus. Effects of inhibitors, temperature and light intensity.
PubMed:[A potent inhibitor of bacterial growth from a seaweed, Chondrus crispus].
PubMed:Dark respiration in the marine macroalga Chondrus crispus (Rhodophyceae).
PubMed:Preferential Photosynthetic Uptake of Exogenous HCO(3) in the Marine Macroalga Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Continuous Measurements of the Free Dissolved CO(2) Concentration during Photosynthesis of Marine Plants: Evidence for HCO(3) Use in Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Oxygen Uptake and Photosynthesis of the Red Macroalga, Chondrus crispus, in Seawater: Effects of Oxygen Concentration.
PubMed:Oxygen Uptake and Photosynthesis of the Red Macroalga, Chondrus crispus, in Seawater: Effects of Light and CO(2) Concentration.
PubMed:Redox potentials of algal and cyanobacterial flavodoxins.
PubMed:Efficiency of ferredoxins and flavodoxins as mediators in systems for hydrogen evolution.
PubMed:Apoflavodoxin aggregation following dissociation of flavin.
PubMed:Glycosulphatase from Pseudomonas carrageenovora. Purification and some properties.
PubMed:Incorporation of [S]Sulfate and [C]Bicarbonate into Karyotype-specific Polysaccharides of Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Quantitative X-ray microanalysis of halogen elements in biological specimens.
PubMed:The immunochemistry of lambda-type carrageenans from certain red algae.
PubMed:Sulfohydrolase Activity and Carrageenan Biosynthesis in Chondrus crispus (Rhodophyceae).
PubMed:The occurrence and seasonal variation of gigartinine and L-citrullinyl-L-arginine in Chondrus crispus Stackh.
PubMed:H(2) metabolism in photosynthetic organisms: I. Dark h(2) evolution and uptake by algae and mosses.
PubMed:Carrageenans in the gametophytic and sporophytic stages of Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of hexose oxidase from the red alga Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Plasmalemmal extensions in Chondrus crispus (L.) Stackh.
PubMed:The Incorporation of S-Labeled Sulfate into Carrageenan in Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Sterols in Irish moss (Chondrus crispus).
PubMed:Amino acids, peptides, and proteins of Irish Moss, Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Effect of processing and storage on the quality of gelose from Irish moss (Chondrus crispus).
PubMed:Seasonal variations in Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:A note on the nitrogen of the polysaccharide complex from Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:Some properties of the polysaccharide complex extracted from a marine alga, Chondrus crispus.
PubMed:On carrageen (Chondrus crispus): The hydrolysis of carrageen mucilage.
PubMed:On Carrageen (Chondrus crispus). III: The Constitution of the Cell Wall.
PubMed:On Carrageen (Chondrus crispus). II: On the Occurrence of Ethereal Sulphates in the Plant.
None found
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